7th Division (Imperial Japanese Army)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from IJA 7th Division)
Jump to: navigation, search
7th Division
Active 1888–1945
Country Empire of Japan
Branch Imperial Japanese Army
Type Infantry
Garrison/HQ Asahikawa, Hokkaido, Japan
Nickname(s) Bear Division (熊兵団 Kuma-heidan?)
Commanders
Notable
commanders
Nagayama Takeshiro, Ueda Arisawa, Uehara Yusaku, Watanabe Jotaro, and Osami Okiie

7th Division (第7師団 Dai-nana Shidan?) was an infantry division in the Imperial Japanese Army. Its call-sign was the Bear Division (熊兵団 Kuma-heidan?).

The 7th Division was formed in Sapporo, Hokkaidō on 12 May 1888, as the first new infantry division to be created after the reorganization of the Imperial Japanese Army away from six regional commands and into a divisional command structure. The reorganization was recommended by Prussian military advisor Jakob Meckel. It was responsible for the defence of Hokkaidō, which it divided into four operational areas (Sapporo, Hakodate, Asahikawa and Kushiro). As one of the projects of the Japanese government was to encourage the settlement of Hokkaidō by ex-soldiers, the 7th Division was over-strength, and contained many soldiers originally from other areas of Japan. The territorial division was converted to field infantry division 12 May 1896, in the aftermath of the First Sino-Japanese War. 30 October 1901, most of division units were transferred to Takasu village in Kamikawa (Ishikari) District, Hokkaido, where previously only 28th infantry regiment was located. After extensive building project, the division moved to new Takasu headquarters 21 October 1902, and 25 October 1902 the Sapporo Military prison was moved to the same location.

Action[edit]

Russo-Japanese War to Soviet–Japanese border conflicts[edit]

The 7th Division saw combat during the Russo-Japanese War, where it was assigned to the Siege of Port Arthur, and later to the Battle of Mukden. Assigned to Manchuria from 1917-1919, it also participated in the Siberian Intervention from 6 June 1918. The division has returned to Asahikawa, Hokkaido 5 May 1919.

It was reassigned to Manchuria twice in 1934 and 1936, performing police duties without significant events. In February 1938, the 7th division was permanently assigned to Kwantung Army, but arrived too late to participate in the Battle of Lake Khasan in July 1938. Parts of division were reinforcing 23rd division during the disastrous Battles of Khalkhin Gol in 1939. By the September 1939, the entire division have arrived to front lines, with 26th infantry regiment in particular noted for finally stopping a Soviet advance. Because the Hokkaido was left mostly undefended, the 7th division has returned to Asahikawa, Hokkaido in August 1940, being subordinated directly to Imperial General Headquarters as part of the strategic reserve. Also in 1940, the 25th infantry regiment was transferred to Sakhalin mixed brigade, which become 88th division in February 1945. As result, the 7th division has become the triangular division.

Pacific War[edit]

In 1942, despite its specialization in Arctic warfare, the 28th Infantry Regiment of the 7th Division, under the command of Kiyonao Ichiki was assigned to occupy Midway in the central Pacific. After the Japanese defeat at the Battle of Midway, which caused the cancellation of the invasion of Midway, the regiment was on its way back to Japan when it was rerouted to Guadalcanal in the Solomon Islands in August 1942. Also, a detachment of 7th division have formed a garrison for Japanese occupation of Attu. At Guadalcanal, the regiment took heavy casualties during the Battle of the Tenaru and the Battle of Edson's Ridge. Of the 2500 men who were sent to the Guadalcanal campaign, only 140 returned alive to Japan.

The remainder of the Division remained as the Asahikawa, Hokkaido garrison until March, 1944. At that moment it was moved to the Eastern Hokkaido to Obihiro, with 77th division taking the duty of Asahikawa defence. The infantry regiments have fortified around Nakashibetsu, Hokkaido, building a network of pillboxes stretching from Nemuro to Kushiro. The division was disbanded with the surrender of Japan in September 1945.

See also[edit]

Reference and further reading[edit]

  • This article incorporates material from the Japanese Wikipedia page 第7師団 (日本軍)
  • Madej, W. Victor (1981). Japanese Armed Forces Order of Battle, 1937–1945. Allentown, PA: Game Publishing Company. OCLC 8930220. 
  • United States War Department; David Isby (Introduction) and Jeffrey Ethell (Afterword) (1991) [1944]. Handbook on Japanese Military Forces. Baton Rouge and London: Louisiana State University Press. ISBN 0-8071-2013-8. 
Map of Japan
8
8
7
7
5 6
5
6
4
4
3
3
2
2
1
1
4
4
1GD 2GD 3GD
1GD
2GD
3GD
354
354
344
344
322
322
321
321
316
316
312
312
308
308
303
303
234
234
231
231
230
230
229
229
225 355
225
355
224
224
222
222
221
221
216
216
214
214
212
212
209
209
206
206
202
202
201
201
157
157
156
156
155
155
154
154
153
153
152
152
151
151
150
150
147
147
146
146
145
145
144
144
143
143
142
142
140
140
93
93
89
89
86
86
84
84
81
81
77
77
73
73
72
72
57 351
57
351
44
44
42
42
28
28
25
25
11  205
11
205
7
7
64
64
66
66
67
67
95
95
96
96
97
97
98
98
101
101
107
107
109
109
113
113
114
114
115
115
116
116
117
117
118
118
119
119
120
120
121
121
122
122
123
123
124
124
125
125
126
126
Independent Mixed Brigade
Independent Mixed Brigade
Infantry Division (including guard divisions)
Infantry Division (including guard divisions)
Independent Armored Brigade
Independent Armored Brigade
Armored division
Armored division
Japanese infantry and armored units in Home Islands, 15 August 1945