Indian National Rally Championship
- "INRC" redirects here. For the Israeli National Roads Company, see National Roads Company of Israel.
Indian National Rally Championship or (INRC) is a rallying series organised by the Federation of Motor Sports Clubs of India (FMSCI), which is the Governing Body or ASN of India recognised by FIA culminating with National Champion Driver and Co-Driver. The driver and co-drivers's championship are based on a point system. The championship first received its National Championship Title status in 1988.
- 1 Rally formats
- 2 Teams
- 3 Four wheelers
- 4 FMSCI years
- 5 MAI years
- 6 Champions
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Prior to the inception of INRC, Motor Rally in India was run on TSD (Time, Speed, and Distance) format. During 70’s the TSD events ran into several states with distances covering several days and distances exceeded over 1000 km.
TSD endurance format
Up till 1988, the TSD format was modeled on endurance format with Popular Rally starting in Cochin would have a re-group in Coimbatore or Ooty, covering a few days and close to 1000 km. Same for South India Rally (Chennai), Karnataka 1000 (Bangalore), Scissors Action Rally (Coimbatore) all had routes cris-crossing into each other cities and covered two or more states. Overnight re-grouping was done at different locations and a fresh starting order was issued in a re-group start. Routes were mostly dirt and off-road conditions as well as ghat sections.
Since 1988, FMSCI introduced the Stage rally format for the INRC which was then known as the FMSCI Indian Rally Drivers Championship (FIRDC), which usually covered between 300 and 400 km and Rallies were conducted in low traffic areas in country side. Some events were Day Rallies; others ran in Night only while some had a mix of Day and Night.
Over a period, the Stage Distance became shorter and overall Rally was conducted in a few closed stages, closed to traffic. Since 2000 under MAI, the Rally ran as per FIA regulations in a format of a one Day Recce, Two Day Rally and the results were announced by the end of the day. Also stage Marshall Training was conducted by hiring FIA nominated personals by both FMSCI and MAI. Spectator and competitor safety became prime factor in event management. Also during the MAI years night rallies were stopped as well as Two Wheeler rallying.
Event equipments and communication
Computers were used since 1988 rallies for tabulating penalty points, while HAM radio was the principal form of communication by Rally Headquarters between Time Controls and Marshalls while the teams operated between the drivers and their crews in a different frequency as allotted by the INRC and Ham Clubs. By 2001, standardized electronic Timing equipments were used by all clubs. Also INRC awarded trophies to the clubs for safety and administration, based on a point system audit by FIA and MAI observers. At times a bad event management attracted termination of hosting the INRC round the following year.
The ITC sponsored Scissors Action Rally Team, based out of Coimbatore having strong links to the Coimbatore Auto Sports Club, was the first in establishing a professional rally team in late 80’s, eventually winning the inaugural rally in the INRC year 1988. This team had several top title contenders like L. Gopalakrishnan, DPF Krishnakumar and the two were leading the championship points at times during the 88 and 89 seasons.
MRF Tyres were one of the major sponsors for some of the leading drivers and two wheelers riders since early 80’s, fielding some of the leading as well as new talents in both Four Wheelers and Two Wheelers. Tough the team concept was non-existent then, MRF sponsored competitors had their own tuners. It was not until 1989 J. Anand and a year later N. Leelakrishnan would establish the MRF rally units. The Cochin-based Popular Automobiles had the Popular Rally Team and Kirloskar, Veedol Oil and Raymonds used to sponsor drivers from Maharashtra. There were other local Teams like Team Kadur too. Most of these those teams were competing or sponsoring drivers since early eighties. MRF Tyres would also eventually establish a Motorsport division with Anthony Rodricks as its head.
After the introduction of INRC championship title format, several new teams entered into Rallying. The notable entry was by JK Tyres, who in 1992 signed an agreement with S. Karivardhan for Motor Rallying as well as Racing activities. JK Motorsports since then managed by Sanjay Sharma had been in Motor Rallying and Track racing in a major way by sponsoring drivers to international competitions. In 1993 another new team emerged from Irujalakuda, named Team Paarel which also won the 1993 Karnataka-1000 driven by Vinil Varghese. In 1995 Chetinnad Cements sponsored Chettinad Motorsports started competing in the stock Group N category. So did other Teams like Kari Sports, Kumci Sports etc.
