||It has been suggested that this article be merged into arteriolosclerosis. (Discuss) Proposed since March 2017.|
The term "onion-skin" is sometimes used to describe this form of blood vessel with thickened concentric smooth muscle cell layer and thickened, duplicated basement membrane. In malignant hypertension these hyperplastic changes are often accompanied by fibrinoid necrosis of the arterial intima and media. These changes are most prominent in the kidney and can lead to ischemia and acute kidney failure.
It can be caused by malignant hypertension.