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DiseasesDB 33015

Hypotelorism is a medical condition in which there is an abnormally decreased distance between two organs or bodily parts, usually pertaining to eyes (orbits), also known as orbital hypotelorism. [1]


It is often a result of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) caused by large alcohol intake in the first month of pregnancy.[citation needed]

It can be associated with trisomy 13 which is also known as Patau syndrome,[2] as well as hereditary neuralgic amyotrophy.[3]

It can also be associated with fragile X syndrome and Prader-Willi syndrome.

Metopic synostosis, the early closure of metopic suture during skull development in children, can also cause hypotelorism.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Hypotelorism". Medical Dictionary. TheFreeDictionary.com. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  2. ^ "Hypotelorism". Medcyclopaedia. GE. 
  3. ^ Electromyography and Neuromuscular Disorders, Second Edition. Preston and Shapiro.