I–V–vi–IV progression

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I–V–vi–IV chord progression in C About this soundPlay .
vi–IV–I–V chord progression in C About this soundPlay .

The I–V–vi–IV progression is a common chord progression popular across several genres of music. It involves the I, V, vi, and IV chords of any particular musical scale. For example, in the key of C major, this progression would be: C–G–Am–F.[1] Rotations include:

  • I–V–vi–IV:C–G–Am–F (optimistic)
  • V–vi–IV–I:G–Am–F–C
  • vi–IV–I–V:Am–F–C–G (pessimistic)
  • IV–I–V–vi:F–C–G–Am

The '50s progression uses the same chords but in a different order (I–vi–IV–V), no matter the starting point.


A common ordering of the progression, "vi–IV–I–V", was dubbed the "sensitive female chord progression" by Boston Globe Columnist Marc Hirsh.[2] In C major this would be Am–F–C–G, which basically modulates key to A minor. Hirsh first noticed the chord progression in the song "One of Us" by Joan Osborne,[3] and then other songs. He named the progression because he claimed it was used by many performers of the Lilith Fair in the late 1990s.[2] However, the earliest known example of using this progression (at least in a major hit) is Scott McKenzie's "San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)", written by John Phillips.

Dan Bennett claims the progression is also called the "pop-punk progression" because of its frequent use in pop punk.[1]

The vi–IV–I–V progression has been associated with the heroic in many popular Hollywood movies and movie trailers, especially in films released since 2000.[4]

The chord progression is also used in the form IV–I–V–vi, as in songs such as "Umbrella" by Rihanna[5] and "Down" by Jay Sean.[6] Numerous bro-country songs followed the chord progression, as demonstrated by Greg Todd's mash-up of several bro-country songs in an early 2015 video.[7]

A 2009 song by the comedy group The Axis of Awesome, called "Four Chords", demonstrated the ubiquity of the progression in popular music, for comic effect; for instance, as the progression is played as a ostinato, sometimes it is used as a vi–IV–I–V (i. e. the "pessimistic" inversion). It was originally written in D major (thus the progression being D major, A major, B minor, G major) and performed live in the key of E major (thus using the chords E major, B major, C# minor, and A major). The song was subsequently published on YouTube.[8] As of May 2020, the two most popular versions have been viewed over 100 million times combined.[9][10]

The British progressive rock band Porcupine Tree made a song called "Four Chords That Made A Million" that appears to be a satire of the broad use of this progression in contemporary commercial music.


I–V–VII–IV in A About this soundPlay 

I–V–VII–IV may be viewed as a variation of I–V–vi–IV, replacing the submediant with the subtonic. It consists of two I-V chord progressions, the second a whole step lower (A–E–G–D = I–V in A and I–V in G), giving it harmonic drive. There are few keys in which one may play the progression with open chords on the guitar, so it is often portrayed with barre chords ("Lay Lady Lay"). The use of the flattened seventh may lend this progression a bluesy feel or sound, and the whole tone descent may be reminiscent of the ninth and tenth chords of the twelve bar blues (V-IV). The progression also makes possible a chromatic descent over a contiguous heptachord (minor third): . The roots of the chords are usually considered to be part of the Dorian scale; other modes, such as major and Mixolydian[11] can be used when performing the progression, even though the progression contains notes outside of these modes (e.g. VII for the major scale and the third of V for Mixolydian).

I–IV–VII–IV About this soundPlay 

"(You Make Me Feel Like) A Natural Woman" by Carole King make prominent use of this progression in its verses. "Lay Lady Lay"[11] uses the similar progression I–iii–VII–ii; the second and fourth chords are replaced by the relative minor while preserving the same descent. This progression is used in other songs including "Turning Japanese" (1980) by The Vapors, "Sample in a Jar" (1994) by Phish (I–iii–VII–IV), "Waterfalls" (1995) by TLC,[12] and "Don't Tell Me" (2000) by Madonna. "Cinnamon Girl" (1969) by Neil Young uses I–v–VII–IV (all in Mixolydian).[13] It opens the verse to "Brown Eyes" by Lady Gaga", is used in the chorus to "Rio" (1982) by Duran Duran and "Sugar Hiccup" (1983) by the Cocteau Twins, and is in the 2nd part of the bridge in "Sweet Jane" (1988) by the Cowboy Junkies.[14] I–IV–VII–IV is a similar chord progression which is arch formed (I–IV–VII–IV–I), and has been used in the chorus to "And She Was" (1985) by Talking Heads,[15] in "Let's Go Crazy" (1984) by Prince,[16] in "Like a Rock" (1986) by Bob Seger,[17] and in "Steady, As She Goes" (2006) by The Raconteurs (minor tonic: i–V–VII–IV).[18]

Songs using the progression[edit]

This is a list of recorded songs containing multiple, repeated uses of the I–V–vi–IV progression.

