A hypotrochoid is a roulette traced by a point attached to a circle of radius r rolling around the inside of a fixed circle of radius R, where the point is a distance d from the center of the interior circle.
Where is the angle formed by the horizontal and the center of the rolling circle (note that these are not polar equations because is not the polar angle).
- J. Dennis Lawrence (1972). A catalog of special plane curves. Dover Publications. pp. 165–168. ISBN 0-486-60288-5.
- Weisstein, Eric W., "Hypotrochoid", MathWorld.
- Flash Animation of Hypocycloid
- Hypotrochoid from Visual Dictionary of Special Plane Curves, Xah Lee
- Interactive hypotrochoide animation
- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Hypotrochoid", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.