IWI Negev

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IWI Negev
IDF Negev
Negev NG-5 5.56×45mm NATO light machine gun
TypeLight machine gun (Negev NG5)
General-purpose machine gun (Negev NG7)
Place of originIsrael
Service history
In service1997–present[1]
Used bySee Users
WarsSecond Intifada
2006 Lebanon War
Gaza War
War in Afghanistan (2001–2021)[2]
Operation Protective Edge
Russo-Ukrainian War
Production history
DesignerIsrael Military Industries (IMI)
ManufacturerIsrael Weapon Industries (IWI)
(Formerly: Israel Military Industries), made under license by Punj Lloyd Raksha Systems[3][4]
Z111 Factory
VariantsSee Variants
Mass7.65 kg (Negev NG-5)
7.6 kg (Negev NG-5 SF)
7.95 kg (Negev NG-7)
7.8 kg (Negev NG-7 SF)
LengthNegev NG-5:
1,020 mm stock extended
810 mm stock folded
Negev NG-5 SF:
890 mm stock extended
680 mm stock folded
Negev NG-7:
1,100 mm stock extended
1,030 mm stock folded
Negev NG-7 SF:
1,012 mm stock extended
942 mm stock folded
Barrel length460 mm (18 in) (Negev NG-5)
330 mm (13 in) (Negev NG-5 SF)
508 mm (20.0 in) (Negev NG-7)
420 mm (17 in) (Negev NG-7 SF)

Cartridge5.56×45mm NATO (Negev NG-5 and Negev NG-5 SF)
7.62×51mm NATO (Negev NG-7 and Negev NG-7 SF)
ActionGas operated, rotating bolt
Rate of fireNEGEV NG-5 and NEGEV NG-5 SF:
850–1,050 rounds/min (Regulated position 1 for Magazine Fed and Regulated position 2 for Belt Fed)
950–1,100 rounds/min (Regulated position 3 for Extreme Conditions)
600–750 rounds/min (Regulated position 1 for Belt Fed and Regulated position 2 for Belt Fed Extreme Conditions)
Muzzle velocity915 m/s (3,000 ft/s) (Negev NG-5)
850 m/s (2,800 ft/s) (Negev NG-5 SF)
860 m/s (2,800 ft/s) (Negev NG-7)
810 m/s (2,700 ft/s) (Negev NG-7 SF)
Effective firing range300–1,000 m sight adjustments (Negev NG-5)
300–800 m sight adjustments (Negev NG-5 SF)
Maximum firing range1200 m
Feed systemNegev NG-5 and Negev NG-5 SF:
150-, 200-round disintegrating M27 ammunition belt, 35-round box magazine or STANAG NATO magazines
Negev NG-7 and Negev NG-7 SF:
100- and 125-round disintegrating M13 NATO ammunition belts
SightsAperture with elevation drum, adjustable front post, folding tritium night sights, and a Picatinny rail for various optical sights

The IWI Negev (also known as the Negev NG-5) is a 5.56×45mm NATO light machine gun developed by Israel Weapon Industries (IWI), formerly Israel Military Industries Ltd. (IMI).

In 2012, IWI introduced the Negev NG-7 7.62×51mm NATO general-purpose machine gun and is used by the Israel Defense Forces (mainly in the infantry, combat engineer and special forces units). The NG stands for Next Generation.

Design details[edit]

Negev NG-5 fed from an ammo box in a shooting range with the IDF

The Negev is a gas-operated selective fire light machine gun that uses propellant gases from the barrel to cycle a short-stroke gas piston operating system under the barrel and a rotary bolt locking mechanism. The bolt itself features 4 radial locking lugs that engage the barrel extension and its rotation is controlled by a pin on the bolt body, which rides inside a camming guide machined into the bolt carrier. The bolt contains a spring-powered casing extractor unit, while a lever ejector is housed inside the receiver (it is rotated by the recoiling bolt carrier).

The design was meant to be reliable, especially in adverse conditions.[5] In 1997, it was officially adopted by the Israeli Defense Forces (IDF).

Striker firing mechanism[edit]

The Negev is striker-fired, where the bolt carrier assembly acts as the striker, and fires from an open bolt position. A lever-type fire control selector switch is provided ("A" – for fully automatic fire and "R" – for semi-automatic fire), installed on the left side of the pistol grip, which doubles as a manual safety against accidental firing. The safe "S" position disables the sear mechanism (which makes it impossible to cock the bolt carrier), by lifting the lever responsible for holding the bolt carrier in the forward position and disconnects the trigger mechanism from the sear. The weapon can be secured safe regardless of the position of the bolt carrier group. The cocking handle is equipped with a ratcheting mechanism that immobilizes the partially cocked bolt carrier.

