Hypena proboscidalis

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Hypena proboscidalis
Noctuidae - Hypena proboscidalis.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Noctuidae
Genus: Hypena
Species: H. proboscidalis
Binomial name
Hypena proboscidalis
(Linnaeus, 1758)

Hypena proboscidalis, the snout, is a moth of the Noctuidae family.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

This species can be found in Europe in the north to the Arctic Circle.[1] East it ranges across the Palearctic including North Africa, Siberia, Iran, Altai Mountains, Kamchatka, Kashmir, India, China, Korea, Japan and Taiwan.[2] In the Alps, it rises to heights of over 1600 metres. Also in India.

Technical description and variation[edit]

Hypena proboscidalis

The wingspan is 25–38 mm.[3] Forewing grey brown with numerous dark transverse striae, and with a brownish yellow suffusion in the females; the lines dark brown; the inner curved or bent in middle; the outer oblique, nearly straight, slightly incurved at costa, internallyshaded with dark brown; the subterminal cloudy and partially interrupted, above middle marked with black white-tipped dashes, followed by a brown cloud, the subapical edge of which is oblique; hindwing pale greyish.

Caterpillar

As a rule most females are brownish, — ab. brunnea Tutt, —- most males grey without the brown; - the form deleta Stgr., from the Altai Mts., Amurland, and Kamschatka, is paler, the forewing yellowish, sprinkled with brown, with less distinct markings; - tatorhina Btlr.[full species Hypena tatorhina Butler, 1879] from Japan, is small, grey in both sexes, with dingy fuscous suffusion, and a black spot in cell; the hindwing fuscous; - from W. China (Omei-shan and Tatsienlu) comes a form. — subsp. flexilinea subsp. nov.[Warren] dark grey brown in the female, with the transverse striae and the shades preceding the lines dark smoky fuscous, the outer line visibly bent above middle;in the males the dark shading is slight: --a similar but smaller form - indicalis Guen., occurs in the Goorais Valley. Kashmir, where the outer line has a tendency to be elbowed on both folds, and the male, which is quite without dark shading, has a small black dot in cell and a large black spot at its end.[4]

Habitat.Ireland

Biology[edit]

The moth flies in two generations from May to September[1].

Larva velvety green; dorsal line darker green, the subdorsal lines paler; head, legs, and tubercles green.The larvae feed on hop (Humulus sp.), nettle (Urtica sp.), ground-elder (Aegopodium sp.) and Stachys species.[2][5]

Habitats include deciduous, mixed and coniferous forests, rivers, hedges and gardens and parkland.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The flight season refers to Belgium and the Netherlands. This may vary in other parts of the range.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fauna Europaea
  2. ^ a b Funet
  3. ^ The Snout at UKmoths
  4. ^ Seitz, A. Ed., 1914 Die Großschmetterlinge der Erde, Verlag Alfred Kernen, Stuttgart Band 3: Abt. 1, Die Großschmetterlinge des palaearktischen Faunengebietes, Die palaearktischen eulenartigen Nachtfalter, 1914
  5. ^ Paolo Mazzei, Daniel Morel, Raniero Panfili Moths and Butterflies of Europe and North Africa

External links[edit]