IND Crosstown Line

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IND Crosstown Line
"G" train
The G, which uses the Crosstown Line through Brooklyn and Queens, is colored lime green.
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System New York City Subway
Termini Court Square
Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets
Stations 13
Daily ridership 149,043[1]
Operation
Opened 1933–1937
Owner City of New York
Operator(s) New York City Transit Authority
Character Underground
Technical
Number of tracks 2-4
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Electrification Direct Current traction
IND Crosstown Line
Court Square
21st Street
Greenpoint Avenue
Nassau Avenue
Lorimer Street
Metropolitan Avenue
Broadway
Flushing Avenue
Myrtle – Willoughby Avenues
Bedford – Nostrand Avenues
Classon Avenue
Clinton – Washington Avenues
Fulton Street
Hoyt – Schermerhorn Streets

The IND Crosstown Line or Brooklyn–Queens Crosstown Line is a rapid transit line of the B Division of the New York City Subway in Brooklyn and Queens, New York City, United States. It provides crosstown service between western Brooklyn and northwestern Queens and is the only trunk line that does not carry trains to/from Manhattan.

Extent and service[edit]

The following services use part or all of the IND Crosstown Line,[2] whose services' bullets are colored lime green:

  Time period Section of line
"G" train all times south of Court Square

The only service to use the Crosstown Line is the G. No revenue service has ran over the line north of Court Square since 2010.[3]

The north end of the Crosstown Line is a flying junction with the IND Queens Boulevard Line and 60th Street Tunnel Connection just south of Queens Plaza. The line then travels south as a two-track line, except for a center relay track south of Court Square. At the turn from Marcy Avenue to Lafayette Avenue, two center tracks appear, merging into one after crossovers to the main tracks. These tracks were to be used for a split to another line in a 1931 expansion plan. This center track continues through Bedford–Nostrand Avenues and then ends with crossovers to the main tracks, but space remains in the center through Classon Avenue for the third track.[3]

At Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets, the Crosstown Line passes through the middle of the four-track IND Fulton Street Line. Cross-platform interchange is available between the lines, but no track connections exist. After Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets, the line turns south and ends as a merge into the local tracks of the IND Culver Line, just south of the split of that line into local and express tracks.[3]

History[edit]

Plans for a crosstown line had been floated as early as 1912.[4][5] In 1923, a plan for such a line, to be operated by the Brooklyn Rapid Transit Company (BRT) from the Queensboro Bridge under Jackson Avenue, Manhattan Avenue, Roebling Street, Bedford Avenue, and Hancock Street to Franklin Avenue at the north end of the BMT Franklin Avenue Line,[6] was adopted by the city.[7] However, the following year, Mayor Hylan announced his opposition to it.[8] In addition, residents of central Brooklyn, which was already heavily developed, opposed an elevated line because of noise and aesthetic concerns, but the BRT would not build a subway because an elevated was the cheapest option.[5]

Eventually, the line was moved and incorporated into the city's Independent Subway System (IND).[9] The junction with the IND Queens Boulevard Line in Long Island City was originally supposed to have a second wye, with service from Manhattan via the 53rd Street Tunnel planned to feed into the Crosstown Line. This would have been part of a loop service between the Crosstown and Eighth Avenue Lines.[9][10]

1920 proposal

The first contract to build the Crosstown Line, for a section north of Nassau Avenue in Brooklyn, was awarded in 1928.[11] The portion of the line crossing Newtown Creek between Brooklyn and Queens, now known as the Greenpoint Tubes, was built without the use of a tunneling shield or compressed air, contrary to the convention of the time. The tunnel was bored through solid rock, crossing under the East River Tunnels of the Long Island Rail Road and the IRT Flushing Line, then lined with concrete.[12]

On August 19, 1933, the line was opened north of Nassau Avenue, and the GG began operation to Queens Plaza.[13] The entire Crosstown Line was completed and connected to the IND Culver Line on July 1, 1937, whereupon the GG was extended in both directions to Smith–Ninth Streets and Forest Hills–71st Avenue.[14]

In 1946, as part of a $1 billion plan issued by the New York City Board of Transportation, a branch of the IND Crosstown Line would be built, with the routing via Franklin Avenue and connecting with the BMT Brighton Line. This would have replaced the BMT Franklin Avenue Line.[15][16] Over the next 77 years, the termini for the GG (relabeled G in 1985)[17] had varied, including being extended to Jamaica–179th Street[18] or cut back to Queens Plaza or Long Island City–Court Square. Service was also extended to Church Avenue several times, the most recent extension being in 2009. During weekend service disruptions on the F service between Jay and Bergen Streets, trains were extended beyond Church Avenue to Coney Island. On April 19, 2010, G service was permanently cut back from the Queens Boulevard Line due to budget cuts.[19]

In 2012, flood waters from Hurricane Sandy caused significant damage to the Greenpoint Tubes under the Newtown Creek. Although the G was back in service days after the hurricane, the tube needed permanent repairs. To allow for these repairs, G service was curtailed for twelve weekends between July and December 2013, as well as daily between July 25 and September 2, 2014.[20]

The 2015–2019 MTA Capital Plan called for the Crosstown Line's Classon Avenue and Flushing Avenue stations, along with 31 others, to undergo a complete overhaul as part of the Enhanced Station Initiative. Updates would include cellular service, Wi-Fi, USB charging stations, interactive service advisories and maps, improved signage, and improved station lighting.[21][22]