There were other private entrants who mostly filled the rest half of the field.
The MRF rally team continued to flourish under the leadership of Antony Rodrigues and Soman Joseph and several of their drivers set many records during the period. The main drivers and navigators where; Karandip Singh/Jaidas Menon, Arjun Balu/Kumar ramswami, LOhit Urs/Chandramouli. Meanwhile, Gaurav Gill of JK tyres joined MRF Tyres co-navigated by Musa Sherif and won many titles.
In recent years, Red Rooster Racing, a new Team based out of Bangalore entered the INRC in 2008 with N. Leelakrishnan as their Technical Director and went on to win the Championship in their debut year. This triggered a fierce battle between Red Rooster Racing and Team MRF Tyres for the next two years and was the highlight of the INRC in recent years. Red Rooster Racing however closed down at the end of 2010 due to financial difficulties but by then, they had won the championship 2 out of the 3 years they entered the INRC.
Two of the Team Drivers, Amittrajit Ghosh & Karna Kadur left to be part of another new outfit, Team RRPM with support from MRF Tyres and went on to win the Group N championship in 2011 and the INRC in 2012 & 2013.
In 2012, another new Team called Slideways Industries joined the INRC with the support of VW and JK Tyres with drivers like Karamjit Singh and Vikram Mathias.
Ambassadors and Premier Padminis dominated the rallying scene till early '80s. The Group A(II) IND Premier Padminis continued in the INRC years till late '90s. Sipani Dolphins was a preferred choice for Vicky Chandhok and others who were dominant between 85 and 88 years. Hindustan Contessa Classic and Premier 118NE made brief appearances of which the later was driven by K. D. Madan and Kamlesh Patel, winning the 1987 Karnataka K-1000 Rally.
Maruti 800 also had a significant presence as they were already competing in the Sholavaram 800CC class. The INRC's inaugural rally in 1988, Scissors Master Action Rally in Coimbatore was won by L. Gopalakrishnan and Mahendran, driving a Group A(II)IND Maruti 800 for the Scissors Action Rally Team.
Maruti Gypsy era
Post INRC, most top drivers switched to the Maruti Gypsy for its off-road and Four-wheel drive capabilities. The highly modified Group A (II) IND category allowed tuners the flexibility to choose between a wide range of cam shafts, tuned exhausts and heavily modified cylinder heads. Till 1992, MRF was the principal choice of tyres for most Maruti Gypsys and twin Weber carburetors were the preferred choice for the fully modified class. For the 1994 season S. Karivardhan opted for computer programmable Electronic Fuel Injection for Hari Singh's Team JK Gypsy and they were dominant during that period, prompting N. Leelakrishnan to follow suit in EFI systems for his Rally cars. Alarmed at the high budgets and top speeds of the top runners, FMSCI for 1996 season finally outlawed the Group A (II) IND category and reverted to Group A (I) IND category which restricted engine modifications and the regular stock Group N category. The loud intake and screaming exhaust note with crackling backfire were missed by many rally fans.
Maruti Esteem era
In 1996 Maruti Esteem, became the preferred choice for all top teams and was confined to Group A (I) IND category. The Maruti Esteem also had a high power weight ratio compared to other cars in India. The Rally terrain was split in two formats, Dirt or Tarmac for the entire event. Events like K-1000, South India Rally and Coimbatore rallies mostly ran in Dirt format, while Popular Rally and Rally D’ Endurance opted for tarmac rallies. Hence the choice of tyres and suspension setup for the saloon cars were done well before the rally. Also with restricted engine power and more Tarmac rallies for saloon cars meant suspension tuning for handling by tuners became the deciding factor for a cars performance.