Song title Artist Year Progression Recorded Key
"10,000 Reasons (Bless the Lord)"[19] Matt Redman and Jonas Myrin 2012 IV–I–V–vi G major
"21 Guns" Green Day 2009 vi–IV–I–V D minor
"20 Good Reasons"[20] Thirsty Merc 2007 I–V–vi–IV Db major
"Africa" Toto 1982 vi–IV–I–V F# minor (chorus)
"Afterlife" Avenged Sevenfold 2007 I–V–vi–IV F major
"Aicha"[21] Cheb Khaled 1996 vi–IV–I–V G minor
"Ain't Your Mama" Jennifer Lopez 2016 vi–IV–I–V G# minor
"Ai Se Eu Te Pego" Os Meninos de Seu Zeh 2008 I–V–vi–IV G major
"Alejandro" Lady Gaga 2010 IV–I–V–vi B minor
"A Letter to Elise" The Cure 1992 I–V–vi–IV Ab major
"All I Ever Wanted" Basshunter 2008 vi–IV–I–V C# minor
"All I Want" The Offspring 1997 vi–IV–I–V F# minor
"All of Me" John Legend 2013 vi-IV-I-V G major
"All This Love" Robin Schulz 2019 vi–IV–I–V D minor
"All Too Well" Taylor Swift 2012 I–V–vi–IV C major
"All You Wanted" Michelle Branch 2001 vi–IV–I–V Ab major
"Almost"[22] Bowling for Soup 2005 I–V–vi–IV B major
"Alone" Alan Walker 2016 vi-IV-I-V G minor
"Alone" Heart 1987 vi–IV–I–V Eb minor
"Always on My Mind" Brenda Lee 1972 I–V–vi–IV C major
"Amaranth"[23] Nightwish 2007 vi–IV–I–V D minor
"Amaranthine"[24] Amaranthe 2011 vi–IV–I–V D# minor
"Amazing" Alex Lloyd 2001 vi–IV–I–V A major
"And We Danced" Macklemore 2011 vi–IV–I–V D minor
"A New Day Has Come"[25] Celine Dion 2002 vi–IV–I–V D# minor
"Another Girl, Another Planet" The Only Ones 1978 I–V–vi–IV E major
"Any Way You Want It" Journey 1980 I–V–vi–IV G major
"Apollo" Timebelle 2017 vi–IV–I–V G minor
"Apologize" OneRepublic 2005 vi–IV–I–V C minor
"Aristocrat" Poppy 2018 vi–IV–I–V B minor
"As If It's Your Last" Blackpink 2017 IV–I–V–vi (chorus) Ab major (chorus)
"Atemlos durch die Nacht" Helene Fischer 2013 IV–I–V–vi B major
"Bad Blood"[26] Taylor Swift 2014 IV–I–V–vi E minor
"Bad Liar" Imagine Dragons 2018 vi–IV–I–V C minor
"Bailando" Enrique Iglesias ft. Descemer Bueno, Gente De Zona 2014 vi–IV–I–V E minor
"Balada" Gusttavo Lima 2011 vi–IV–I–V B minor
"Battle Hymn" Manowar 1980 vi-IV-I-V E minor
"Beast of Burden"[27] The Rolling Stones 1978 I–V–vi–IV E major
"Beautiful" Akon feat. Colby O'Donis and Kardinal Offishall 2009 vi–IV–I–V C minor
"Be Like That" 3 Doors Down 2000 I–V–vi–IV G major
"Behind These Hazel Eyes" Kelly Clarkson 2004 vi–IV–I–V F# minor
"Bleeding Out" Imagine Dragons 2012 vi–IV–I–V F minor
"Born to Be Yours" Kygo feat. Imagine Dragons 2018 I–V–vi–IV E major
"Born to Make You Happy" Britney Spears 1999 vi–IV–I–V B minor
"Breakeven" The Script 2008 IV–I–V–vi G minor
"Bridge of Light" P!nk 2011 I–V–vi–IV; vi–IV–I–V F major/D minor
"Broken" Lovelytheband 2017 vi–IV–I–V B minor
"Bullet"[28] Hollywood Undead 2011 I–V–vi–IV E major
"Bullet with Butterfly Wings"[29] The Smashing Pumpkins 1995 vi–IV–I–V Bb minor
"California King Bed"[30] Rihanna 2011 I–V–vi–IV G major
"Calma" Pedro Capó 2018 IV–I–V–vi D major
"Caramelldansen"[31] Caramell 2001 I–V–vi–IV D# major
"C'est la vie" Khaled 2012 vi–IV–I–V C minor
"Champagne Problems" Taylor Swift 2020 I–V–vi–IV C major
"Chasing Fire" Lauv 2018 I–V–vi–IV F major
"Cheap Thrills"[32] Sia 2016 vi–IV–I–V A major
"Clean"[33] Taylor Swift 2014 I–V–vi–IV B major
"Coconut Tree" Mohombi feat. Nicole Scherzinger 2011 vi–IV–I–V G minor
"Collide" Howie Day 2004 I–V–vi–IV B major
"Come Over"[34] Kenny Chesney 2012 vi–IV–I–V Bb minor
"Complicated" Avril Lavigne 2002 vi–IV–I–V (chorus) D minor
"Confusion and Frustration in Modern Times"[35] Sum 41 2007 vi–IV–I–V; I–V–vi–IV B major/G# minor
"Contact" Daft Punk 2013 vi–IV–I–V B minor
"Con te partirò (Time to Say Goodbye)" Andrea Bocelli, Sarah Brightman 1995 I–V–vi–IV G major
"Cruise"[36] Florida Georgia Line 2012 I–V–vi–IV Bb major
"Cryin'"[37] Aerosmith 1993 I–V–vi–IV A major (chorus)
"Daddy DJ"[38] Daddy DJ 1999 vi–IV–I–V C minor
