Hyperuranion

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Hyperuranion[1] or topos hyperuranios[2] (Ancient Greek: ὑπερουράνιον τόπον,[3] accusative of ὑπερουράνιος τόπος, "place beyond heaven") is alternately a concept used by Plato to mean a perfect realm of Forms.[3] The Hyperuranion, which is also called Platonic realm,[4] is a place in heaven where all ideas of real things are collected together.[5] This is within Plato's view that the idea of a phenomenon is beyond the realm of real phenomena and that everything we experience in our lives is merely a copy of the perfect model that exists in the hyperuranion.[6]

Socrates also cited the concept of hyperuranion, describing it as higher than the gods since their divinity depended on the knowledge of the hyperuranion beings.[7]

The hyperuranion doctrine is also a later medieval concept that claims God within the empyrean exists outside of heaven and controls it as the first mover from there for heaven even to be a part of the moved.[1] The French alchemist Jean d'Espagnet rejected the idea of hyperuranion in his work Enchiridion, where he maintained that nature is not divided into conceptual categories but exists in unity.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Katherine Murphy, Richard Todd, "A Man Very Well Studyed": New Contexts for Thomas Browne", BRILL, 2008, p. 260.
  2. ^ Egidius Schmalzriedt, Platon – Der Schriftsteller und die Wahrheit, R. Piper, 1969, pp. 317, 319, 329.
  3. ^ a b Plato, Phaedrus, 247b–c
  4. ^ Luitzen Egbertus Jan Brouwer (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
  5. ^ Solomonick, Abraham (2017). From Semiotics towards Philosophical Metaphysics. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing. p. 28. ISBN 9781443886451.
  6. ^ Heilman, Elizabeth (2009). Critical Perspectives on Harry Potter. New York: Routledge. p. 43. ISBN 020389281X.
  7. ^ Diduch, Paul; Harding, Michael (2018). Socrates in the Cave: On the Philosopher’s Motive in Plato. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. p. 82. ISBN 9783319768304.
  8. ^ Murphy, Katherine; Todd, Richard (2008). "A Man Very Well Studyed": New Contexts for Thomas Browne. Leiden: BRILL. p. 260. ISBN 9789004171732.