Hypocrea

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Hypocrea
Hypocrea sulphurea 87922.jpg
Hypocrea sulphurea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
Subdivision: Pezizomycotina
Class: Sordariomycetes
Order: Hypocreales
Family: Hypocreaceae
Genus: Hypocrea
Fr. (1825)
Type species
Hypocrea rufa
(Pers.) Fr. (1849)
Species

171, see text

Synonyms[1]
  • Creopus Link (1833)
  • Debarya Schulzer (1866)

Hypocrea is a genus of fungi in the family Hypocreaceae. The widespread genus is estimated to contain 171 species that grow on rotten wood, and are often associated with other fungi.[2] Anamorphic genera associated with Hypocrea include Acremonium, Gliocladium, Trichoderma, and Verticillium.[3] Hypocrea was circumscribed by mycologist Elias Fries in 1825.[4] Due to changes with in the code of nomenclature, the genus Trichoderma has been proposed for conservation over its teleomorph Hypocrea. This means that all species with both a Hypocrea and Trichoderma name will be officially known by their Trichoderma name, and any species only described as Hypocrea will be transferred to Trichoderma.[5]

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hypocrea Fr. 1825". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2011-10-12. 
  2. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford, UK: CAB International. p. 332. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8. 
  3. ^ Hanlin RT (1990). Illustrated Genera of Ascomycetes. St. Paul, MN: American Phytopathological Society. p. 142. ISBN 0-89054-107-8. 
  4. ^ Fries EM (1825). Systema Orbis Vegetabilis (in Latin). Lundin, Sweden: e Typographia academica. p. 104. 
  5. ^ Rossman AY, Seifert KA, Samuels GJ (2013). "Genera in Bionectriaceae, Hypocreaceae, and Nectriaceae (Hypocreales) proposed for acceptance or rejection". IMA Fungus. 4 (1): 41–51. doi:10.5598/imafungus.2013.04.01.05. PMC 3719205Freely accessible. PMID 23898411. 

External links[edit]