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A 3D diagram of the proposed iLoo showing a blue, cuboid-shaped toilet cubical with a lavatory situated to the right. A computer keyboard and plasma screen are positioned opposite the toilet bowl, and a sink is in the centre. On top of the cubical is a wireless aerial with demonstrative waves emanating from it. Microsoft's MSN branding is in the left-hand corner of the diagram.
The iLoo as depicted by MSN UK and distributed by news providers

The iLoo (short for Internet loo) was a cancelled Microsoft project to develop a Wi-Fi Internet-enabled portable toilet. The iLoo, which was to debut at British summer festivals, was described as being a portable toilet with wireless broadband Internet, an adjustable plasma screen, a membrane wireless keyboard, a six-channel speaker system, and toilet paper embossed with popular web site addresses. The iLoo was also to have an extra screen and keyboard on the outside, and was to be guarded. It was intended as the next in a series of successful initiatives by MSN UK which sought to introduce the internet in unusual locations, including MSN Street, MSN Park Bench and MSN Deckchair.

The project was announced by MSN UK on April 30, 2003, and was widely ridiculed before being declared a hoax by Microsoft on May 12. On May 13, another Microsoft press release stated that although the project had not been a hoax, it had been cancelled because it would do little to promote the MSN brand. There has since been speculation as to whether the project was cancelled for fear of being sued by Andrew Cubitt, who had invented the similarly named product "i-Loo". The iLoo was described as a public relations "debacle" by Online Journalism Review.[1]

Comparable to the iLoo, the Chaos Computer Club's so-called "Datenklo" (German, in English "data loo") uses mobile toilet stalls as network distribution centers at Chaos Communication Camps. However, the use as a toilet is not intended.

Tents and a "Datenklo" (German, in English "data loo") at the Chaos Communication Camp, Finowfurt 2007


The iLoo was supposedly designed to be a Wi-Fi Internet-enabled portable toilet that would allow users to surf the internet while using the loo.[2] Internally, the facility would have a broadband connection via wireless 802.11b, a wireless waterproof keyboard, a swivel plasma screen running Windows XP Professional, a 6-channel surround-sound system beneath the sink, toilet paper embossed with popular URLs, and a suction toilet.[2][3] Externally, the facility would feature an MSN logo and have a "Hotmail station" with an additional plasma screen and keyboard for waiting consumers.[3] A security guard was to be stationed near the unit to ensure that it was being properly used and to prevent the unit from being stolen.[3] The iLoo was to debut "at a majority of the summer season festivals".[2] The iLoo was to be deployed only in Britain.[4]

Public relations timeline[edit]

The internet's so much a part of everyday life now that surfing on the loo was the next natural step. People used to reach for a book or mag when they were on the loo but now they'll be logging on! It's exciting to think that the smallest room can now be the gateway to the massive virtual world.
—Tracy Blacher, Marketing manager of MSN in April 30 Press Release[2]

The project was announced on April 30, 2003 in press release by MSN UK, MSN's British subsidiary, as part of a "series of MSN.co.uk initiatives which look at the changing nature of how we use the web as it constantly evolves".[2] The press release stated that:

The UK's most popular website msn.co.uk is creating the world's first 'Internet Loo'. The iLoo will be mobile and is part of MSN's mission to allow instant logging on 'anytime and any place'. In time for the summer festival season, MSN is in the process of converting a portable loo to create a unique experience for surfers looking for an alternative to the bog-standard festival loo experience. Users will be able to sit down, undock a wireless keyboard and conveniently access the first ever WWW.C.[2]

The press release also stated that "MSN is also in talks with toilet paper manufacturers to produce special web paper for those in need of URL inspiration".[2][5][6]

MSN is really working on building a prototype for the Summer festivals, perhaps Glastonbury ... This is very much a 'toe in the water' experiment to gauge interest so we'll have to see how it goes, although judging from response so far it's really captured people's imagination!
—Ben Philipson, Red Consultancy, in response to AP query[7]

