ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships

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The ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships are an international event in canoeing, one of two Summer Olympic sport events organized by the International Canoe Federation (the other being the ICF Canoe Slalom World Championships). The World Championships have taken place every non-Olympic year since 1970 and officially included paracanoe events since 2010; since 2012, paracanoe-specific editions of this event (named ICF Paracanoe World Championships) have been held in Summer Paralympic years.

Prior to November 2008, canoe sprint was known as flatwater racing.

Explanation of events[edit]

Canoe sprint competitions are broken up into canoe (C), an open canoe with a single-blade paddle, or in kayaks (K), a closed canoe with a double-bladed paddle. Each canoe or kayak can hold one person (1), two people (2), or four people (4). For each of the specific canoes or kayaks, such as a K-1 (kayak single), the competition distances can be 200 metres (660 ft), 500 metres (1,600 ft), 1,000 metres (3,300 ft), or 5,000 metres (16,000 ft) long. When a competition is listed as a C-2 500 m event as an example, it means two people are in a canoe competing at a 500 metres (1,600 ft) distance.[1]

Paracanoe competitions are contested in either a va'a (V), an outrigger canoe (which includes a second pontoon) with a single-blade paddle, or in a kayak (as above). All international competitions are held over 200 metres in single-man boats, with three event classes in both types of vessel for men and women depending on the level of an athlete's impairment. The lower the classification number, the more severe the impairment is – for example, VL1 is a va'a competition for those with particularly severe impairments.[2]

Summary[edit]

     ICF Paracanoe World Championships (paracanoe events only)

Number Year City Country Events
1 1938 Vaxholm  Sweden 12
2 1948 London  Great Britain 5
3 1950 Copenhagen  Denmark 15
4 1954 Mâcon  France 15
5 1958 Prague  Czechoslovakia 15
6 1963 Jajce  Yugoslavia 16
7 1966 East Berlin  East Germany 16
8 1970 Copenhagen  Denmark 16
9 1971 Belgrade  Yugoslavia 18
10 1973 Tampere  Finland 18
11 1974 Mexico City  Mexico 18
12 1975 Belgrade  Yugoslavia 18
13 1977 Sofia  Bulgaria 18
14 1978 Belgrade  Yugoslavia 18
15 1979 Duisburg  West Germany 18
16 1981 Nottingham  Great Britain 18
17 1982 Belgrade  Yugoslavia 18
18 1983 Tampere  Finland 18
19 1985 Mechelen  Belgium 18
20 1986 Montréal  Canada 18
21 1987 Duisburg  West Germany 18
22 1989 Plovdiv  Bulgaria 22
23 1990 Poznań  Poland 22
24 1991 Paris  France 22
25 1993 Copenhagen  Denmark 22
26 1994 Mexico City  Mexico 24
27 1995 Duisburg  Germany 24
28 1997 Dartmouth  Canada 26
29 1998 Szeged  Hungary 26
30 1999 Milan  Italy 26
31 2001 Poznań  Poland 27
32 2002 Seville  Spain 27
33 2003 Gainesville  United States 27
34 2005 Zagreb  Croatia 27
35 2006 Szeged  Hungary 27
36 2007 Duisburg  Germany 27
37 2009 Dartmouth  Canada 27
38 2010 Poznań  Poland 28 + 7
39 2011 Szeged  Hungary 29 + 8
2012 Poznań  Poland 11
40 2013 Duisburg  Germany 29 + 12
41 2014 Moscow  Russia 29 + 12
42 2015 Milan  Italy 26 + 12
2016 Duisburg  Germany 12
43 2017 Račice  Czech Republic 27 + 12
44 2018 Montemor-o-Velho  Portugal
45 2019 Szeged  Hungary
2020 Duisburg  Germany
46 2021 Copenhagen  Denmark
47 2022 Dartmouth  Canada
  • Events exclude Exhibition events.

ICF Canoe Sprint Junior & U23 World Championships[edit]

Edition Year Host venue Events
1 2011 Germany Brandenburg, Germany 23 + 0
2 2013 Canada Welland, Canada 14 + 14
3 2014 Hungary Szeged, Hungary 14 + 14
4 2015 Portugal Montemor-o-Velho, Portugal 16 + 16
5 2016 Belarus Minsk, Belarus 19 + 18
6 2017 Romania Pitesti, Romania 19 + 18
7 2018 Bulgaria Plovdiv, Bulgaria 19 + 18

Lists of medalists[edit]

Medal table[edit]

This medal table includes all events except the paracanoe (formerly paddleability) and the exhibition events. The current historical medal count of the ICF Canoe Sprint World Championships as the 2018 championships is as follows:

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Hungary211154138503
2 Germany (1938, 1991-present)1289574297
3 Soviet Union (1950-91)1028066248
4 East Germany (1950-90)733636145
5 Romania527667195
6 Russia (1993-present)525248152
7 Canada33212478
8 Poland327772181
9 Sweden313845114
10 Belarus (1993-present)22293283
11 Spain16243373
12 Australia16171851
13 Slovakia (1993-present)169934
14 Denmark15181851
15 New Zealand1511531
16 West Germany (1950-90)14192457
17 Italy13201649
18 Norway13141542
19 France12172352
20 Czech Republic (1993-present)10281856
21 Bulgaria9152650
22 Czechoslovakia (1938-91)9152145
23 Great Britain9151438
24 Ukraine (1993-present)8122848
25 Yugoslavia (1938-2002)88521
26 Lithuania (1990-present)761124
27 Finland73313
28 Austria561324
29 United States55313
30 Brazil50611
31 Azerbaijan (1991-present)48113
32 Portugal43310
33 Cuba38718
34 Serbia (2006-present)351321
35 Uzbekistan (1993-present)23611
36 Israel (1948-present)2125
37 Latvia (1993-present)2013
38 Belgium1326
39 Mexico1012
40 Serbia and Montenegro (2003-2006)1001
41 China07613
42 Netherlands0448
43 Argentina0325
44 Moldova0213
45 Slovenia (1991-present)0145
46 Georgia0101
47 South Africa0033
48 Chile0022
49 Iran0011
 Ireland0011
 Japan0011
 Kazakhstan0011
Totals (52 nations)9719699732913

Therese Zens represented Saar when she won a gold medal in 1954. This is recorded for West Germany in the official tables.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "What is Canoe Sprint?". International Canoe Federation. Retrieved 17 June 2018.
  2. ^ "What is Paracanoe?". International Canoe Federation. Retrieved 17 June 2018.