"Dammit"[27][39] Blink-182 1997 I–V–vi–IV C major
"Danza Kuduro" Don Omar 2010 vi–IV–I–V C major
"Demons"[40] Imagine Dragons 2012 I–V–vi–IV Eb major
"De Música Ligera" Soda Stereo 1990 vi–IV–I–V D major
"Despacito"[41] Luis Fonsi 2017 vi–IV–I–V B minor
"Dig Up Her Bones" The Misfits 1997 vi–IV–I–V Bb minor
"Dirty Little Secret"[42] The All-American Rejects 2005 I–V–vi–IV Bb major
"Don't Forget Me"[43] Red Hot Chili Peppers 2002 vi–IV–I–V A minor
"Don't Let Me Down" The Chainsmokers 2016 IV–I–V–vi G# minor
"Don't Trust Me"[44] 3OH!3 2008 vi–IV–I–V Bb major
"Don't You Wanna Stay"[45] Jason Aldean and Kelly Clarkson 2010 vi–IV–I–V G# minor
"Down"[6] Jay Sean feat. Lil Wayne 2009 IV–I–V–vi D major
"Dragostea Din Tei"[46] O-Zone 2003 IV–I–V–vi; vi–IV–I–V A minor
"Dream Catch Me"[47] Newton Faulkner 2007 I–V–vi–IV D major
"Drive By"[48] Train 2012 vi–IV–I–V; IV–I–V–vi C# minor
"Dusk Till Dawn" Zayn ft. Sia 2017 vi–IV–I–V B Minor
"Échame la Culpa" Luis Fonsi, Demi Lovato 2018 IV–I–V–vi C major
"Eenie Meenie" Sean Kingston and Justin Bieber 2010 vi–IV–I–V Bb minor
"Elastic Heart" Sia 2013 IV-I-V-vi F# minor
"Electrical Storm"[49] U2 2002 vi–IV–I–V F# minor
"Electricity" Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark 1979 vi-IV-I-V A minor
"Enter the Ninja" Die Antwoord 2010 vi–IV–I–V F minor
"Every Storm (Runs Out of Rain)" Gary Allan 2012 vi-IV-I-V A minor
"Faded" Alan Walker 2015 vi–IV–I–V F# major
"Fall At Your Feet" Crowded House 1991 I–V–vi–IV Eb major
"Far Away" Nickelback 2005 I–V–vi–IV B major
"Feeling This"[27][50] Blink-182 2003 I–V–vi–IV E major
"Femme libérée" Cookie Dingler 1984 vi–IV-I-V G minor
"Fight Song" Rachel Platten 2014 I–V–vi–IV G major
"Flashlight"[51] Jessie J 2015 I–V–vi–IV F major
"For the First Time"[52] The Script 2010 I–V–vi–IV A major
"For the Nights I Can’t Remember" Hedley 2007 I–V–vi–IV C major
"Forever Young"[53] Alphaville 1984 I–V–vi–IV C major
"Fuckin' Perfect"[54] P!nk 2010 I–V–vi–IV G major
"Future Looks Good" OneRepublic 2016 V–vi–IV–I Bb major
"Girls Like You" Maroon 5 2018 I–V–vi–IV C major
"Give Me Everything"[55] Pitbull feat. Ne-Yo, Afrojack, and Nayer 2011 vi–IV–I–V Eb major
"Glycerine"[56] Bush 1994 I–V–vi–IV F major
"God Is a Girl" Groove Coverage 2002 vi–IV–I–V C minor
"Going Under" Evanescence 2003 vi–IV–I–V B minor
"Good" Better Than Ezra 1993 I–V–vi–IV G major
"Good Feeling" Flo Rida 2011 vi-I-V-IV C# minor
"Great Romances of the 20th Century"[57] Taking Back Sunday 2002 vi–IV–I–V G# minor
"Grenade" Bruno Mars 2010 vi–IV–I–V D minor
"Hair"[58] Lady Gaga 2011 I–V–vi–IV F major
"Halfway Gone" Lifehouse 2009 vi–IV–I–V C# minor
"Hall of Fame"[59] The Script feat. will.i.am 2012 vi–IV–I–V G minor
"Happy Ending"[60] Mika 2007 I–V–vi–IV Db major
"Heart Attack"[61] Demi Lovato 2013 IV–I–V–vi; vi–IV–I–V F minor
"Hej Hej Monika" Nic & the Family 2004 I–V–vi–IV Db major
"Hello"[62] Adele 2015 vi-I-V-IV (verse)
vi–IV–I–V (chorus)
F minor
"Here (In Your Arms)" Hellogoodbye 2006 I–V–vi–IV F major
"Hero of War" Rise Against 2008 I–V–vi–IV E major
"Hey Brother"[63] Avicii 2013 vi–IV–I–V G minor
"Hey Soul Sister" Train 2009 I–V–vi–IV E major
"Hide and Seek"[64] Imogen Heap 2005 I–V–vi–IV A major
"High" Lighthouse Family 1997 I–V–vi–IV Bb major
"Higher Love" Steve Winwood 1986 IV–I–V–vi F major
"Holiday" Green Day 2004 vi–IV–I–V F minor
"Home"[65] Phillip Phillips 2012 IV–I–V–vi; vi–IV–I–V C major
"Hurt" Nine Inch Nails 1995 V–vi–IV–I B minor (chorus)
"I Don't Wanna Live Forever" Zayn and Taylor Swift 2016 IV–I–V–vi A minor
"If I Die Young" The Band Perry 2010 IV–I–V–vi E major
"If I Were a Boy"[66] Beyoncé 2008 vi–IV–I–V D# minor
"Ih-Ah!" Devin Townsend 2009 vi–IV–I–V A minor
"I Just Had Sex"[67] The Lonely Island feat. Akon 2011 vi–IV–I–V D# minor
