Jump to content

Hyundai Sonata

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hyundai Sonata
2024 Hyundai Sonata
Body and chassis
ClassMid-size car (D)[1]
Body style4-door sedan
PredecessorHyundai Stellar

The Hyundai Sonata (Korean: 현대 쏘나타) is a mid-size car that has been manufactured by Hyundai since 1985. The first generation Sonata, which was introduced in 1985, was a facelifted version of the Hyundai Stellar with an engine upgrade, and was withdrawn from the market in two years due to poor customer reaction.[2] While the nameplate was originally only sold in South Korea,[3] the second generation of 1988 was widely exported.[4][5]

The Sonata is currently manufactured in South Korea, China, and Pakistan. It was named after the musical term, sonata.

First generation (Y1; 1985)[edit]

First generation
Model codeY1
AssemblyUlsan, South Korea
Body and chassis
RelatedHyundai Stellar
Engine1.8 L G4BM I4
2.0 L G4BT I4
Transmission5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Wheelbase2,579 mm (101.5 in)
Length4,578 mm (180.2 in)
Width1,755 mm (69.1 in)
Height1,380 mm (54.3 in)
1987 Hyundai Sonata (South Korea)

The first Sonata was introduced to compete with the Daewoo Royale series and was a more luxurious version of the Stellar. It included cruise control, power seats, head lamp washers, power brakes, electric operated adjustable side mirrors and chrome bumper trims. The Sonata was available with two trim options in Korea: Luxury and Super (the latter only available with a 2.0-liter engine). In the domestic market Hyundai attempted to sell the Sonata as an executive car using catchphrases like "Luxury car for VIP"; however, as the Sonata was based on the Stellar without any major changes, it was seen by the public as no more than a luxury version of the Stellar. In 1987 Hyundai added two tone color schemes and a trip computer option, but sales soon went down and the car was discontinued in December of that year. The Sonata was sold only in the South Korean domestic market. The vehicle was unveiled in South Korea on 4 November 1985.

Engine choices included 1.6-liter Mitsubishi Saturn (only available outside the domestic market), 1.8- and 2.0-liter Mitsubishi Sirius inline-fours. The latter unit also found its way into the 1987 and later Stellar, and in MPI form the 1986 Hyundai Grandeur. The body was a largely unchanged Hyundai Stellar.[6]

It was sold in New Zealand (right hand drive)[citation needed] with the 1.6-liter Mitsubishi engine with the five-speed manual gearbox; an automatic transmission was an optional extra. The original importer was a unit of the Auckland-based Giltrap Motor Group.

The final version of the Stellar was known as the Stellar 88 and was launched to celebrate the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul. Afterwards, Hyundai discontinued the Stellar and replaced it with the all-new Sonata.[7]

Second generation (Y2; 1988)[edit]

Second generation
1989 Hyundai Sonata 2.4 GLS (pre-facelift)
Model codeY2
AssemblyUlsan, South Korea
Bromont, Quebec, Canada (Hyundai Bromont Manufacturing Plant)
DesignerGiorgetto Giugiaro at Italdesign (1986)
Body and chassis
RelatedMitsubishi Galant Σ
Transmission5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Wheelbase2,650 mm (104.3 in)
Length4,680 mm (184.3 in)
Width1,750 mm (68.9 in)
Height1,410 mm (55.5 in)
Curb weight1,240–1,348 kg (2,734–2,972 lb)
Hyundai Sonata (pre-facelift)
Hyundai Sonata GLS (facelift)

The Y2 Sonata was part of Hyundai's expansion in North America after the success of the Excel. It was introduced in South Korea on 1 June 1988.[8] It was then introduced in Canada in September 1988 as a 1989 model, where it also entered production locally during 1989. It was presented on 14 November 1988 in the United States as a 1989 model, with sales beginning early 1989,[9] and in March 1989 in Australia. The exterior was designed by Giorgetto Giugiaro of ItalDesign. The vehicle received a mid-term facelift in 1991. It replaced the Stellar as Hyundai's large family car. Sonatas were built in Ulsan, Korea, and in Bromont, Quebec. Hyundai and Chrysler had planned to sell 30,000 Canadian-built Sonatas yearly in the United States beginning in 1991, under Chrysler's Eagle brand.[10] This, however, was not to be. Some Canadian Sonatas, starting with 500 cars in 1989, were exported to Taiwan to avoid that country's import quota on South Korean cars.[11]

The Sonata was launched in Europe in June 1989, as the third model to be sold there following the Hyundai brand's European launch in 1982. It was aimed at buyers of cars including the Ford Granada Scorpio, but was priced to compete with smaller cars like the Ford Sierra.

The Sonata was designed by Hyundai and featured Mitsubishi's engineering, including the platform from the Galant Σ and its 2.4-liter, Mitsubishi-designed engine. The engines were made under license in South Korea, and had Hyundai codes stamped on them, but otherwise were almost identical to Mitsubishi's Sirius inline-four engines. A 3.0-liter V6 engine based on the Mitsubishi 6G72 arrived in 1990. In European specifications, the 2.4 develops 118 PS (87 kW; 116 hp) at 4500 rpm, identical to the federalized version. Other markets also received 1.8- and 2.0-liter engines carried over from the first generation, but equipped with Hyundai's own MPI, replacing their carbureted counterparts used in the Y1 Sonata. The U.S. model received the DOHC 2.0-liter G4CP engine for the 1992 model year, replacing the original 2.4-liter SOHC G4CS engine.[6]

Trim levels offered in the US:

  • GL (1989-1991) with a 116 hp (87 kW) 2.4 single overhead cam engine [G4CS], (1992-1993) a 126 hp (94 kW) 2.0 DOHC engine [G4CP]
  • GLS with a 142 hp (106 kW) 3.0-litre V6 engine

Third generation (Y3; 1993)[edit]

Third generation
Model codeY3
Also calledHyundai Marcia (South Korea)
Hyundai Sonica (Italy)
Model years1995–1998 (North America)
AssemblyUlsan, South Korea (1993–1996)
Asan, South Korea (1996–1998)
Gaborone, Botswana (TMBC)[12]
Body and chassis
PlatformHyundai-Kia Y3
Transmission5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Wheelbase2,700 mm (106.3 in)
Length4,700 mm (185.0 in)
Width1,770 mm (69.7 in)
Height1,405 mm (55.3 in)
Curb weight1,236–1,310 kg (2,725–2,888 lb)

The Y3 Sonata debuted in 1993. The base engine in most markets was a 2.0-liter 77 kW (105 hp) Sirius inline-four, but there was a 3.0-liter, 107 kW (145 hp) Mitsubishi V6 option in some markets. This generation continued after the demise of the Bromont, Quebec plant in September 1993. After that, all Sonatas would be built in Korea, until the opening of the Beijing Hyundai plant in December 2002.

The third generation Y3 model was also produced as the Hyundai Marcia between 1995 and 1998, selling alongside the Sonata in South Korea only. The Marcia differed from the Sonata with its restyled front and rear fascias.

Facelift (1996–1998)[edit]

A facelift for the Y3 in 1996 saw modifications to the front and rear. The four-cylinder engine output was also increased to 92 kW (125 hp) for that year as well. The Y3 facelift was the last Sonata produced in Ulsan.

