Hypocreales

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Hypocreales
Cordyceps capitata.jpg
Tolypocladium capitatum
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Ascomycota
(unranked): Sordariomyceta
Class: Sordariomycetes
Subclass: Hypocreomycetidae
Order: Hypocreales
Lindau (1897)
Families

Bionectriaceae
Cordycipitaceae
Clavicipitaceae
Hypocreaceae
Nectriaceae
Niessliaceae
Ophiocordycipitaceae
Stachybotryaceae

The Hypocreales are an order of fungi within the class Sordariomycetes. In 2008, it was estimated that it contained some 237 genera, and 2647 species in seven families.[1] Since then, a considerable number of further taxa have been identified, including an additional family, the Stachybotryaceae.[2] According to the Catalog of Life, As of April 2021 the Hypocreales contains 6 families, 137 genera, and 1411 species.[3]

Species of Hypocreales are usually recognized by their brightly colored, perithecial ascomata, or spore-producing structures. These are often yellow, orange or red.

Genera incertae sedis[edit]

According to a 2020 review of fungal classification, the following genera within the Hypocreales have an uncertain taxonomic placement (incertae sedis), and have not been assigned to any family:[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford, UK: CAB International. p. 332. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8.
  2. ^ Lombard, L; Houbraken, J; Decock, C; Samson, RA; Meijer, M; Réblová, M; Groenewald, JZ; Crous, PW (2016). "Generic hyper-diversity in Stachybotriaceae". Persoonia. 36: 156–246. doi:10.3767/003158516X691582. PMC 4988370. PMID 27616791.
  3. ^ Source dataset. Species Fungorum Plus: Species Fungorum for CoL+. "Sordariales". Catalog of Life. Retrieved 27 April 2021.
  4. ^ Wijayawardene, Nalin; Hyde, Kevin; Al-Ani, Laith Khalil Tawfeeq; Somayeh, Dolatabadi; Stadler, Marc; Haelewaters, Danny; et al. (2020). "Outline of Fungi and fungus-like taxa". Mycosphere. 11: 1060–1456. doi:10.5943/mycosphere/11/1/8.
  5. ^ a b Poinar GO, Buckley R (2007). "Evidence of mycoparasitism and hypermycoparasitism in Early Cretaceous amber". Mycological Research. 111 (4): 503–506. doi:10.1016/j.mycres.2007.02.004. PMID 17512712.

External links[edit]