IAME Justicialista

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Imagen102.jpg
Overview
Manufacturer IAME (Industrias Aeronáutica y Mecánicas del Estado)
Production 1953–1955
Assembly Córdoba, Argentina
Body and chassis
Related Rastrojero
Rastrojero Conosur

The Institec Justicialista was a line of cars produced by the government of Argentina through its IAME (Industrias Aeronáuticas y Mecánicas del Estado) from 1954 to 1955 as an early attempt to form an Argentine automotive industry. It used a front engine front wheel drive layout with a two-stroke two-cylinder engine derived from a German DKW design.[1] and a conventional metal body. Due to the insistence of General Peron to have a sports car version made,[2] a fiberglass two seat version was available as a coupe or roadster and featured a 1.5 liter air-cooled Porsche flat-four and a Porsche four-speed gearbox driving the front wheels.[3] When General Peron was overthrown in 1955, the project was abandoned leading to the gradual disappearance of the Justicialista. It was later briefly revived as the short lived Wartburg powered Graciela.

Pre-production[edit]

Detail back of the vehicle, with the caption "Justicialista" and the shield of the Peronist Party.

Through a decree dated 30 November 1949 and signed by the President of the Argentine Nation, Juan Domingo Perón, took charge of the factory processing of IAME Navy aircraft. In 1953, Brigadier Juan Ignacio San Martin, head of the Aviation Industry and State Mechanical IAME, proposed to President Juan Domingo Perón automobile manufacturing. This metalworking facilities to take advantage of IAME.

In order to shorten development times, a rural DKW was imported and its technology was adapted. The original DKW two-cylinder engine had low power and was insufficient for the sedan. Then Magellan Raúl proposed a two-stroke engine but with a "V" type engine, the solution used in their Austrian factory Puch engines of 125 and 250 cc displacement.

Magellan's engine was completely original but with four cylinders, two combustion chambers and a displacement of 800 cc, it was called the M-800.

The bodywork was inspired by the 51 Chevrolet and the IAME aeronautical designers gave their particular image.

For sports cars, a brand-new technology was applied. Reinforced plastic (polyester) fiber glass, to lower the weight. After several prototypes were developed, a hardtop version 2+2 was released, of which 167 units were manufactured before ending production.

Models[edit]

  • Justicialista gran turismo
  • Justicialista gran sport
  • Justicialista van (Wartburg van)
  • Justicialista truck
  • Justicialista Wartburg (Wartburg Graciela sedan)
  • Justicialista 800 Sedan (M800 engine)
  • Rastrojero pickup truck (over 50,000 produced between 1952 and 1979).
  • Gauchita Rural Rural Gauchita

Sport is also a closed constructed prototype of the series, and during the military coup was on display at the Paris Motor Show and never returned to the country.

End of Production[edit]

In the nearly two years of manufacture, 2300 cars were produced between the Chatito, the vans and the sedans. The new leadership imposed by the de facto national government gave the plant to the national car distributor Porsche and was renamed Teramo. The Justicialista was changed: the engine was put in the back, changing the tube to resemble the Porsche, and was named Puntero.

Technical[edit]

Engine[edit]

  • four cylinders of 56 x 48 running on two-stroke cycle
  • 800 cc
  • 4500 rpm power 36 hp at 4500 rpm
  • 6,5:1 compression
  • carburetor solex
  • AC44 plugs
  • water-cooled

Transmission[edit]

  • Multiple disc clutch in oil bath
  • gearbox front three-speed propulsion
  • helical gear differential
  • floating-axis means

Chassis[edit]

  • Chassis with rails for built in welded sheet drawer
  • independent front suspension with transverse leaf spring and hairpin oscillating
  • independent rear suspension with torsion bar cross laminated with eight sheets of 5 mm thick
  • double action telescopic shock absorbers
  • hydraulic foot brake and mechanical hand
  • 3,25 x 16 disc wheel with pressed steel wheels 3.25 x 16
  • 5,00 x 16 tires 5.00 x 16
  • direction zipper

Measurements[edit]

  • 2400 mm wheelbase
  • 1200 mm gauge front
  • 1250 mm gauge Back
  • Total length 4295 mm
  • radio address 5 m
  • 200 mm minimum above the floor light
  • empty weight 850 kg
  • 35 L tank capacity 35 L
  • 100 km Naphtha consumption 7.8 L per 100 km
  • top speed 120 km/h

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A to Z of sports cars, 1945–1990 By Mike Lawrence
  2. ^ EMI Institec Gran Sport (Peronist), Argentina Spanish magazine article dated September 25, 2008, translated March 16, 2010
  3. ^ Michael Sedgwick. The Motor car 1946-56. p. 264. ISBN 0-7134-1271-2. The Grand Sport of 1953 was a flashy glassfibre roadster in which a 1,488-cc flat-four Porsche engine was arranged to drive the front wheels. Also of Porsche make was the four-speed all-synchromesh gearbox with overdrive top 
  • The history of the IAME factory [1]