At one time, in the South Korea, there was a rumor that if students had the S-shaped emblem, they could go to a prestigious university (Seoul National University), and if they had the letter III, they could get a score of 300 on the College Scholastic Ability Test, which led to the Onata incident in which test takers secretly removed the Sonata III emblem. Therefore, there were many Sonata IIIs with the letters S and III missing from the emblem[13] and for this reason, Hyundai Motors implemented a free emblem replacement service.[14]

Fourth generation (EF; 1998)[edit]

Fourth generation
Hyundai Sonata (EF, pre-facelift)
Model codeEF
Also calledHyundai Sonica (Italy)
Hyundai Sonata Vivante (South Africa)
Hyundai Sonata Prima (Egypt)
Hyundai Moinca (China)
Hyundai Sonata Gold (India)
Production1998–2001 (South Korea, EF)
2001–2004 (South Korea, EF-B)
2001–2005 (India)
2002–2017 (China)
2005–2012 (Russia)
Model years1999–2001 (EF)
2002–2005 (EF-B)
AssemblyAsan, Korea
Gaborone, Botswana (TMBC)[12]
Chennai, India
Cairo, Egypt (AAV)
Beijing, China (facelifted version)
Taganrog, Russia (TagAZ; facelifted version)[15]
Johor Bahru, Malaysia
Body and chassis
PlatformHyundai-Kia Y4
RelatedKia Optima
Engine1.8 L Beta II I4
1.8 L Sirius II I4
2.0 L Beta II I4 (China)
2.0 L Sirius II I4
2.4 L Sirius II I4
2.5 L Delta V6
2.7 L Delta V6
Transmission5-speed manual
4-speed automatic
Wheelbase2,700 mm (106.3 in)
Length4,710 mm (185.4 in) (Pre-facelift)
4,745 mm (186.8 in) (Facelift)
Width1,815 mm (71.5 in) (Pre-facelift)
1,820 mm (71.7 in) (Facelift)
Height1,410 mm (55.5 in) (Pre-facelift)
1,420 mm (55.9 in) (Facelift)
Curb weight1,315–1,487 kg (2,899–3,278 lb)
Hyundai Sonata EF (pre-facelift; Malaysia)

The new EF series Sonata arrived in 1998, debuting the Hyundai-Kia Y4 platform. Compared to the Y3 predecessor, the EF grew slightly in size, but shared the same 2,700 mm (106.3 in) wheelbase. It also introduced double wishbone front suspension and independent, multi-link rear suspension. Initial engines from launch were the 2.0-litre with 136 hp (101 kW), and a 2.5-litre with 168 hp (125 kW)—the G6BW model of Hyundai Delta V6.

The EF Sonata shares its underpinnings with the Hyundai Trajet and first-generation Hyundai Santa Fe, which became the company's first compact crossover SUV. The first generation Kia Optima (marketed as the Magentis outside the United States) was also based on the EF Sonata, sharing doors and roof panels.

Facelift (2001–2004)[edit]

Hyundai Sonata (EF-B; facelift)
Hyundai Moinca – facelifted fourth generation Sonata (China only)

Hyundai facelifted the EF series in 2001 for the 2002 model year as the EF-B series, revising the hood/bonnet, grille, headlights, which now resemble those found on the second-generation Mercedes-Benz C-Class, tail-lights and rear license plate location from the fascia to the trunk lid — as well as revising the dash and seats.

Hyundai strengthened the body shell and firewall, widened the rear track, included anti-submarining front seat pans and added thicker front brake discs for the update.

The EF-B model featured an all-aluminum, G6BAY series 2.7-litre Delta V6 with 170 hp (130 kW) and 181 lb⋅ft (245 N⋅m), as well as the Sirius II 2.4-litre inline-four rated at 138 hp (103 kW) and 147 lb⋅ft (199 N⋅m) of torque.

This Sonata continued in production as of 2002 and was marketed in China from December 2002, by Beijing Hyundai. A facelifted Sonata was produced by that company in August 2009, marketed as the Moinca. This model is only available in the Chinese market and comes with a 1.8 or 2.0 litre engine with transmission choices consisting of a five-speed manual or a four-speed automatic.[16]

The Sonata was manufactured by TagAZ in Russia until 2012.[17]

This model is still a common sight in Korea.

Fifth generation (NF; 2004)[edit]

Fifth generation
Hyundai Sonata (pre-facelift)
Model codeNF
Also calledHyundai NF (Russia)
Hyundai NF Sonata (Russia, facelifted version)
Hyundai Sonata Embera (India)
Hyundai Sonica (Italy)
Hyundai Sonata CNG (Thailand)
2005–2010 (North America)
2005–2010 (China)
2006–2010 (Thailand)
Model years2005–2009
2006–2010 (North America)
2006–2011 (China)
2007–2010 (Thailand)
AssemblyAsan, South Korea
Montgomery, Alabama, United States
Chennai, India
Beijing, China
İzmit, Turkey (Hyundai Assan)
Cairo, Egypt (Ghabbour Group)
Samut Prakan, Thailand (TAAP)[18]
Al Jazirah state, Sudan (Giad)[19]
DesignerChoi Jong Min (2002)[20]
Body and chassis
RelatedKia Optima
Engine2.0 L Theta I4
2.0 L Theta II I4
2.4 L Theta I4
2.4 L Theta II I4
3.3 L Lambda V6
2.0 L Theta LPi I4
2.0 L D CRDi I4
Transmission4-speed F4A42 automatic by Mitsubishi
5-speed manual
6-speed manual (2.0 CRDI)
5-speed automatic
Wheelbase2,730 mm (107.5 in)
Length4,800 mm (189.0 in)
4,815 mm (189.6 in) (Sonata Ling Xiang)
Width1,830 mm (72.0 in)
Height1,475 mm (58.1 in)
Curb weight1,443–1,612 kg (3,181–3,554 lb)
Rear view (pre-facelift)
Interior (post-facelift)

The NF Sonata was launched in August 2004 in South Korea, based on a new platform created from the project NF. The company's first all-aluminum I4 engine, dubbed Theta, debuted in the new Sonata. Engine choices at launch were a 2.4-liter I4 rated 164 hp (122 kW) at 5800 rpm with 4-speed automatic by Mitsubishi, and a 3.3-liter V6 rated 237 hp (177 kW) V6 with 5-speed automatic. In Korea, the 2.4-liter option was sold as the F24S (24 = 2.4L, S = Special). The 2.0-liter gasoline version was only sold in Korea and proved more popular there due to added gas, tax and insurance savings. Diesel versions are available in Europe, New Zealand and Singapore, where they are a popular replacement for the Toyota Comfort taxi cab.

The U.S. May 2005 launch of the new Sonata coincided with the production commencement at the company's first U.S. assembly plant, in Montgomery, Alabama.

Classified by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency as a mid-size car, the fourth generation was 2 in (51 mm) longer and taller and 1 in (25 mm) wider than the previous generation. Standard features in U.S. models included anti-lock braking system/electronic stability control/traction control system as well as six airbags (driver/front passenger front and side, and side curtain).[21]


Europe: 2006 year models received the following European New Car Assessment Program (Euro NCAP) ratings:

  • Adult Occupant: , score 27
  • Child Occupant: , score 37
  • Pedestrian: , score 12

In Insurance Institute for Highway Safety tests the Sonata received a "Good" overall in the frontal impact crash test, an "Acceptable" overall score in the side impact crash test, and a "Good" rating for rear crash protection. In the roof strength evaluation 09 and 10 models were rated "Marginal".[22]

2006 Hyundai Sonata tested by the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA):[23]

  • Frontal Rating (Driver):
  • Frontal Rating (Passenger):
  • Side Rating (Driver):
  • Side Rating (Passenger):
  • Rollover:


In 2005 when the IIHS tested the 2006 Sonata in the Moderate Overlap Test the drivers seat went past the crash test dummies head due to the seat belt getting tangled with the seat recline lever giving the car a “Poor” rating. On August 1, 2005 the company put a plastic tag on the seat trim next to the lever to prevent the seat belt from hitting the lever giving the car a “Good” Rating, recalling nearly 36,000 cars in the process.

Facelift (2008–2010)[edit]

2009 Hyundai Sonata Limited (facelift)
2009 Hyundai Sonata GLS (facelift)

The redesigned vehicle was unveiled at the 2008 Chicago Auto Show as a 2009 model year vehicle.[24] The production version was sold as the Hyundai Sonata Transform in Korea, and the model debuted elsewhere as an 'early' 2009 model.

