IWI Tavor

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"Tavor" redirects here. For other uses, see Tavor (disambiguation).
Type Bullpup assault rifle
Place of origin Israel
Service history
In service 2001–present[1]
Used by See Users
Wars See Conflicts
Production history
Designer Israel Military Industries
Designed 1995–2003

Israel Weapon Industries (IWI)
Also produced under IWI license by:

Variants See Variants and IWI X95
Weight 3.27 kg (7.21 lb)(TAR-21)[2]
3.18 kg (7.0 lb)(CTAR-21)[2]
3.67 kg (8.1 lb)(STAR-21)
2.95 kg (6.5 lb)(MTAR-21)[2]
3.19 kg (7.0 lb)(TC-21)
Length 720 mm (28.3 in)(TAR-21, STAR-21)[2]
640 mm (25.2 in)(CTAR-21)[2]
590 mm (23.2 in)(X95/MTAR-21)[2]
670 mm (26.4 in)(TC-21)
Barrel length 460 mm (18.1 in)(TAR-21, STAR-21)[2]
380 mm (15.0 in)(CTAR-21)[2]
330 mm (13.0 in)(X95/MTAR-21)[2]
419 mm (16.5 in) (X95-L)
410 mm (16.1 in)(TC-21)

Action Gas-operated, rotating bolt[2]
Rate of fire 750-950 RPM
Muzzle velocity 910 m/s (2,986 ft/s)(TAR-21, STAR-21)
890 m/s (2,919.9 ft/s)(CTAR-21)
870 m/s (2,854.3 ft/s)(MTAR-21)
885 m/s (2,903.5 ft/s) (TC-21)
Effective firing range 550 m[clarification needed]
Feed system Standard 30-round detachable box Magazine
Various STANAG magazines
Sights Meprolight MP 21, ITL MARS with integrated laser and IR pointer, Trijicon ACOG (STAR-21), EOTech holographic sight, others available

The Tavor is an Israeli bullpup assault rifle chambered for 5.56×45mm NATO ammunition with a selective fire system, selecting between semi-automatic mode and full automatic fire mode.

It is produced by Israel Weapon Industries (IWI). It is produced in three main variants: the TAR-21; the CTAR-21; and the MTAR-21.

Built around a long-stroke piston system (as found in the M1 Garand and AK-47), the Tavor is designed to maximize reliability, durability, simplicity of design, and ease of maintenance, particularly under adverse or battlefield conditions.[5]

In 2009, the Tavor (MTAR/X-95 variant) was selected by the IDF to gradually replace the M16 rifle variants as the standard issued weapon of the Israeli infantry by the end of 2018. The first Tavor (MTAR-21/X-95 variant) rifles were issued to infantry units in 2013, replacing the M-16 rifles.[6]

History and design objectives[edit]

Israel Military Industries (now Israel Weapon Industries) initiated the Tavor development team in 1995, under the direction of gun designer Zalmen Shebs.[7]

The objective of the project was to create an assault rifle that was more reliable, durable and easier to maintain than the M4A1 Carbine, while also being better suited to close-quarters combat and mechanized infantry roles. As a result, they hoped that the weapon would be officially adopted by the Israel Defense Forces.

Due to the military's close-quarters and mechanized infantry requirements, the project team selected a bullpup design, that would allow the weapon to be compact while keeping a long barrel able to achieve ballistically favorable high muzzle velocities.[7] A long-stroke piston system, similar to that found in the AK-47 and M1 Garand, was selected to ensure the weapon's reliability under adverse conditions.[1]

Design features and engineering[edit]

Long-stroke piston system[edit]

The Tavor uses a long-stroke piston system, as found in the M1 Garand and the AK 47.