News of the iLoo was widely circulated amongst mainstream media.[A 1] The story became the most-emailed story on Yahoo! News on May 1, 2003, being emailed over 4000 times.[8][A 2] The iLoo was widely derided and press coverage subjected MSN and Microsoft to heavy criticism. On May 10, The Inquirer published a story in which Andrew Cubitt alleged that "Microsoft stole his iLoo idea" from his i-Loo invention.[9] On May 12, Microsoft announced that the iLoo was a "hoax perpetrated by its British division" calling it an "April Fool's joke" and issued an apology for the confusion.[7][10] The Associated Press, however, stated that they had previously received confirmation of the project from two of Microsoft's PR firms: Waggener Edstrom Worldwide and Red Consultancy.[7] The Seattle Post-Intelligencer also stated that it received confirmation from Waggener Edstrom and was even provided with a schematic drawing.[11] Furthermore, April Fools was almost a month before, and Microsoft had never before released a fake press release.[10]

On May 13, 2003, Microsoft retracted the denial, stating that the iLoo had been a legitimate demonstration project that was to be released in Britain for summer music festivals, but had been terminated by Microsoft executives in Redmond, Washington who believed the iLoo was inappropriate[12][13] with the final decision made by MSN senior vice president David Cole. MSN product manager Lisa Gurry stated that the project "didn't really map to our global branding objectives".[12][14] Microsoft again apologized for the miscommunication stating "the confusion over the legitimacy of this effort was caused by people moving too quickly and who misspoke before gathering all of the relevant information".[15] Prior to the cancellation, an iLoo prototype was in the "early stages of construction".[2][16] MSN allows regional units to design their own marketing campaigns, and the UK division had developed a reputation for innovative campaigns, in this case involving British toilet humour.[14][17][18] The iLoo which was designed for the UK as part of a "tongue-in-cheek marketing initiative" was "intended to be the next in line of a number of clever initiatives in the UK involving introducing the internet in interesting locations, including MSN Street, MSN Park Bench and MSN Deckchair".[15] The previous initiatives were well received.[19][20] Microsoft stated that no employees were disciplined as a result of the debacle, although the company stated that it would conduct "internal discussions".[21]


Reading in the loo, or the bog, is a traditional English pastime. We've all seen the magazine racks, loo paper with jokes and cartoons on the walls in toilets up and down the land. You've got to hand it to the creative—and uniquely English—minds at Microsoft.
—Jeremy Davies, market researcher from Context[3]

Although the product was not publicly released, many questioned whether "Microsoft had lost its senses" and the product was widely derided.[22][23] Critics contended that the product was a waste of money and doomed to fail.[13] Concerns were raised about how the iLoo would serve to extend waiting lines,[6] how hygienic it would be to share keyboards in a public loo, and what would happen if the keyboard were to be urinated upon.[24][25] Critics also questioned whether users would spend enough time in the loo to make use of the internet facilities, noting that "most port-a-potty users stay only long enough to relieve themselves without having to inhale."[26]

The iLoo, given its toiletry-related nature, subjected MSN and Microsoft to puns and jokes especially since Microsoft's marketing slogan at the time was "where do you want to go today?" with the PC being dubbed Pee-C.[1][21][25][27][28] The Herald Sun wrote that the "iLoo is, unquestionably, very good news – mainly to journalists with a bottomless pit of laboured bum jokes" while the Seattle Times wrote "now the company has a credibility problem as well as a red face."[12][29] Other newspapers issued humorous headlines: Microsoft technology headed for toilet from the San Francisco Chronicle,[30] Toilet mixes zeroes with ones and twos from the Washington Post,[31] and Microsoft's Gone Potty from The Daily Mirror.[32]

The product has since been studied as an example of a public relations disaster and an example of an internet hoax.[33][34][35][36][37] Microsoft's public relations response to the debacle is also considered to be one of the poorest in the company's history, given Microsoft's reputation for micro-managing news releases, interviews and promotional events.[38][39]