The styling was done primarily at Hyundai-Kia America Technical Center, Inc. (HATCI) in Superior Township, Michigan in 2006.[25]

The redesign features revised engines, front fascia and chrome 3 bar grille, taillights (turn signals became red in North America only), jewel-projector headlights, new 10-spoke alloy wheel design for the Limited models (as opposed to sharing the 5-spoke design from the SE model), and an extensively revised IP (Instrument Panel).[26] Hyundai adopted "slush molding", a production technique that enables a much higher grade of texturing and shaping of the IP surface.[27]

Redesigned gauges feature a blue backlight, and a touch-screen navigation system, optional on the Limited trim level only, includes satellite radio capability.[28] Bluetooth capability is available as an optional unit, separate from the audio or navigation system, and all models include both a USB port along with an auxiliary input jack. An optional USB adaptor cord allows integration of an iPod, and chrome interior door handles are standard on the Limited trim.

The 2.4-liter G4KC Theta engine was rated 162 hp (121 kW) at 6000 rpm and 164 lb⋅ft (222 N⋅m) (164 hp (122 kW) for PZEV model), 2.0-liter G4KA Theta engine was rated 143 hp (107 kW) at 6000 rpm and 140 lb⋅ft (190 N⋅m) at 4250 rpm and the 3.3-liter Lambda V6 was rated 235 hp (175 kW) at 6000 rpm and 229 lb⋅ft (310 N⋅m) at 4500 rpm.

The Diesel engine (D4EA) variant is available for the UK market with the option of 4-speed automatic or 6 speed manual, and was introduced into the Australian market for the first time, replacing the V6 option.

The base model GLS is available with a manual five-speed transmission. GLS, SE and Limited models feature a newly available, manually shiftable five-speed automatic transmission marketed as "Shiftronic".

There are minimal changes for the 2010 model, which includes the optional navigation system on the SE as opposed to being a Limited-exclusive option, and the V6 engine is no longer offered on the GLS model.

Sonata Ling Xiang[edit]

Beijing Hyundai launched a redesigned Sonata called the Ling Xiang, also known as NFC Sonata, for the Chinese market. Production commenced in December 2008 for the 2009 model year. This variant has an updated exterior and revised rear seating.[29] Following Hyundai's success with their Hyundai Elantra Yue Dong, Ling Xiang was created specifically to target the Chinese market. Hyundai first introduced this car to the market at The 6th China Guangzhou International Automobile Exhibition in 2008.[30]

Engine and transmission choices include the 2.0-litre and 2.4-litre Theta engine paired to 3 gear separate gearboxes, a 5-speed manual, 5-speed automatic and 4-speed automatic. Trim levels consisted of the 2.0GL Manual and Automatic, 2.0 GLS Manual and Automatic, 2.0 DLX AT, 2.0 Top, 2.4 GLS, 2.4DLX AT and 2.4 Top.

Sixth generation (YF; 2009)[edit]

Sixth generation
Hyundai i45 (pre-facelift; Australia)
Model codeYF
Also calledHyundai i45
2010–2016 (Japan export)
Model years2010–2014
2011–2014 (North America)
2011–2015 (China)
AssemblySouth Korea: Asan (Asan Plant)
United States: Montgomery, Alabama
China: Beijing (Beijing Hyundai)
DesignerAndre Hudson (2007)
Body and chassis
RelatedKia Optima/Magentis/K5
Hyundai i40[31]
Engine2.0 L Nu MPi I4
2.0 L Theta II MPi I4
2.0 L Theta II Turbo GDi I4[32]
2.4 L Theta II MPi I4
2.4 L Theta II GDi I4
2.0 L Nu LPi I4
2.0 L Theta LPi I4
Electric motor38 kW permanent magnet high-power density motor
Transmission6-speed automatic
6-speed manual
BatteryLi-ion polymer
Wheelbase2,795 mm (110.0 in)
Length4,820 mm (189.8 in)
Width1,835 mm (72.2 in)
Height1,470 mm (57.9 in)
Curb weight1,451–1,504 kg (3,199–3,316 lb) (2.4L)
1,514–1,566 kg (3,338–3,452 lb) (2.0L Turbo)
Hyundai i45 (pre-facelift; Australia)

Hyundai commenced development of the YF Sonata in 2005, with a development cost of ₩450 billion (US$372 million). In the Australian,[33] New Zealand, Singapore, and Colombian markets, the YF is retailed under the name Hyundai i45, following the alphanumeric i-series nomenclature established by Hyundai in these markets. The vehicle was badged as a "Sonata" in Eastern Europe, just as in North America and South Korea.

Sales of the YF Sonata in South Korea began on 2 September 2009, before the production vehicle's South Korean launch.[34] The US version of the sixth generation Sonata was unveiled at the 2009 Los Angeles Auto Show, with sales beginning in 2010 for the 2011 model year. The Sonata was the second vehicle, after the Tucson, to carry Hyundai's then-radical "Fluidic Sculpture" design language.[35]

For the US market, the sixth generation Sonata boasted a direct-injection 2.4-liter four-cylinder engine. This new engine improves fuel economy and produces a maximum of 200 PS (147 kW; 197 hp) at 6300 rpm and 25.5 kg⋅m (250 N⋅m; 184 lb⋅ft) at 4250 rpm.[36] It is part of the Theta II engine lineup. Furthermore, a timing chain was introduced along with a new six-speed automatic transmission.[37] This Sonata is built with hot-stamped ultra high-strength steel. In South Korea, the YF Sonata is delivered with a 2.0-liter Theta II MPi gasoline engine (Max output 165 PS (121 kW; 163 hp), Max torque of 20.2 kg·m). Its fuel economy has improved 11%. A direct-injection 2.4-liter four cylinder engine and a 2.0 turbocharged engine was available.

Exclusive options for the Korean model includes a three-piece panoramic moonroof, electroluminescent instrumentation, fender-mounted turn signals, and a special Premier Beige model. Upgraded audio uses a JBL system, and certain navigation packages come with a telecommunications system with Hyundai's Mozen system.

For the North American model, GLS, SE, and Limited trims were offered. A six-speed manual transmission came standard on the GLS, and a six-speed automatic is available. Differences with the Korean model include differences with the GLS model, which features a body-colored grille and door handles, and different steel wheel covers. Limited models and optional stereos on the GLS and SE now have "Dimension" audio systems, and the Limited trim has an optional Infinity stereo. Limited models have standard front and rear heated seats, the first such offering in this segment.[38] Additional differences include different cupholders, a redesigned straight leather shifter as rather than the gated one on Korean models, and an additional exterior color choice, Indigo Blue Pearl. The 6th generation Sonata was awarded Top Safety Pick from Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) in the United States.[39] The Sonata 2.0T was released in December 2010.

For the 2012 model year, Hyundai's new Blue Link system was offered as standard equipment, and the Limited model included a new standard three-piece panoramic sunroof. SE models had an optional backup camera included with navigation packages, and navigation systems included a new 7-inch display from the previous 6.5-inch.

For 2013, the list of standard features was changed slightly, including heated front seats on SE models, and heated rear seats on Limited models. An automatic transmission also came standard on GLS models, the manual was no longer offered. The GLS Popular Equipment Package now included fog lights and heated front seats. The Limited trims now no longer included the panoramic sunroof, but instead included a standard size sunroof. A panoramic sunroof offered on the Limited Premium Package.[40]

In January 2013 the i45 was discontinued in Australia following slow sales and limited supplies. In turn, the expanded i40 range filled the gap left by the i45. The i45 has also been discontinued in Colombia, and replaced with the smaller i40 sedan, leaving Singapore and New Zealand as the only two markets still selling the vehicle under the i45 name at that time.

Facelift (2012–2014)[edit]


In 2012, the Korean-produced Sonata received a mild mid-life facelift. Exterior changes include a new grille, slimmer LED mirror indicators, new front fog lights incorporating LED daytime running lamps (DRLs), new alloy wheel designs, as well as redesigned LED taillights. Interior changes include a new color touchscreen display for audio systems (on certain models), as well as redesigned dual-zone automatic climate controls, which now incorporate a small LCD display. A Driver Selectable Steering Mode was standard on all trims. Front parking sensors are now available on certain models, as well as an electronic parking brake. The facelifted model was first released in Korea in 2012, followed by international markets in early 2013. North American produced Sonatas received a facelift in late 2013, for the 2014 model year.


