Iža

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Iža
Izsa
Village
Iža2.JPG
Country Slovakia
Region Nitra
District Komárno
Elevation 111 m (364 ft)
Coordinates 47°45′N 18°14′E / 47.750°N 18.233°E / 47.750; 18.233Coordinates: 47°45′N 18°14′E / 47.750°N 18.233°E / 47.750; 18.233
Area 28.02 km2 (10.82 sq mi)
Population 1,632 (2004-12-31)
Density 58/km2 (150/sq mi)
First mentioned c. 150
Postal code 946 39
Area code +421-35
Car plate KN
Location of Iža in Slovakia
Location of Iža in Slovakia
Location of Iža in the Nitra Region
Location of Iža in the Nitra Region
Wikimedia Commons: Iža
Statistics: MOŠ/MIS

Iža (Hungarian: Izsa, Hungarian pronunciation:[ˈiʒɒ]) is a village in south-western Slovakia.

Geography[edit]

The village lies at an altitude of 111 metres and covers an area of 28.073 km². It is situated in the Komárno District of Slovakia's Nitra Region, very close to the town of Komárno.

History[edit]

Ruins of Celemantia with metal frames to indicate the destroyed superstructure

The biggest Roman castellum in present-day Slovakia was located in Celemantia, an ancient settlement discovered on the territory of Iža. Celemantia was already mentioned by Claudius Ptolemaios in the 2nd century CE and it was abandoned in around 400 CE. The modern village of Iža was first mentioned in 1268.

Kelemantia was probably a bridgehead for the larger fortress of Brigetio, across the river near Komárom. But it was still fairly big, at 172 metres square. The excavated and partly reconstructed fort, which is accessible via a rough lane from Iža, was the second to be built on the site. It contained barracks, stable blocks and a bathhouse and was surrounded by a stone wall two metres thick and up to five metres high. Parts of these structures are now visible and described by information boards in four languages, including English.

The first fort on the site, whose foundations have been partly surveyed, was an earth and timber construction. It is believed to have been destroyed by barbarian attacks less than five years after it was built. Evidence of temporary encampments nearby - presumably built to house the large expeditionary force despatched by Rome to wallop the natives in turn - were revealed by an aerial survey in 1990.

In the 9th century, the territory of Iža became part of the Kingdom of Hungary. After the Austro-Hungarian army disintegrated in November 1918, Czechoslovak troops occupied the area, later acknowledged internationally by the Treaty of Trianon. Between 1938 and 1945 Iža once more became part of Miklós Horthy's Hungary through the First Vienna Award. From 1945 until the Velvet Divorce, it was part of Czechoslovakia. Since then it has been part of Slovakia.

Demographics[edit]

The village has a population of about 1,630 people. According to the 2001 census, the ethnic makeup was about 73% Hungarian, 25% Slovak, 1% Romany and 1% Czech.

Facilities[edit]

The village has a public library, a gym and a football pitch. Recently a new museum was opened in the village, which focuses specifically on the History of the Danube Lands

Genealogical resources[edit]

The records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Statny Archiv in Nitra, Slovakia"

  • Roman Catholic church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1722-1901 (parish A)
  • Lutheran church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1783-1908 (parish B)
  • Reformated church records (births/marriages/deaths): 1827-1895 (parish B)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]