The Tavor rifle uses a non-lubricated long-stroke piston system, as found in the M1 Garand, IMI Galil and the AK 47.[1] Like in the AK-47, the long-stroke piston mechanism contributes to the extreme forcefulness of the Tavor's extraction and chambering.[8]

A long-stroke piston system may increase a weapon's reliability in extreme conditions (in comparison to the less reliable short-stroke piston systems), as has been found to be the case in both the M1 Garand and the AK 47.[9]

The Tavor's attachment of the piston to a heavy bolt carrier, and the extension of the mainspring into the hollow stem of the bolt carrier, bears a family resemblance to the internal mechanism of the AK 47.[1]

Ambidexterity and modularity[edit]

The TAR-21 has ejection ports on both sides of the rifle so it can easily be reconfigured for right or left-handed shooters. However, this process requires partial disassembly, so it cannot be quickly reconfigured while the rifle is in use.[10] An issue related to this is the original plastic cover on the unused ejection can allow gas to escape during the course of fire. Due to the bullpup design this vents right under the shooters face causing issues, such as inhaling ejection gases and the fouling of glasses and face with ejection debris. The issue is exacerbated when the weapon is suppressed. The characteristic black smudge from this has been nicknamed "Tavor face" by some shooters. This has been addressed by various non-factory solutions which increase sealing of the unused port.

Its ambidextrous fire mode selector above the pistol grip has a semi-automatic mode and a fully automatic mode.[11]

The Tavor features a self-contained, drop-in trigger group, so that the trigger group can be changed or replaced without the use of additional tools.


The Tavor barrels are made from CrMoV steel and cold hammer-forged (CHF) on the premises of the IWI factory in Ramat HaSharon. The barrel is chrome-lined for durability and corrosion resistance. The barrel features 6 grooves in a 178 mm (1 in 7 inch) twist, or 32 calibers right hand twist rate.

The barrel is fitted with a 'birdcage' style flash suppressor, which can be fully disassembled without the need of additional tools.[8]

Chambering, ammunition and magazines[edit]

The Tavor X95 (foreground) during IDF Warrant Officers' training

The Tavor is primarily chambered for 5.56×45mm NATO, although 9×19mm Parabellum and 5.45×39mm Russian models are also available.

The IDF uses both 3.6-gram (55 gr) M193 and 4.0-gram (62 gr) M855 5.56×45mm rounds. M193 rounds are used by regular infantrymen for better terminal effects at shorter distances, while the heavier M855 is used by sharpshooters.[8]

The TAR-21 accepts standard STANAG magazines. It can also be mounted with the M203 grenade launcher.

Bullpup configuration[edit]

The Tavor uses a bullpup configuration, in which the receiver, bolt carrier group and magazine are placed behind the pistol grip. This shortens the firearm's overall length without sacrificing barrel length. As a result, the TAR-21 provides carbine overall length, yet can achieve rifle muzzle velocities if equipped with a rifle-length barrel. The Tavor can also be configured as a compact close quarters combat (CQC) weapon with a shorter 38 cm (15.0 in) length barrel, and in that form is called the CTAR-21.

Last round bolt-open catch[edit]

The Tavor features a last round bolt catch, whereby the bolt holds open after the last round discharges.[12] This is a request of modern armies, as it helps to allow soldiers to know when their magazine empties and to reduce reloading times during combat.[13]

Reliability, ease-of-maintenance and waterproofing[edit]

The design objectives of the Tavor aimed for reliability and ease-of-maintenance, particularly under adverse or battlefield conditions.[5] According to Russell C. Tilstra, the Tavor is "easily considered more reliable" than the M16 and M4 series rifles.[14]

The Tavor is designed to be easily field-stripped, without the need for any additional tools.[15]

The rifle is waterproofed and its internal mechanism is sealed from outside elements, so that it can pass over-the-beach requirements.[16]

Trials in Israel[edit]

In use with Israel's Golani Brigade

The Tavor prevailed over the M4A1 Carbine in a series of trials of conducted during 2001 and 2002. Qualities tested included Mean Rounds Between Failures (MRBF), reliability, ergonomics during long marches, and ease-of-maintenance.[5]

Following these trials, the IDF adopted the Tavor as its future standard arm for all branches of the infantry, with a gradual changeover beginning in 2006 and expected completion among front line troops by end of year 2018.[7][8]

Tavor variants[edit]

The Tavor assault rifle comes in different variations:[11]

  • TAR-21 – standard version intended for multirole infantry.
    • GTAR-21 – standard version with notched barrel, to accept an M203 40 mm under-barrel grenade launcher.
  • CTAR-21 – compact short barrel version intended for commandos and special forces.
  • STAR-21designated marksman version with folding under-barrel bipod and Trijicon ACOG 4× magnification sight.
  • MTAR-21 (X95) – the IWI X95 Micro Tavor, see below.
  • Fort-221, Fort-222, Fort-223, Fort-224 - Ukrainian made Tavors, manufactured by RPC Fort (of Ukraine)
  • TC-21 - the semi-automatic Tavor Carbine, see below.