Gas regulator[edit]

The Negev's adjustable gas regulator has three settings:

  • setting "1" is used exclusively when feeding from a magazine (rate of fire in this mode is around 850–1,050 rounds per minute).
  • setting "2" is used in normal operating conditions when feeding from a belt (rate of fire in this mode is also around 850–1,050 rounds per minute).
  • setting "3" which is used under adverse operating conditions, such as in the presence of dust, dirt or heavy fouling (rate of fire in this mode is around 950–1,150 rounds per minute).

Early prototypes used a different 3-position gas adjustment system:

  • setting "1"—for normal operations.
  • setting "2"—for adverse environmental conditions.
  • setting "3"—isolates the gas system, and is used to launch rifle grenades with the use of a grenade-launching blank cartridge drawn from a special 12-round magazine from the Galil rifle.


The Negev has a quick-change chrome-lined barrel that is manufactured using a cold hammer forging process. The barrel is fitted with a slotted flash suppressor and a fixed carry handle, which is used to transport the weapon and change-out an overheated barrel. The barrel can be changed only after lifting open the feed tray cover.

During the weapon's initial development a barrel with a 1 in (25 mm) (1:12 in) rifling twist rate was also planned, adapted for the lightweight M193 cartridge. Additionally, a multifunction muzzle device was designed, used to launch rifle grenades.


The Negev's iron sights (closed-type) consist of a front post (adjustable for both windage and elevation) and a rear aperture sight with an elevation adjustment drum, with 300 to 1,000 m range settings in 100 m increments. The sight line radius is 440 millimeters (17.3 in). For night-time operation the weapon is equipped with gaseous tritium-illuminated vials (supplied by Betalight): one installed in the front sight post, and two—on a notch sight under the standard aperture sight arm (before use, the rear sight leaf is pivoted forward to expose the night notch sight). A rail is integrated into the receiver top cover that allows optical day and night-time sights to be mounted to the weapon. The barrel can also be optionally fitted with mounting hardware that would allow the Negev to mount a laser pointer or reflex sight.

The machine gun has a metal side-folding (right side) stock and a removable bipod, installed to the forward end of the handguard and folded under the handguard when stowed. The receiver also has slots and hooks used to secure the weapon to vehicle mounting hardware.


The Negev uses the 5.56×45mm NATO intermediate cartridge and is optimized for the SS109 bullet. Field maintenance involves stripping the weapon down to six main groups: the barrel, stock, bolt carrier, bolt, bipod and return mechanism. All parts, including the quick-change barrels are fully interchangeable. The Negev NG-7 uses the 7.62×51mm NATO full-power battle rifle cartridge.

Ammunition feeding[edit]

The Negev feeds from an M27 disintegrating, open-link ammunition belt, carried in a 150-round fabric container that clips into the magazine well, or alternatively from a 35-round box magazine from the Galil assault rifle, or a 30-round STANAG magazine from the M16 rifle (with the use of an adapter). 200-round ammunition belt containers are also available. Belted ammunition is introduced into the feed tray port from the left side, while the magazine is inserted vertically into the magazine well at the base of the receiver.

The feed system, which loosely copies the vz. 52 and the PK, uses a lever mounted on the left wall of the receiver and driven by a cam in the recoiling bolt carrier to turn a small feed pawl. The belt is pushed by the pawl only during the rearward movement of the bolt carrier.

The non-reciprocating charging handle is located on the right side of the weapon.


Negev NG-5[edit]

A top view of the Negev NG-5
  • Negev NG-5 – is a light machine gun is chambered in 5.56×45mm NATO cartridge. It has a barrel length of 460 mm (18 in) and two operation modes; semi-automatic for accurate and fast controlled fire, and fully automatic for maximum firepower.[6]
  • Negev NG-5 SF – is a compact variant of the Negev NG-5. It uses a shorter barrel and is primarily fitted with the (Negev assault grip).[7] It has a barrel length of 330 mm (13 in).[8][6]

Negev NG-7[edit]

  • Negev NG-7 – is a general-purpose machine gun is chambered for the 7.62×51mm NATO cartridge. It has a barrel length of 508 mm (20.0 in) and two operation modes; semi-automatic for accurate and fast controlled fire, and fully automatic for maximum firepower.[6] It is fed by a 100- or 125-round assault drum magazine containing disintegrating M13 NATO standard ammunition belts or NATO standard ammunition belts and has two gas regulator settings as the possibility for box magazine feeding was omitted. The IWI eLog weapon-embedded sensor module was added to collect and store data on the actual use of the weapons for more efficient maintenance management and servicing by armourers.[9]
  • Negev NG-7 SF – is a compact variant of the Negev NG-7. It uses a shorter barrel and is primarily fitted with a side grip (Negev assault grip).[7] It has a barrel length of 420 mm (17 in).[6]



