Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts of India

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ICFAI University
Type Private
Established 1984
Location Hyderabad, Telangana, India
Campus 100 acres (0.40 km2)
Atul Singh addressing a gathering at ICFAI

The Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts of India (ICFAI) was established in 1984 as a not-for-profit educational society in Telangana, India. The institution has been offering education to students across India through its various programs in the field of higher education. The institution was founded by N.J. Yasaswy, Besant C. Raj and Dr. Prasanna Chandra, the Director of Centre for Financial Management.

The institute has a national presence with the sponsoring and establishment of eleven universities across India. Ten of these eleven universities have been established in the states of Uttarakhand, Tripura, Jharkhand, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, WEST BENGAL, Meghalaya, Chhattisgarh, Rajasthan and Himachal Pradesh through acts passed by the legislative assemblies of the respective states. The eleventh university, namely the Icfai Foundation for Higher Education (IFHE), has been declared as a deemed-to-be University under Section 3 of the UGC Act, 1956.[1] A few more university applications are at an advanced stage of processing by the respective state governments.

Pedagogy[edit]

The case study method is a key component of the academic program at IBS, which is one of the few institutions in India that has made case studies a critical component of its curriculum. Almost all the courses at IBS are taught 100% through case studies - the case studies being tailor-made to the requirements of different subject areas and topics. Student evaluation is based on class participation and written reports. Students are encouraged to analyse the issues in-depth by gathering supporting information - either through published sources or by directly interacting with the companies involved.IBS Hyderabad gives special emphasis on the case based pedagogy and teachers pitch in as facilitators of class-room discussion. [2]

Indian CFA[edit]

The Indian CFA is a Charter awarded to candidates completing the Master in Investment and Financial Analysis at the university; the program is focused on financial analysis as applicable to investment management.

Master in Investment and Financial Analysis[edit]

The Master in Investment and Financial Analysis (MIFA) Program is offered by the Directorate of Distance Education, the ICFAI university, Tripura. The program covers the area of financial markets, financial analysis, valuation of assets, portfolio management, mutual and other funds and professional ethics. It has been developed in the context of the present and future needs of the investment and financial analysis industry. The Core body of knowledge of the program includes current and evolving concepts, techniques and applications, and also providing the flavor of the frontiers of knowledge.

Access to the program is on the basis of a Bachelor's Degree (any discipline) or four year's experience.

Trademark Disputes CFAI vs ICFAI[edit]

The Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts of India[edit]

The Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts of India (ICFAI) was established in 1984 as a non-profit society, with the objective of providing training in finance and management. The ICFAI University, in turn, refers to the Universities sponsored by ICFAI in Uttarakhand, Tripura, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, and Jharkhand under respective Indian law. The Governments of Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh and Punjab issued letters of intent to the Institute for the establishment of Universities. Each University is a separate and independent legal entity. Consequently, the University confers degrees at Bachelor’s, Master’s and Doctoral levels on eligible students subject to the University Regulations.[3]

History of the Dispute[edit]

The Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) program was first delivered through AIMR (today's CFA Institute) in the USA, and later in India with the partnership of the then Institute of Certified Financial Analysts of India (ICFAI). Note that ICFAI is not affiliated with the CFA Institute and both the institutes have broken their partnership and are running their courses separately.

There was a long pending trademark dispute between CFA Institute, USA & ICFAI over the use of the CFA Designation. On 25 May 2012, both the parties decided to resolve this long pending dispute and have entered into an agreement under which ICFAI will stop providing the CFA Charter.

This will allow both the parties to mutually co-exist and pursue their business objectives. ICFAI would continue to operate under the ICFAI brand but will begin phasing out the CFA designation over the next few years. The Candidates who have already been awarded the CFA Charter have been requested by ICFAI to use "CFA (ICFAI)" to help distinguish themselves from the CFA Institute Charter holders.[4]

ICFAI vs ICAI[edit]

The Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI) imposed restrictions on its members on the use of the designation of `CFA' awarded by the Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts of India (ICFAI). The ICAI notification issued on August 3, 1989 says that "if any member of ICAI, i.e. any Chartered Accountant, who obtained the qualification of Chartered Financial Analyst [awarded by ICFAI] on or after January 1, 1990, or has obtained the said qualification earlier did not surrender the same before the said date, [he/she] would be held guilty of professional misconduct under the provisions of the Chartered Accountants (CA) Act." The ICFAI and others filed petitions in the Andhra Pradesh High Court challenging the notification. A single judge and a Division Bench dismissed them. The present appeal is directed against this judgment. ICFAI assailed the notification contending that it was violative of a person's fundamental right to practise any profession guaranteed under Article 19 (1) (g) of the Constitution. On May 16, 2007 the above notification was quashed by The Honourable Supreme Court of India.[5]

Supreme Court allows CAs to pursue CFA Charter in the name MIFA degree from ICFAI & become CFA's[edit]

There was a bar by the ICAI - the apex Indian body for Chartered Accountancy from pursuing or joining INDIAN CFA of Icfai university, After nearly two decades, the ICFAI (Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts of India) has won the 'chartered' row against the ICAI (Institute of Chartered Accountants of India). In a decision dated May 16, 2007, the court ruled in favour of ICFAI, by setting aside an earlier verdict of the Andhra Pradesh High Court, which had allowed the ICAI to prohibit its members from using the description 'Chartered Financial Analyst' or its abbreviation CFA.

