A hypercoaster is any roller coaster with a height or drop measuring greater than 200 feet (61 m). The term was first coined by Arrow Dynamics and Cedar Point with the release of the world's first hypercoaster, the Magnum XL-200, in 1989. Other roller coaster manufacturers would later develop their own hypercoaster models. Intamin officially calls theirs the Mega Coaster, and Bolliger & Mabillard refers to their model as the Hyper Coaster. Roller coasters that eventually broke the 300-foot-barrier (91 m) would become specifically known as giga coasters, while those that broke the 400-foot-barrier (120 m) became known as strata coasters.
The world's first hypercoaster was Magnum XL-200 by Cedar Point, costing $8,000,000 USD. Cedar Point chose Arrow Dynamics to design and construct Magnum XL-200. Construction on the world's tallest and fastest complete circuit roller coaster (at that time) began in 1988. By May 6, 1989, Magnum XL-200 was ready for riders. Since its debut, Magnum XL-200 has served more than 36 million guests. Cedar Point's official blog states that after building the ride, "discussion was focused on just what a roller coaster such as Magnum should be called. After all, it had no loops like most of the other large steel coasters of the time and was so much bigger and faster than its non-looping brethren. After a couple of years, the name everyone agreed upon was hypercoaster."
Hypercoasters were originally built for speed and airtime, to counter the trend of constructing bigger and bigger looping coasters. To accomplish this the elements of a hypercoaster often include a large first drop, several additional drops of declining height, a large turn or helix and then many airtime-inducing hills. Hypercoasters are commonly designed with an out and back layout, although some hypercoasters, such as Raging Bull, are built with a twisted design.
Hypercoasters dominate the Amusement Today Golden Ticket Awards. For 2006, Superman: Ride of Steel, now known as Bizarro, located at Six Flags New England was ranked highest at #1. Several hypercoasters followed such as Magnum XL-200 (#3), Nitro (#4), Apollo's Chariot (#5). The hypercoasters make up the majority of the 2006 Top 10 Steel Coasters, filling 8/10 positions. By 2010, hypercoasters held all of the top 10 spots on Amusement Today's list of "Top 50 Steel Roller Coasters" and 16 of the top 20.
Hypercoasters were first manufactured by Arrow Dynamics in the late 1980s to early 1990s. Since then, a number of companies, including Bolliger & Mabillard, Intamin, D. H. Morgan Manufacturing, Giovanola and others have designed and constructed hypercoasters.
Though hypercoasters are typically steel roller coasters, Son of Beast at Kings Island was the first and only wooden hypercoaster. Due to a number of issues, the ride was eventually demolished in 2012.
The following are a list of all hypercoasters sorted by opening date:
|Magnum XL-200||Cedar Point||Arrow Dynamics||Operating||1989, May 6||205 ft (62 m)|
|Big One||Pleasure Beach, Blackpool||Arrow Dynamics||Operating||1994, May 28||213 ft (65 m)|
|Desperado||Buffalo Bill's||Arrow Dynamics||Operating||1994, August 11||209 ft (64 m)|
|Wild Thing||Valleyfair||D. H. Morgan Manufacturing||Operating||1996, May 11||207 ft (63 m)|
|Fujiyama||Fuji-Q Highland||TOGO||Operating||1996, July||259 ft (79 m)|
|The Roller Coaster (Manhattan Express)†||New York New York Hotel & Casino||TOGO||Operating||1997, January 3||203 ft (62 m)|
|Steel Force||Dorney Park & Wildwater Kingdom||D. H. Morgan Manufacturing||Operating||1997, May 30||200 ft (61 m)|
|Mamba||Worlds of Fun||D. H. Morgan Manufacturing||Operating||1998, April 18||205 ft (62 m)|
|Apollo's Chariot||Busch Gardens Williamsburg||Bolliger & Mabillard||Operating||1999, March 27||170 ft (52 m)|
|Raging Bull||Six Flags Great America||Bolliger & Mabillard||Operating||1999, May 1||202 ft (62 m)|
|Ride of Steel||Darien Lake||Intamin||Operating||1999, May 15||197 ft (60 m)|
|Goliath||Six Flags Magic Mountain||Giovanola||Operating||2000, February 11||235 ft (72 m)|
|Bizarro||Six Flags New England||Intamin||Operating||2000, May 5||208 ft (63 m)|
|Superman – Ride of Steel||Six Flags America||Intamin||Operating||2000, May 13||208 ft (63m)|
|Millennium Force*||Cedar Point||Intamin||Operating||2000, May 13||310 ft (94 m)|
|Son of Beast (Wooden)||Kings Island||Roller Coaster Corporation of America||Defunct||2000, May 26||218 ft (66 m)|
|Steel Dragon 2000*||Nagashima Spa Land||D. H. Morgan Manufacturing||Operating||2000, August 1||318 ft (97 m)|
|Nitro||Six Flags Great Adventure||Bolliger & Mabillard||Operating||2001, April 7||230 ft (70 m)|
|Titan||Six Flags Over Texas||Giovanola||Operating||2001, April 27||245 ft (75 m)|
|Phantom's Revenge||Kennywood||D. H. Morgan Manufacturing||Operating||2001, May 19||160 ft (49 m)|