The iLoo's negative publicity drowned out the launch of MSN Radio Plus on May 12, 2003.[40][41] It has since inspired a number of spoofs.[42]

i-Loo controversy[edit]

After reading an article about the iLoo, Andrew Cubitt, inventor of the similarly named i-Loo, wrote to The Inquirer stating that iLoo "sounds remarkably similar ... it now seems that the clever people at Microsoft have cottoned onto the idea and even call it the i-Loo, the same as mine!"[9] Cubitt went on to say that "mine did everything that the Microsoft one is meant to do, but additionally printed information on toilet paper and didn't use a keyboard for the interface due to hygiene reasons".[43] The i-Loo was prototyped by Cubitt as part of his thesis for his 2001 university degree in Product Design and Engineering at Brunel University. In an interview with The Inquirer, he noted "As it was designed at the university, they own the partial rights to the product so they will be watching the Microsoft 'invention' very closely."[43][44]

Microsoft never formally commented on Cubitt's allegations and instead initially stated the iLoo was an April's fool joke.[45] As a result, Cubitt questioned whether this was "a very calculated ploy to destroy competition in its early stages, or is admitting they don't even know what time of the month it is less embarrassing and ridding them of a potentially expensive situation!"[45][46] Cubitt went on to state that "as they have now discredited my idea as a joke, I will never be able to produce the idea" and as such was "consulting my law books now on defamatory statements".[46] Neither Cubitt, nor Brunel University have taken public legal action against Microsoft pertaining to the i-Loo.

The i-Loo was described as:

The i-Loo internet toilet roll browser is a novel and unique product designed to make best use of the time you spend on the loo! The product allows you to search the internet whilst sitting on the toilet and print out any web pages you are interested in on your toilet paper. i-Loo brings a whole new meaning to the word downloading. The unit is fixed in front of a toilet on the cubical [sic] wall. The product provides up to date information about new products, daily news and lottery results through an easy to navigate software package. Normal operation of the toilet and paper dispenser is evident.[47]

The i-Loo internet toilet roll browser was featured at the 2003 Daily Mail Ideal Home Show as part of the Future Concepts exhibition in Earls Court, London, where it was nominated for the MFI Bright Sparks 2003 awards.[47][48][49] The i-Loo, which was sponsored by Epson Printers, received significant press coverage, and was featured on GMTV as well as various radio shows.[47][50][51][52][53]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ The iLoo was covered by the Associated Press, BBC, CNET, Herald Sun, Reuters, San Francisco Chronicle, Seattle Post-Intelligencer, Seattle Times, The Guardian, USA Today, Wall Street Journal, and a number of other news providers. See references and further reading for more examples of coverage.
  2. ^ This is based on "Most Popular News on Yahoo! News". Archived from the original on 2005-05-26. Retrieved 2011-02-26. now "Most Popular News Headlines - Yahoo! News". Archived from the original on 2015-06-14. Retrieved 2011-02-26. which is a service provided by Yahoo! to track the most popular stories.



