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Hypermastigia is an obsolete excavata class. Now hypermastigids are assigned to Tritrichomonadea, Hypotrichomonadea, and Trichomonadea.[1]


  1. ^ Noda S, Mantini C, Meloni D, Inoue J-I, Kitade O et al. (2012). "Molecular phylogeny and evolution of Parabasalia with improved taxon sampling and new protein markers of actin and elongation factor-1α". PLOS ONE. 7 (1): e29938. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0029938.