Station listing[edit]

Every station is served by the G train from Court Square south to past Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops late nights and weekends Stops late nights and weekends only
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours in the peak direction only
Time period details
Handicapped/disabled access Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
Handicapped/disabled access ↑ Station is compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act
in the indicated direction only
Handicapped/disabled access ↓
Aiga elevator.svg Elevator access to mezzanine only
Neighborhood
(approximate)
Handicapped/disabled access Station Services Opened Transfers and notes
Queens
Long Island City Splits from the IND Queens Boulevard Line local tracks (no regular service)
Elevator access to mezzanine only Court Square G all times August 19, 1933[13] IRT Flushing Line (7 all times <7> rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction​)
IND Queens Boulevard Line (E all timesM weekdays until 11:00 p.m.)
21st Street G all times August 19, 1933[13] Connection to LIRR at Hunterspoint Avenue
Brooklyn
Greenpoint Greenpoint Avenue G all times August 19, 1933[13]
Nassau Avenue G all times August 19, 1933[13]
Williamsburg Metropolitan Avenue G all times July 1, 1937[14] BMT Canarsie Line (L all times) at Lorimer Street
Broadway G all times July 1, 1937[14]
Williamsburg/
Bedford-Stuyvesant
Flushing Avenue G all times July 1, 1937[14]
Bedford-Stuyvesant Myrtle–Willoughby Avenues G all times July 1, 1937[14]
Bedford–Nostrand Avenues G all times July 1, 1937[14] Center track between the two island platforms
Clinton Hill Classon Avenue G all times July 1, 1937[14] Additional space for a center track
Clinton–Washington Avenues G all times July 1, 1937[14]
Fort Greene Fulton Street G all times July 1, 1937[14]
Downtown Brooklyn Hoyt–Schermerhorn Streets G all times July 1, 1937[14] IND Fulton Street Line (A all timesC all except late nights)
Merges with the IND Culver Line (G all times)

References[edit]

  1. ^ MTA. "Average weekday subway ridership". Archived from the original on March 28, 2014. Retrieved April 2, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Subway Service Guide" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 25, 2017. Retrieved July 1, 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books. 
  4. ^ Raskin, Joseph B. (November 1, 2013), The Routes Not Taken: A Trip Through New York City's Unbuilt Subway System, Fordham University Press, ISBN 978-0-8232-5369-2 
  5. ^ a b vanshnookenraggen (September 23, 2015). "Mysteries of the Queens Boulevard Subway". vanshnookenraggen. Retrieved October 4, 2015. 
  6. ^ Transit Commission, New Subways: Proposed Additions to Rapid Transit System, 1922
  7. ^ "Two Subway Routes Adopted by City". The New York Times. August 4, 1923. p. 9. Retrieved December 18, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Hylan About Faced, Says Citizens Union". The New York Times. April 6, 1924. p. 13. Retrieved December 18, 2011. 
  9. ^ a b New York Times, New Subway Routes in Hylan Program to Cost $186,046,000, March 21, 1925, page 1
  10. ^ "Bids for Test Boring in L. I. City For Crosstown Line Due May 22". Queens Daily Star. May 6, 1925. Retrieved May 1, 2016 – via Fulton History. 
  11. ^ "SUBWAY EXTENSIONS FOR LONG ISLAND; Three Contracts for Work in the Greenpoint Section for Over Five Miles of Track. WILL COST-OVER $15,000,000 The New Fifty-third Street Terminal Under East River Now 45Per Cent. Completed". The New York Times. January 22, 1928. Retrieved April 17, 2018. 
  12. ^ Snapp, Fletcher G. (April 24, 1929). "Newtown Creek Tunnel First Tube of Kind Bored Without Compressed Air". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. p. 3. Retrieved August 28, 2016 – via Newspapers.com. 
  13. ^ a b c d e "Two Subway Units Open at Midnight – Links in City-Owned System in Queens and Brooklyn to Have 15 Stations" (PDF). The New York Times. August 18, 1933. Retrieved November 7, 2015. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "New Crosstown Subway Line Is Opened". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. July 1, 1937. Retrieved December 24, 2015. 
  15. ^ "Borough Subway Relief Still 2 to 3 Years Off". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Newspapers.com. December 6, 1946. p. 5. Retrieved January 22, 2016. 
  16. ^ "Borough Subway Relief Still 2 to 3 Years Off". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Newspapers.com. December 6, 1946. p. 1. Retrieved January 22, 2016. 
  17. ^ "The JoeKorNer Brochures". www.thejoekorner.com. Retrieved May 1, 2016. 
  18. ^ "Service Changes September 30, 1990" (PDF). subwaynut.com. New York City Transit Authority. September 30, 1990. Retrieved May 1, 2016. 
  19. ^ Haddon, Heather (April 13, 2010). "G train taking a hit before service cuts roll out". AM New York. Archived from the original on April 24, 2010. Retrieved April 16, 2010. 
  20. ^ "G Line Review". mta.info. Archived from the original on November 7, 2015. Retrieved October 29, 2015. 
  21. ^ "MTA Will Completely Close 30 Subway Stations For Months-Long "Revamp"". Gothamist. Archived from the original on August 1, 2016. Retrieved July 18, 2016. 
  22. ^ "MTAStations" (PDF). governor.ny.gov. Government of the State of New York. Retrieved July 18, 2016. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google

KML is from Wikidata