Micro-Tavor (MTAR-21)[edit]

Main article: IWI X95
The IDF with the X95 on Mount Hermon
An Israel Defense Forces soldier of the unisex Caracal Battalion armed with CTAR-21 with Meprolight 21 reflex sight.
Female IDF soldier (with black camo beard) armed with Tavor GTAR-21 with grenade launcher
IDF soldiers with the X95
IDF warrant officers, with the X95

The Micro-Tavor (MTAR-21) is the version of the Tavor that was selected as the future standard infantry weapon of the IDF.[17] In 2013, the Micro-Tavor was issued for the first time as the standard infantry weapon to recruits of the Givati Brigade.[18]

With the use of a relatively simple conversion kit, the MTAR-21 can be converted from a 5.56 mm assault rifle to a 9 mm submachine gun loaded with 20, 25, and 32-round magazines. A suppressor can also be added to the weapon, as part of the 9 mm conversion kit. An integrated grenade launcher is currently being developed for the Micro Tavor.

When configured to fire 9 mm rounds, the gun uses a blowback operation to eject and reload rounds, but in the same body as the gas-operated rifle reloading system. It is fed from Uzi magazines. A suppressor can be mounted that allows for the use of standard velocity 9 mm ammunition, not specialized subsonic ammo. The barrel is the same length as the rifle version, but has a 1:10 in rifling twist to stabilize heavy 9 mm bullets.[8]

Compared to the 35 in (890 mm) long M4 with its stock extended with a 14.5 in (370 mm) barrel, the X95 is 23 in (580 mm) long with a 13 in (330 mm) barrel.[8]

It comes in a number of variants (including):[19]

  • X95 (5.56mm, compact assault rifle/carbine with 330mm/13" barrel)
  • X95L (5.56mm, compact assault rifle/carbine with 419mm/16.5" barrel)
  • X95 SMG (9mm, SMG with 330mm/13" barrel)
  • X95R (5.45×39mm,compact assault rifle/carbine with 330mm/13" barrel)[20]
  • X95S (9mm, integrated suppressor with 275mm/10.8" barrel, and a rate of fire of ~1200 rds/min)
7.62 NATO X95

In March 2013, it was reported that IWI would be making an X95 Tavor chambered in 7.62 NATO.[21]

5.45 Russian X95

In April 2013, IWI introduced a conversion kit for the X95, chambered for the 5.45×39mm Russian. The kit was designed for export customers to allow for the rifle to fire 5.45 mm ammunition already used in their inventories[22][23]

Semi-automatic TC-21[edit]

The semi-automatic Tavor Carbine (TC-21) was first made available for civilian customers to purchase in Canada from 2008.[24] The Canadian civilian version initially shipped with the Mepro reflex sight and a slightly longer barrel to meet the Canadian requirement for non-restricted semi-automatic centerfire rifles to have a barrel length of at least 470 mm. Current version are shipped with a full length Picatinny rail, without optics.

IWI started a new US subsidiary, which is manufacturing the semi-automatic Tavor for US sales, with a market date of April 2013. Versions are for sale, with two barrel lengths (16.5" and 18"). The longer barrel is likely to meet NFA requirements for overall length with the muzzle device removed.[25]

As of 2013, the Tavor is available to civilian customers in the United States through IWI's US subsidiary,[25] The weapon is manufactured with a combination of Israeli and US parts. It is available in black, OD green, or flat dark earth colors and with either a 16.5" or 18" barrel. Also available on the 16.5" variant is an integrated Mepro reflex sight. The standard versions come with a full length picatinny rail along the top in addition to the 45-degree offset rail on the ejection side of the foregrip. These variants have an integrated backup sight system that collapses into the rail, with a tritium equipped front post. All variants are compliant with the National Firearms Act. Also available from IWI-US are 9mm conversion kits which accept Colt SMG style magazines, as well as left-to-right-hand, or vice versa, conversion bolts.