"I Knew You Were Trouble" Taylor Swift 2012 I-V-vi-IV (verses) F# major
"I'm Goin' Down[68] Bruce Springsteen 1985 I–V–vi–IV Bb major
"I'm Yours"[69] Jason Mraz 2008 I–V–vi–IV E major
"I Need Your Love" Calvin Harris 2012 vi–IV–I–V C minor
"Ik neem je mee" Gers Pardoel 2011 vi–IV–I–V G minor
"Immortals" Fall Out Boy 2014 vi–IV–I–V F# minor
"In My Head"[70] Jason Derulo 2009 vi–IV–I–V C minor
"Innocent" Taylor Swift 2010 I–V–vi–IV E major
"International Love"[71] Pitbull feat. Chris Brown 2011 vi–IV–I–V C minor
"In This River"[72] Black Label Society 2005 vi–IV–I–V E minor
"I Wanna Talk About Me" Toby Keith 2001 I–V–vi–IV F major
"I Want You to Want Me" Cheap Trick 1977 I–V–vi–IV A major
"I Was Here"[73] Beyoncé 2011 vi–IV–I–V E minor
"I Will Love Again" Lara Fabian 2000 vi–IV–I–V A minor
"Just a Dream"[74] Nelly 2010 vi–IV–I–V D# minor
"Kaze wa Fuiteiru"[75] AKB48 2011 vi–IV–I–V E minor
"Keep Holding On" Avril Lavigne 2006 I-V-vi-IV G major
"Kids" MGMT 2008 vi–IV–I–V F# minor
"Kids" OneRepublic 2016 V–vi–IV–I D major
"Kissin U" Miranda Cosgrove 2010 I–V–vi–IV Eb major
"Leave a Light On" Tom Walker 2017 vi–IV–I–V D minor
"Lemonade"[76] Alexandra Stan 2011 vi–IV–I–V F# minor
"Levels" Avicii 2011 vi-I-V-IV C# minor
"Listen to Your Heart" Roxette 1988 vi–IV-I-V B minor
"Little Talks"[77] Of Monsters and Men 2011 vi–IV–I–V Bb minor
"Love" Lana Del Rey 2017 I–V–vi–IV Bb major
"Love Me"[78] Justin Bieber 2009 vi–IV–I–V C minor
"Love Not War (The Tampa Beat)" Jason Derulo 2020 vi–IV–I–V Ab Major
"Love the Way You Lie"[79] Eminem feat. Rihanna 2010 vi–IV–I–V G minor
"Marilyn Monroe"[80] Nicki Minaj 2012 vi–IV–I–V E minor
"May It Be" Enya 2002 vi–IV–I–V F# minor
"Miracle" Cascada 2004 vi–IV–I–V D minor
"Mirrors" Natalia Kills 2010 vi–IV–I–V G# minor
"Molitva" Marija Šerifović 2007 vi–IV–I–V D minor
"More than Friends" Inna ft Daddy Yankee 2012 vi–IV–I–V E minor
"My Name Is Jonas"[81] Weezer 1994 I–V–vi–IV B major
"Nightlight" Illenium 2020 vi-IV-I-V B minor
"Nobody's Perfect"[82] Hannah Montana (Miley Cyrus) 2007 vi–IV–I–V C minor
"Nobody's Perfect" Jessie J 2011 vi–IV–I–V G minor
"No One"[83] Alicia Keys 2007 I–V–vi–IV E major
"No One Needs to Know" Shania Twain 1995 vi–IV–I–V (bridge) C major
"No Vacancy" OneRepublic 2017 vi–IV–I–V D minor
"No Woman, No Cry"[84] Bob Marley 1973 I–V–vi–IV Db major
"Not Afraid"[85] Eminem 2010 vi–IV–I–V C minor
"Not Pretty Enough" Kasey Chambers 2002 I–V–vi–IV B major
"Nowhere Fast" Fire Inc. 1984 vi–IV–I–V C# minor
"Numb"[86] Linkin Park 2003 vi–IV–I–V F# minor
"One Day"[87] Matisyahu 2008 I–V–vi–IV C major
"One Foot" Walk the Moon 2017 vi–IV–I–V A minor
"One More Breath" Creed 2002 I–V–vi–IV D major
"One of Us"[3][88] Joan Osborne 1995 vi–IV–I–V F# minor
"On Melancholy Hill"[89] Gorillaz 2010 I–V–vi–IV D major
"On My Way" Alan Walker, Sabrina Carpenter, and Farruko 2019 I–V–vi–IV (verse) C# minor
"On the Floor"[90] Jennifer Lopez feat. Pitbull 2011 vi–IV–I–V D# minor
"Oopsy Daisy" Chipmunk 2009 I-vi-V-IV A major
"Otherside"[91] Red Hot Chili Peppers 2000 vi–IV–I–V E minor
"Out of the Woods"[92] Taylor Swift 2014 I–V–vi–IV A minor
"Paparazzi" Lady Gaga 2009 I–V–vi–IV Ab major
"Payphone Maroon 5 2012 IV-I-vi-V B major
"Peace of Mind"[93] Boston 1976 vi–IV–I–V C# minor
"Perfect" Ed Sheeran 2017 vi–IV–I–V (chorus) Ab major
"Photograph" Ed Sheeran 2014 I–V–vi–IV E major
"Physical" Dua Lipa 2020 vi–IV–I–V A minor
"Pieces"[94] Sum 41 2005 vi–IV–I–V D minor
"Play" K-391, Alan Walker, and Martin Tungevaag 2019 vi-IV-I-V F# minor
"Poison" Alice Cooper 1989 vi-IV-I-V D minor (chorus)
"Poker Face"[95] Lady Gaga 2008 vi–IV–I–V G# minor
"Pork and Beans"[96] Weezer 2008 I–V–vi–IV F# major
"Prison Bound"[97] Social Distortion 1988 I–V–vi–IV F# major
