Islamic Circle of North America
Logo of the Islamic Circle of North America
|Type||Islamic North American grassroots umbrella organization|
|Purpose||To seek the pleasure of Allah through the struggle of Iqamat-ud-Deen [establishment of the Islamic system of life] as spelled out in the Qur'an and the Sunnah of [Muhammad]|
|Headquarters||166-26 89th Avenue, Queens, New York, United States|
ICNA is an offshoot of the Muslim Students' Association (MSA), and was founded by immigrants from South Asia. In 1971, a number of South Asian MSA members who had been involved in Islamic movements in their home countries developed an Islamic study circle (halaqa), in Montreal which became the predecessor of ICNA. The "Sisters Wing," its women's group, was established in 1979.
It is smaller and more conservative than the Islamic Society of North America (ISNA), holding separate sessions at its national conventions for women. In 2002 it allowed a woman to address its annual convention for the first time. Its headquarters are in Jamaica, New York, and includes classrooms, a reading room, and a small mosque, and it has offices in Detroit, Michigan, and Oakville, Ontario.
According to ICNA, its goal "shall be to seek the pleasure of Allah through the struggle of Iqamat-ud-Deen establishment of the Islamic system of life as spelled out in the Qur'an and the Sunnah of Muhammad."
ICNA seeks to promote Islam and the Islamic way of life in the United States. They are active on the issues of War in Afghanistan and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Initially ICNA was composed of Muslim Americans of Indo-Pakistani descent who had split from ISNA.
According to Hossein Nasr, ICNA has been influenced by the ideals of Abul A'la Maududi of Pakistan, and is structured similar to the Jamaat-e-Islami, which Mawdudi founded. However, it is a separate entity from Jamaat-e-Islami. John Esposito wrote in 2004 that it had links to Jamaat-e-Islami.[page needed]
ICNA strongly condemned the 2010 Times Square car bombing attempt and immediately called for punishment to the fullest extext of the law for anyone who engages in terrorism. In 2011, ICNA welcomed President Barack Obama's counter-terrorism initiatives.
The Message International (formerly "Tahreek"), begun in 1989, is ICNA's bi-monthly publication.
Its major Dawah activities include a toll-free number for non-Muslims (1-877-WhyIslam), and dawah: field trips, distribution of Islamic literature, through mosques, by mail, through media, in prisons, campus support, flyers online, and through email. WhyIslam.org is an ICNA program.
As of 2002, a dozen mosques were affiliated with ICNA.
ICNA's annual convention is one of the largest gatherings of American Muslims in the United States, drawing thousands of people. The 33rd annual convention, co-sponsored by the Muslim American Society, was held at the Renaissance Waverly Atlanta Hotel in Georgia. The 2007 ICNA-MAS convention, the 32nd annual convention, was reportedly attended by over 13,000 people. The 38th Annual ICNA-MAS Convention, which was themed “Islam: The Pursuit of Happiness,” was attended by a record 18,000 people at the Hartford Convention Center.
The conventions have been held in Baltimore since 2014 during Memorial Day Weekend. However, in 2017 it will be held during April due to Ramadan starting in the last week of May. ICNA has participated in interfaith dialogue with the U.S. Bishops' Committee for Ecumenical and Interreligious Affairs.
Why Islam?, headquartered in Somerset, New Jersey, is a community outreach project of the ICNA, with the objective of providing information about Islam, and debunking what it describes as popular misconceptions. Why Islam? was established in 2000. The project seeks to provide information about Islam, by dispelling popular stereotypes and common misconceptions about Islam and Muslims through various services and outreach activities. In an effort to promote peaceful co-existence and remove hatred in society through encouraging understanding, Why Islam? offers opportunities for dialogue and answers to people’s queries about Islam.
In July 2002 Anwar al-Awlaki, believed to be a senior talent recruiter and motivator for al-Qaeda who had contact with three of the 9/11 hijackers, the Fort Hood shooter, and the Christmas Day bombing suspect Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab, spoke at a joint ICNA/MAS convention in Baltimore with Siraj Wahhaj. ICNA says that until 2007, many American Muslims enthusiastically listened to lectures by al-Awlaki. It also says that at that time al-Awlaki was "level headed." After evidence was brought against al-Awlaki in 2010, the ICNA Shariah Council strongly denounced al-Awlaki's views, actions, and connections to terrorism, repudiating his ideology as a "call of hate" and called upon American Muslims to reject al-Awlaki's views.