Top Safety Pick Award in Insurance Institute for Highway Safety tests[41][42][43]

  • Frontal impact crash test: "Good"
  • Side impact crash test: "Good"
  • Rear crash protection: "Good"
  • Roof strength evaluation: "Good"

Later release (manufactured on or after 2 July 2010) version of Model Year 2011: by the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) under 2010 new test rules[44]
The 2011 Sonata is one of six vehicles rated Five Star under new rules as of November 2010.[45][46]

  • Overall Frontal Rating:
  • Frontal Rating (Driver):
  • Frontal Rating (Passenger):
  • Side Overall Rating (Front):
  • Side Overall Rating (Rear):
  • Side Barrier Rating (Front):
  • Side Barrier Rating (Rear):
  • Side Pole Rating (Driver):
  • Rollover:

Early release (manufactured before 2 July 2010) version of model year 2011: [47]

  • Overall Frontal Rating:
  • Frontal Rating (Driver):
  • Frontal Rating (Passenger):
  • Side Overall Rating (Front):
  • Side Overall Rating (Rear):
  • Side Barrier Rating (Front):
  • Side Barrier Rating (Rear):
  • Side Pole Rating (Driver):
  • Rollover:

Australasian NCAP – The Hyundai Sonata scored the highest possible rating of 5 stars"ANCAP Safety ratings: 2011 Hyundai Sonata". ANCAP.

Korean NCAP – The Hyundai Sonata scored the highest possible ratings across the frontal, offset and side crash tests "KNCAP Safety ratings: 2011 Hyundai Sonata". KNCAP.

China NCAP – The Hyundai Sonata scored the highest possible rating of 6 stars"CNCAP Safety ratings: 2011 Hyundai Sonata". CNCAP.

Sonata Hybrid[edit]

2012 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid (US)
Instrument panel of the Sonata Hybrid

At the 2008 Los Angeles Auto Show, Hyundai unveiled the Hyundai Blue Drive powertrain for the then next generation Sonata, which uses lithium polymer battery technology.[48] It was reported to be based on Hyundai BLUE-DRIVE concept.[49]

The 2011 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid sales in the U.S. began near the end of February 2011.[50][51] The Sonata Hybrid drivetrain combines a 2.4-liter engine with six-speed automatic transmission, and a 30 kW electric motor and lightweight lithium polymer batteries to produce a full gasoline-electric hybrid with 37 miles per US gallon (6.4 L/100 km; 44 mpg‑imp) in the city and 40 miles per US gallon (5.9 L/100 km; 48 mpg‑imp) on the highway.[52] This powertrain is shared with the 2011 Kia Optima Hybrid;[53] and 2013 Sonata Hybrid.


The 2013 Sonata Hybrid has noticeable improvements and has ranked 3rd out of 20 Affordable Midsize Cars (based on U.S. News' analysis of 19 published reviews and test drives as well as their analysis of reliability and safety data).[54] The 2013 hybrid has a long warranty and a spacious, high-quality interior. Its base price ranges from $26,445–$31,324 and weights 3450–3550 pounds.[55] As a hybrid, it emits 0.51 pounds of CO2 per mile and has an EPA fuel economy ratings of 36/40 mpg city/highway.

Cumulative sales of the Sonata Hybrid in the U.S. reached 7,906 units through July 2011, representing 20 percent of Sonata sales at the time, according to Hyundai.[56] The Sonata Hybrid was the number two selling hybrid since June, outsold only by the Prius.[56][57][58][59] Considering cumulative sales in the U.S. market through December 2011, with 19,672 units sold, the Sonata Hybrid and the Kia Optima Hybrid together ranked second in hybrid sales for calendar year 2011, after the Toyota Prius, and surpassed the Honda Insight in September.[58][59][60]


It comes with a 35 kW electric motor (up from 30) and a lithium-polymer battery that is 38 percent larger and more energy dense. The newer electric motor can run up to 62 mph (100 km/h), meaning that it can run on electricity at higher speeds, saving more fuel.[61] It also retains the 2.4-liter, multi-port fuel injected, four-cylinder engine, which uses a modified Atkinson cycle achieved via VVT and a compression ratio of 13:1. Upgraded computer programming smooths the transitions between gas and electric power modes.[62] The hybrid's 0 to 60 mph (0 to 97 km/h) time decreased from 9.5 to 8.1 seconds (note: the non-hybrid Sonata's time is 7.9).[61]

Standard features include Bluetooth, Satellite radio, dual-zone climate control, auxiliary and USB jacks, a CD Player, six-speaker surround system, 16-inch alloy wheels, automatic headlights, LED running lights, fog lights, heated mirrors, keyless ignition/entry, push-button start, cruise control, an eight-way power driver seat, tilt-and-telescoping steering wheel, heated front seats, and Hyundai's BlueLink emergency communications system. Additional options include touchscreen navigation, a rearview camera, panoramic sunroof, HD radio, Infinity audio system (nine speakers), 17-inch alloy wheels, leather seating surfaces, leather-wrapped steering wheel and shift knob, power driver seat with lumbar support, heated rear seat, auto-dimming rearview mirror.[54]


The hybrid Sonata received top five-star ratings for overall crash protection and overall side protection as well as four-ratings for overall frontal protection. Safety features include antilock brakes, stability control, traction control, front side-impact airbags, full-length curtain airbags, and active front head restraints.[62]

Sonata Turbo[edit]

To replace the V6 power option for the Hyundai Sonata in certain markets, Hyundai has developed a turbo-powered 2.0-liter engine that has direct injection and is intercooled. The Theta-II engine produces 274 horsepower (204 kW) and 269 lb⋅ft (365 N⋅m) of torque while achieving an efficiency rating of 34 mpg‑US (6.9 L/100 km; 41 mpg‑imp) highway, beating the specs provided by the 3.3-liter Lambda V6 offered in the previous model. The new model is badged as the 2.0T and is available on the SE or Limited trim lines.[63][64] All turbo models get standard dual zone climate control, steering wheel paddle shifters, chrome-tipped dual exhaust, and 18-inch wheels that are shared with the non-turbo SE models. Limited 2.0T models receive all of these options as well as a heated leather interior, sunroof and other features.[38]

Seventh generation (LF; 2014)[edit]

Seventh generation
Model codeLF
2015–2020 (China)
2018–2020 (Russia)
2019–2021 (Algeria)
Model years2015–2019
AssemblySouth Korea: Asan (Asan Plant)
United States: Montgomery, Alabama (HMMA)
China: Beijing (Beijing Hyundai)
Russia: Kaliningrad (Avtotor)
DesignerTae-Hoon Kim (2011)[65]
Transmission6-speed manual
6-speed automatic
8-speed automatic
7-speed dual-clutch automatic
Wheelbase2,805 mm (110.4 in)
Length4,855 mm (191.1 in)
Width1,865 mm (73.4 in)
Height1,475 mm (58.1 in)
Curb weight1,435–1,640 kg (3,164–3,616 lb)
2017 Hyundai Sonata (pre-facelift; Australia)

Originally internally coded as LFA, the 2015 Sonata was unveiled in South Korea on March 24, 2014.[66] It made its North American debut at the 2014 New York International Auto Show. While the previous model incorporated significant aesthetic changes and sold successfully within the U.S., sales in Korea failed to meet expectations. A more conservative approach was thus taken, to appease the Korean market, resulting in Fluidic Sculpture 2.0. The car inherits many styling features from Hyundai's Hyundai HCD-14 Concept unveiled at the 2013 New York International Auto Show. The car also takes interior and exterior styling based on the 2014 Hyundai Aslan. In Australia and New Zealand, Hyundai have reverted to the use of the Sonata badge, replacing the i45 badge that was used only on the sixth generation Sonata in that market.[67] Some cars had to be recalled in South Korea because of manufacturing defects that affected safety.[68]

North America[edit]

In the United States, the all-new 2015 Sonata was available in base SE, economy-minded Eco, midlevel Sport, and range-topping Limited trim levels. All 2015 Sonatas (except for the Eco) were powered by a 2.4L gasoline direct injection (GDi) inline-4 (I4) gasoline engine mated to a six-speed automatic transmission. The Eco trim was powered by a 1.6L turbocharged inline-4 (I4) gasoline engine paired with a seven-speed dual clutch (DCT) automatic transmission. Available on Sport and Limited trims was a 2.0L turbocharged inline-4 (I4) gasoline engine paired with a six-speed automatic transmission. All 2015 Sonatas were exclusively available with front wheel drive (FWD). The Sonata Hybrid did not debut until the 2016 model year, as the 2015 Sonata Hybrid was a carryover model from the 2014 model year.