"Preacher" OneRepublic 2013 IV–I–V–vi Bb minor
"Push" Matchbox Twenty 1997 I–V–vi–IV F# major
"Quarter Past Midnight" Bastille 2018 IV–I–V–vi Ab major
"Rays of Light" Broiler 2014 vi-IV-I-V B minor
"Ready or Not"[98] Bridgit Mendler 2012 vi–IV–I–V B minor
"Replay"[99] Iyaz 2009 vi–IV–I–V F# minor
"Rewrite the Stars" The Greatest Showman (Zac Efron and Zendaya) 2018 vi–IV–I–V G minor
"Rich Love" OneRepublic 2017 vi–IV–I–V C# minor
"Rise"[100] McClain Sisters 2012 vi–IV–I–V B minor
"Rollercoaster" Bon Jovi 2016 I–V–vi–IV Eb major
"Roma-Bangkok" Baby K ft. Giusy Ferreri 2015 vi–IV–I–V B minor
"Roses Are Red" Aqua 1996 vi–IV–I–V C minor
"Rush" Aly & AJ 2005 vi–IV–I–V D minor
"Run" Snow Patrol 2004 I-V-iv-V (chorus) C major
"San Francisco (Be Sure to Wear Flowers in Your Hair)" Scott McKenzie 1967 vi–IV–I–V F minor
"Savage Love (Laxed – Siren Beat)" Jason Derulo and Jawsh 685 2020 vi–IV–I–V C minor
"Save Tonight"[101] Eagle Eye Cherry 1997 vi–IV–I–V C major
"Say (All I Need)" OneRepublic 2008 I–V–vi–IV A major
"Say Something"[102] A Great Big World 2013 vi–IV–I–V B minor
"Say You Won't Let Go" James Arthur 2016 I–V–vi–IV Bb major
"Scar"[103] Missy Higgins 2004 I–V–vi–IV C major
"Self Esteem"[2][104] The Offspring 1994 vi–IV–I–V C major
"Shackler's Revenge" Guns N' Roses 2008 vi–IV–I–V C# minor
"Shake It"[105] Metro Station 2008 V–vi–IV–I C# minor
"She Doesn't Mind" Sean Paul 2011 vi–IV–I–V G minor
"She Got Me" Luca Hänni 2019 vi–IV–I–V B minor
"Silverflame"[106] Dizzy Mizz Lizzy 1994 vi–IV–I–V G minor
"Since You Been Gone"[107] Russ Ballard 1976 I–V–vi–IV G major
"Six Degrees of Separation"[108] The Script 2012 vi–IV–I–V C# minor
"Skulls" Misfits 1982 I–V–vi–IV A major
"Slow Down" Selena Gomez 2013 vi–IV–I–V C# minor
"Snow (Hey Oh)"[109] Red Hot Chili Peppers 2006 vi–IV–I–V; I–V–vi–IV B major/G# minor
"So Lonely" The Police 1978 I–V–vi–IV C major
"So Small"[110] Carrie Underwood 2007 vi–IV–I–V C minor
"Someone Like You" Adele 2011 I–V–vi–IV (chorus) A major
"Someone You Loved" Lewis Capaldi 2018 I–V–vi–IV Db major
"Sorry, Blame It on Me"[111] Akon 2007 I–V-vi–IV C major
"Soul To Squeeze"[112] Red Hot Chili Peppers 1993 I–V–vi–IV F major
"Sparks Fly"[113] Taylor Swift 2011 vi–IV–I–V D minor
"Spiderwebs" No Doubt 1995 I–V–vi–IV Bb major
"Spirit in The Sky" Keiino 2019 vi–IV–I–V D minor
"Stacy's Mom" Fountains of Wayne 2003 iv-I-V-Vi E
"Stamp on the Ground" ItaloBrothers 2009 vi–IV–I–V B minor
"Stand"[114] Rascal Flatts 2007 vi–IV–I–V A minor
"Stargazing" Kygo 2017 IV–I–V–vi F major
"Stay the Night" James Blunt 2010 I–V–vi–IV D major
"Stereo Hearts" Gym Class Heroes ft. Adam Levine 2011 vi–IV–I–V F# minor
"Stereo Love" Edward Maya feat. Vika Jigulina 2009 vi–IV–I–V Db minor
"Still Loving You" Scorpions 1984 vi–IV–I–V G minor (F# minor live)
"Stronger (What Doesn't Kill You)"[115] Kelly Clarkson 2012 vi–IV–I–V A minor
"Súbeme La Radio" Enrique Iglesias ft. Descemer Bueno and Zion & Lennox 2017 vi–IV–I–V A minor
"Sugar Baby Love" The Rubettes 1974 I–V–vi–IV C major
"Summer Paradise" Simple Plan 2012 I–V–vi–IV D major
"Sun Goes Down" Robin Schulz ft. Jasmine Thompson 2014 vi–IV–I–V D# minor
"Superman (It's Not Easy)" Five for Fighting 2001 I–V–vi–IV C major
"Sweet but Psycho" Ava Max 2018 IV–I–V–vi Db major
"Tacata" Tacabro 2011 vi–IV–I–V G# minor
"Take a Bow Rihanna 2008 I-V-iv-V E major
"Take Me Home, Country Roads" John Denver 1971 I–V–vi–IV A major
"Take Me Home Tonight" Eddie Money 1986 I–V–vi–IV Db major
"Take on Me"[116] Aha 1984 I–V–vi–IV A major
"Tangled Up in Me"[117] Skye Sweetnam 2004 V–vi–IV–I C major
"Tattoo" Jordin Sparks 2007 I–V–vi–IV D major
"Television Romance" Pale Waves 2017 I–V–vi–IV E major
"Tequila" Dan + Shay 2018 IV–I–V–vi B major
"That Don't Impress Me Much" Shania Twain 1998 vi–IV–I–V Bb minor
