Hyundai Equus

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Hyundai Equus
2011 Hyundai Equus -- 02-24-2011.jpg
Manufacturer Hyundai
Production 1999–2016
Assembly Ulsan, South Korea
Kaliningrad, Russia (Avtotor)[1]
Body and chassis
Class Full-size luxury car
Body style 4-door sedan
Predecessor Hyundai Dynasty
Successor Genesis EQ900/Genesis G90[2][3][4]

The Hyundai Equus (Hangul현대 에쿠스; RRHyeondae Ekuseu) is a full-size, limousine produced by the South Korean manufacturer Hyundai since 1999.

In 2009, Hyundai released the second generation utilizing a rear-wheel drive platform and competing with the BMW 7 Series, Mercedes S-Class, Audi A8 and Lexus LS.[5] As of August 2014, the second generation is marketed in South Korea, Russia, China, United States, Canada, Central America, and South America — as well as in the Middle East under the Hyundai Centennial nameplate.

The name "equus" is the Latin word for "horse".

On November 4, 2015, Hyundai officially announced the Genesis brand will be spun off into Genesis Motors, the new luxury vehicle division for Hyundai.[6][7] The 2016 successor to the Hyundai Equus will be rebranded as G90[8] (EQ900 in Korea)[9]

First generation (LZ; 1999–2009)[edit]

First generation (LZ)
Also called
Production 1999–2009
Assembly Ulsan, South Korea
Body and chassis
Layout FF layout
  • 3.0 L Sigma V6 (1999-2005)
  • 3.3 L Lambda V6 (2005-2009)
  • 3.5 L Sigma V6 (1999-2005)
  • 3.8 L Lambda V6 (2005-2009)
  • 4.5 L Mitsubishi 8A80 (GDI) V8
  • 4.5 L Mitsubishi 8A80 (MPI) V8
Transmission 5-speed automatic
  • 2,840 mm (111.8 in)
  • (limo: 3,090 mm (121.7 in))
  • 1999–2003 : 5,065 mm (199.4 in)
  • (limo: 5,335 mm (210.0 in))
  • 2003–2009 : 5,120 mm (201.6 in)
  • (limo: 5,390 mm (212.2 in))
Width 1,870 mm (73.6 in)
  • 1,480 mm (58.3 in)
  • (limo: 1,485 mm (58.5 in))

In 1999, Hyundai Motors and Mitsubishi Motors presented their full-size sedan. Hyundai said that it was making a full-size sedan to compete with Mercedes-Benz S-Class and BMW 7 Series in the Korean market. In reality, it was competing against its domestic rival, SsangYong Chairman. Hyundai had great success with the Equus in Korea, but very few were exported to other countries. One was exported for the 2001 New York International Auto Show to gauge the reaction of U.S. consumers. Hyundai identified the car to the U.S. consumers as the Hyundai LZ450 luxury sedan.

The first generation was designed by Mitsubishi Motors, who had their own version called the Proudia. It was jointly manufactured by both companies.[10] The first-generation model was introduced in 1999 as a front-wheel-drive car measuring 5.1 metres (200.8 in) long and 1.9 metres (74.8 in) wide. A long-wheelbase limousine model was available exclusively for the Korean domestic market, and at 92,510,000 South Korean won for the 2008 model with a V8 and no options, was the most expensive model in the company's lineup. The first-generation Equus extended-length limousine was also mechanically related to the Mitsubishi Dignity limousine for the Japanese market. The first-generation Equus were sold in South Korea, China, and the Middle East. A very limited number, badged as the Centennial, were made available for some western European markets in the early and mid-2000s. At first, there were two engine types: a 3.5 Sigma V6 and 4.5 8A80 (Omega) V8 engine. After a few months, the 3.0 Sigma V6 engine type was added. Two versions were available: a sedan (3.0, 3.5 and 4.5) and a limousine (3.5 and 4.5). In Japan, under the name of Mitsubishi Dignity (limousine version) and Mitsubishi Proudia (sedan version), about 2,000 units were sold. Specifically, the 4.5 8A80 (Omega) V8 engine was a GDI (Gasoline Direct Injection) type engine, which was designed and developed by Mitsubishi Motors. This engine was optimized for premium unleaded gasoline fuel, but there was little opportunity to get this type of fuel in Korea at that time. So, most of these engines used normal unleaded gasoline fuel and then had significant performance issues, resulting in complaints from drivers. Finally, Hyundai Motors modified this engine from a GDI Type to a MPI (Multi Point Injection) type to solve the issue. It added curtain airbags in 2001 and active head restraints in 2002.

