List of integrated circuit packaging types

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A standard-sized 8-pin dual in-line package (DIP) containing a 555 timer IC.

Integrated circuits are put into protective packages to allow easy handling and assembly onto printed circuit boards and to protect the devices from damage. A very large number of different types of package exist. Some package types have standardized dimensions and tolerances, and are registered with trade industry associations such as JEDEC and Pro Electron. Other types are proprietary designations that may be made by only one or two manufacturers. Integrated circuit packaging is the last assembly process before testing and shipping devices to customers.

Occasionally specially-processed integrated circuit dies are prepared for direct connections to a substrate without an intermediate header or carrier. In flip chip systems the IC is connected by solder bumps to a substrate. In beam-lead technology, the metallized pads that would be used for wire bonding connections in a conventional chip are thickened and extended to allow external connections to the circuit. Assemblies using "bare" chips have additional packaging or filling with epoxy to protect the devices from moisture.

Through-hole package[edit]

Through hole technology uses holes drilled through the PCB for mounting the components. The component has leads that are soldered to pads on the PCB to electrically and mechanically connect them to the PCB.

Three 14-pin (DIP14) plastic dual in-line packages containing IC chips.
Acronym Full name Remark
SIP Single in-line package
DIP Dual in-line package 0.1 in (2.5 mm) pin spacing, rows 0.3 in (7.6 mm) or 0.6 in (15 mm) apart.
CDIP Ceramic DIP[1]]
CERDIP Glass sealed ceramic DIP[1]
QIP Quadruple in-line package Like DIP but with staggered (zig-zag) pins.[1]
SDIP Skinny DIP Standard DIP with 0.1 in pin spacing, rows 0.3 in apart.[1]
ZIP Zig-zag in-line package
MDIP Molded DIP.[2]
PDIP Plastic DIP.[1]

Surface mount[edit]

Acronym Full name Remark
CCGA Ceramic Column Grid Array (CGA)[3]
CGA Column Grid Array[3] Example
CERPACK Ceramic package [4]
CQGP[5]
LLP Lead-Less lead-frame Package A package with metric pin distribution (0.5–0.8 mm pitch)[6]
LGA Land Grid Array[3]
LTCC Low temperature co-fired ceramic[7]
MCM Multi-Chip Module[8]
MICRO SMDXT Micro Surface Mount Device extended technology[9] Example

Chip carrier[edit]

A chip carrier is a rectangular package with contacts on all four edges. Leaded chip carriers have metal leads wrapped around the edge of the package, in the shape of a letter J. Leadless chip carriers have metal pads on the edges. Chip carrier packages may be made of ceramic or plastic and are usually secured to a printed circuit board by soldering, though sockets can be used for testing.

Acronym Full name Remark
BCC Bump Chip Carrier [3] -
CLCC Ceramic Leadless Chip Carrier [1] -
LCC Leadless Chip Carrier [3] Contacts are recessed vertically.
LCC Leaded Chip Carrier [3] -
LCCC Leaded Ceramic Chip Carrier [3] -
DLCC Dual Lead-Less Chip Carrier (Ceramic) [3] -
PLCC Plastic Leaded Chip Carrier [1][3] -

Pin grid arrays[edit]

Main article: Pin grid array
Acronym Full name Remark
OPGA Organic Pin Grid Array -
FCPGA Flip-chip Pin Grid Array [3] -
PAC Pin Array Cartridge [10] -
PGA Pin grid array also known as PPGA [1]
CPGA Ceramic Pin Grid Array [3] -

Flat packages[edit]

Main article: Quad Flat Package
Acronym Full name Remark
- Flatpack Earliest version metal/ceramic packaging with flat leads
CFP Ceramic Flat Pack [3] -
CQFP ceramic quad flat-pack, similar to PQFP [1][3] -
BQFP Bumpered Quad Flat Pack [3] -
DFN Dual Flat Pack No Lead [3]
ETQFP Exposed Thin Quad Flat Package [11] -
PQFN power quad flat-pack No-leads, with exposed die-pad[s] for heatsinking [12]
PQFP Plastic quad flat package [1][3] -
LQFP Low-profile Quad Flat Package [3] -
QFN Quad Flat No Leads Also called as micro lead frame (MLF).[3][13]
QFP Quad Flat Package [1][3] -
MQFP Metric Quad Flat Pack QFP with metric pin distribution [3]
HVQFN Heat-sink very-thin quad flat-pack no-leads -
SIDEBRAZE [14][15] - -
TQFP Thin Quad Flat Pack [1][3] -
TQFN Thin Quad Flat No-Lead -
VQFP Very-thin Quad Flat Pack [3] -
ODFN Optical Dual Flat No-Lead IC packaged in transparent packaging used in optical sensor

Small outline packages[edit]

Acronym Full name Remark
SOP Small Outline Package [1] -
CSOP Ceramic Small Outline Package -
MSOP Mini Small-Outline Package -
PSOP Plastic small-outline package [3] -
PSON Plastic small-outline no lead package -
QSOP Quarter-Size Small-Outline Package The pin spacing are width of 0.635 mm.[3]
SOIC Small Outline Integrated Circuit Also known as SOIC NARROW and SOIC WIDE
SSOP Shrink Small-Outline Package [3] -
TSOP Thin Small-outline Package [3] Example
TSSOP Thin Shrink Small Outline Package [3] -
TVSOP Thin Very Small-Outline Package [3] -
µMAX - Similar to a SOIC. (A Maxim trademark example)
WSON - Very Very Thin Small Outline No Lead Package

Chip-scale packages[edit]

Example WL-CSP devices sitting on the face of a U.S. penny. A SOT-23 device is shown for comparison.
Acronym Full name Remark
CSP Chip Scale Package Package size is no more than 1.2× the size of the silicon chip [16][17]
TCSP True Chip Size Package Package is same size as silicon [18]
TDSP True Die Size Package Same as TCSP [18]
MICRO SMD - Chip-size package (CSP) developed by National Semiconductor [19]
COB Chip-on-board Bare silicon chip, that is usually an integrated circuit, is supplied without a package.
COF Chip-on-flex Variation of COB, where a chip is mounted directly to a flex circuit.
COG Chip-on-glass Variation of COB, where a chip is mounted directly to a piece of glass - typically an LCD.