  1. ^ a b Glaser, Mark (May 15, 2003). "Media Cred in Toilet with Blair, iLoo Debacles". Online Journalism Review. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h "MSN Launches World's First 'Internet Loo':New WWW.C Offers Convenience Surfing Relief to Festival-goers this Summer" (Press release). Microsoft. April 30, 2003. Archived from the original on May 11, 2003. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
  3. ^ a b c d Wilcox, Joe (May 2, 2003). "Sit and surf: MSN UK tests portable potty". CNET. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
  4. ^ "Doing the loo log on". Chicago Tribune. May 8, 2003. (subscription required)
  5. ^ "Who needs an online outhouse?". Marion Star. Marion, Ohio. May 13, 2003. Archived from the original on 2012-11-05. Retrieved 2011-03-07.
  6. ^ a b Sue, Lowe (May 7, 2003). "If loo queues are bad, just try going online". The Age. Melbourne. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
  7. ^ a b c "Microsoft: Internet-ready toilet project a hoax". SFGate. Associated Press. May 12, 2003. Archived from the original on May 16, 2003. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
  8. ^ Winston, Paul (May 12, 2003). "Plumbing the Net for the real news". Business Insurance. 37 (19): 6. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  9. ^ a b Magee, Mike (May 10, 2003). "Man claims Microsoft stole his iLoo idea: Nothing new under the seat". The Inquirer. Incisive Media. Archived from the original on October 7, 2012. Retrieved February 28, 2011.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  10. ^ a b Kanellos, Michael (May 12, 2003). "iLoo makes Microsoft gag". CNET. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
  11. ^ "Microsoft: Internet potty just a hoax". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. May 13, 2003. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
  12. ^ a b c Dudley, Brier (May 14, 2003). "Microsoft comes clean on iLoo". The Seattle Times.
  13. ^ a b "The Buzz". eWeek. 20 (20): 21. May 19, 2003. ISSN 1530-6283. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  14. ^ a b "Oh, It's Not a Hoax: MS ILoo". WIRED. Associated Press. May 13, 2003. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
  15. ^ a b Perrone, Jane (May 14, 2003). "iLoo plans go down the tube". The Guardian. London. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
  16. ^ Richman, Dan (May 6, 2003). "Internet invades portable potties". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  17. ^ Richman, Dan (May 14, 2003). "On-again, off-again iLoo is off for good". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  18. ^ "Microsoft says iLoo not a hoax, but project dead anyway". The Associated Press. USA Today. May 14, 2003. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
  19. ^ Andrew Calabrese; Jean-Claude Burgelman (1999). Communication, citizenship, and social policy: rethinking the limits of the welfare state. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 211–214. ISBN 978-0-8476-9108-1. Retrieved March 4, 2011.
  20. ^ "Park bench goes online". BBC. August 6, 2011. Retrieved March 1, 2011.
  21. ^ a b Keefe, Lisa M. (December 8, 2003). "Yes. No. Yes ... but". Marketing News. 37 (25): 21. ISSN 0025-3790.
  22. ^ "Internet appliance images". Computer Desktop Encyclopedia. LoveToKnow, Corp. Archived from the original on 2011-03-19. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  23. ^ Olsen, Eric (May 14, 2003). "Skip to iLoo". Blog Critics. Archived from the original on July 25, 2011. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  24. ^ Fowler, Dennis (September 2003). "Something old and something new". NetWorker. 7 (3): 5–9. doi:10.1145/940830.940836. S2CID 41616066.
  25. ^ a b "The Insider: Not all readers clamoring for a chance to potty-surf". Seattle Post-Intelligencer. May 10, 2004. Archived from the original on October 27, 2016. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  26. ^ "Www.dumbidea.com". The Toronto Star. June 14, 2003. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved February 28, 2011.(subscription required)
  27. ^ Greene, Jay (June 2, 2003). "No Windows-Wiper Jokes, Please". BusinessWeek. Archived from the original on June 28, 2003. Retrieved 27 April 2012.
  28. ^ "Brain Food: Words-worth – Brand extension". Management Today: 22. July 2003. ISSN 0025-1925. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  29. ^ Brown, Terry (May 17, 2003). "Easy on the download". Herald Sun. Melbourne.
  30. ^ "Microsoft technology headed for toilet". San Francisco Chronicle. Hearst Newspapers. May 6, 2003. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  31. ^ Lemke, Tim (May 7, 2003). "Toilet mixes zeroes with ones and twos". The Washington Times. Retrieved 2011-03-04. (subscription required)