New Equus[edit]

In 2003, Hyundai presented their 'New Equus', changing the hood design and some of interior. A 7 inch screen for the rear seat, Xenon headlamps, front parking sensors, etc. were newly offered. Mitsubishi Motors ended the production of Mitsubishi Proudia and Mitsubishi Dignity, unlike Hyundai. It introduced seat ventilation cooling and heating, climate control with air purifier (2003), Alcantara leather seats (2007). From 2005, 3.0 and 3.5 Sigma V6 engine types were changed to 3.3 and 3.8 Lambda V6 engine types which were designed and developed by Hyundai Motors. But the automatic transmission was not changed. Hyundai officially ceased the production of 1st generation Equus in November 2009. A new bigger, rear-wheel drive Equus was launched in March 2009.[11] )

Limousine model[edit]

1st gen limousine model

A limousine model was made for the Korean market. Equus Limousines have been used by famous company owners in Korea as well as foreign VIPs.

Second generation (VI; 2009–2016)[edit]

Second generation (VI)
2011 Hyundai Equus -- 12-29-2011.jpg
Also called Hyundai Centennial
Production 2009–Present
Body and chassis
Layout FR layout
  • 3.8 L Lambda V6 (GDI) (standard buyer)
  • 4.6 L Tau V8 (standard buyer)
  • 5.0 L Tau V8 (GDI) (Sedan, limousine)
  • 3,045 mm (119.9 in)
  • (limo: 3,345 mm (131.7 in))
  • 5,160 mm (203.1 in)
  • (limo: 5,460 mm (215.0 in))
Width 1,900 mm (74.8 in)
Height 1,495 mm (58.9 in)

Initial version[edit]

Hyundai Equus VS460

The second generation Equus, codename "VI", was unveiled in Grand Hyatt Seoul.[13] Unlike the old Equus, the VI has a rear-wheel drive architecture, a longer wheelbase, and a different engine.[11] The VI is based on an all-new platform, that has been entirely developed by Hyundai Motor Corporation. Although the car has nothing in common with the previous Equus, the VI takes only the name from old Equus, because the name 'Equus' has prestige in Korea.

The Korean domestic market Equus comes as a 3.8L "Prime" and a 4.6L "Prestige" in South Korea. It is the most expensive model in the company's lineup. It launched in the People's Republic of China in August 2009. The Hyundai Equus was listed in the '10 exciting cars for 2010' from Forbes.[14]

US model was announced in 2009 Pebble Beach Concours d'Elegance,[15] and was unveiled in 2010 New York Auto Show.[16] Early US model includes the same 4.6L V8 engine as the Genesis except with 10 hp (7 kW) more than the current version. This puts the total engine output at 385 hp (287 kW) with 333 lb·ft (451 N·m).[17] The North American Equus features a badge attached on the hood as opposed to the hood ornament, the grille features a horizontal grid pattern like its Genesis sibling as opposed to the vertical one on international models, and an included iPad device with an Equus user's guide application pre-installed as opposed to a traditional owner's manual.[18]

It was the first Hyundai with an Electronically-controlled Air Suspension (EAS) and Continuous Damping Control (CDC). Also first Hyundai with Vehicle Stability Management (VSM) collision avoidance system that optimally manages Electronic stability control, the electronic parking brake, radar smart cruise control and the seatbelt tensioning system for optimal safety.

A modified Hyundai Equus was donated to Costa Rica and is currently used as the presidential car.

Equus Limousine[edit]

2010 Hyundai Equus Limousine

The long-wheelbase version Equus was unveiled in September 2009. It is 300 mm (11.8 in) longer than the sedan version. Engine choices include Lambda 3.8L and Tau 5.0L engines.[19][20] The limousine model has an exclusive horizontal cross-bar radiator grille, as well as features such as a power-driven footrest, rear-seat leg support and a massage system.[21]

Hyundai also developed an armoured vehicle based on the limousine, with an enlarged 5.5L version of the V8 engine.[22] On September 2009, Hyundai delivered three bulletproof limousine versions of the luxury sedan Equus to the South Korea Presidential Security Service. Hyundai designed this vehicle with a special alloy, with an automatic cooling system in case of fire as well as bulletproof windows.[23]

The first-built armoured limousine was donated to Blue House.[24]

At the moment, the limousine is currently available only in South Korea and Russia. The Russian version will have the same price tag as the South Korean version.