|X2†||Six Flags Magic Mountain||Arrow Dynamics||Operating||2002, Jan 12||175 ft (53 m)|
|Silver Star||Europa-Park||Bolliger & Mabillard||Operating||2002, March 23||239 ft (73 m)|
|Xcelerator†||Knott's Berry Farm||Intamin||Operating||2002, June 22||205 ft (62 m)|
|Thunder Dolphin||Tokyo Dome City Attractions||Intamin||Operating||2003, May 1||260 ft (80 m)|
|Top Thrill Dragster**†||Cedar Point||Intamin||Operating||2003, May 4||420 ft (130 m)|
|Superman el Último Escape||Six Flags México||Chance Morgan||Operating||2004, November 19||219 ft (67 m)|
|SheiKra†||Busch Gardens Tampa Bay||Bolliger & Mabillard||Operating||2005, May 21||200 ft (61 m)|
|Kingda Ka**†||Six Flags Great Adventure||Intamin||Operating||2005, May 21||456 ft (139 m)|
|Stealth†||Thorpe Park||Intamin||Operating||2006, March 15||205 ft (62 m)|
|Goliath||Six Flags Over Georgia||Bolliger & Mabillard||Operating||2006, April 1||200 ft (61 m)|
|Zaturn†||Space World||Intamin||Operating||2006, April 29||205 ft (62 m)|
|Eejanaika†||Fuji-Q Highland||S&S Worldwide||Operating||2006, July 19||249 ft (76 m)|
|Griffon†||Busch Gardens Williamsburg||Bolliger & Mabillard||Operating||2007, May 18||205 ft (62 m)|
|Behemoth||Canada's Wonderland||Bolliger & Mabillard||Operating||2008, May 4||230 ft (70 m)|
|Diamondback||Kings Island||Bolliger & Mabillard||Operating||2009, April 18||230 ft (70 m)|
|Diving Coaster†||Happy Valley Shanghai||Bolliger & Mabillard||Operating||2009, August 16||213 ft (65 m)|
|Intimidator||Carowinds||Bolliger & Mabillard||Operating||2010, March 27||232 ft (71 m)|
|Intimidator 305*||Kings Dominion||Intamin||Operating||2010, April 2||305 ft (93 m)|
|Wild Eagle†||Dollywood||Bolliger & Mabillard||Operating||2012, March 23||210 ft (64 m)|
|Leviathan*||Canada's Wonderland||Bolliger & Mabillard||Operating||2012, April 27||306 ft (93 m)|
|Dinoconda†||China Dinosaurs Park||S&S Worldwide||Operating||2012, April 29||226.4 ft (69 m)|
|Shambhala: Expedición al Himalaya||PortAventura||Bolliger & Mabillard||Operating||2012, May 12||249 ft (76 m)|
|Skyrush||Hershey Park||Intamin||Operating||2012, May 26||212 ft (65 m)|
|Bullet Coaster†||Happy Valley Shenzhen||S&S Worldwide||Operating||2012, July 28||197 ft (60 m)|
|OCT Thrust SSC1000†||Happy Valley Wuhan||S&S Worldwide||Operating||2014||197 ft (60 m)|
|Fury 325*||Carowinds||Bolliger & Mabillard||Operating||2015, March 28||325 ft (100 m)|
|Cannibal†||Lagoon Amusement Park||Lagoon Amusement Park||Operating||2015||208 ft (63 m)|
|Kärnan†||Hansa Park||Gerstlauer||Operating||2015||239.5 ft (73.0 m)|
|Mako||SeaWorld Orlando||Bolliger & Mabillard||Under Construction||2016||200 ft (61 m)|
* Denotes a hypercoaster that is also a giga coaster (any full circuit coaster over 300 ft).
** Denotes a hypercoaster that is also a strata coaster (any full circuit coaster over 400 ft).
† Denotes a coaster that fits the broad but not the narrow definition of a hypercoaster.
The following are non-continuous circuit coasters that exceed 200 feet in height or drop, unlike coasters that conform to the hypercoaster "style." However, these shuttle roller coasters are not usually considered hypercoasters.
|Moonsault Scramble||Fuji-Q Highland||Meisho Amusement Machines||Defunct||June 24, 1983|
|Tower of Terror II||Dreamworld||Intamin||Operating||1997|
|Superman: Escape from Krypton||Six Flags Magic Mountain||Intamin||Operating||March 15, 1997|
|Unknown (formerly Batman & Robin: The Chiller)||Beto Carrero World||Premier Rides||In Storage||1998-2007|
|Mr. Freeze||Six Flags Over Texas||Premier Rides||Operating||April 1998|
|Mr. Freeze||Six Flags St. Louis||Premier Rides||Operating||April 1998|
|Speed – The Ride||Akita Plaza||Premier Rides||In Storage||April 28, 2000 - 2011|
|Wicked Twister||Cedar Point||Intamin||Operating||May 5, 2002|
|Big Air||E-DA Theme Park||Vekoma||Operating||December, 2010|
- "Hypercoasters". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-05-12.
- "Millennium Force: The Hypercoaster Rules No More". Thrillride.com. Retrieved 2011-05-12.
- "CP Mobile". Cedarpoint.com. Retrieved 2011-03-01.
- "More Thoughts on Magnum". Cedarpoint.com. Retrieved 2011-05-12.
- "The List: 2006 Top 50 Steel Roller Coasters" (PDF). Amusement Today. September 2006. p. 26. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- "The List: 2010 Top 50 Steel Roller Coasters" (PDF). Amusement Today. September 11, 2010. p. 34. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
- "What's next for Son of Beast? Future of Kings Island roller coaster unclear". Cincinnati.com. 2011-04-23. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
- "Son of Beast roller coaster to be removed to make room for future park expansion". Kings Island. July 27, 2012. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
- "Roller Coaster Database". rcdb.com. Retrieved 2011-05-12.