All models of the all-new 2015 Sonata were well-equipped with features such as an A/M-F/M radio with SiriusXM Satellite Radio, Bluetooth for hands-free calling and wireless stereo audio streaming via A2DP and USB and auxiliary audio inputs, a six-speaker audio system, steering wheel-mounted audio system and Bluetooth phone controls, a digital clock, power windows and door locks, aluminum-alloy wheels, a remote trunk release, a color LCD driver information center in the instrument cluster, a tilt-adjustable steering wheel, air conditioning, and a split-folding rear bench seat. Most trim levels also featured a color LCD touchscreen audio system, a rearview backup camera system, a keyless access system with push-button start, carpeted floor mats, the Hyundai Blue Link in-vehicle telematics system, a leather-wrapped steering wheel, heated front seats, a power-adjustable front driver's seat, and wood or aluminum interior trim.

Facelift (2017)[edit]

2018 Hyundai Sonata GL (facelift; Canada)

A facelifted seventh-generation Sonata was unveiled on March 8, 2017. Korean name is 'Sonata New Rise'. The exterior received a radical redesign more in line with the sixth-generation, including new headlights, tail lights, cascading grille, and optional vertical LED lighting. The front of the 2018 Sonata shares some characteristics of the sixth generation Grandeur/Azera. The dashboard was reshaped, with new air vents on the driver's side and a larger touch screen that is compatible with Apple CarPlay and Android Auto. The interior also received a new steering wheel, gearshift, and instrument cluster. Other standard features added in the refresh include standard wireless phone charger and USB port for rear passengers. The Hyundai Blue Link telematics system was also upgraded to be compatible with Amazon Echo and Google Home devices.[69]

A mid-trim SEL trim level was also added for 2018, with standard features such as Hyundai Blue Link in-vehicle telematics system, SiriusXM Satellite Radio, A/M-F/M HD Radio, and a power-adjustable front driver's bucket seat also became available for 2018, and both the base SE and Eco trims lost those features as standard equipment.

Sonata Plug-in Hybrid[edit]

Sonata Plug-in Hybrid

As part of the seventh-generation Sonata, Hyundai announced the release of a plug-in hybrid variant scheduled for market launch in the second half of 2015. Technical details of the Sonata PHEV were announced at the 2015 North American International Auto Show.[70] The Sonata PHEV was released in selected markets in the United States in November 2015. It is available only in California and nine other states that share the same zero-emissions vehicle requirements as California.[71]

The Sonata plug-in all-electric range in blended mode is up to 27 mi (43 km) as rated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and a total range of 600 miles (970 km). Since the Sonata PHEV uses some gasoline during the all-electric mode, the EPA considers the actual all-electric range is between 0 to 27 miles (0 to 43 km). The EPA fuel economy rating is 99 miles per gallon gasoline equivalent (MPG-e) (2.4 L/100 km; 119 mpg-imp) in charge-depleting (all-electric) mode and a combined city/highway rating of 40 mpg‑US (5.9 L/100 km; 48 mpg‑imp) in hybrid mode.[72] In contrast, the conventional 2016 model year Sonata gasoline-electric hybrid has an EPA rated combined fuel economy of 41 miles per US gallon (5.7 L/100 km; 49 mpg‑imp), 39 miles per US gallon (6.0 L/100 km; 47 mpg‑imp) in the city and 43 miles per US gallon (5.5 L/100 km; 52 mpg‑imp) on the highway.[73]


Model Year Transmission Power Torque Acceleration
0–100 km/h
(0-62 mph)
Top speed
1.6 L Gamma T-GDI 2016–2019 7-speed DCT 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) @ 5,500 rpm 27 kg⋅m (265 N⋅m; 195 lbf⋅ft) @ 1,500–4,500 rpm
2.0 L Nu MPI 2014–2017 6-speed automatic 168 PS (124 kW; 166 hp) @ 6,500 rpm 20.5 kg⋅m (201 N⋅m; 148 lbf⋅ft) @ 4,800 rpm
2017–2019 163 PS (120 kW; 161 hp) @ 6,500 rpm 20 kg⋅m (196 N⋅m; 145 lbf⋅ft) @ 4,800 rpm
2.0 L Theta II T-GDI 2015–2017 245 PS (180 kW; 242 hp) @ 6,000 rpm 36 kg⋅m (353 N⋅m; 260 lbf⋅ft) @ 1,350–4,000 rpm 7.5s 235 km/h (146 mph)
2017–2019 8-speed automatic
2.4 L Theta II MPI 2014–2019 6-speed automatic 178 PS (131 kW; 176 hp) @ 6,000 rpm 23.4 kg⋅m (229 N⋅m; 169 lbf⋅ft) @ 4,000 rpm 9.5s 208 km/h (129 mph)
2.4 L Theta II GDI 193 PS (142 kW; 190 hp) @ 6,000 rpm 25.2 kg⋅m (247 N⋅m; 182 lbf⋅ft) @ 4,000 rpm
2.0 L Nu GDI Hybrid 2014–2019 6-speed automatic 195 PS (143 kW; 192 hp) @ 6,000 rpm 9.3s 193 km/h (120 mph)
2.0 L Nu GDI Plug-in Hybrid 2015–2019 205 PS (151 kW; 202 hp) @ 6,000 rpm
2.0 L Nu LPI 2014–2023 6-speed manual 153 PS (113 kW; 151 hp) @ 6,200 rpm 20 kg⋅m (196 N⋅m; 145 lbf⋅ft) @ 4,200 rpm
6-speed automatic 151 PS (111 kW; 149 hp) @ 6,200 rpm 19.5 kg⋅m (191 N⋅m; 141 lbf⋅ft) @ 4,200 rpm
1.7 L U II CRDI 2014–2018 7-speed DCT 141 PS (104 kW; 139 hp) @ 4,000 rpm 34.7 kg⋅m (340 N⋅m; 251 lbf⋅ft) @ 1,750–2,500 rpm

Eighth generation (DN8; 2019)[edit]

Eighth generation
Model codeDN8
Model years2020–present
DesignerLuc Donckerwolke
SangYup Lee
Ji-heon Lee
Kevin Kang
Song Hyun
Body and chassis
PlatformHyundai-Kia N3
RelatedKia K5
Electric motorPermanent Magnet Synchronous Motor (Hybrid Version)
Hybrid drivetrainHEV
Plug-in hybrid
Battery1.62 kWh lithium-ion polymer battery (hybrid)
9.8 kWh lithium-ion polymer battery (PHEV)
Wheelbase2,840 mm (111.8 in)
2,890 mm (113.8 in) (China)
Length4,900 mm (192.9 in) (pre-facelift)
4,910 mm (193.3 in) (facelift)
4,955 mm (195.1 in) (China)
Width1,860 mm (73.2 in)
Height1,445 mm (56.9 in)
Curb weight
  • 1,388–1,525 kg (3,060–3,362 lb) (2.0)
  • 1,415–1,543 kg (3,120–3,402 lb) (2.5)
  • 1,420–1,540 kg (3,131–3,395 lb) (1.5T/1.6T)
  • 1,542–1,610 kg (3,400–3,549 lb) (2.0T/2.5T)
  • 1,495–1,615 kg (3,296–3,560 lb) (Hybrid)
  • 1,715–1,730 kg (3,781–3,814 lb) (Plug-in Hybrid)

The eighth-generation Sonata (codename: DN8) was previewed in early March 2019 and officially launched on March 21 in South Korea.[75] It was also debuted during the 2019 Shanghai Auto Show for the Chinese market and made its North American debut at the 2019 New York International Auto Show on April 17 for the North American market. Despite being sold in the North American market as mid-sized, the cabin volume places it in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's full-size classification.[76]

Compared to the previous generation, the DN8 Sonata stands 30 mm (1.2 in) lower to the ground, with its width extended by 25 mm (1.0 in). Its wheelbase is lengthened by 35 mm (1.4 in) and total length by 45 mm (1.8 in).[77]

The eighth-generation Sonata uses a new third-generation architecture and uses Hyundai's latest "Sensuous Sportiness" design language which was first previewed by the Le Fil Rouge concept. The styling is less conservative and more pronounced compared to the previous generation. It now sports a fastback-like shape and features driving lights which run all the way up the hood and full-width, C-shaped taillamps. The interior has been redesigned significantly as well, with an optional 12.3-inch digital cluster and 10.3-inch centre screen.[78]

The safety system, which comprises three radar systems, five cameras and thirteen ultrasonic sensors, allows for driver-assist features such as standard adaptive cruise control, forward-collision braking and lane-following assist.

