Hyperloop Transportation Technologies

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Hyperloop Transportation Technologies
TypePrivate
Industry
FoundedNovember 2013; 8 years ago (2013-11)
HeadquartersPlaya Vista, California, U.S.
Key people
Number of employees
50
Websitewww.hyperlooptt.com

Hyperloop Transportation Technologies, also known as HyperloopTT, is an American research company formed using a crowd collaboration approach (a mix of team collaboration and crowdsourcing)[3][4] to develop around the world[5] commercial transportation systems based on the Hyperloop concept.[6]

The concept of the Hyperloop was popularized in 2013 by Elon Musk, not affiliated with HyperloopTT.[7][8] The project was to develop a high speed, intercity transporter using a low pressure tube train which would reach a top speed of 800 miles per hour (1,300 km/h) with a yearly capacity of 15 million passengers.[9][10][11]

HyperloopTT's Quintero One

HyperloopTT also plans to build slower, urban Hyperloops for inter-suburb travel.[12]

History[edit]

JumpStarter, Inc[edit]

The company was founded by JumpStarter, Inc., utilizing the company's crowdfunding and collaboration platform JumpStartFund.[13][14][15]

In 2013, HyperloopTT announced partnered with Ansys, GloCal Network and UCLA's Architecture & Urban Design program to aide in the early-stage development of feasibility testing, supply chain management and station experience.[16]

Early routes[edit]

The company was not focused on the Los Angeles-to-San Francisco route that was the baseline of the Hyperloop Alpha design from 2013, and considered other routes.

In 2015, HyperloopTT signed and agreement with GROW Holdings, the developer of Quay Valley, California, to construct a 5-mile (8 km) demonstration track beginning in 2016.[17][18]

Also in August 2015, HyperloopTT announced partnerships with international engineering design and construction giant Aecom and Oerlikon, the world's oldest vacuum technology specialist.[2] AECOM began providing services to HyperloopTT for the design of the full-scale Quay Valley prototype track.[19]

Construction on this demonstration track in Quay Valley never started as GROW Holdings lacked the funds to continue the new community development and stopped all development in the valley.[14]

Employee growth[edit]

The company's singular collaboration model meant that rather than employees, HyperloopTT has established a network of contributors all working a minimum of 10 hours per week in exchange for future equity.[3]

Initial development was done by approximately 100 engineers compensated solely in stock options. This initial team was primarily based within the United States. The company has assembled a team of community members, attracting high level engineers and contributing corporations.[20]

HyperloopTT saw a large growth in contributor numbers in 2015, in February the company had grown to nearly 200 contributors[18][17] and by November had more than doubled to just under 500 people.[2]

HyperloopTT continued growing and began hiring full-time executives, to help manage the contribution of the crowd.[3][2]

Today, HyperloopTT boasts more than 800 contributors in 40 countries with 50 full-time employees and more than 50 corporate partners.[1]

Early agreements[edit]

In 2016 then HyperloopTT CEO, Dirk Ahlborn, announced an agreement with the Slovak government to perform feasibility studies regarding routes connecting Vienna, Austria to Bratislava, Slovakia, and Bratislava to Budapest, Hungary.[21] Total costs for this project are estimated to be US$200–300 million. The resulting annual system capacity is projected to be 10 million passengers.[22] The company announced in March 2016 that they would be using passive Inductrack systems for their titular Hyperloop.[23] However, in August 2018 the agreement expired after the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister and HyperloopTT didn't reach an agreement to continue the project.[24]

In September 2017, HyperloopTT signed an agreement with the Andhra Pradesh State Government in India to build a Hyperloop between the cities of Amaravati and Vijaywada. The two-phase project would begin with a 6-month feasibility study which would be followed by actual construction.[25][26][27]

In July 2018, HyperloopTT announced an agreement to create a joint venture with the government of China's southwestern province of Guizhou to construct a 10 km long Hyperloop track in the city of Tongren.[28][29]

Funding[edit]

In 2016, HyperloopTT had raised $31.8 million in cash and received $77 million in man-hours, services rendered, land rights usage and future in-kind investments.[30]

HyperloopTT's collaboration model has enabled significant advancement with significantly less financial resources as compared to competitors. A 2020 Forbes article stated that HyperloopTT had received a total of $50 million in-cash investments since founding, a small figure compared to Virgin Hyperloop's $350 million.[31] Despite the disparity in investments, HyperloopTT's Great Lakes project is the closest commercial Hyperloop project to operation.[32]

Current prototypes[edit]

HyperloopTT is currently operating or designing four prototypes.[33]

Toulouse[edit]