RMR Signature Edition Equus[edit]

It is a concept vehicle customized by Rhys Millen Racing, based on Equus with 4.6 Tau engine. It included bolt-on RMR Signature Edition air intake and stainless exhaust, increased engine power by 30 hp, RMR Signature Edition embroidered headrests and floor mats, and ostrich hide leather seats with suede accents.

The vehicle was unveiled in 2010 SEMA show.[25]

DUB Edition Hyundai Equus[edit]

It is a version of 2011 Equus sedan built by Mummbles Marketing and DUB Magazine. It included Trex DUB Design mesh grille, DUB Design custom body kit, tinted windows and tail lights, and a custom two-tone, gloss black-and-matte charcoal body colour, DUB Edition custom suspension, 24-inch TIS modular style 10 wheels with Pirelli Pzero Nero Tires, custom trunk enclosure with Infinity Kappa audio (9 Infinity Kappa Series speakers, KAPPA ONE mono and KAPPA FOUR four-channel amplifiers), DUB Design custom leather and suede upholstery, DUB Design illuminated headliner and custom rear bucket seats.

The vehicle was unveiled in 2010 SEMA show.[26]

Body style[edit]

Model Sedan (VSxx0) Limousine (VLxx0)
Lambda 3.8 MPi 2009- 2009-
Tau 4.6 MPi (366PS) 2009- na
Tau 4.6 MPi (390PS) 2010- na
Tau 5.0 MPi na 2009-


Petrol engines
Model Years Type/code Power@rpm, Torque@rpm
Lambda 3.8 MPi 2009- 3,778 cc (230.5 cu in) V6 (3.8 Lambda MPi, G6DA) 290 PS (213 kW; 286 hp)@6200, 36.5 kg·m (358 N·m; 264 lbf·ft)@4500
Tau 4.6 MPi (366PS) 2009- 4,627 cc (282.4 cu in) V8 (4.6 Tau MPi, G8BA) 366 PS (269 kW; 361 hp)@6500, 44.8 kg·m (439 N·m; 324 lbf·ft)@3500
Tau 4.6 MPi (390PS) 2010- 4,627 cc (282.4 cu in) V8 (4.6 Tau MPi, G8BA) 383 PS (282 kW; 378 hp)@6500, 44.8 kg·m (439 N·m; 324 lbf·ft)@3500

Premium fuel: 390 PS (287 kW; 385 hp)@6500, 46.0 kg·m (451 N·m; 333 lbf·ft)@3500

Tau 5.0 MPi 2009- 5,038 cc (307.4 cu in) V8 (5.0 Tau MPi, G8BB) Premium fuel: 400 PS (294 kW; 395 hp)@6400, 51.0 kg·m (500 N·m; 369 lbf·ft)@3500

South Korean models include Lambda 3.8 MPi, Tau 4.6 MPi (366PS), Tau 5.0 MPi engines.

US models include only Tau 4.6 MPi (390PS) engine.


All models included ZF 6-speed automatic transmission with SHIFTRONIC manual control.

2012 model year update[edit]

2012 model vehicles include 8-speed automatic transmission, introduction of GDI engines.[27] It was also revealed that the Hyundai Equus will be receiving a 5.0L V8 with 429 hp (320 kW) and 376 lb·ft (510 N·m).[28] This engine will be an option for the Equus after January 2011. This engine will also be placed in the facelifted 2012 Hyundai Genesis.[28]

Body style[edit]

Model Sedan (VSxx0) Limousine (VLxx0)
Lambda 3.8 GDi 2011- 2011-
Lambda 3.8 MPi 2011- 2011?-
Tau 4.6 MPi 2011- na
Tau 5.0 GDi (416PS) 2011- 2011-
Tau 5.0 GDi (435PS) 2011- 2011?-

US, Canadian models include only sedan (VS500).

South Korean models include sedan (VS380, VS500) and limousine (VL380, VL500).