N Line[edit]

On September 22, 2020, Hyundai introduced the Sonata N Line. The N Line is powered by a turbocharged 2.5-litre Smartstream four-cylinder gasoline engine producing 290 hp (294 PS; 216 kW) and 311 lb⋅ft (422 N⋅m; 43.0 kg⋅m) of torque, mated to an eight-speed wet dual-clutch transmission, sharing its powertrain combination with the 2021 Kia K5 GT.[79]

In addition to the upgraded engine and transmission, the Sonata N Line also features more aggressive exterior and interior styling over non-N Line Sonatas (these include larger, special aluminum-alloy wheels and tires, darkened exterior trim, a special black-painted grille, dual exhaust pipes, "N Line" badging on the rear trunk lid and leather-wrapped steering wheel, red interior stitching, special interior trim, and combination leather and Alcantara-trimmed seating surfaces).[80][81]


Presented on March 26, 2023, the facelifted Sonata was unveiled at the 2023 Seoul Mobility Show.[82]

Among the changes, the model now incorporates the brand's Sensuous Sportiness design language, with the model adopting a full-width LED light bar at the front.[83] The main headlights are hidden above the air intakes and joined by a wider grille and sharper lines.[82][84]

The refreshed North American-market Sonata was introduced on August 30, 2023, alongside the refreshed 2024 Hyundai Elantra. [85] Sonata models equipped with the 2.5L I4 engine will feature Hyundai's H-TRAC all wheel drive system as an option, in addition to standard front wheel drive. The Sonata will be the first Hyundai sedan sold in North America to be offered with the H-TRAC system. A new curved display is available with two separate displays under a single pane of glass. Wireless Apple CarPlay and Android Auto availability is now expanded to all Sonata models, previously only available on the base SE trim when equipped with the base eight-inch touchscreen display.


North America[edit]

Trim levels for the Sonata in the United States are SE, SEL, SEL Plus and Limited, in Canada they are Preferred, Sport, and Ultimate Hybrid. It is available with two engines at launch, both of which are inline-fours: a turbocharged 1.6-litre unit with 180 hp (182 PS; 134 kW) and a naturally aspirated dual port injection 2.5-liter unit with 198 hp (201 PS; 148 kW). The latter engine replaces the previous 185-hp 2.4-liter unit. A performance-oriented "N-Line" model with a more powerful engine made its debut on September 22, 2020.

South Korea[edit]

In South Korea, the DN8 Sonata was released with four engine options, which are 2.0-liter one hybrid and three versions with 2.0-liter gasoline, 2.0-liter liquefied natural gas injection and 1.6-liter gasoline turbo engines.[77]

The Sonata Sensuous was released on April 21, 2021.[86][87] The exterior styling of the Sensuous 1.6 turbo model is applied to the 2.0-liter gasoline model, while adding black metallic outside mirrors and a rear bumper diffuser.


The DN8 Sonata was released in Australia in June 2021, after a two-year break of the nameplate in the country.[88] It is only available in performance-focused N Line model with the 2.5-litre turbocharged petrol engine and 8 speed dual clutch automatic gearbox.[89]


In July 2021, Hyundai Nishat Motors commenced the local assembly of Sonata in Pakistan. It comes in two variants: 2.0 L and 2.5 L. The 2.0 L variant comes with the Smartstream G2.0 MPi engine while the 2.5 L variant comes with the Smartstream G2.5 MPi engine.[90]


Model Year Transmission Power Torque Acceleration
0–100 km/h
(0-62 mph)
Top speed
Smartstream G1.5 T-GDI 2019–present 7-speed DCT 170 PS (125 kW; 168 hp) @ 5,500 rpm 25.8 kg⋅m (253 N⋅m; 187 lbf⋅ft) @ 1,500–4,000 rpm 210 km/h (130 mph)
Smartstream G1.6 T-GDI 8-speed automatic 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) @ 5,500 rpm 27 kg⋅m (265 N⋅m; 195 lbf⋅ft) @ 1,500–4,500 rpm
Smartstream G2.0 T-GDI 240 PS (177 kW; 237 hp) @ 6,000 rpm 36 kg⋅m (353 N⋅m; 260 lbf⋅ft) @ 1,500–4,000 rpm 240 km/h (149 mph)
Smartstream G2.0 MPI 6-speed automatic 152 PS (112 kW; 150 hp) @ 6,200 rpm
160 PS (118 kW; 158 hp) @ 6,500 rpm
19.6 kg⋅m (192 N⋅m; 142 lbf⋅ft) @ 4,000 rpm
20.0 kg⋅m (196 N⋅m; 145 lbf⋅ft) @ 4,800 rpm
10.5s (152PS) 200 km/h (124 mph)
Smartstream G2.5 MPI 180 PS (132 kW; 178 hp) @ 6,000 rpm 23.7 kg⋅m (232 N⋅m; 171 lbf⋅ft) @ 4,000 rpm 9.0s 210 km/h (130 mph)
Smartstream G2.5 GDI 8-speed automatic 194 PS (143 kW; 191 hp) @ 6,100 rpm 25 kg⋅m (245 N⋅m; 181 lbf⋅ft) @ 4,000 rpm
Smartstream G2.5 T-GDI 2020–present 8-speed dual-clutch automatic 290 PS (213 kW; 286 hp) @ 5,800 rpm 43 kg⋅m (422 N⋅m; 311 lbf⋅ft) @ 1,650–4,000 rpm 6.2s
Smartstream G2.0 GDI
2019–present 6-speed automatic 152 PS (112 kW; 150 hp) @ 6,000 rpm (Engine)
52 PS (38 kW; 51 hp) @ 1,770–2,000 rpm (Electric Motor)
195 PS (143 kW; 192 hp) @ 6,000 rpm (Combined)
19.2 kg⋅m (188 N⋅m; 139 lbf⋅ft) @ 5,000 rpm (Engine)
20.9 kg⋅m (205 N⋅m; 151 lbf⋅ft) @ 0–1,770 rpm (Electric Motor)
37.5 kg⋅m (368 N⋅m; 271 lbf⋅ft) (Combined)
8.3s 200 km/h (124 mph)
Smartstream G2.0 GDI
Plug-in Hybrid (PHEV)
152 PS (112 kW; 150 hp) @ 6,000 rpm (Engine)
68 PS (50 kW; 67 hp) @ 1,770–2,000 rpm (Electric Motor)
205 PS (151 kW; 202 hp) @ 6,000 rpm (Combined)
19.2 kg⋅m (188 N⋅m; 139 lbf⋅ft) @ 5,000 rpm (Engine)
20.9 kg⋅m (205 N⋅m; 151 lbf⋅ft) @ 0–1,770 rpm (Electric Motor)
8.5 s 200 km/h (124 mph)
Smartstream L2.0 LPI 2019–present 6-speed automatic 146 PS (107 kW; 144 hp) @ 6,000 rpm 19.5 kg⋅m (191 N⋅m; 141 lbf⋅ft) @ 4,200 rpm


