Page semi-protected
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Executive director
Clive Smith

ID2020 is a NGO i.e. nongovernmental organization (501(c)(3)) which advocates for digital ID for the billion undocumented people worldwide and under-served groups like refugees. Clive Smith succeeded founder Dakota Gruener as executive director in 2022.[1][2] The NGO was relatively unknown before being publicized because of misinformation related to the COVID-19 pandemic by conspiracy theorists.


In May 2016, at the United Nations Headquarters in New York, the inaugural ID2020 summit brought together over 400 people to discuss how to provide digital identity to all, a defined Sustainable Development Goal including to 1.5 billion people living without any form of recognized identification.[3] Experts in blockchain and other cryptographic technology joined with representatives of technical standards bodies to identify how technology and other private sector expertise could achieve the goal.[4][5]

The 2018 summit was held in September 2018, and focused on defining what constitutes a "good" digital ID. Sponsors for the event included the United Nations Office of Information Communications Technology (OICT), United Nations Refugee Agency, International Telecommunication Union and the Consulate General of Denmark in New York.[6]

In 2019, ID2020 started a new digital identity program in collaboration with the government of Bangladesh and Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization.[7]


ID2020 is a public-private consortium in service of the United Nations 2030 Sustainable Development Goal of providing legal identity for all people, including the world's most vulnerable populations.[8]

ID2020 has published a ten-point mission statement, which includes: "We believe that individuals must have control over their own digital identities, including how personal data is collected, used, and shared."[9]


Organizations currently or formerly participating in the ID2020 initiative include:[8][10][11][12][13]

COVID-19 conspiracy theory

Conspiracy theorists falsely alleged that ID2020 and Bill Gates made plans for mandatory COVID-19 vaccination and the implantation of microchips into patients' bodies.[14][15][16][17][18] As a result of these conspiracy theories, the staff at ID2020 received death threats.[19]


  1. ^ "ID2020 appoints ED to unite ecosystem around user-controlled digital ID". 14 July 2022.
  2. ^ "ID2020 announces Clive Smith as new executive director" (PDF).
  3. ^ Starritt, Alex (24 November 2016). "How Sixty Million Refugees Can Prove Who They Are". Huffington Post. Apolitical. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  4. ^ "Fighting for a Secure Digital Identity for All --". Redmondmag. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  5. ^ "ID2020 holds Inaugural Summit at the United Nations". ID2020. Archived from the original on 7 November 2018. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  6. ^ "Announcing the 2018 ID2020 Summit – Towards "Good" Digital Identity". United Nations Refugee Agency. 2018-09-06. Archived from the original on 2021-09-14. Retrieved 2022-08-09.
  7. ^ ID2020 and partners launch program to provide digital ID with vaccines Biometric Update, Chris Burt, September 20, 2019
  8. ^ a b Accenture, Microsoft team up on blockchain-based digital ID network Anna Irrera, Reuters, June 19, 2017
  9. ^ "Manifesto". Archived from the original on 2020-12-06. Retrieved 2020-04-27.
  10. ^ "ID2020: Digital Identity with Blockchain | Accenture". Retrieved 2022-08-09.
  11. ^ "Alliance". ID2020. 2022. Archived from the original on 2022-05-30. Retrieved 2022-08-09.
  12. ^ "Alliance". ID2020. 2021. Archived from the original on 2021-09-04. Retrieved 2022-08-09.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  13. ^ "Alliance". ID2020. 2020. Archived from the original on 2020-09-02. Retrieved 2022-08-09.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  14. ^ False claim: Bill Gates planning to use microchip implants to fight coronavirus Reuters, March 31, 2020
  15. ^ Bill Gates, at Odds With Trump on Virus, Becomes Right-Wing Target New York Times, April 17, 2020
  16. ^ Bill Gates is the top target for coronavirus conspiracy theories Tom Huddleston Jr., CNBC, April 17, 2020
  17. ^ Trumpists Believe Bill Gates Is Using Coronavirus to Implant Brain Chips The Daily Beast, Will Sommer, April 16, 2020
  18. ^ Conspiracy Theory Misinterprets Goals of Gates Foundation April 2020
  19. ^ Parker, Ben (15 April 2020). "How a tech NGO got sucked into a COVID-19 conspiracy theory". Archived from the original on April 16, 2020. Retrieved 3 May 2020.

External links