INS Kolkata

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INS Kolkata entering Mombasa, Kenya.jpg
INS Kolkata (D63) entering Mombasa, Kenya, in September 2016
History
India
Name: Kolkata
Namesake: Kolkata
Builder: Mazagon Dock Limited
Yard number: 701
Way number: D63
Laid down: September 2003
Launched: 30 March 2006
Acquired: 10 July 2014
Commissioned: 16 August 2014[1]
Homeport: Mumbai
Identification: Pennant number: D63
Motto: "Yudhay Sarvasannadh"(Sanskrit)"Always Prepared for Battle"[2]
Status: in active service
Badge: INS Kolkata crest
General characteristics
Class and type: Kolkata-class destroyer
Displacement: 7,500 tons[3][4]
Length: 163 m (535 ft)[5]
Beam: 17.4 m (57 ft)[5]
Speed: In excess of 30 kn (56 km/h; 35 mph)
Range: 8,000 nmi (15,000 km; 9,200 mi)+
Complement: 250 (estd)
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • IAI EL/M-2248 MF-STAR AESA multi-function radar[6]
  • Thales LW-08 D-band air search radar[7]
  • IAI EL/M-2238 L-band STAR surveillance radar[6]
  • BEL HUMSA-NG bow sonar
  • BEL Nagin active towed array sonar[8]
  • BEL Electronic Modular Command & Control Applications (EMCCA Mk4) combat management system[6]
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Elbit Systems Deseaver MK II counter-measures systems and defensive aids suite
Armament:
  • Anti-air missiles:
  • 4 × 8-cell VLS, for a total of 32;[9]
  • Barak 8 missiles (Range: 0.5 km (0.31 mi) to 90 km (56 mi)[10])
  • Anti-ship/Land-attack missiles:
  • 2 × 8-cell UVLM for 16 BrahMos anti-ship and land-attack missiles
  • Guns:
  • 1 × 76 mm gun Oto Melara SRGM
  • 4 × AK-630 CIWS
  • Anti-submarine warfare:
  • 4 × Mark 46 torpedo Torpedo tubes
  • 2 × RBU-6000 anti-submarine rockets
Aviation facilities:

INS Kolkata is the lead ship of the Kolkata-class stealth guided-missile destroyers of the Indian Navy. She was constructed at Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL), and was handed over to the navy on 10 July 2014 after completing her sea trials. The ship was officially commissioned by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in a ceremony held on 16 August 2014.[1][2]

Construction[edit]

The keel of Kolkata was laid down in September 2003 and she was launched on 30 March 2006.[5] Her commissioning was originally planned for 2010, but this was delayed to 16 August 2014 as a result of a series of project delays.[11][12] During her construction at MDL, she was given the designation Yard-701.[13]

Sea trials[edit]

The commissioning of Kolkata was delayed from 2010 to 2014 due to delays in her construction and technical problems which were found during her sea trials. The issue detected was generation of additional noise, which occurred when the engine, gear box and the shaft were operated together, but which worked issue-free when run independently. The issues were fixed and the sea trials were completed by February 2014, when the ship returned to MDL to undergo minor work before delivery.[13][14][15]

2014 carbon dioxide leak[edit]

On 7 March 2014, during a complete check-up of the ship's machinery to fix the problems found during sea trials,[13] a naval officer was killed and several workers were injured when a valve on a CO2 bottle malfunctioned during a test of the vessel's carbon dioxide fire-fighting unit at the Mazagaon dockyard. For the test, fire-retarding carbon dioxide gas was to be released into a compartment; the test was part of the destroyer's delivery trials. Kolkata's engineering officer-designate, Commander Kuntal Wadhwa, inhaled a large amount of gas and was rushed to St George's Hospital, where he was pronounced dead. Two dockyard officials who also inhaled the gas were also taken to hospital for treatment.[16][17][18] MDL stated that the incident will not delay the scheduled commissioning of the ship.[13]

Weapon trials[edit]

INS Kolkata firing a Long Range Surface to Air Missile

As part of her pre-commissioning weapon trials at sea, Kolkata test-fired a BrahMos missile off Karwar's coast on 9 June 2014, and the test met all parameters.[19][20] On 15 February 2015, BrahMos missile was on test fired from INS Kolkata during the Tropex exercise in the Arabian Sea.[21][22]

On 29 December 2015 and 30 December 2015 the Indian Navy successfully test-fired the Barak 8 missile from INS Kolkata.[23][24] Two missiles were fired at high speed targets, during naval exercises being undertaken in the Arabian Sea.[25][26]

Service history[edit]