Test track in Toulouse, France

Since 2017 HyperloopTT has an agreement with the city council of Toulouse and established a research and development center to test hyperloop-related technologies at the Francazal Airport, in the heart of the renowned "Aerospace Valley".[34] [35] Construction began on the 320-meter long test system in April 2018. The completed test-track is 4 meters in diameter making it the world's only full-scale hyperloop test track.[36]

Abu Dhabi[edit]

In November 2016, HyperloopTT signed an agreement with the Abu Dhabi Department of Municipal Affairs and Transportation to conduct a feasibility study for a hyperloop system connecting the cities of Abu Dhabi and Al Ain.[37] In 2017, HyperloopTT and the Office of His Highness Sheikh Falah Bin Zayed Al Nahyan signed a strategic partnership agreement accelerating the development of the system to create an innovative infrastructure in line with the Abu Dhabi 2030 vision.[38]

In 2018, HyperloopTT and Aldar Properties signed an agreement to develop the first 10-kilometer section of a system between Abu Dhabi and Dubai.[39] The system is expected to be operational by 2023.[40]

Great Lakes[edit]

In February 2018, HyperloopTT announced a public-private partnership with the Northeast Ohio Areawide Coordinating Agency (NOACA) metropolitan planning organization and the Illinois Department of Transportation for the development of the United States’ first interstate hyperloop system in the Great Lakes megaregion.[41][42] The project which initially only focused on connecting Cleveland to Chicago expanded in 2019 to include Pittsburgh as HyperloopTT looks to create the first part of a national network that would connect the midwest to the east coast through Pittsburgh.[43]

The Great Lakes project resulted in the world's most comprehensive hyperloop feasibility study demonstrating that the system would, “not only be a boon to communities along the travel corridors but also would be a strong business investment.”[44][45] The study projected development costs of about $40 billion, but would see a $30 billion profit in the first 25 years of operation.[46] The study also predicted a 931,745 increase in jobs, $74.8 billion increase in property values, and an expanded tax base that would generate $12.7 billion in government revenue from 2025 to 2050.[47]

The report also projected that the renewable powered emission-free hyperloop system proposed by HyperloopTT would eliminate 143 million tons of Carbon Dioxide emissions by replacing air, car, and rail transit along the corridor.[48]

Hamburg[edit]

In 2018, HyperloopTT announced the creation of a joint venture with Hamburger Hafen und Logistik Aktiengesellschaft (HHLA) the leading container terminal operator in the Port of Hamburg.[49] The project aims to build a 100-meter test track to test the cargo system before expanding the system to connect the port with an inland container yard to alleviate port congestion.[50] In 2019, HyperloopTT announced a partnership with the Gaussin Group, a French autonomous vehicle company, to create the AIV HyperloopTT electric self-driving vehicles that will cost-efficiently carry and transfer containers for the fully automated Hyperloop Cargo System.[51]

Technology[edit]

Capsule[edit]

HyperloopTT revealed the world's first full-scale hyperloop capsule, the Quintero One, in 2018.[52] Winning a gold award at the 2017 London Design Awards, the 32-meter long capsule was designed in collaboration with transport design consultancy PriestmanGoode and built by Spanish aerospace manufacturer Airtifical. The capsule is “almost completely” constructed out of Vibranium™ (see below).

Passive magnetic levitation[edit]

HyperloopTT achieves levitation using a passive magnetic levitation technology known as Inductrack exclusively licensed from the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Developed by physicist Richard Post, Inductrack creates levitation through the forward movement of magnets over an unpowered track, making it significantly more efficient than traditional magnetic levitation technologies.[53]

Augmented Windows[edit]

At South by Southwest in 2016, HyperloopTT introduced their Augmented Window concept that would allow passengers to “look” out of windows while riding in the enclosed-tube environment.[54] Developed in partnership with RE’FLEKT, the Augmented Windows utilize head tracking technology to capture passenger movements and create the sensation of looking out of a real window. The interactive screens provide passengers the opportunity to choose their own window content including real world scenery, live streams, blockbuster media, and location travel information.[55]

VibraniumTM[edit]

In 2016, HyperloopTT announced that they would be using Vibranium™ to build the fuselage of their capsules. The material, named after the fictitious Marvel Comics material, is reinforced carbon fiber that is 8x stronger than aluminum and 10x stronger than steel alternatives. The novelty of HyperloopTT's self-developed Vibranium™ is the embedding of sensors between 2 layers of carbon fiber allowing for real-time monitoring of capsule temperature, stability, integrity and more, wirelessly and instantly.[56]

Challenges[edit]

HTT has been bold in making forward-looking statements, such as:

  • Feasibility study with UCLA by mid-2015[14]
  • Initial Public Offering in 2015[17]
  • Demonstration Track in 2016[17]
  • New facility in Toulouse, France Jan 2017[57]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b www.hyperlooptt.com/about
  2. ^ a b c d Chee, Alexander (November 30, 2015). "The Race to Create Elon Musk's Hyperloop Heats Up". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 11, 2020.
  3. ^ a b c Lynda Applegate, Terri L. Griffith, and Ann Majchrzak. Hyperloop Transportation Technologies: Building Breakthrough Innovations in Crowd-Powered Ecosystems. Harvard Business School Case 817-134, May 2017. (Revised October 2017.)
  4. ^ Statt, Nick (August 29, 2013). "Startup wants you to fund Hyperloop, and help design it too". CNET. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  5. ^ "Hyperloop TT Projects".
  6. ^ Poeter, Damon (October 31, 2013). "Hyperloop Transportation Technologies Wants to Crowd-Source the Future". PC Magazine. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  7. ^ Brandom, Russell (August 12, 2013). "Elon Musk reveals plans for high-speed Hyperloop". The Verge. Retrieved October 29, 2020.
  8. ^ Elon Musk's Hyperloop Alpha Project, Aug 12, 2013.
  9. ^ "Tomorrow's Transportation Is Getting Closer". Constructech. April 8, 2020. Retrieved October 29, 2020.
  10. ^ Poeter, Damon (October 31, 2013). "Hyperloop Transportation Technologies Wants to Crowd-Source the Future". PC Magazine. Retrieved 27 May 2014.
  11. ^ "Hyperloop alpha" (PDF). SpaceX. August 12, 2013. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  12. ^ Rogowsky, Mark (December 19, 2014). "Hyperloop Reality Check: Elon Musk's High-Speed Scheme Is Alive And Kicking". Forbes. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  13. ^ Kaplan, Jeremy A. (October 31, 2013). "Company plans to turn Hyperloop dream into hypercool reality". Fox News. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  14. ^ a b c Davies, Alex (December 18, 2014). "These Dreamers Are Actually Making Progress Building Elon's Hyperloop". Wired. Retrieved December 19, 2014.
  15. ^ Chang, Jon M. (October 31, 2013). "Hyperloop Set in Motion, Prototype Design Scheduled for June 2014". ABC News. Retrieved May 27, 2014.
  16. ^ Little, James (October 31, 2013). "JumpStartFund-Backed 'Hyperloop Transportation Technologies Inc.' to Publish Next Hyperloop Development Milestones". Business Wire. Retrieved October 29, 2020.
  17. ^ a b c d Mack, Eric (February 26, 2015). "California is getting a Hyperloop, but not where you think". Gizmag. Retrieved March 2, 2015.
  18. ^ a b Mack, Eric (February 26, 2015). "California is getting a Hyperloop, but not where you think". New Atlas. Retrieved November 11, 2020.
  19. ^ Howe, Marc (August 31, 2015). "Engineering Giant AECOM Will Work On Hyperloop Project". CleanTechnica. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
  20. ^ Little, James (October 31, 2013). "JumpStartFund-Backed 'Hyperloop Transportation Technologies Inc.' to Publish Next Hyperloop Development Milestones" (Press release). Business Wire. Retrieved January 8, 2015.
  21. ^ "HyperloopTT reaches agreement with Slovakia". PR Newswire. May 11, 2016. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
  22. ^ Andrei, Mihai (March 28, 2016). "The Hyperloop is about to be built – in Europe". ZME Science. Romania. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
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  24. ^ "Hyperloop na Slovensku nebude. Memorandum so štátom vypršalo" [Hyperloop will not be in Slovakia. Memorandum with state expired]. HN Online (in Slovak). Slovakia. August 13, 2018. Retrieved April 5, 2019.
  25. ^ Etherington, Darrell (September 6, 2017). "HyperloopTT signs agreement to develop a Hyperloop in India". TechCrunch. Retrieved September 7, 2017.
  26. ^ "Andhra Pradesh govt plans to connect Amaravati and Vijayawada with Hyperloop". Hindustan Times. India. September 7, 2017. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
  27. ^ "Amaravati to Vijayawada in 5 minutes! This is what hyperloop can do for you". The Economic Times. India. September 6, 2017. Retrieved October 9, 2017.
  28. ^ Tan, Huileng (July 20, 2018). "China looks to the future of transportation with new hyperloop deal". CNBC. Retrieved July 8, 2019.