Maruti Baleno and Honda City era
By 2000, with the launch of Honda City VTEC and Maruti Balenos Team JK and MRF opted for these two cars of which the less powerful Maruti Baleno’s were given for the mid-field contenders. Still Maruti Esteem remained the favorite among the privateers and novices in the group N category. Also Honda City cars were more reliable and suspension tuning became the deciding factor for vehicle performance. A few mid-runners opted for the new 16 Valve MPFI Maruti Esteem's for its low running costs.
Rally Star Cup
MAI launched a new "Rally Star Cup" for novices as a "Pay and Drive" package deal with service as per MAI's arrangement with a few teams. The cars were the older carburrated Maruti Esteems. This new programme was to encourage new and young drivers into rallying without the burden of spending huge money for cars and service crew.
With the introduction of the much powerful Group N & N+ Mitsubishi Cedia with a power over 230 BHP in Group N+ trim, most top runners switched to it.
The Maruti Gypsy again made appearances in INRC events as a new Gypsy class was created by FMSCI in 2008.
Currently Mitsubishi Cedia is the most powerful car dominating the Indian Rally Scene. In 2013, the Volkswagen Polo made its debut and is making its presence felt in the INRC as a strong contender for being the most dominant car.
The FMSCI has in the recent past since 2012 made quite a few changes to the INRC. It stopped the highly modified Group N+ category and followed the FIA Group N regulations for all its classes. The Junior Indian National Rally Championship (JINRC) to promote young talent was also introduced thereby stopping the Rally Star Cup.
The other class that it created is the Indian Rally Championship which is open to foreign nationals as well as Indians in imported cars conforming to the FIA Group N category. With this, Indian rally fans have been able to see cars like the Mitsubishi Evo X and Subaru Impreza on Indian rally stages.
In 2012, the Gypsy class was stopped and in 2013, the FMSCI created a SUV class running as per the FIA T1 & T2 regulations. The Mahindra XUV 500 has come out to be the vehicle to beat in this class.
FMSCI was the governing body from 1988 till 1999. During this period Two Wheelers were also included in the Championship. It was then known as FIRDC Championship and was sponsored by Castrol. The international sports governing body FIA reverted the governing and sanctioning rights to FMSCI in October 2008, and since 2009 season INRC is governed by FMSCI.
Between the years 2000 and 2008 MAI (Motorsports Authority Of India) was approved by FIA to administer and govern the National Championship. In 2008, the sanctioning and governing authority was reverted to FMSCI.
|1988||Farad Bathena||Raj Bagri||Team MRF||Maruti Gypsy Group II (A)* (IND)||Mohinder Lalwani||FMSCI|
|1989||Farad Bathena||Raj Bagri||Team MRF||Maruti Gypsy Group II (A)* (IND)||J.Anand||FMSCI|
|1990||N. Leelakrishnan||C V Jaykumar||Team MRF||Maruti Gypsy Group II (A)* (IND)||N. Leelakrishnan||FMSCI|
|1991||N. Leelakrishnan||N Mahindran||Team MRF||Maruti Gypsy Group II (A)* (IND)||N. Leelakrishnan||FMSCI|
|1992||N. Leelakrishnan *||N Mahindran||Team MRF||Maruti Gypsy Group II (A)* (IND)||N. Leelakrishnan||FMSCI|
|1993||N. Leelakrishnan||N Mahindran||Team MRF||Maruti Gypsy Group II (A)** (IND)||N. Leelakrishnan||FMSCI|
