Hyunmoo-3

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Hyunmoo-3 cruise missile
Hyunmoo-3 missile carrier.jpg
Hyunmoo-3 missiles in erector launchers
Type Long-range, all-weather, cruise missile
Place of origin Republic of Korea
Service history
Used by Republic of Korea Army
Republic of Korea Navy
Production history
Designer Agency for Defense Development
LIG Nex1
Manufacturer LIG Nex1
Variants Hyunmoo-3A
Hyunmoo-3B
Hyunmoo-3C
Specifications
Weight 1.5 tons (3A)[1]
Length 6 meters (19 feet) (3A)[1]
Warhead Conventional: 500 kg conventional explosive

Engine turbofan[1]
Operational
range
Hyunmoo-3A - 500 km
Hyunmoo-3B - 1,000 km
Hyunmoo-3C - 1,500 km
Speed Mach 1.2
Guidance
system
INS, GPS, Terrain Contour Matching[1][2]

Hyunmoo-3 is a new cruise missile that is to be fielded with the military of Republic of Korea. It is designed by Agency for Defense Development (ADD). The name Hyunmoo (Hangul: 현무) comes from a mythical beast[2] described as the "Guardian of the Northern Sky", perhaps hinting North Korea.

Design and development[edit]

South Korea is barred from producing a non-indigenous ballistic missile that is above a certain payload and range limit in accordance to Missile Technology Control Regime. Therefore, a heavy emphasis was put on developing long-range cruise missiles by the South Korean government, as there is no restriction of payload amount and range limit set for them. With the introduction of Hyunmoo-III, which also has some advanced systems sometimes found on ICBMs, the Republic of Korea Army created the Missile Command in order to efficiently manage these missiles.

Hyunmoo-3 bears no resemblance to the previous Hyunmoo SSM, which were improved versions of Nike Hercules surface-to-air missiles that were converted into short-range high-speed surface-to-surface ballistic missiles in response to North Korea's Scud-B and Nodong-1 missile threats. Instead, the new missile's designs are strikingly similar to the United States Tomahawk cruise missile. It is powered by a turbofan engine, and has a maximum payload of 500 kilograms (1,100 lb) of conventional explosive. The guidance systems consist of Inertial guidance system and Global Positioning System.

Hyunmoo-3A, which was nicknamed "Eagle-1" (독수리-1) during the testing, has a range of 500 km, while Hyunmoo-3B, nicknamed "Eagle-2" (독수리-2), has a range of 1,000 km. Hyunmoo-3C, or "Eagle-3" (독수리-3), will be capable of striking its target up to 1,500 km away. This is a significant improvement from Hyunmoo I which had a range of 180 km and Hyunmoo-2A, which only has a range of 300 km, both of which were ballistic and not cruise missiles.

Sejong the Great class destroyers and KSS-III class submarines will be equipped with these missiles inside their Vertical Launching System (K-VLS).[1]

Uses[edit]

Hyunmoo-3C missile is launched from a KVLS on a South Korean destroyer

See also[edit]

References[edit]