Iž (pronounced [îːʒ]; Italian: Eso, German: Ese) is an island in the Zadar Archipelago within the Croatian reaches of the Adriatic Sea. It is situated between Ugljan on the north-east and Dugi Otok on the south-west and is about an hour's ship ride from Zadar. It has an area of 17.59 square kilometres (7 square miles) and a population of 615 (2011). Its mineralogy is composed of mainly limestone and dolomite. The island has been settled since prehistoric times; there is a Catholic church dating from the 11th century and records of the first Croatian settlers date from the year 1266.
Island is nowadays also accessible to reach by car ferry; settlements are mutually connected by the state road that run between Veli Iž and island's ferry port located in cove "Bršanj" in Mali Iž; route construction started in early 1980's and ferry port construction started in 1988. Villages of Mali Iž are also connected to the main route with local roads.
Near the island there are some very small uninhabited islands: Knežak, Rutnjak and Fulija for example. In the Iž dialect people almost never say f, they use h instead. Main activities are sailing, fishing, olive cultivation and pottery. The island is very popular amongst foreign tourists, largely due to its great beaches.
- Duplančić Leder, Tea; Ujević, Tin; Čala, Mendi (June 2004). "Coastline lengths and areas of islands in the Croatian part of the Adriatic Sea determined from the topographic maps at the scale of 1 : 25 000" (PDF). Geoadria. Zadar. 9 (1): 5–32. Retrieved 2011-01-21.
- Ostroški, Ljiljana, ed. (December 2015). Statistički ljetopis Republike Hrvatske 2015 [Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia 2015] (PDF). Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia (in Croatian and English). 47. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. p. 47. ISSN 1333-3305. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
- "Iž". General Encyclopedia of the Yugoslav Lexicographical Institute (in Croatian). 4. Zagreb: Yugoslav Lexicographical Institute. 1978.
- "Veli Iž - Island Iž". Archived from the original on 2007-01-20.
- "SAS Output". Dzs.hr. Retrieved 2013-03-26.
- Carlton. "Comments on the technology of prehistoric pottery in the Western Balkans in the light of ethnographic research". Academia.edu. Retrieved 2015-03-13.
- Carlton, Richard. "Ethnoarchaeolgical Study of Pottery Production in Dalmatia". Academia.edu. Retrieved 2015-03-13.
- Iž on kroatien-fewo.net
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