Category Rating
Small overlap frontal offset: driver-side Good
Small overlap frontal offset: passenger-side Good
Moderate overlap frontal offset: original test Good
Moderate overlap frontal offset: updated test Poor[a]
Side impact: original test Good
Side impact: updated test Acceptable
Roof strength Good[b]
Head restraints and seats Good


Year U.S.[97][98] Canada[98] South Korea
1989 34,698
1990 29,840
1991 26,421
1992 17,196
1993 15,420
1994 13,339
1995 17,055
1996 14,616
1997 22,128
1998 14,144
1999 30,022
2000 45,983
2001 62,385
2002 68,085
2003 82,330
2004 107,189 6,974
2005 130,365 8,175
2006 149,513 12,466
2007 145,568 11,034
2008 117,357 10,298
2009 120,028 8,975 146,326[99]
2010 196,623 13,856 152,023[99]
2011 225,961 16,343 104,080[99]
2012 230,605 14,572 103,994[99]
2013 203,648 14,519 89,400[99]
2014 216,936 13,645 108,014[99]
2015 213,303 12,419 108,438[100]
2016 199,408 10,191 82,203[100]
2017 131,803 7,827 82,703[100]
2018 105,118 5,197 65,846[100]
2019 87,466 3,680 100,003[100]
2020 76,997 3,585 67,440[100]
2021 93,142 4,121 63,109[101]
2022 55,131 48,308[102]
2023 45,344 39,641[103]