The designations for the US rifles are the Tavor SAR-B16, -B18, -B16L, and -B18L.

IWI US had shipped 50,000 Tavors to US civilian customers by early 2016.[26]

In Europe, the Czech company Zeleny Sport recently (December 2015) imported semi-automatic Israeli-made TAR-21 Flattop rifles, equipped with Mepro M5 or M21 reflex sight, which are now available for both civilian and law enforcement customers.

In 2016, it was announced that IWI would begin selling a civilian legal version of the X95, equipped with the lighter trigger-pack (that has also been issued to the IDF in recent years), on the American market later that year.

Aftermarket parts[edit]

A significant aftermarket of spare and replacement parts has developed around the Tavor, including the development of match grade accurizing triggers for the rifle that are produced by manufacturers such as Geissele Automatics and double stage trigger pack TAV-D from Shooting Sight.[27]

Shlomi Sabag, Deputy CEO of IWI, says that one of the indicators of the success of the rifle in the shooting sports or civilian market, is the fact that "an aftermarket of products associated with the Tavor rifle, like triggers, has evolved very quickly." [27]


The National Rifle Association's American Rifleman awarded the Tavor the 2014 Golden Bullseye Award as its rifle of the year. The NRA's prestigious award, now in its twelfth year, aims to award the best products available to civilian shooters.[28][29]

The Truth About Guns website awarded the Tavor with TTAG Reader’s Choice Award for Best Rifle of 2013.[30]


Local users[edit]

  •  Israel: As part of initial testing by Israel Defense Forces' infantry units, the TAR-21 was distributed to members of the training company of the Tzabar Battalion from the Givati Brigade who were drafted in August 2001. They received their rifles in November 2001 during basic training. Initial testing results were favorable – the TAR-21 was found to be significantly more accurate and reliable (as well as more comfortable) than the M4 carbine during extensive field testing.[31] As a trial, the first Tavors were introduced in limited numbers into the army in 2003.[1]
Issues with fine sand entering the Tavor's chamber, which were identified over the two years of testing, were rectified by numerous small adjustments. A number of other improvements and changes to the design were also made between 2001–2009. Tavor CTAR-21 rifles saw combat service in Operation Cast Lead, used by Givati Brigade and Golani Brigade, and the soldiers reported the Tavor rifles functioned flawlessly.[32]
The Tavor X95 during a Warrant Officer course in the Israel Defense Forces.
In November 2009, the IDF announced that the MTAR-21 (X95) would become the standard infantry weapon of the IDF, with the addition of an integrated grenade-launcher.[17]
In December 2012, the IDF announced that they would begin equipping and training their new reserve forces with the TAR-21, starting in 2013, with the switch-over by the end of 2018.[33]
The first Tavor (MTAR-21 variants) rifles were issued to new recruits of a main IDF infantry brigade in 2013, replacing the M-16 rifles.[6]
In 2014 the IDF announced that in the future (from as early as the end of 2014) some infantry units could start to be issued some numbers of an improved X95 (MTAR-21), which will have a longer 38 cm (15 in) barrel (instead of the original 33 cm barrel of the X95) and a lighter trigger pull.[34]

Foreign users[edit]