Deployment Date Port Visited Commander Notes and References
2016
East Africa and the Southern Indian Ocean with frigate INS Trikand and fleet tanker INS Aditya 28-30 August Port Victoria, Seychelles Captain Rahul Vilas Gokhale[27] Enhance defence ties with the Seychelles People Defense Forces[28][29]
1-4 September Port Louis, Mauritius [30][31][32]
10-13 September Mombasa, Kenya [33][34]
20-23 September Durban, South Africa [35][36]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "PM-Modi-inducts-Indias-largest-indigenously-built-warship-INS-Kolkata". Retrieved 16 August 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Prime Minister Commissions INS Kolkata". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-04-24. 
  3. ^ "Navy gets its largest destroyer". The Hindu. 13 July 2014. Retrieved 15 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "Largest destroyer project of Navy hit by delay". Defence Express. 6 Jun 2013. Retrieved 15 July 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c Rasquinha, Reagan Gavin (2006-04-01), "Queen of the high seas", Times of India 
  6. ^ a b c "Country's most potent indigenous warship joins service this month". SP's Naval Forces. 8 June 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  7. ^ "Bharat Electronics Ltd. awards LW08 contract to Thales". Thalesgroup. 2 July 2008. Retrieved 2 April 2010. 
  8. ^ "Indian Navy to get four new destroyers". DNA India. 17 March 2009. Retrieved 2 April 2010. 
  9. ^ Som, Vishnu (16 August 2014). "On INS Kolkata, PM is Only Partially Correct". NDTV. Retrieved 8 March 2015. At the moment, she is designed to carry only 32 Barak surface-to-air missiles... 
  10. ^ "India commissions second Kolkata-class destroyer". Janes. IHSJanes. 29 September 2015. Retrieved 30 December 2015. 
  11. ^ Pandit, Rajat (2007-11-06), "Navy hit by delay of big-ticket projects", Times of India 
  12. ^ Bhatt, Arunkumar (2006-04-01), "A lethal combination of stealth and strength", The Hindu 
  13. ^ a b c d "Peculiar problems were dogging warship INS Kolkata". The Times of India. TNN. 8 March 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  14. ^ "Navy's ongoing hunt for heavy torpedoes leads to delay in modernisation process". India Today. 10 June 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  15. ^ "New details, pictures on Indian Navy's Future Kolkata class Destroyer". navyrecognition.com. 10 February 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  16. ^ "Navy hit by another accident; officer dead". Retrieved 7 March 2014. 
  17. ^ http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/navy-officer-killed-in-mumbai-days-after-ins-sindhuratna-accident/article1-1192138.aspx
  18. ^ "One Naval Officer killed in INS Kolkata Gas Leak Accident". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 7 March 2014. 
  19. ^ "BrahMos missile test-fired from warship INS Kolkata". The Times of India. 9 June 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  20. ^ "India-Russia Missile Successfully Test Fired from Indian Warship". RIA Novosti. 9 June 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  21. ^ "BrahMos missile test-fired from Indian Navy’s newest ship INS Kochi, hits target". The Indian Express. 2015-11-02. Retrieved 2016-01-05. 
  22. ^ "Supersonic BrahMos successfully test-fired from INS Kolkata - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2016-01-05. 
  23. ^ "Indian Navy test-fires surface-to-air missile developed with Israel". mid-day. Retrieved 2016-01-05. 
  24. ^ "Indian Navy test-fires missile developed with Israel". Retrieved 2016-01-05. 
  25. ^ "Indian Navy successfully test fires surface-to-air missile Barak-8 | Brahmand News". www.brahmand.com. Retrieved 2016-01-05. 
  26. ^ "Proud Moment. Indian Navy Tests The Most Formidable Missile In Its Arsenal". indiatimes.com. Retrieved 2016-01-05. 
  27. ^ "Indian Warships visit Port Louis, Mauritius | Indian Navy". indiannavy.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-09-11. 
  28. ^ "Indian Warships Visit Port Victoria". Marine Link. Retrieved 2016-09-11. 
  29. ^ "Eturbonews". 
  30. ^ "Indian warships visit Port Louis, Mauritius". en.portnews.ru. Retrieved 2016-09-11. 
  31. ^ Standard, Business. "VISIT OF INDIAN WARSHIPS TO MOMBASA KENYA 10 13 SEPTEMBER 2016". Retrieved 2016-09-11. 
  32. ^ "Indian Warships visit Port Louis, Mauritius | Indian Navy". indiannavy.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-09-17. 
  33. ^ "Indian warships reach Mombasa, Kenya on visit | NetIndian". netindian.in. 2016-09-11. Retrieved 2016-09-11. 
  34. ^ "Visit of Indian Warships to Mombasa, Kenya | Indian Navy". indiannavy.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-09-17. 
  35. ^ "Western Fleet Ships visit South Africa (20 - 23 September 2016)". pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2016-09-20. 
  36. ^ "Western Naval Fleet ships arrive in South Africa | ANI News". www.aninews.in. Retrieved 2016-09-20.