Ball grid array[edit]

Main article: Ball grid array

Ball Grid Array uses the underside of the package to place pads with balls of solder in grid pattern as connections to PCB. [1][3]

Acronym Full name Remark
FBGA fine pitch ball grid array a square or rectangular array of solder balls on one surface [3]
LBGA Low Profile Ball Grid Array also known as Laminate Ball Grid Array [3]
TEPBGA Thermally Enhanced Plastic BGA -
CBGA Ceramic Ball Grid Array [3] -
OBGA Organic Ball Grid Array [3] -
TFBGA Thin fine pitch BGA.[3] -
PBGA Plastic Ball Grid Array [3] -
MAP-BGA Mold Array Process-Ball Grid Array [2] -
UCSP Micro (μ) Chip Scale Package Similar to a BGA (A Maxim trademark example) [17]
μBGA Micro-BGA (Ball grid array) With ball spacing less than 1 mm
LFBGA Low profile fine pitch ball grid array [3] -
TBGA Thin Ball Grid Array [3] -
SBGA Super BGA - above 500 Pin count [3] -
UFBGA Ultra Fine BGA [3] Example

Transistor, diode, small pin count IC packages[edit]

A drawing of a ZN414 IC in a TO-18 package
  • MELF: Metal Electrode Leadless Face (usually for resistors and diodes)
  • SOD: Small Outline Diode.
  • SOT: Small Outline Transistor (also SOT-23, SOT-223, SOT-323).
  • TO-XX: wide range of small pin count packages often used for discrete parts like transistors or diodes.
    • TO-3
    • TO-5
    • TO-18: metal can package with radial leads
    • TO-39
    • TO-46
    • TO-92: plastic encapsulated package with three leads
    • TO-99
    • TO-100
    • TO-126: plastic encapsulated package with three leads and a hole for mounting on a heat sink
    • TO-220: through-hole plastic package with a (usually) metal heat sink tab and three leads
    • TO-226 [20]
    • TO-247 [21]
    • TO-252 (also called SOT428, DPAK)[22]
    • TO-263, also called D2PAK: SMT package similar to the TO-220
    • TO-263 THIN

Multi-chip packages[edit]

Occasionally people put several chips of silicon in a single package. A variety of techniques for interconnecting several chips within a single package have been proposed and researched:


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "CPU Collection Museum - Chip Package Information". The CPU Shack. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  2. ^ http://www.national.com/ms/PA/PACKING_CONSIDERATIONS__METHODS__MATERIALS_AND_REC.pdf
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am "Integrated Circuit, IC Package Types; SOIC. Surface Mount Device Package". Interfacebus.com. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  4. ^ "National Semiconductor CERPACK Package Products". National.com. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  5. ^ "National Semiconductor CQGP Package Products". National.com. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  6. ^ "National's LLP Package". National.com. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  7. ^ "LTCC Low Temperature Co-fired Ceramic". Minicaps.com. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  8. ^ "IEEE Xplore - Performance evaluation of MCM chip-to-chip interconnections using custom I/O buffer designs". Ieeexplore.ieee.org. doi:10.1109/ASIC.1993.410760. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  9. ^ "National Semiconductor Launches New Generation of Ultra-Miniature, High Pin-Count Integrated Circuit Packages". National.com. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  10. ^ Meyers, Michael; Jernigan, Scott (2004). Mike Meyers' A+ Guide to PC Hardware. The McGraw-Hill Companies. ISBN 978-0-07-223119-9. 
  11. ^ [1][dead link]
  12. ^ "Press Releases - Motorola Mobility, Inc". Motorola.com. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  13. ^ "Xilinx new CPLDs with two I/O banks". Eetasia.com. 2004-12-08. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  14. ^ "Packages". Chelseatech.com. 2010-11-15. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  15. ^ http://cpu.linuxmania.net/liste/cpuinfo/chip-package/SIDEBRAZE_DIP/chip-package-sidebraze.htm
  16. ^ "CSP - Chip Scale Package". Siliconfareast.com. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  17. ^ a b "Understanding Flip-Chip and Chip-Scale Package Technologies and Their Applications - Maxim". Maxim-ic.com. 2007-04-18. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  18. ^ a b "Chip Scale Review Online". Chipscalereview.com. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  19. ^ "Packaging Technology | National Semiconductor – Package Drawings, Part Marking, Package Codes, LLP, micro SMD, Micro-Array". National.com. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  20. ^ http://www.siliconfareast.com/to226.htm
  21. ^ http://www.vishay.com/docs/95223/to247.pdf
  22. ^ NXP. "SOT428".
  23. ^ Proximity Communication - the Technology, 2004, archived from the original on 2009-07-18 

External links[edit]