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Guianan warbling antbird (Hypocnemis cantator)
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Thamnophilidae
Genus: Hypocnemis
Cabanis, 1847
Type species
Formicarius cantator[1]
Boddaert, 1783

Hypocnemis is a genus of passerine birds in the family Thamnophilidae. They are resident breeders in tropical Central and South America.

The genus Hypocnemis was introduced by the German ornithologist Jean Cabanis in 1847.[2] The name combines the Ancient Greek words hupo "somewhat like" and knēmis "leggings".[3] The type species was subsequently designated as the Guianan warbling antbird.[4]

The genus contains eight species:[5]

The warbling antbird has traditionally been considered a single polytypic species, but recent evidence has led to it being split into six almost entirely parapatric species.[6][7]


  1. ^ "Thamnophilidae". aviansystematics.org. The Trust for Avian Systematics. Retrieved 2023-07-16.
  2. ^ Cabanis, Jean (1847). "Ornithologische notizen". Archiv für Naturgeschichte (in German). 13: 186–256 [212].
  3. ^ Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 199. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
  4. ^ Peters, James Lee, ed. (1951). Check-list of Birds of the World. Vol. 7. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 223.
  5. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2018). "Antbirds". World Bird List Version 8.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  6. ^ Isler, M.L.; Isler, P.R.; Whitney, B.M. (2007). "Species limits in Antbirds (Thamnophilidae): The Warbling Antbird (Hypocnemis cantator) complex". Auk. 124 (1): 11–28. doi:10.1642/0004-8038(2007)124[11:SLIATT]2.0.CO;2. S2CID 85920805.
  7. ^ "Proposal (299) Split Hypocnemis cantator by elevating H. flavescens, peruviana, subflava, ochrogyna and striata to species rank". South American Classification Committee of the American Ornithological Society. 2007. Retrieved 3 February 2018.