  29. ^ Zhao, Runhua (July 19, 2018). "Hyperloop Transportation Technologies to build Hyperloop in Southwest China with local partner". TechNode. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  30. ^ "Hyperloop Transportation Technologies claims more than $100 million in total investment". TechCrunch. Retrieved July 9, 2019.
  31. ^ Vinoski, Jim (June 30, 2020). "HyperloopTT's Virtual Collaboration Aims To Revolutionize Transportation". Forbes. Retrieved November 3, 2020.
  32. ^ Carpenter, Susan (August 3, 2020). "Remember Hyperloop? It's Getting Closer to Reality". Spectrum Local News. Retrieved November 3, 2020.
  33. ^ "HyperloopTT | Global Prototypes". HyperloopTT. Retrieved November 3, 2020.
  34. ^ "Toulouse Welcomes Hyperloop Transportation Technologies to Europe's Aerospace Valley With New Facilities". PR News Wire. January 24, 2017. Retrieved November 3, 2020.
  35. ^ Cooper, Daniel (January 24, 2017). "Hyperloop company to develop its technology in France". Engadget. Retrieved November 6, 2020.
  36. ^ Cooper, Daniel (April 12, 2018). "Hyperloop TT begins construction of its first test track". Engadget. Retrieved November 3, 2020.
  37. ^ Reuters Staff (December 12, 2016). "Abu Dhabi signs agreement on futuristic transport system". Reuters. Retrieved November 3, 2020.
  38. ^ "The Office of His Highness Sheikh Falah Bin Zayed Al Nahyan announces strategic partnership agreement with Hyperloop Transportation Technologies". Zawya. January 22, 2017. Retrieved November 3, 2020.
  39. ^ "Hyperloop Transportation Technologies Moves Forward with First Commercial Hyperloop System in the UAE". PR News Wire. April 18, 2018. Retrieved November 3, 2020.
  40. ^ Farhan, Zehra (November 5, 2019). "Hyperloop TT's commercial operations to begin in 2023". Construction Week Online. Retrieved November 3, 2020.
  41. ^ "Hyperloop Transportation Technologies Signs First US Interstate Agreement". PR News Wire. February 15, 2018. Retrieved November 3, 2020.
  42. ^ Etherington, Darrell (February 15, 2018). "Hyperloop Transportation Technologies signs first cross-state deal in the U.S." TechCrunch. Retrieved November 3, 2020.
  43. ^ Torrance, Luke (December 23, 2019). "Why HyperloopTT wants to speed into Pittsburgh". Biz Journals. Retrieved November 3, 2020.
  44. ^ "Great Lakes Hyperloop Feasibility Study". Northeast Ohio Areawide Coordinating Agency. December 16, 2019.
  45. ^ Litt, Steven (December 16, 2019). "Cleveland-Pittsburgh-Chicago Hyperloop study advocating next steps is released". The Plain Dealer.
  46. ^ "Study: Proposed Pittsburgh-Cleveland-Chicago hyperloop would be highly profitable". Pittsburg Post-Gazette. December 17, 2019. Retrieved November 3, 2020.
  47. ^ "Great Lakes HyperloopTT Feasibility Study". HyperloopTT Results Dropbox. Retrieved November 3, 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  48. ^ "Great Lakes HyperloopTT Feasibility Study". Retrieved November 3, 2020.
  49. ^ "Hyperloop Transportation Technologies and HHLA Form New Joint Venture to Solve Shipping Industry Challenges". PR News Wire. December 5, 2018. Retrieved November 3, 2020.
  50. ^ Szymkowski, Sean (December 5, 2018). "HyperloopTT inks deal to build text track in Germany". Motor Authority. Retrieved November 3, 2020.
  51. ^ "HyperloopTT partners with Gaussin to develop self-driving freight vehicles". Industry Networker. November 22, 2019. Retrieved November 3, 2020.
  52. ^ "HyperloopTT unveils full-scale capsule for 760mph travel". The Engineer. October 5, 2018. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
  53. ^ Hawkins, Andrew J. (May 9, 2016). "Hyperloop Transportation says it will use a 'cheaper, safer' form of magnetic levitation". The Verge. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
  54. ^ Bell, Karissa (March 14, 2016). "Hyperloop CEO shows off augmented reality window concept". [Mashable]. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
  55. ^ "Re-Flekt Augmented Windows".
  56. ^ Hawkins, Andrew (May 24, 2016). "Hyperloop startup selects Vibranium for pods because it's good enough for Captain America". The Verge. Retrieved May 25, 2018.
  57. ^ Cooper, Daniel (April 12, 2018). "Hyperloop TT begins construction of its first test track". Engadget. Retrieved November 3, 2020.

External links[edit]

Official website