A map with Negev users in blue

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e Kemp, Ian (March 2007). "Lightweight Firepower" (PDF). Asianmilitaryreview.com - Asian Military Review. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 18 April 2010.
  2. ^ Vining, Miles (22 April 2016). "ISAF armament of BLS". Archived from the original on 20 August 2018. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  3. ^ Peri, Dinakar (4 May 2017). "Punj Lloyd, IWI of Israel make small arms in India". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 4 May 2017. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  4. ^ "Tavor in India : Israeli Assault Rifle's Journey and Prospects in India". 16 December 2017. Archived from the original on 22 December 2017. Retrieved 17 January 2018.
  5. ^ James H. Willbanks, 2004.Machine Guns: An Illustrated History of Their Impact. ABC-CLIO. 2004. ISBN 9781851094806. Archived from the original on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d "IWI tavor brochure". Archived from the original on 20 January 2017. Retrieved 19 March 2017.
  7. ^ a b "NEGEV ASSAULT GRIP - IWI". IWI. Archived from the original on 13 July 2017. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
  8. ^ a b "IWI Negev | Weaponsystems.net". weaponsystems.net. Archived from the original on 7 August 2017. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
  9. ^ Katoch, P.C. "Israeli Light Machine Guns are Coming". spslandforces.com. SP Guide Publications Ltd. Retrieved 11 February 2021.
  10. ^ "News.Az - Azerbaijan buys great deal of weapons from Israel last year". news.az. Archived from the original on 2 December 2014. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
  11. ^ "Rubens Valente - Ativista quer barrar importação de metralhadoras israelenses pela PM de SP". noticias.uol.com.br.
  12. ^ Ventura, Iolanda (11 May 2021). "PM no Amazonas recebe metralhadoras israelenses que disparam 700 tiros por minuto".
  13. ^ https://roteirodenoticias.com.br/circuito-politico/2021/05/belarmino-lins-destaca-reforco-a-seguranca-no-interior-do-estado/
  14. ^ a b c d Binnie, Jeremy; de Cherisey, Erwan (2017). "New-model African armies" (PDF). Jane's. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 June 2017.
  15. ^ Boguslavsky, Eyal (4 January 2021). "Cypriot paratroopers use Israeli weapons". Israel Defense.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  16. ^ DefenceReview.gr: Οδοιπορικό στην Εθνική Φρουρά - Αφιέρωμα στη Διοίκηση Καταδρομών, retrieved 8 January 2023
  17. ^ a b Wezeman, Siemon T. "Israeli arms transfers to sub-Saharan Africa" (PDF). SIPRI Background Paper. SIPRI. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 December 2013.
  18. ^ "Eesti Kaitsevägi - 5,56 mm kergekuulipilduja Negev - Kaitsevägi". Mil.ee. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 25 March 2016.
  19. ^ "Negev in Georgian army". Mod.gov.ge. Archived from the original on 19 February 2012. Retrieved 9 June 2012.
  20. ^ Vining, Miles (22 April 2016). "ISAF armament of BLS". Archived from the original on 20 August 2018. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  21. ^ Bedi, Rahul (22 March 2020). "India signs USD117.8 million deal with IWI for LMGs | Jane's 360". Jane's Defence Weekly. Retrieved 14 April 2020.
  22. ^ Moss, Matthew (10 February 2021). "Indian Army Receives First Negev Light Machine Guns". The Firearm Blog.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  23. ^ Hogg, Ian (2002). Jane's Guns Recognition Guide. Jane's Information Group. ISBN 0-00-712760-X.
  24. ^ Negev NG7 Archived 18 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine - Israel-Weapon.com
  25. ^ "Kenya Army's Negev light machine guns and Galil sniper rifles Delivered by Israel Weapon Industries (IWI) – Strategic Intelligence Service". Archived from the original on 11 January 2018. Retrieved 10 January 2018.
  26. ^ Mexican Federal Police Using IWI Negev Machine Gun Archived 29 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine - Thefirearmblog.com, 2 August 2013
  27. ^ McNab, Chris (2017). The FN Minimi Light Machine Gun: M249, L108A1, L110A2, and other variants. Weapon 53. Osprey Publishing. p. 78. ISBN 978-1-4728-1623-8.
  28. ^ "Paraguay Army Chooses IWI's "Negev"". Israel Defense. 1 August 2015.
  29. ^ Dela Rosa, Ronald (20 May 2017). "PNP Director General Dela Rosa's One Year Report for 2016-2017" (PDF). www.pnp.gov.ph. Archived (PDF) from the original on 28 August 2018. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
  30. ^ "Infantry Weapons: The Future Beckons for Asia" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 July 2011. Retrieved 18 June 2010.
  31. ^ "Những bức ảnh về Quân Đội Nhân Dân Việt Nam (Phần 4) - Trang 480". TTVNOL. Archived from the original on 18 April 2012. Retrieved 9 June 2012.

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