  •  Angola: Angolan Army purchase for Special Forces.[35]
Members of the Azerbaijani Special Forces march with Tavor T-21 rifles during a military parade in Baku
The National Police of Colombia, with the CTAR-21, while arresting drug lord Luis Hernando Gomez-Bustamante
Colombian forces armed with the CTAR-21
  •  Colombia: The Colombian Army operates the TAR-21 for their special forces, in the army, marines and in the Colombian national police.[42]
  •  Ethiopia: Bodyguards of the Ethiopian Prime Minister were seen with the TAR-21.[43][44]
  •  Georgia: Different variants of the weapon have been acquired and issued to special commando units of the Georgian MIA, state security and protection agencies since 2001. In 2004 the Tavor was to replace the Soviet Kalashnikov rifle, however due to lack of funding and low purchase quantity that idea was abandoned. The construction of a manufacturing plant was also considered.[45]
Guatemalan Navy special forces with STAR-21 designated marksman variant.
  •  Guatemala: Guatemala's police force or PNC (Policia Nacional Civil) operates the TAR-21.[46]
  •  Honduras: Honduran army special forces use the MTAR-21.[47]
An Indian Central Reserve Police Force officer with X95
Tavor used by Para commandos of the Indian Army
  •  India: In late 2002, India signed an INR 880 million (about USD 17.7 million) deal with Israel Military Industries for 3,070 manufactured Tavor assault rifles to be issued to India's special forces personnel,[48] where its ergonomics, reliability in heat and sand might give them an edge at close-quarters and employment from inside vehicles. By 2005, IMI had supplied 350–400 Tavors to India's northern Special Frontier Force (SFF). These were subsequently declared to be "operationally unsatisfactory". The required changes have since been made, and tests in Israel during 2006 went well, clearing the contracted consignment for delivery. The Tavor has now entered operational service – even as India gears up for a larger competition that could feature a 9 mm MTAR-21 version.[49] Known as the Zittara, the rifle is manufactured in India by the Ordnance Factories Board for Indian service,[50] the new Tavors have a modified single-piece stock and new sights, as well as Turkish-made MKEK T-40 40 mm under-barrel grenade launchers.[49] 5,500 have been recently inducted and more rifles are being ordered.[51] A consignment of over 500 TAR-21 Tavor assault rifles and another 30 Galil sniper rifles worth over INR 150 million (USD 3.3 million) and INR 20 million respectively was delivered to the MARCOS (Marine Commandos) in December 2010.[52]
India's paramilitary and counter-insurgency Central Reserve Police Force CRPF ordered 12000 Micro Tavor (X95) rifles (designation X95), with the rifles entering service in early 2011. Following the use of the weapon by Indian forces fighting the insurgency in Kashmir, CRPF commanders have stated that the X95 is a more effective assault rifle than the AKM, due to its small size, power, longer range and lighter weight.[53]
Polish Special Forces train with the Tavor during Tiger Claw
In 2016, IWI announced that it was establishing a 49:51 joint venture with Punj Lloyd in India, in order manufacture rifle components in India.[54]
Ukrainian CTAR-21 produced under license by RPC Fort as Fort-221
  •  Ukraine: Yuriy Lutsenko, then head of Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, announced on October 1, 2008 that Israel Weapon Industries and the Ukrainian research and production company RPC Fort would jointly manufacture the Tavor TAR-21 assault rifle to enter service with special Ukrainian military and police units.[70][71] RPC Fort had displayed working samples of Tavors chambered to take 5.45×39mm ammo with Milkor 40mm UBGL grenade launchers to showcase to Ukrainian security forces officers as a means of convincing them to buy Ukrainian-made Tavors for special forces units.[72]