Future of ICFAI and CFA[edit]

ICFAI, having been embroiled in a long legal battle with the CFA Institute, focused its energy on developing private universities, some of which have AICTE recognition along with UGC recognition. ICFAI has focussed all its energies away from developing its CFA charter like giving it statutory recognition increasing its status as a high status profession like that of CA from ICAI, which was announced by the governing member NJ Yeshasway who vowed to take up the CFA Charter a notch above the legendary CA exam considered to be the toughest in the realm of finance, but instead has opened a host of non-CFA programs like MBA, ICFAI Business Schools (IBS), PG Programs which have scaled up into national top 10 place in India. It has also opened schools for under graduate programs and offering degrees. Indian CFAs pass with a stringent eligibility to qualify as CFAs but have only a niche finance sector as the job market unlike CA which has traditional roles of Auditing and taxation along with statutory roles. CFAs work in investment related and finance fields where MBAs (some from ICFAI itself), CAs, Master's degree holders of Statistics, Economics, Doctorates etc. hold top posts. ICFAI though has safeguarded its CFA charter in India with valid state legislature under IUT Tripura Act, but CFA charterholders are not mandatorily employable and currently don't perform any statutory duty unlike CAs, CSs, CWAs, though CCFA tried to accomplish this in investment related areas in India by submitting a draft bill to the ministry of finance for consideration which was rejected due to various legal disputes that ICFAI faces. Also here is a fact to note that ICFAI University Tripura has never been permitted to conduct any distance learning/correspondence course by UGC.[6] CFAs are employed only because of their course contents and rigor of the CFA program,[7] which is the only reason they have got market acceptance with very few qualifying as CFAs every year. ICFAI has very few CFA charter holders, compared to other professionals and hence they don't have a large and established presence in the Indian job market. Indian companies have tied up with other Indian bodies like AMFI or NSE in offering investment designations and courses.As per information on ICFAI Tripura website this has DEC Approval and Recognition of Directorate of Distance Education, The Institute of Chartered Financial Analysts of India University, Tripura, by the Distance Education Council "Distance Education Council (DEC) Vide their letter No.DEC/Recog/2010/277 dated August 04,2010 has accorded recognition to the Directorate of Distance Education, The Icfai University, Tripura and its programs after inspection by an expert joint committee consisting of UGC, AICTE and DEC nominees. " Frequent changes to eligibility requirements changes in fee structure, exorbitant council membership charges etc., have caused confusion among the student community. Many founding members have left ICFAI as they were not happy with the way ICFAI treated its flagship course. The course, which was once a stepping stone for Indians into analytic finance has become just one more obscure degree due to continuous changes in the curriculum. As a result, there is negativity about this course in the Indian corporate world. Keeping in view the demands from the corporate world and impending competition, ICFAI is thinking of bringing wholesale changes in the curriculum and the training method from the current academic year. The new course can only be completed in 24 months and will include a training program for the passing students of final exam. ICFAI is also creating a window for students of CFA program to undergo 2 months internship with its in-house concerns to impart rigorous analytical skills. Exemption for MBAs will be stopped from the current academic year. Also, ICFAI is drafting a continuing professional development module which will be compulsory for all the current CFAs. This program will enable the current CFAs to enhance their knowledge in their respective areas and will include relevant statutes changes, paradigm shift in capital markets and allied subject matter. ICFAI hopes to regain the old status of its CFA program through continuously evolving methods, the most recent is focussing on the core aspects of investment management and financial analysis in its MFA degree(current CFA syllabus) and increasing CFA charter membership by giving official charters to students who have cleared the core subjects of investment management and financial analysis of the previous(CFA curriculum) MS Finance program.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "UGC Act-1956" (PDF). mhrd.gov.in/. Secretary, University Grants Commission. Retrieved 1 February 2016. 
  2. ^ http://ibshyderabad.org/Case-Focus.htm
  3. ^ The University Grants Commission has included all the Universities mentioned above in the list of Universities maintained under Section 2(f) of the UGC Act, 1956."Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 February 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2012.  (access date=2010-09-01). However in the list of Universities/Institutions approved by Distance Education Council (As of 01/02/2010), only ICFAI University, Dehradun has been included.[1] Archived 8 February 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ http://www.icfai.org/Settlement_Agreement_with_CFA_Institute_USA.html
  5. ^ The Hindu: National: Court quashes ICAI notification (Map). 
  6. ^ [2] Archived 10 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  7. ^ "Welcome to the Financial Analysts Group". Thefinancialanalyst.org. Retrieved 2010-09-01. 

External links[edit]