|Iran Khodro SAMAND|
Khodro Melli Iran
|Also called||AzSamand Aziz (Azerbaijan)|
Khodro Samand Sarir (China)
SenIran Samand (Senegal)
Siamco Sham (Syria)
Venirauto Centauro (Venezuela)
|Model years||1381–present (Solar Hijri calendar)|
|Assembly||Dakar, Senegal (SenIran Auto)|
Damascus, Syria (Siamco)
Abchak, Belarus (Unison)
Tai'an, China (Youngman)
Maracay, Venezuela (Venirauto)
Shamakhi, Azerbaijan (AzSamand)
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Small family car|
|Body style||4-door sedan|
|Layout||Front engine, Front-wheel drive|
|Platform||Peugeot 405 Platform|
|Related||Peugeot 405, Peugeot Pars|
|Engine||1.8 L (XU7JP/L3) I4 (100 hp),|
1.8 L (XU7JP4/L4) I4 (110 hp),
1.6 L (TU5JP4) I4 (110 hp),
1.7 L (1648 cc) (EF7 Engine) I4 (113 hp).
|Wheelbase||2,671 mm (105.2 in)|
|Length||4,502 mm (177.2 in)|
|Width||1,720 mm (68 in) (without mirrors)|
|Height||1,460 mm (57 in)|
|Curb weight||1,200 kg (2,600 lb) (XU7JP/L3 engine) |
Samand (Persian: سمند) is an Iranian car brand manufactured by Iran Khodro (IKCO) using local manufacturers for its parts. Samand is the name for a breed of fast horse in Persian language. The Samand trade name is now registered at the World Intellectual Property Organization. In Turkey its selling price starts at Turkish lira 21,000, which equals nearly USD 7300 in 2015, with the most expensive model costing about USD 8300.
The Samand production project began in 1996 and the first car was sold in 2000. The Samand inherits the mantle of Iran's national automobile from the Paykan, which was sold by Iran Khodro from 1967 to 2005.
Engine and components
The Iranian-designed Samand uses the Peugeot 405 platform, equipped with either IKCO-designed EF7 engines or PSA XU7JP/L3 engines, amongst others. IKCO manufactures 80% of Samand's parts domestically, including its Iranian-designed engine.
For export markets (and also the Iranian market), IKCO uses the Peugeot TU5JP4 engine. This is because the TU5 is a low consumption and powerful engine and because of the ease of finding its parts all over the Europe, since the TU5 has been used for the Peugeot 206, Peugeot 307 and Peugeot 207. The TU5 version of Samand comes with three new options: driver airbag, pretensioner seat-belts, headlight height adjuster and active antenna.
Since early 2009, IKCO has used newly developed Iranian engines such as a dual-fuel national engine for its new models (EF7). In mid-2010, IKCO started to install petrol-only EF7 engines on Samand. The engine is not a petrol-based version of EF7 but the compressed natural gas (CNG) parts of the engine are removed and also the engine control unit (ECU) program. However, the petrol-based version of the engine is currently under development.
|Engine||Fuel Consumption (Petrol)||Fuel Consumption (CNG)||0 – 100 (Petrol)||0 – 100 (CNG)|
|EFD||TBD / 5.5 / TBD||– / – / –||TBD||TBD|
|EF7||9.2 / 7.3 / 5.0||9.0 / 5.4 / 4.0||11 s||12 s|
|TU5JP4||9.2 / 7.2 / 4.9||– / – / –||11.3 s||–|
|XU7JP/L3||11.3 / 8.5 / 6.1||? / ? / ?||12 s||12.6 s|
|XU7JP4/L4||11.1 / 8.4 / 6||– / – / –||9.7s||?|
- Fuel Consumption ( City / Combined / Highway (90 km/h) Constant )
- CNG Fuel Consumption numbers are measured in Kg
In 2009, IKCO announced that they will produce Samand with their new engine EFD in 2010; however, due to the required tests for the engine, readying the car for installing the engine on it and also lack of distribution the Euro IV diesel fuel in the country postponed the production time to 2011. On November 30, 2010 IKCO announced the major changes made in Samand compared to dual-fuel or single fuel Samands for making it compatible for installing the EFD engine on. This main changes are: changing the radiator, installing the intercooler, water and hydraulic hoses, engine housings, exhaust system gearbox and the engine compartment insulations.
Samand cars are exported to the following countries:
Samand has been also manufactured in Minsk, Belarus, by the Unison firm alongside Lublin vans since September 2006. The Export Development Bank of Iran will finance the implementation of the project with a $36 million budget. By 2010, the plant's annual production capacity will reach 120,000 vehicles. Tehran would then be able to export additional production to Central Asia and European Union member states.
Star company assembles Samand sedan in Azerbaijan under the local name AzSamand Aziz.
Venirauto company started assembling Samand sedan (badged Centauro) in Venezuela from 2006.
Siamco launched in March 2007 the assembly line of Samand (Siamco Sham) in Syria.
- "IKCO". IKCO. Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2011-03-06.
- "Export of Samand to Turkey". Economy.kodoom.com. 2010-01-18. Archived from the original on 2010-01-21. Retrieved 2011-03-06.
- http://www.ikco.com/products/samand.aspx Archived August 2, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- "IKCO". Ikcopress.com. Retrieved 2011-03-06.
- "Fars News Agency :: Algeria Seeks Iran's Expertise in Truck Production". English.farsnews.com. Archived from the original on 2009-01-14. Retrieved 2009-11-02.
- "Iran-Khodro Starts Samand Assembly in Senegal". Payvand.com. Retrieved 2009-11-02.
- http://www.ikco.com/services/dealer.aspx Archived December 19, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- http://www.iran-daily.com/1387/3304/html/economy.htm. Retrieved June 27, 2009. Missing or empty
- http://www.iran-daily.com/1385/2650/html/economy.htm Archived February 14, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- "وب سایتهای ایرنا – Irna". Archived from the original on 2009-01-12. Retrieved 2009-11-02.
- ForaoonISADT. "العراق – اضافة". Mredy.com. Retrieved 2011-03-06.
- http://www.presstv.ir/detail.aspx?id=110157§ionid=351020102[permanent dead link]
- "Belarus Samand work kicks into phase 2". Presstv.com. 2008-12-14. Archived from the original on 2008-12-18. Retrieved 2009-11-02.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Samand vehicles.|
- Official website of Iran Khodro
- IRNA news report about Samand assembly in Belarus
- News report about the Samand's dual fuel engine
Iran Khodro vehicle timeline
|Large family||Peugeot Pars|