Hypericum frondosum

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Hypericum frondosum
Hypericum aureum 139-8498 edit.png
Illustration from Curtis's Botanical Magazine (1913)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Hypericaceae
Genus: Hypericum
Section: H. sect. Myriandra
Subsection: H. subsect. Centrosperma
Species:
H. frondosum
Binomial name
Hypericum frondosum
Michx.
Synonyms[1]
  • Brathydium aureum K.Koch
  • Brathydium rugelianum (Kunze) K.Koch
  • Hypericum amoenum Pursh
  • Hypericum aureum W.Bartram
  • Hypericum rugelianum Kunze
  • Hypericum splendens Small

Hypericum frondosum, the cedarglade St. Johnswort or golden St. John's wort, is a species of flowering plant in the St. Johnswort family, Hypericaceae.[1][2][3] It is native to the central and southeastern United States in dry, rocky habitats.

Description[edit]

It is a medium-sized shrub, growing 0.6–3 meters (2–10 feet) in height with a highly-branching form. The stems are green when young, becoming reddish brown and peeling or plating with age. The opposite leaves are sessile, up to 65 mm (2.6 in) long and 22 mm (0.87 in) across with an oblong to lanceolate shape. The flowerheads have up to seven golden yellow flowers, each 25–45 mm (0.98–1.77 in) in diameter with five petals.[4] It flowers between late May and August.[5] Each flower has numerous stamens (up to 650) and three-parted ovaries which, at maturity, form an ovoid capsule and blackish-brown seeds.[4]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Cedarglade St. Johnswort is found in the southeastern and central United States, from North Carolina to Florida, west to Texas. It occurs in dry, rocky areas such as cedar glades, rocky woodlands, and also in dry, disturbed areas.[5] It has been introduced further north, including New York, Massachusetts, and Connecticut.[1] Records from South Carolina and Virginia may be misidentifications of Hypericum prolificum, another species in the subsection Centrosperma (section Myriandra).[3][4]

Taxonomy[edit]

It was first formally described as Brathydium aureum in 1790 by William Bartram, though this name was an illegitimate homonym of an Asian St. Johnswort species published the year before.[6] It was renamed several times, with its current name, Hypericum frondosum originating in 1803 by André Michaux in his Flora Boreali-Americana.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Hypericum frondosum Michx". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanical Gardens Kew. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  2. ^ "Hypericum frondosum". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  3. ^ a b Robson, Norman K. B. (2015). "Hypericum frondosum". In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA). 6. New York and Oxford. Retrieved 14 January 2019 – via eFloras.org, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  4. ^ a b c "Hypericum frondosum Descriptions". hypericum.myspecies.info. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  5. ^ a b Weakley, Alan S. (2018), Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States, working draft of 20 August 2018, University of North Carolina Herbarium, North Carolina Botanical Garden, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  6. ^ "Hypericum aureum W.Bartram". ipni.org. International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  7. ^ "Hypericum frondosum Michx". ipni.org. International Plant Names Index. Retrieved 14 January 2019.