  •  United States: In August 2013, IWI US announced that the Pennsylvania Capitol Police had adopted the Tavor SAR, a variant specifically designed for the U.S. market.[73] In July 2014, it was announced that the Lakewood, New Jersey Police Department would begin to adopt the Tavor SAR, after the weapon "met the demands and requirements of the Lakewood PD for reliability, ease-of-maintenance, durability and accuracy."[74] The Hidalgo County Sheriff's Office in Texas, operate both the Tavor SAR-21 and X-95 variants.[75]
  •  Vietnam: From 2012, the Tavor entered service in special units of the Vietnamese army, equipping special forces, marines and naval units.[76]
IWI has been awarded a $100 million contract to establish a factory in Vietnam to produce an unspecified number of Galil ACE assault rifles, as well as others such as the Tavor, for the People's Army of Vietnam.[77]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e Future Weapons, by Kevin Dockery, (Penguin 2007)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Modern Firearms – Tavor TAR-21 assault rifle. World.guns.ru. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  3. ^ IDF Adopts New Special Forces Weapon, David Eshel, Dec 05, 2008, aviationweek.com
  4. ^ Vining, Miles (2016-01-14). "Official: .300 BLK for Tavor". TheFirearmBlog.com. Archived from the original on 2016-01-15. Retrieved 2016-01-15. 
  5. ^ a b c "American Rifleman - Decidedly Different: The IWI Tavor". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  6. ^ a b The first time the IDF recruits were issued the "Micro-Tavor" Israel National News, 22/02/13 13:01
  7. ^ a b c "TAVOR History". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f IWI X95: A Bullpup For IDF Special Forces - SAdefensejournal.com, 21 March 2012
  9. ^ The Battle Rifle: Development and Use Since World War II, By Russell C. Tilstra, (McFarland 2014) page 25-28
  10. ^ "Bullpup Forum SHOT Show Interview". Bullpup Forum. Retrieved 2012-05-17. 
  11. ^ a b "Israel Weapon Industries (I.W.I.): TAVOR TAR-21 5.56 mm". Israel-weapon.com. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  12. ^ "Tavor - IWI US". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  13. ^ The Battle Rifle: Development and Use Since World War II , By Russell C. Tilstra, Russell C. Tilstra, (McFarland 2014), page 98
  14. ^ The Battle Rifle: Development and Use Since World War II, By Russell C. Tilstra, (McFarland 2014) page 97
  15. ^ Tavor Sar page 14
  16. ^ The Gun Digest Book of Assault Weapons (Gun Digest Books, 26 Sep 2007), By Jack Lewis, Robert K. Campbell, David Steele, page 246
  17. ^ a b מיקרו–תבור לכל לוחם חי"ר. Dover.idf.il. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  18. ^ The first time the IDF recruits were issued the "Micro-Tavor" Israel National News, 22/02/13 13:01
  19. ^ [1] IWI X95 brochure
  20. ^ IWI page about X95-R. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
  21. ^ IWI Developing A 7.62mm Tavor X95 Rifle - Thefirearmblog.com, March 5, 2013
  22. ^ Israel Weapon Industries Extends Capabilities Of X95 Assault Rifle For Defense Agencies, Jewish Business News, Apr 28th, 2013
  23. ^ "IWI unveils conversion kit for X95 assault rifle - News - Shephard". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  24. ^ "IWI Tavor civilian semi-automatic carbine". Canadaammo.com. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  25. ^ a b [2] IWI-US.
  26. ^ Another great milestone reached today! 50,000 Tavor SAR's out the door! IWI US, Facebook
  27. ^ a b The success of the 'Tavor' has taken us by surprise" Amir Rapaport 10/3/2014
  28. ^ "The IWI US TAVOR SAR is the 2014 American Rifleman Rifle of the Year". AmmoLand.com. 20 December 2013. 
  29. ^ "IWI US TAVOR® SAR 2014 Golden Bullseye Award Rifle of the Year". IWI US, Inc. 18 March 2015. 
  30. ^ "IWI Accepts the TTAG Reader's Choice Award for Best Rifle of 2013". The Truth About Guns. 16 January 2014. 
  31. ^ Future Weapons - Tavor assault rifle. Youtube.com.
  32. ^ לאור תפקודו במבצע: אין עוד צורך בשיפור התבור, IDF Spokesperson, in Hebrew (In English the title reads: "Due to its performance during the operation: there are no further improvements required in the Tavor")