"The Edge of Glory"[118] Lady Gaga 2011 I–V–vi–IV A major
"The Funeral" Band of Horses 2006 IV–I–V–vi C Major/A Minor
"The Judge" Twenty One Pilots 2015 IV–I–V–vi C major
"The Kids Aren't Alright"[119] The Offspring 1999 vi–IV–I–V Bb minor
"The Passenger" Iggy Pop 1977 vi–IV–I–V A minor
"The Power of Good-Bye" Madonna 1998 vi–IV–I–V F minor
"The Rock Show"[120] Blink-182 2001 vi–IV–I–V (bridge) A major/F# minor
"The Scientist" Coldplay 2002 vi–IV–I–V D minor
"The Spectre" Alan Walker 2017 vi-IV-I-V C# minor
"The Story" Brandi Carlile 2007 I–V–vi–IV B major
"(There's Gotta Be) More to Life"[121] Stacie Orrico 2003 vi–IV–I–V F minor
"Tired" Alan Walker 2017 vi–IV–I–V B minor
"To Know Him Is to Love Him"[122] The Teddy Bears 1958 I–V–vi–IV D major
"Today" The Smashing Pumpkins 1993 I–V–vi–IV Eb major
"Tomorrow Wendy" Andy Prieboy 1990 I–V–vi–IV C major
"Try" Colbie Caillat 2014 vi–IV–I–V Bb minor
"Try"[123] P!nk 2012 IV–I–V–vi; vi–IV–I–V D major/B minor
"Tuesday's Gone"[124] Lynyrd Skynyrd 1973 I–V–vi–IV A major
"Under the Bridge" Red Hot Chili Peppers 1991 I–V–vi–IV E major
"Up&Up" Coldplay 2015 I–V–vi–IV G major
"Vamos a la Playa" Miranda 1999 vi–IV–I–V C# minor
"Voglio ballare con te" Baby K ft. Andrés Dvicio 2017 vi–IV–I–V G minor
"Wagon Wheel"[125] Old Crow Medicine Show 2004 I–V–vi–IV A major
"Waka Waka (This Time for Africa)" Shakira 2010 I–V–vi–IV D major
"Wake Me Up" Avicii 2013 vi–IV–I–V B minor
"Wake Up" Eliot Vassamillet 2018 IV–I–V–vi G Minor
"Walking Disaster"[126] Sum 41 2007 I–V–vi–IV B major
"Walk with Me" Måns Zelmerlöw feat. Dotter 2019 vi–IV–I–V G minor
"Wannabe" Spice Girls 1996 V–vi–IV–I B major
"Waste It on Me" Steve Aoki ft. BTS 2018 vi–IV–I–V E minor
"We Are Golden" MIKA 2009 vi–IV–I–V (bridge) C major
"We Found Love"[127] Rihanna feat. Calvin Harris 2011 vi–IV–I–V D# minor
"We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together" Taylor Swift 2012 IV–I–V–vi G major
"Wedding Dress" Taeyang 2009 vi–IV–I–V A minor
"We Didn't Start the Fire" Billy Joel 1989 I–V–vi–IV G major
"What About Love" Heart 1985 vi–IV–I–V D minor
"What About Now"[128] Lonestar 2000 I–V–vi–IV E major
"What Would I Change It To"[129] Avicii & AlunaGeorge 2017 I–V–vi–IV B major
"What's My Age Again?"[130] Blink-182 1999 IV–I–V–vi; I–V–vi–IV F# major
"Whatever It Takes" Imagine Dragons 2017 IV–I–V–vi Bb minor
"Whatever You Like" T.I. 2008 vi–IV–I–V D minor
"What I Go to School For" Busted 2002 I–V–vi–IV (verse) A major
"When Can I See You Again?"[131] Owl City 2012 I–V–vi–IV D major
"When I Come Around"[132] Green Day 1993 I–V–vi–IV F# major
"Where Is The Love?" The Black Eyed Peas 2003 I–V–vi–IV F major
"Where Them Girls At" David Guetta feat. Flo Rida and Nicki Minaj 2011 vi-I-V-IV C minor
"Wherever You Will Go"[133] The Calling 2001 I–V–vi–IV D major
"Whistle"[134] Flo Rida 2012 vi–IV–I–V A minor
"Who You Are"[135] Jessie J 2011 vi–IV–I–V F# minor
"Wicked Wonderland" Martin Tungevaag 2014 vi–IV–I–V F# minor
"With Me"[136] Sum 41 2007 I–V–vi–IV; vi–IV–I–V E major/C# minor
"With or Without You"[137] U2 1987 I–V–vi–IV D major
"Wonderland" Natalia Kills 2011 vi–IV–I–V Bb minor
"Wrecking Ball" Miley Cyrus 2013 I–V–vi–IV F major
"Written in the Stars" Tinie Tempah and Eric Turner 2010 vi–IV–I–V A minor
"X-Kid" Green Day 2012 I–V–vi–IV E major
You Are the Only One Sergey Lazarev 2016 vi–IV–I–V B minor
"You Can Make Me Wait" Melvins 2014 IV–I–V–vi D major
"You Let Me Walk Alone" Michael Schulte 2018 I–V–vi–IV B major
"You'll Think Of Me"[138] Keith Urban 2004 I–V–vi–IV; vi–IV–I–V A major/F# minor
"You're Beautiful" James Blunt 2005 I–V–vi–IV Eb major
"You're Not Sorry"[139] Taylor Swift 2008 vi–IV–I–V D# minor
"Zaleilah" Mandinga 2012 vi–IV–I–V C major
"Zombie" The Cranberries 1994[140] vi–IV–I–V E minor