|1994||Hari Singh||Gurinder Singh Mann||JK Rally Team||Maruti Gypsy Group A-1-A (IND)||S.Karivardhan||FMSCI|
|1995||Hari Singh||Gurinder Singh Mann||JK Rally Team||Maruti Gypsy Group A-1-A (IND)||S.Karivardhan||FMSCI|
|1996||Hari Singh||Gurinder Singh Mann||JK Rally Team||Maruti Esteem Group A-1-A (IND)||PNR Satish||FMSCI|
|1997||Hari Singh||Gurinder Singh Mann||JK Rally Team||Maruti Esteem Group A-1-A (IND)||WSRF||FMSCI|
|1998||N. Leelakrishnan||Farooq Ahmed||Team MRF||Maruti Esteem Group A-1-A (IND)||N. Leelakrishnan||FMSCI|
|1999||V. R. Naren Kumar||Farooq Ahmed||Team MRF||Maruti Esteem Group A||N. Leelakrishnan||FMSCI|
|2000||V. R. Naren Kumar||D Ram Kumar||Team MRF||Maruti Baleno Group A||N. Leelakrishnan||MAI|
|2001||N. Leelakrishnan||Farooq Ahmed||Team MRF||Honda City Group A||N. Leelakrishnan||MAI|
|2002||V. R. Naren Kumar||D Ram Kumar||Team MRF||Honda City Group A||N. Leelakrishnan||MAI|
|2003||V. R. Naren Kumar||D Ram Kumar||Team MRF||Honda City Group A||N. Leelakrishnan||MAI|
|2004||Vikram Mathias||Sujith Kumar||Team MRF||Honda City Group A||N. Leelakrishnan||MAI|
|2005||V. R. Naren Kumar||D Ram Kumar||JK Rally Team||Maruti Baleno Group N||N. Leelakrishnan||MAI|
|2006||V. R. Naren Kumar||D Ram Kumar||JK Rally Team||Maruti Baleno Group N||N. Leelakrishnan||MAI|
|2007||Gaurav Gill||Musa Sherif||Team MRF||Mitsubishi Cedia Group N||J.Anand||MAI|
|2008||Vikram Mathias||PVS Murthy||Red Rooster Racing||Mitsubishi Cedia Group N+||N. Leelakrishnan||MAI|
|2009||Gaurav Gill||Musa Sherif||Team MRF||Mitsubishi Cedia Group N+||J.Anand||FMSCI|
|2010||V. R. Naren Kumar||D Ram Kumar||Red Rooster Racing||Mitsubishi Cedia Group N+||N. Leelakrishnan||FMSCI|
|2011||Gaurav Gill||Musa Sherif||MRF||Mitsubishi Cedia Group N+||J.Anand||FMSCI|
|2012||Amittrajit Ghosh||Ashwin Naik||RRPM||Mitsubishi Cedia Group N||B.Rajan||FMSCI|
|2013||Amittrajit Ghosh||Ashwin Naik||RRPM||Mitsubishi Cedia Group N||B.Rajan||FMSCI|
|2014||Gaurav Gill||Musa Sherif|
|2016||Karna Kadur||Nikhil Pai||Team Yokohama India||Volkswagen Polo Group N||N.Leelakrishnan||FMSCI|
Notes * Denotes Vehicle Class Group II (A)IND. This class has unrestricted Vehicle Modifications. Extreme Engine Porting, Multiple Carburetors (Twin SU's or Webber's), etc. This class was outclassed/Banned by the end of 1993 season.
** Denotes Vehicle Class Group II (A)IND. In this year the winners car has Rally tuned Electronic Fuel Injection. As were its rival car.
* 1992 Four Wheeler Title - N. Leela Krishnan and N. Mahindran won the tie beaker and the title was awarded to them against Farad Bathena and Farook Comsariat.
- V. R. Naren Kumar - Coimbatore - 7 times Champion.
- N. Leelakrishnan - Coimbatore - 6 times Champion.
- Gaurav Gill - New Delhi - 4 times Champion.
- Hari Singh - Chandigarh - 4 times Champion.
- Farad Bathena - Mumbai - 2 times Champion.
- Vikram Mathias - Bengaluru/Masinagudi/Coimbatore - 2 times Champion.
- Amittrajit Ghosh - Kolkata - 2 times Champion.
- Karna Kadur - Bangalore - 1 time Champion.
- Autosports India
- Madras Motor Sports Club
- Kari Motor Speedway
- Force India
- Buddh International Circuit
- "Ham Radio in INRC". Zee News India. 2011.
- "Support of Coimbatore Amateur Radio Club and Kodaikanal Amateur Radio Society". Times of India. 2011.
- "FMSCI gets upper hand in the power struggle". DNA Newspaper. 2008.