  33. ^ Israeli Army reserve soldiers to be equipped with Tavor TAR-21 - Armyrecognition.com, December 15, 2012
  34. ^ ישראל דיפנס, הכתבה הופיעה במלואה במקור במגזין "במחנה" גיליון 47, 12 דצמבר 2013.
  35. ^ "37.º ANIVERSÁRIO DAS FORÇAS ESPECIAIS ANGOLANAS - Operacional". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  36. ^ Shahin Abbasov (2009-08-16). "Azerbaijan Mum about Israeli Spy Plane, Satellite Projects". EurasiaNet.org. Retrieved 2010-08-26. 
  37. ^ A Taurus e o Tavor. Defesabrasil.com. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  38. ^ Julio Montes. "Elites of the Exército Brasileiro, Page 1". Small Arms Defense Journal. Retrieved 2012-05-13. 
  39. ^ "On The Ground With Cameroon's Army Trying To Stop Boko Haram". YouTube. Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  40. ^ Israeli arms transfers to sub-Saharan Africa Archived 2013-12-15 at the Wayback Machine.
  41. ^ a b Equiparán más unidades con potentes fusiles israelíes 30 de Marzo de 2012, El Heraldo
  42. ^ IMI Tavor. Unffmm.com. Retrieved on 2010-08-31. Archived July 17, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  43. ^ What kind of gun Meles Zenawi bodyguards carry? Archived 2015-02-08 at the Wayback Machine., May 23, 2010, Posted by ocean, http://ethiopiaforums.com
  44. ^ Meles urges recognition of poll win, Barry Malone and David Clarke, May 25, 2010, ethiomedia.com
  45. ^ http://www.globes.co.il/en/article-820261
  46. ^ "Agentes todavía no saben utilizar fusiles comprados por el Gobierno". Elperiodico.com.gt. Retrieved 2010-08-31. 
  47. ^ "Equiparán más unidades con MTAR 21". elheraldo.hn. Retrieved 2012-04-17. 
  48. ^ "One FIR, Govt blacklists 7 firms, hits artillery upgrade". The Indian Express. 2009-06-05. p. 2. Retrieved 2009-06-09. 
  49. ^ a b Tavor-21 Rifle Headed Into Service With Indian Special Forces. Defenseindustrydaily.com (2007-02-28). Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  50. ^ Ordnance Factory Board. Ofbindia.gov.in. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
  51. ^ "To give 'irregulars' punch, forces go shopping for hi-tech weapons". The Times Of India. 2011-01-13. 
  52. ^ Israeli TAR-21 Tavor Assault Rifles for Indian Navy Commandos, 2011-01-12, IANS, bharat-rakshak.com
  53. ^ "Israeli-made rifle TAVOR better than AK-47: official". www.oneindia.com. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  54. ^ IWI Establishes Activity in India Ami Rojkes Dombe | 7/02/2016
  55. ^ "Macedonian Armed Forces - photo and video thread - Page 3". Retrieved 23 December 2014. 
  56. ^ Compra la policía capitalina armas israelíes Excelsior, 22/08/2011 05:00 Gerardo Jiménez
  57. ^ http://www.vanguardngr.com/epaper/2011/december/13122011/index.html
  58. ^ Ben-David, Alon (September 23, 2009). "In the Line of Fire: Infantry Weapons". Jane's Defence Weekly (ISSN 0265-3818).
  59. ^ Philstar Online PDEA acquires 120 new assault rifles
  60. ^ The Guardian Philippines secret death squads: officer claims police teams behind wave of killings
  61. ^ Substituição da G-3: Governo recorreu para o Supremo, Diário Digital
  62. ^ Militares vão continuar a utilizar as velhas 'G3', Diário de Notícias (Portuguese)
  63. ^ http://www.gunsandammo.com/reviews/jazz-singer-iwi-tavor-review/
  64. ^ 20151213-Referendum in Bangui's PK5 (2015-12-13). "Referendum in Bangui's PK5". UN Mission in the Central African Republic MINUSCA. Retrieved 2017-02-02. 
  65. ^ "ข่าวการจัดหาอาวุธของกองทัพบก". นายสิบไทยดอทคอม. Retrieved 5 May 2011. 
  66. ^ DefenseNews.com Thailand Plans $191.3M Arms Purchase
  67. ^ Cabinet nod for Israeli rifles
  68. ^ http://www.dha.com.tr/fotogaleri/orj/27057_1885_03102012_4.jpg http://www.dha.com.tr/fotogaleri/orj/27057_1885_03102012_3.jpg
  69. ^ http://www.mako.co.il/pzm-magazine/Article-ce2b6aa2f81a551006.htm
  70. ^ Tavory dla Ukrainy. Altair. Retrieved on 2010-08-31.
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