IKEA Catalogue

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Cover of the 2015 edition catalogue (Australia)

The IKEA Catalogue (US spelling: IKEA Catalog; Swedish: Ikea-katalogen) is a catalogue published annually by the Swedish home furnishing retailer IKEA. First published in Swedish in 1951,[1] the catalogue is considered to be the main marketing tool of the company and, as of 2004, consumed 70% of its annual marketing budget.[2] Approximately 208 million copies of the catalogue were printed in fiscal year 2013, more than double the number of Bibles expected to be printed in the same period.[3]

The first IKEA catalogue was published in 1951 in Sweden. It had 68 pages and 285,000 copies were distributed in Southern Sweden.[4] At its peak in 2016, 200 million copies of the catalogue were distributed, in 69 different versions and 32 languages, to more than 50 countries.[5]

In December 2020, IKEA announced that, after a 70-year run, they would end publication of the catalogue, with the 2021 edition being the final edition.[4]

Production and distribution[edit]

Containing over 300 pages and about 12,000 products, it is distributed by mail, in stores and online.[6] Each edition of the catalogue takes about 10 months to develop from concept to final product.[3] Many different versions of the catalogue are created to reflect regional differences in product ranges as well as cultural differences. For example, photographs in the China edition may depict a smaller kitchen than the US edition.[7]

Most of the catalogue is produced by IKEA Communications AB in Älmhult, Sweden, the site of the original IKEA store and where IKEA Communications operates the largest photo studio in northern Europe (8,000 square meters in size).[1] As of 2012, the studio employed 285 photographers, carpenters, interior designers and other personnel working full-time on photo shoots.[3]

In 2017, IKEA worked with five paper suppliers and 31 printers around the world to produce the catalogue each year.[7] The catalogue itself is printed on chlorine-free paper of 10-15% post-consumer waste.[8]

According to Canadian broadcaster CTV, "IKEA's publications have developed an almost cult-like following online. Readers have found all kinds of strange tidbits, including mysterious cat pictures, apparent Mickey Mouse references and weird books wedged into the many shelves that clutter the catalogues."[9]

In December 2020, IKEA announced that they would be cease publication of both the print and digital versions of the catalogue, with the 2021 edition (released in 2020) being the final edition. The company said the catalogue had become less important as IKEA embraced new ways of connecting with customers. 40 million copies of the 2021 edition was printed.[4]

Innovation[edit]

The company began experimenting with computer-generated imagery in 2005 by placing a single computer-rendered image of a wooden chair in the 2006 edition of the catalogue. According to Anneli Sjögren, head of photography at IKEA, customers did not notice that the chair was computer-generated.[3] In 2010, the first entirely computer-generated room was created for the catalogue.[10] By the 2013 edition, 12% of imagery for the IKEA catalogue, brochures and website was computer-generated.[3] As of 2014, 75% of product images (i.e. white background images) and 35% of non-product images across all IKEA communications are fully computer-generated.[10]

Augmented reality was introduced in the 2013 edition of the catalogue. "X-ray" views through furniture compartments, videos, how-to guides and other interactive content could be accessed by scanning a symbol on the catalogue with a mobile device.[11] The 2014 catalogue contains an augmented reality app that projects an item into a real-time photograph image of the user's room. The augmented reality app also provides an indication of the scale of IKEA objects in relation to the user's living environment.[12]

Typeface[edit]

In 2009, IKEA changed the typeface used in its catalogue from Futura to Verdana, expressing a desire to unify its branding between print and web media. The change drew considerable media attention.[13][14][15] The controversy has been attributed to the perception of Verdana as a symbol of homogeneity in popular typography.[16] In 2019, the company switched from Verdana to IKEA Noto Sans as its official corporate typeface, including its catalogue. The typeface is a modified version of Google’s open-source font Noto Sans.[17]

Criticism[edit]

In October 2012, IKEA was criticised for removing women from photos in the Saudi Arabian version of the 2013 catalogue.[18][19]

IKEA Family Live[edit]

IKEA also publishes and sells a regular style magazine, titled IKEA Family Live in thirteen languages which supplements the catalogue. An English language edition for the United Kingdom was launched February 2007 with a subscription of over 500,000.[20]