According to Yehudit Barsky, an expert on terrorism at the American Jewish Committee, the Islamic Circle of North America, "is composed of members of Jamaat e-Islami, a Pakistani Islamic radical organization similar to the Muslim Brotherhood that helped to establish the Taliban".
In 2009 and 2010, the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) accused the ICNA of inviting extremist and anti-Semitic speakers to its conferences that serve as platforms for extremist views. ICNA responded to ADL's allegations by saying that its conferences have always been held under the objective of rejecting extremism. ICNA's statement also supported the defense of human rights for Jewish and Israeli people, but demanded the defense of human rights for Palestinians as well.
- van Nieuwkerk, Karin (2006). Women embracing Islam: gender and conversion in the West. University of Texas Press. ISBN 0292713029. Retrieved January 31, 2010.
- Cornell, Drucilla (2004). Defending ideals: war, democracy, and political struggles. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-94882-1. Retrieved 2014-06-02.
- Complete idiot's guide to understanding Islam, Yahiya Emerick, Penguin Group, 2004, ISBN 1-59257-272-3, accessed January 31, 2010
- The South Asian religious diaspora in Britain, Canada, and the United States, Harold G. Coward, John R. Hinnells, Raymond Brady Williams, SUNY Press, 2000, ISBN 0-7914-4509-7, accessed January 31, 2010
- Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad; Jane I. Smith; Rowman Altamira (2002). Muslim minorities in the West: visible and invisible. ISBN 0-7591-0218-X. Retrieved 2014-06-02.
- Afsaneh Najmabadi (2003). Encyclopedia of Women & Islamic Cultures: Family, law, and politics. 2. BRILL. ISBN 90-04-12818-2. Retrieved 2014-06-02.
- Islam in America, Jane I. Smith, Columbia University Press, 1999, ISBN 0-231-10966-0, accessed January 31, 2010
- Erwin Fahlbusch, Geoffrey William Bromiley, Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2000, ISBN 90-04-11695-8, accessed January 31, 2010. The encyclopedia of Christianity. 2. Retrieved 2014-06-02.
- Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad, Jane I. Smith, Kathleen M. Moore, Oxford University Press US, 2006, ISBN 0-19-517783-5, accessed January 31, 2010. Muslim women in America: the challenge of Islamic identity today. Retrieved 2014-06-02.
- Madhulika Shankar Khandelwal (2002). Becoming American, being Indian: an immigrant community in New York City. Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-8807-9. Retrieved January 31, 2010.
- The Oxford dictionary of Islam, John L. Esposito, Oxford University Press, 2004, ISBN 0-19-512559-2, accessed January 31, 2010
- The Muslims of America, Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad, Oxford University Press US, 1993, ISBN 0-19-508559-0, January 31, 2010
- The vanguard of the Islamic revolution: the Jamaʻat-i Islami of Pakistan, Seyyed Vali Reza Nasr, University of California Press, 1994, ISBN 0-520-08369-5, accessed January 31, 2010
- The idea of Pakistan, Stephen P. Cohen, Brookings Institution Press, 2004, ISBN 0-8157-1502-1, accessed January 31, 2010
- "Condemns Times Square Bomb Plot | Islamic Circle of North America". ICNA. Retrieved 2014-06-02.
- "ICNA Welcomes Obama's Counter Terror Strategy". 2011-08-09.
- Muhammad Tariq Ghazi (2006). The Cartoons Cry. AuthorHouse. ISBN 1-4259-4764-6. Retrieved 2014-06-02.
- Mohamed Nimer (2002). The North American Muslim resource guide: Muslim community life in the United States and Canada. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0-415-93728-0. Retrieved January 31, 2010.
- Cyril Glassé (2008). The new encyclopedia of Islam. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9780742562967. Retrieved 2014-06-02.
- Muslim Family Services
- ICNA Press Release
- "ICNA Shariah Council Responds to Al Awlaki". Icna.org. Retrieved 2014-06-02.
- "Saudi Radicalization of US Mosques". IslamicPluralism.org. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
- Backgrounder: Islamic Circle of North America, Anti-Defamation League, July 17, 2009 (Updated: January 18, 2011).
- Muslim-American Organizations' Anti-Radicalization Effort 'A Sham', Anti-Defamation League, Press Release, January 11, 2010.
- "Response to ADL Statement on Chicago Convention '09". ICNA. 2010-01-12.