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Bennett, Dan (2008). The Total Rock Bassist, p. 63. ISBN 978-0739052693
  2. ^ a b c Hirsh, Marc. "Striking a Chord", The Boston Globe, December 31, 2008.
  3. ^ a b Rundown 3/4: "Sensitive Female Chord Progression", Here and Now, March 4, 2009, wbur.org.
  4. ^ Murphy, Scott (2014). 'A Pop-Music Progression in Recent Popular Movies and Movie Trailers', Music, Sound, and the Moving Image 8.2 (Autumn): 141–162.
  5. ^ "Unsupported Browser or Operating System". Musicnotes.com. Retrieved 2013-10-20.(subscription required) Gbmaj7, Db(add2)/Ab, Fm7, Bbm9.
  6. ^ a b "Down", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  7. ^ Brian Mansfield. "Six songs, same tune? Mashup shows country music's similarities". USA Today.
  8. ^ Lynskey, Dorian (2010-12-17). "Don't Stop Believin': the power ballad that refused to die". The Guardian. p. 3 (Film & music). Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  9. ^ "4 Four Chord Song". YouTube. 2009-12-10. Retrieved 2017-12-27.
  10. ^ "4 Chords". YouTube. 2011-07-20. Retrieved 2017-12-27.
  11. ^ a b Toft, Robert (2010). Hits and Misses, p.58. Bloomsbury. ISBN 9781441116857
  12. ^ Hurwitz, Tobias; ed. (2006). The Total Rock Guitarist, p.39. Alfred Music. ISBN 9780739038505
  13. ^ Serna, Desi (2013). Fretboard Theory Volume II, p.20. Desi Serna. ISBN 9780615818979
  14. ^ Lloyd, Peter (2014). The Secret Life of Chords, p.97. Australian eBook. ISBN 9781925029765.
  15. ^ Everett, Walter (2008). Expression in Pop-Rock Music, p.115. Routledge. ISBN 9780415979597.
  16. ^ Till, Rupert (2010). Pop Cult: Religion and Popular Music, p.61. A&C Black. ISBN 9780826432360.
  17. ^ Rodman, Ronald Wayne (2010). Tuning in: American Narrative Television Music, p.218. Oxford. ISBN 9780195340242.
  18. ^ Rooksby, Rikky (2007). Arranging Songs: How to Put the Parts Together, p.163. Hal Leonard. ISBN 9780879308964.
  19. ^ "10,000 Reasons (Bless The Lord)", www.worshiptogether.com
  20. ^ "20 Good Reasons", Ultimate-Guitar.com
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-08-22. Retrieved 2016-07-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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  25. ^ "20 A New Day Has Come", DrSheetMusic.com
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  28. ^ "Bullet", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  29. ^ "Buy "Bullet with Butterfly Wings (with Tab Staff)" Sheet Music by Smashing Pumpkins". Sheet Music Now (subscription required). Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  30. ^ Rihanna (2012-09-26). "Rihanna "California King Bed" Sheet Music - Download & Print". Musicnotes.com. Retrieved 2015-12-24.
  31. ^ "Caramell - Caramelldansen (Chords)" – via tabs.ultimate-guitar.com.
  32. ^ "Cheap Thrills", UltimateGuitar.com
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  34. ^ "Come Over", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  35. ^ "Confusion and Frustration in Modern Times by Sum 41 - Theorytab". www.hooktheory.com. Retrieved 2016-01-07.
  36. ^ Florida Georgia Line (2012-12-04). "Florida Georgia Line "Cruise" Sheet Music - Download & Print". Musicnotes.com. Retrieved 2015-12-24.
  37. ^ "Cryin'", MusicNotes.com (subscription required)
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  39. ^ "Dammit", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  40. ^ "Demons", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  41. ^ "Despacito", Ultimate-Guitar.com. (subscription required)
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  44. ^ "Don't Trust Me", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  45. ^ "Don't You Wanna Stay", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
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  48. ^ "Drive By", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  49. ^ "Electrical Storm", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  50. ^ "Feeling This", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  51. ^ Samuel, Smith. "Jessie J "Flashlight" Sheet Music (Leadsheet) in F Major - Download & Print". Musicnotes.com. Retrieved 2016-04-24.
  52. ^ "For the First Time", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  53. ^ Forever Young, ultimate-guitar.com
  54. ^ Pink. "Pink "F**kin' Perfect" Sheet Music - Download & Print". Musicnotes.com. Retrieved 2015-12-24.
  55. ^ "Give Me Everything", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  56. ^ "Glycerine", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  57. ^ "Great Romances of the 20th Century",UltimateGuitar.com.
  58. ^ "Hair", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  59. ^ "Hall of Fame", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  60. ^ "Happy Ending", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  61. ^ "Heart Attack", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  62. ^ "Hello", UltimateGuitar.com.
  63. ^ "Hey Brother", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  64. ^ "Imogen Heap "Hide and Seek"". Music Notes (subscription required). Retrieved 2 January 2021.
  65. ^ "Home", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  66. ^ "If I Were a Boy", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  67. ^ "I Just Had Sex", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  68. ^ "Bruce Springsteen - Im Goin Down (Chords)" – via tabs.ultimate-guitar.com.
  69. ^ "Im Yours". tabs.ultimate-guitar.com. Retrieved 2016-06-25.