  32. ^ Vickers, Amy (May 2, 2003). "Microsoft's Gone Potty". The Daily Mirror. London.
  33. ^ Horowitz, Adam; Athitakis, Mark; Lasswell, Mark; Thomas, Owen (Jan 1, 2004). "Winner, Dumbest Moment, Product Development: Microsoft: In the crapper?". 101 Dumbest moments in Business:Dumbest moments of 2003. CNN. Business 2.0. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  34. ^ "Photos: Seven of Microsoft's hardware hits and misse s". CNET. July 7, 2006. Archived from the original on August 24, 2012. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  35. ^ "Microsoft iLoo – Top 10 technology hoaxes". The Telegraph. London. August 12, 2010. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  36. ^ Meyer, Katherine (May 3, 2006). "The Best of the Worst". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved February 27, 2011.[permanent dead link]
  37. ^ "2003 winners claim dubious distinction". Plastics News Report. December 15, 2003. Archived from the original on July 15, 2011. Retrieved February 27, 2011.
  38. ^ "The best and worst in the business of technology". The Seattle Times Business. December 29, 2003. Retrieved February 27, 2011.
  39. ^ "Microsoft 'Net loo canned". Toronto Star. Canada. May 14, 2003. ISSN 0319-0781.
  40. ^ "Nothing but 'Net – The doctor is online". The Journal Gazette. Sci-Tech. Fort Wayne, IN. June 2, 2003. p. 6D. Microsoft Corp. might have gotten decent publicity over a new paid Internet radio service, but instead it found itself drowned in a wave of ridicule over its on-again, off-again Internet toilet.
  41. ^ "Microsoft sets MSN radio initiative". MarketWatch. May 12, 2003. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
  42. ^ "The Microsoft iLoo". The Museum of Hoaxes. April 30, 2003. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
  43. ^ a b Rust, Adamson (May 12, 2003). "Did Microsoft "borrow" the iLoo concept?: Strange case of "Microsoft's" i-Loo continues". The Inquirer. Incisive Media. Archived from the original on January 15, 2010. Retrieved February 28, 2011.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  44. ^ "Computer chip in the old chopping block". The Sun-Herald. Sydney. April 20, 2003. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
  45. ^ a b Magee, Mike (May 13, 2003). "Microsoft's iLoo was April Fool's joke". The Inquirer. Incisive Media. Archived from the original on January 4, 2010. Retrieved February 28, 2011.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  46. ^ a b Cubitt, Andrew (May 13, 2003). "Real iLoo inventor hits out at Microsoft "slur": Letter Inventor's idea down the pan". The Inquirer. Incisive Media. Archived from the original on October 7, 2012. Retrieved February 28, 2011.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  47. ^ a b c Cubitt, Andrew. "i-loo". mabathrooms.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2011-11-16. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
  48. ^ Woffenden, Claire (May 13, 2003). "Inventor rocked by MSN's iLoo hoax". Webuser. Retrieved February 28, 2011. [dead link]
  49. ^ "Web goes down the toilet". BBC. April 5, 2003. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
  50. ^ Adams, Richard (April 8, 2003). "City diary". The Guardian. London. Retrieved February 28, 2011.
  51. ^ Susan, Maushart (May 3, 2003). "Time off in loo". Australian Magazine: 42. The release (if that's the right word for it) of Cubitt's Internet toilet roll browser - a cubicle-mounted unit providing up-to-the-minute news and information that can be printed off on a standard toilet roll - made a huge media splash. And no wonder.
  52. ^ "Science & Technology". Weekend Australian. 6 - NSW Country: T13. April 12, 2003. MEANWHILE, in London, high-tech attention was focused on the dunny when designer Andrew Cubitt revealed his internet toilet roll browser to the world at the Ideal Home Show. Those who can no longer stomach flicking through Gary Larson collections while on the loo will be able to turn to the device, which is mounted on the lavatory door, and can print out information on toilet paper.
  53. ^ "Web in the toilet". Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. April 10, 2003. Retrieved March 7, 2011. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  54. ^ "Charmin goes beyond TP with smell detector, roll fetcher, and V.I.Pee porta potty". VentureBeat. 5 January 2020.
  55. ^ Greenwald, Will (Jan 5, 2019). "Charmin's Toilet Tech in the Running for Weirdest CES Gadgets". PCMAG. Retrieved 12 January 2020.

Further reading

External links[edit]

External media
image icon Internet Toilet Roll Browser
image icon iToilet Spoof
audio icon Microsoft Launches Internet-Equipped Portable Potty, NPR