List of editions[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "IKEA Catalogue printable facts" (PDF). IKEA United Kingdom. September 2003. Archived from the original (PDF) on September 2, 2012. Retrieved August 29, 2007.
  2. ^ "IKEA student info". IKEA United Kingdom. Archived from the original on June 22, 2004. Retrieved August 29, 2007.
  3. ^ a b c d e Hansegard, Jens (August 23, 2012). "IKEA's New Catalogs: Less Pine, More Pixels". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on September 2, 2012. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
  4. ^ a b c Ringstrom, Anna (2020-12-07). "IKEA turns the page on catalogue after seven decades". Reuters. Archived from the original on 2021-01-02. Retrieved 2021-01-02.
  5. ^ "After 70 years, IKEA turning the page on the Catalog". www.ikea.com. 2020. Archived from the original on 2020-12-13. Retrieved 2021-01-02.
  6. ^ "Vanliga frågor och svar - Kundservice". www.ikea.com.
  7. ^ a b Quito, Anne (July 25, 2017). "How the IKEA catalogue cracked what "domestic bliss" means in different cultures". Quartz. Archived from the original on November 9, 2020. Retrieved January 2, 2021.
  8. ^ "FAQ". IKEA. Archived from the original on September 2, 2012. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
  9. ^ "'Unfortunate' photo wasn't tampered with: IKEA". CTV. August 25, 2006. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved August 29, 2007.
  10. ^ a b Parkin, Kirsty (June 24, 2014). "Building 3D with Ikea". CGSociety. Archived from the original on July 4, 2014. Retrieved August 30, 2014.
  11. ^ Baldwin, Roberto (July 20, 2012). "Ikea's Augmented Reality Catalog Will Let You Peek Inside Furniture". Wired. Archived from the original on September 2, 2012. Retrieved July 24, 2012.
  12. ^ Luisa Rollenhagen (6 August 2013). "Virtually Furnish a Room With IKEA's Augmented Reality Catalog". Mashable. Mashable. Retrieved 6 August 2013.
  13. ^ Abend, Lisa (August 28, 2009). "The Font War: Ikea Fans Fume over Verdana". Time. Archived from the original on August 29, 2009. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
  14. ^ Campbell, Mel; Wortsman, Jeremy (September 1, 2009). "The Full Fonty: Why Type Nerds Went Mental Over IKEA". Crikey. Retrieved October 31, 2019.
  15. ^ Garfield, Simon (September 2, 2009). "Verdana: Ikea's flat-pack font". The Guardian. Retrieved October 31, 2019.
  16. ^ Vit, Armin (August 31, 2009). "Verdanagate". Brand New. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
  17. ^ Schwab, Katharine (August 22, 2019). "Ikea is quietly changing its brand again—for a very good reason". Fast Company. Retrieved October 30, 2019.
  18. ^ Molin, Anna (October 1, 2012). "IKEA Regrets Cutting Women From Saudi Ad". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on October 6, 2012. Retrieved October 6, 2012.
  19. ^ "Ikea criticised for airbrushing women out of Saudi catalogue". The Daily Telegraph. London. October 1, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2012. Retrieved October 6, 2012.
  20. ^ Farey-Jones, Daniel (July 5, 2006). "Ikea to introduce UK magazine in February". Brand Republic. Haymarket Business Media. Archived from the original on September 2, 2012. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
  21. ^ http://onlinecatalogue.ikea.com/BG/bg/IKEA_Catalogue/
  22. ^ http://onlinecataloguecanada.ikea.com/CA/en/IKEA_Catalogue/
  23. ^ http://onlinecataloguecanada.ikea.com/CA/fr/IKEA_Catalogue
  24. ^ http://onlinecatalogueasia.ikea.com/CN/zh-hans/IKEA_Catalogue/
  25. ^ http://onlinecatalogue.ikea.com/SE/sv/IKEA_Catalogue/
  26. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-03-31. Retrieved 2012-09-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  27. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-04-04. Retrieved 2012-09-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  28. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-03-28. Retrieved 2012-09-02.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links[edit]