  70. ^ "In My Head", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required).
  71. ^ "International Love", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  72. ^ "In This River", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required).
  73. ^ "I Was Here", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  74. ^ "Just a Dream", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  75. ^ "2011 AKB48 Year in Review", Luscious Idolicious!
  76. ^ "Lemonade", Ultimate-Guitar.com
  77. ^ "Little Talks", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  78. ^ "Love Me", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  79. ^ "Love the Way You Lie", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  80. ^ "Marilyn Monroe", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  81. ^ My Name Is Jonas, MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  82. ^ "Nobody's Perfect", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  83. ^ "No One", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  84. ^ "e-chords.com
  85. ^ "Not Afraid", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  86. ^ "Numb", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  87. ^ "One Day, ultimate-guitar.com (subscription required)
  88. ^ "One of Us", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  89. ^ "Melancholy Hill by Gorillaz". Theorytab. Hooktheory.
  90. ^ "On the Floor", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  91. ^ "Otherside", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  92. ^ Out of the Woods, ultimate-guitar.com.
  93. ^ "Peace of Mind", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  94. ^ "Pieces", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  95. ^ "Poker Face", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  96. ^ "Pork and Beans", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  97. ^ "Social Distortion - Prison Bound (Chords)" – via tabs.ultimate-guitar.com.
  98. ^ "Ready or Not", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  99. ^ "Replay", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  100. ^ "Rise", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  101. ^ "Save Tonight", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  102. ^ "Say Something", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  103. ^ "Scar", Ultimate-guitar.com
  104. ^ "Self Esteem", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  105. ^ "Shake It by Metro Station - Theorytab". www.hooktheory.com. Retrieved 2016-01-07.
  106. ^ "Dizzy Mizz Lizzy - Silverflame (Chords)" – via tabs.ultimate-guitar.com.
  107. ^ "Since You Been Gone chords by Rainbow". Retrieved 2018-06-05.
  108. ^ "Six Degrees of Separation", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  109. ^ "Snow (Hey Oh)", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  110. ^ "So Small by Carrie Underwood - Theorytab". www.hooktheory.com. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
  111. ^ "Akon - Sorry, Blame It On Me (Official Music Video)". www.youtube.com. Retrieved 2021-04-10.
  112. ^ "Soul to Squeeze", tabs.ultimate-guitar.com. Retrieved 2016-07-02.
  113. ^ "Sparks Fly", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  114. ^ "Stand", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  115. ^ "What Doesn't Kill You (Stronger)", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  116. ^ "Take on Me". Sheet Music Now. Retrieved 2020-03-05.
  117. ^ "Tangled Up in Me", Ultimate-Guitar.com
  118. ^ Lady Gaga. "Lady Gaga "The Edge of Glory" Sheet Music - Download & Print". Musicnotes.com. Retrieved 2015-12-24.
  119. ^ "The Kids Aren't Alright", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  120. ^ "The Rock Show", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  121. ^ "(There's Gotta Be) More to Life", Ultimate-Guitar.com
  122. ^ "TO KNOW HIM IS TO LOVE HIM Chords - The Teddy Bears | E-Chords". www.e-chords.com. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
  123. ^ "Try", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  124. ^ "Tuesday's Gone", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  125. ^ "Main/The Four Chords of Pop". TV Tropes. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
  126. ^ "Walking Disaster by Sum 41 - Theorytab". www.hooktheory.com. Retrieved 2016-01-07.
  127. ^ "We Found Love", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  128. ^ "What About Now", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  129. ^ "What Would I Change It To", genius.com. (subscription required)
  130. ^ "What's My Age Again?", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  131. ^ When Can I See You Again", MusicNotes.com (subscription required)
  132. ^ "When I Come Around", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  133. ^ "Wherever You Will Go", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  134. ^ "Whistle", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  135. ^ "Who You Are", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  136. ^ "With Me by Sum 41 - Theorytab". www.hooktheory.com. Retrieved 2016-01-07.
  137. ^ "With or Without You", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  138. ^ "You'll Think Of Me", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  139. ^ "You're Not Sorry", MusicNotes.com. (subscription required)
  140. ^ "AllMusic"

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]