Hypodiploid acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Hypodiploid acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the chromosome mutation of leukemic cells with 45 chromosomes or less. It has been determined that the prognosis of hypodiploid is much less than standard acute lymphoblastic leukemia. The lower the chromosome count, the lower the survival rate. In a study documented by the American Society of Hematology 17 of 27 patients relapsed, which indicates poor treatment responsiveness of hypodiploid ALL. Hypodiploid is an unfavorable karyotypic feature in childhood ALL.
- Nyla A. Heerema; James B. Nachman; Harland N. Sather; Martha G. Sensel; Mei K. Lee; Raymond Hutchinson; Beverly J. Lange; Peter G. Steinherz; Bruce Bostrom; Paul S. Gaynon; Fatih Uckun (December 15, 1999). "Hypodiploidy with Less Than 45 Chromosomes Confers Adverse Risk in Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia: A Report from the Children's Cancer Group". Blood. 94 (12): 4036–45.
- CH Pui; AJ Carroll; SC Raimondi; VJ Land; WM Crist; JJ Shuster; DL Williams; DJ Pullen; MJ Borowitz; FG Behm (March 1, 1990). "Clinical Presentation, Karyotypic Characterization, and Treatment Outcome of Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia with a Near-Haploid or Hypodiploid Less Than 45 Line". Blood. 75 (5): 1170–77.
- CH Pui; DL Williams; SC Raimondi; GK Rivera; AT Look; RK Dodge; SL George; FG Behm; WM Crist; SB Murphy (July 1, 1987). "Hypodiploidy Is Associated with a Poor Prognosis in Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia". Blood. 70 (1): 247–53.