Petrol engines
Model Years Type/code Power@rpm, Torque@rpm
Lambda 3.8 GDi 2011- 3,778 cc (230.5 cu in) V6 (3.8 Lambda GDi, G6DJ) 334 PS (246 kW; 329 hp)@6400, 40.3 kg·m (395 N·m; 291 lbf·ft)@5100
Lambda 3.8 MPi 2011- 3,778 cc (230.5 cu in) V6 (3.8 Lambda MPi, G6DA) 290 PS (213 kW; 286 hp)@6200, 36.5 kg·m (358 N·m; 264 lbf·ft)@4500
Tau 4.6 MPi 2011- 4,627 cc (282.4 cu in) V8 (4.6 Tau MPi, G8BA) 366 PS (269 kW; 361 hp)@6500, 44.8 kg·m (439 N·m; 324 lbf·ft)@3500

Premium fuel: 385 PS (283 kW; 380 hp)@6500, 46.0 kg·m (451 N·m; 333 lbf·ft)@5000

Tau 5.0 GDi (416PS) 2011- 5,038 cc (307.4 cu in) V8 (5.0 Tau GDi, G8BE) Premium fuel: 416 PS (306 kW; 410 hp)@6400, 52.0 kg·m (510 N·m; 376 lbf·ft)@5000
Tau 5.0 GDi (435PS) 2011- 5,038 cc (307.4 cu in) V8 (5.0 Tau GDi, G8BE) 430 PS (316 kW; 424 hp)@6400, 52.0 kg·m (510 N·m; 376 lbf·ft)@5000

Premium fuel: 435 PS (320 kW; 429 hp)@6400, 52.0 kg·m (510 N·m; 376 lbf·ft)@5000

US, Canadian models include only Tau 5.0 GDi (435PS) engine.

South Korean models include Lambda 3.8 GDi, Tau 5.0 GDi (416PS) engines.


All models have an 8-speed automatic transmission.


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  6. ^ "Hyundai spins off Genesis luxury brand, promises six new models by 2020 - CNET". CNET. Retrieved 2015-11-05. 
  7. ^ "LUXURY EVOLVED, GENESIS". Retrieved 2015-11-05. 
  8. ^ Kim, Sohee (Nov 4, 2015). "Hyundai launches Genesis premium car brand in bid to end profit skid". Reuters. Retrieved 5 November 2015. 
  9. ^
  10. ^ "Automotive Engineering International Online: Global Viewpoints". March 2000. p. 4. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  11. ^ a b Hyundai Motor Launches its New Equus Sedan[dead link]
  12. ^ "Avtotor Commenced Assembly of Another F-Class Vehicle". 15 July 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  13. ^ Equus, Hyundai’s New Luxury Flagship Arrives
  14. ^ 10 exciting cars for 2010, CBC News, 29 September 2009.
  15. ^ Officially Official: Hyundai Equus coming to America in 2010
  16. ^ New York 2010: Hyundai Equus debuts in U.S. production trim
  17. ^ Hyundai reveals 2011 Equus details, range topper to come in two U.S. flavors
  18. ^ Equus will Showcase Hyundai’s Approach toward Intelligent Luxury 04/01/2010. HyundaiNews
  19. ^ Hyundai Launches Stretch Edition of Its Luxury Flagship, Equus
  20. ^ Hyundai develops stretched Equus limo for home market
  21. ^ Hyundai Launches Limousine Edition of Its Luxury Flagship, EQUUS Thai Automaxx, 29 September 2009.
  22. ^ 이명박 대통령, 에쿠스 리무진 방탄차 탄다(Korean)2009.09.28. Maeil Economy
  23. ^ Lee to use bulletproof Equus limos Korea Herald, 29 September 2009.
  24. ^ Trio of bulletproof presidential Hyundai Equus limos are first-ever armored stretches built in Korea
  25. ^ Hyundai teases Rhys Millen Racing's Equus for SEMA
  26. ^ Hyundai Equus Mummbles and Dubs its way to SEMA
  27. ^ The New Specifications for 2012 Equus, Compared to the 2011 Equus
  28. ^ a b 2011 Hyundai Equus, Genesis To Get 429-HP 5.0-Liter Tau V-8, MotorAuthority, 22 June 2010.

External links[edit]