  1. ^ applies to 2023 model year only
  2. ^ Strength-to-weight ratio: 5.36


  1. ^ "Highest Fuel Economy by Vehicle Class: 2014 Model Year". Epa.gov. 3 December 2013. Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  2. ^ "Navercast Hyundai Sonata" (in Korean). Naver. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  3. ^ López, Jose Antonio (6 March 2014). "Story: First Generation Hyundai Sonata (1985–1988)". The Korean Car Blog. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
  4. ^ López, Jose Antonio (11 March 2014). "Story: Second Generation Hyundai Sonata (1988–1993)". The Korean Car Blog. Retrieved 22 May 2016.
  5. ^ "Symbol of inner force: Heritage of Sonata". Hyundai Motor Company. c. 2014. Archived from the original on 1 September 2015.
  6. ^ a b cielo (20 October 2008). "Oldcarkorea Sonata Y2". Oldcar-korea.tistory.com. Retrieved 8 October 2010.
  7. ^ 2450jk996 (10 October 2013). "stellar". mk.co.kr. Retrieved 5 October 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ "Car World". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007.
  9. ^ Stark, Harry A., ed. (1989). Ward's Automotive Yearbook 1989. Vol. 51. Detroit, MI: Ward's Communications, Inc. p. 209. ISBN 0-910589-00-9.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: ignored ISBN errors (link)
  10. ^ Ward's Automotive Yearbook 1989, p. 193
  11. ^ Stark, Harry A.; Bush, James W., eds. (1990). Ward's Automotive Yearbook 1990. Vol. 52. Detroit, MI: Ward's Communications, Inc. p. 292. ISBN 0910589010.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: ignored ISBN errors (link)
  12. ^ a b "Hyundai plant revving up to make new inroads in S". Btimes.co.za. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
  13. ^ "[재미 톡톡] 수능 미신·선물 이야기… 수능철마다 도로에 등장한 '오나타' 아시나요?" [[Fun Talk] College Scholastic Ability Test superstitions and gift stories... Do you know 'Onata' that appears on the roads every college entrance exam season?]. Chunji Ilbo. 13 November 2018. Retrieved 18 April 2024.
  14. ^ "<회전목마> 수능으로 손상된 현대차 엠블렘 교체" [<Carousel> Replacement of Hyundai Motor Company emblem damaged by CSAT]. Yonhap News Agency. 17 November 1999. Retrieved 18 April 2024 – via Naver News.
  15. ^ "ТагАЗ: Sonata". Tagaz.ru. Retrieved 8 October 2010.
  16. ^ "Hyundai Sonata Moinca specs". www.chinaautoweb.com.
  17. ^ "Taganrog-made Hyundai Cars Vanished from Car Dealers". Wroom.ru. 25 September 2012. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  18. ^ "Thonburi Autumotive Assembly Plant Co., Ltd" (in Thai). Taap.in.th. Archived from the original on 22 July 2015. Retrieved 24 November 2010.
  19. ^ "Giad Automotive Industry Co. Ltd". Giadauto.com. Archived from the original on 5 May 2011. Retrieved 24 November 2010.
  20. ^ Ihlwan, Moon; Dawson, Chester (5 September 2004). "Building A "Camry Fighter"". Bloomberg BusinessWeek. Archived from the original on 12 October 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  21. ^ "2006 Hyundai Sonata Review". JB car pages. Retrieved 3 April 2011.
  22. ^ "Vehicle details". iihs.org. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
  23. ^ "2006 Hyundai Sonata 4-D". Safercar.gov. Retrieved 30 November 2015.
  24. ^ Korzeniewski, Jeremy (6 February 2008). "Chicago 2008: Hyundai rolls out 2009 Sonata". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 8 October 2010.
  25. ^ Abuelsamid, Sam (26 April 2008). "First Drive: 2009 Hyundai Sonata – Korean bred, redesigned in America". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  26. ^ "2009 Hyundai Sonata Review". JB car pages. Retrieved 3 April 2011.
  27. ^ "2009 Hyundai Sonata Review". The Car Connection, Paul Eisenstein.
  28. ^ "2009 Hyundai Sonata". Car Gurus.
  29. ^ Tan, Paul. "Hyundai Sonata NFC Ling Xiang – redesigned Sonata NF for the Chinese market". Paultan.org. Retrieved 8 October 2010.
  30. ^ "Hyundai NF Sonata Ling Xiang". carlife.net. Archived from the original on 3 February 2021. Retrieved 4 October 2013.
  31. ^ "New Hyundai i40 (VF)". Autoevolution.com. 23 December 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2011.
  32. ^ "2011 Sonata 2.0T Press Release" (Press release). Hyundainews.com. 31 March 2010. Archived from the original on 25 November 2010. Retrieved 8 October 2010.
  33. ^ Pettendy, Marton (19 February 2010). "Hyundai i45 within four months". GoAuto. John Mellor. Archived from the original on 24 February 2010. Retrieved 19 February 2010.
  34. ^ Ramsey, Jonathon (9 January 2009). "Drip, Drip, Drip – More 2010 Hyundai Sonata images find their way onto the interwebs". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 8 October 2010.
  35. ^ Lieberman, Jonny (2 December 2009). "LA 2009: All-new 2011 Hyundai Sonata to come in regular, turbo and hybrid". Autoblog. Retrieved 6 July 2015.
  36. ^ "2011 Hyundai Sonata Specs & Features". JB car pages. Retrieved 3 April 2011.
  37. ^ Abuelsamid, Sam (17 September 2009). "Officially Official: Hyundai reveals 2010 Sonata in Korea". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 8 October 2010.
  38. ^ a b "2011 Hyundai Sonata Review". JB car pages. Retrieved 3 April 2011.
  39. ^ "2011 Hyundai Sonata Named IIHS Top Safety Pick". U.S. News Rankings & Reviews. 19 February 2010.
  40. ^ "2013 Hyundai Sonata Gets More Standard Features, Higher Base Price".
  41. ^ "IIHS-HLDI: Hyundai Sonata". Iihs.org. 18 February 2010. Retrieved 22 March 2010.
  42. ^ "IIHS-HLDI: Hyundai Sonata". Iihs.org. 18 February 2010. Archived from the original on 18 August 2016. Retrieved 22 March 2010.
  43. ^ "IIHS-HLDI: Midsize Moderately Priced Cars". Iihs.org. 18 February 2010. Archived from the original on 25 October 2012.
  44. ^ "Hyundai Sonata (Later Release) | 2011 5-Star Safety Ratings | Safercar.gov | NHTSA". Safercar.gov. Retrieved 14 November 2010.
  45. ^ "New U.S. crash tests: Only Hyundai Sonata, BMW 5 get 5 stars". USA Today. 5 October 2010. Retrieved 9 October 2010.
  46. ^ Alan Ohnsman and Angela Greiling Keane (10 November 2010). "Honda's Accord Gets Highest Rating in Revised U.S. Crash Tests". Bloomberg.
  47. ^ "NHTSA Safety ratings: 2011 Hyundai Sonata (Early Release)". NHTSA.
  48. ^ "Hyundai's L.A. Blues: Automaker Touts Hybrid Tech, Lithium Polymer Batteries – Wide Open Throttle". Motor Trend. Wot.motortrend.com. Retrieved 27 September 2009.
  49. ^ Korzeniewski, Jeremy (7 July 2009). "REPORT: Hyundai planning Blue-Will based sporty plug-in hybrid by 2012". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 8 October 2010.
  50. ^ Scott Burgess (11 March 2010). "With 2011 Sonata, Hyundai proves it's worth another look". The Detroit News. Archived from the original on 1 July 2012. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  51. ^ "New Models & Entrants: Hyundai Sonata Hybrid". HybridCars.com. 31 December 2009. Retrieved 24 March 2010.
  52. ^ "2011 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid Specs & Features". JB car pages. Retrieved 3 April 2011.
  53. ^ "Kia Optima Hybrid Coming in 2011". HybridCars.com. 23 September 2010. Retrieved 26 September 2010.
  54. ^ a b "2013 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid". US News.
  55. ^ "First Drive: 2013 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid". MotorTrend. 30 April 2013.
  56. ^ a b "July 2011 Dashboard: Hybrid Sales Show Signs of Recovery". HybridCars.com. 3 August 2011. Archived from the original on 13 September 2011. Retrieved 4 August 2011.
  57. ^ "August 2011 Dashboard: Hybrid Sales Remain Sluggish". HybridCars.com. 2 September 2011. Archived from the original on 24 September 2011. Retrieved 9 September 2011.
  58. ^ a b "September 2011 Dashboard: Consumers Favor Trucks Over Hybrids". HybridCars.com. 6 October 2011. Archived from the original on 9 October 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
  59. ^ a b "October 2011 Dashboard: Best Month Since March". HybridCars.com. 2 November 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
  60. ^ "December 2011 Dashboard: Sales Still Climbing". HybridCARS.com. 9 January 2012. Archived from the original on 12 January 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2012.
  61. ^ a b "2013 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid". Car and Driver. 19 July 2013.
  62. ^ a b "2013 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid Review". Edmunds.
  63. ^ "2011 Hyundai Sonata 2.0T (turbo) to start at $24,125". Leftlanenews.com. 11 August 2010. Retrieved 8 October 2010.
  64. ^ "Specs". Turbosonata.com. 27 April 2010. Retrieved 8 October 2010.
  65. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 16 September 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  66. ^ Viknesh Vijayenthiran (16 April 2014). "2015 Hyundai Sonata: 2014 New York Auto Show Live Photos". Motor Authority.
  67. ^ "Hyundai Sonata coming back to Australia". CarAdvice.com.au.
  68. ^ Dean, Sam (12 May 2017). "Hyundai and Kia ordered to recall thousands of cars by South Korean government". The Telegraph – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
  69. ^ Kim, Liz (14 April 2017). "2018 Hyundai Sonata preview". J.D. Power and Associates. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  70. ^ Chris Bruce (16 December 2014). "Hyundai reveals new Sonata Hybrid in Seoul". Autoblog.com. Retrieved 2 January 2015.
  71. ^ Gordon-Bloomfield, Nikki (16 November 2015). "2016 Hyundai Sonata Plug-in Hybrid Finally Goes on Sale From $34,600 – But Only in Some U.S. States". Transport Evolved. Archived from the original on 20 February 2016. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
  72. ^ U. S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (17 November 2015). "Compare Side-by-Side – 2016 Hyundai Sonata Plug-in Hybrid". Fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
  73. ^ U. S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Department of Energy (17 November 2015). "Compare Side-by-Side – 2016 Hyundai Sonata Hybrid". Fueleconomy.gov. Retrieved 18 November 2015.
  74. ^ "Sales Performance". Hyundai Motor Company. Retrieved 2 September 2022.
  75. ^ Kyongae, Choi (21 March 2019). "Hyundai launches all-new Sonata in S. Korea". Yonhap News Agency. Retrieved 21 March 2019.
  76. ^ Ryan, Colin (10 February 2022). "2022 Hyundai Sonata Review". Kelley Blue Book. Retrieved 13 February 2022.
  77. ^ a b 최경애 (21 March 2019). "Hyundai launches all-new Sonata in S. Korea". Yonhap News Agency. Retrieved 2 September 2022.
  78. ^ Vanderwerp, Dave (27 March 2019). "The 2020 Hyundai Sonata Is a Mid-Size Sedan Mic Drop". Car and Driver. Retrieved 27 March 2019.
  79. ^ Smith, Steve Cole (22 November 2020). "2021 Hyundai Sonata N Line Review: Hyundai's Sport-Lite Sedan Is a Welcome Remix". The Drive. Retrieved 16 January 2021.
  80. ^ White, Annie (22 September 2020). "2021 Hyundai Sonata N Line Revealed with a Racy Look". Car and Driver.
  81. ^ ZumMallen, Ryan (14 December 2020). "Hyundai Sonata Prices, Reviews, and Pictures | Edmunds". Edmunds.com.
  82. ^ a b Anderson, Brad (26 March 2023). "2024 Hyundai Sonata Revealed With A Bold Design And More Than Just A Simple Facelift". Carscoops.
  83. ^ "2024 Hyundai Sonata Debuts With Radical Facelift And Curved Display". Motor1.com. 27 March 2023.
  84. ^ Carter, Marc (27 March 2023). "2024 Hyundai Sonata gets a bold facelift". The Torque Report.
  85. ^ https://www.hyundainews.com/en-us/models/hyundai-sonata-2024-sonata [bare URL]
  86. ^ "Hyundai Motor lanza el Sonata Sensuous renovado". 《Sp.Yna》. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  87. ^ "Hyundai выпустила новую Sonata 2021 года". 《32cars》. Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  88. ^ Davis, Mark (3 June 2021). "2021 Hyundai Sonata N Line review – Australian launch (video)". PerformanceDrive. Retrieved 2 September 2022.
  89. ^ Misoyannis, Alex (25 February 2021). "2021 Hyundai Sonata N Line price and specs: Turbo mid-size sedan to lob mid-year priced from $50,990". Drive. Retrieved 2 September 2022.
  90. ^ "Hyundai Nishat launches 8th Gen Sonata sedan in Pakistan starting at Rs6.3mn". 6 July 2021.
  91. ^ "Sonata Highlights | Sedan - Hyundai Worldwide".
  92. ^ "2023 Hyundai SONATA | Specs". www.hyundaiusa.com.
  93. ^ "제원".
  94. ^ "제원".
  95. ^ "第十代索纳塔 - 北京现代". sonata.beijing-hyundai.com.cn.
  96. ^ "2023 Hyundai Sonata Midsize car". IIHS. Retrieved 2 September 2023.
  97. ^ "Hyundai Sonata US car sales figures". carsalesbase.com. 6 November 2015. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  98. ^ a b "Hyundai Sonata Sales Figures". Good Car Bad Car. 1 January 2011. Retrieved 7 October 2013.
  99. ^ a b c d e f "쏘나타·K5가 SM6에 졌다…'7개의 심장' 어디로?". 모터그래프 (in Korean). 1 April 2016. Retrieved 2 September 2022.
  100. ^ a b c d e f "'계륵' 된 쏘나타··· 아름다운 협주곡 언제쯤 다시". 데일리e뉴스 (in Korean). 8 March 2021. Retrieved 2 September 2022.
  101. ^ 현대자동차 (6 January 2022). "'21년 현대차 판매량 TOP 5, 인기 모델 1위는?". brunch (in Korean). Retrieved 2 September 2022.
  102. ^ "2022년 현대차 인기 모델 Top 7". 17 January 2023.
  103. ^ "Sales Results | IR Resources | IR | Hyundai Worldwide".

External links[edit]