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INS Shivalik (F47)

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INS Shivalik
INS Shivalik during trials
History
India
Name: INS Shivalik
Namesake: Shivalik Hills
Builder: Mazagon Dock Limited
Laid down: 11 July 2001
Launched: 18 April 2003
Commissioned: 29 April 2010
Status: in active service
Badge: INS Shivalik seal
General characteristics
Type: Shivalik-class guided missile frigate
Displacement: 6,200 tonnes (6,100 long tons; 6,800 short tons) full load[1]
Length: 142.5 m (468 ft)[2]
Beam: 16.9 m (55 ft)
Draught: 4.5 m (15 ft)
Installed power:
  • 2 × Pielstick 16 PA6 STC Diesel engines
  • 15,200 shp (11,300 kW)
  • 2 × GE LM2500+
  • 33,600 shp (25,100 kW)
Propulsion: boost turbines in CODOG configuration.
Speed:
  • 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph)[3]
  • 22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph) (diesel engines)
Complement: 257 (35 officers)
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • 1 × MR-760 Fregat M2EM 3-D radar
  • 4 × MR-90 Orekh radar
  • 1 × Elta EL/M-2238 STAR
  • 2 × Elta EL/M-2221 STGR
  • 1 × BEL APARNA
  • HUMSA (hull-mounted sonar array)
  • ATAS/Thales Sintra towed array systems
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
BEL Ajanta electronic warfare suite
Armament:
  • Anti-air missiles:
  • 32-cell VLS launched Barak 1 missiles
  • 24 × Shtil-1 medium range missiles
  • Anti-ship/Land-attack missiles:
  • 8 × VLS launched Klub, anti-ship cruise missiles
  • or
  • 8 × VLS launched BrahMos, anti-ship and land-attack cruise missiles
  • Guns:
  • 1 × 3 in (76 mm) Otobreda, naval gun
  • 2 × AK-630 CIWS
  • Anti-submarine warfare:
  • 2 × 2 DTA-53-956 torpedo launchers
  • 2 × RBU-6000 (RPK-8) rocket launchers
Aircraft carried: 2 × HAL Dhruv or Sea King Mk. 42B helicopters.

INS Shivalik (F47) is the lead ship of her class of stealth multi-role frigates built for the Indian Navy. She is the first stealth warship built by India.[4]

Construction[edit]

INS Shivalik was built at the Mazagon Dock Limited (MDL) located in Mumbai. The keel of the ship was laid on 11 July 2001 and the vessel was launched on 18 April 2003. She was originally planned to be commissioned by 2005[3] but this was delayed. She started her sea trials in February 2009 and was eventually commissioned on 29 April 2010.

INS Shivalik features improved stealth and land attacking features over the preceding Talwar-class frigates. She is also the first Indian Navy ship to use the CODOG propulsion system.[5]

Service history[edit]

INS Shivalik during construction.

2012[edit]

In 2012, INS Shivalik was deployed in the Northwest Pacific for JIMEX 2012 (Japan-India Maritime Exercise) with a four-ship group which included INS Rana, INS Shakti and INS Karmuk and took part in India's first bi-lateral maritime exercise with Japan. The Japanese Maritime Self Defence Force (JMSDF) was represented by two destroyers, one maritime patrol aircraft and a helicopter.[6] The four ships entered Tokyo on 5 June 2012 after visiting Singapore, Vietnam, Philippines and Republic of Korea. They stayed in Tokyo for three days. This visit coincided with commemoration of 60 years of diplomatic relations between India and Japan. Vice Admiral Anil Chopra, Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief Eastern Naval Command, also visited Tokyo to witness the first JIMEX.[7][8][9]

After the deployment in the north Pacific, the battle group was deployed in the South China Sea.[10][11] As part of India's Look East policy, the ships visited the Shanghai port on 13 June 2012, for a five-day goodwill tour.[8][12] INS Shakti served as the fuel and logistics tanker to the three destroyers. The ships left the port on 17 June 2012.[13] Before leaving the port, the ships conducted a routine passage exercise with the People's Liberation Army Navy (PLAN).[14][15][16]

After the visits to Singapore, Vietnam, Philippines, Japan, South Korea and China, the ships visited Port Klang, Malaysia. This was the battle group's last port call during its two-month-long deployment, which had started in May 2012. After this she returned to the Eastern Fleet of the Indian Navy and since has been docked there.[7][17][18]

2014[edit]

On 21-25 April 2014, INS Shivalik participated in the PLAN's 65th anniversary celebrations held in Qingdao, China.[19] She sailed 4,500 miles from Port Blair to Qingdao without being assisted by any support vessel.[20]

On 17-23 July 2014, she participated in INDRA 2014 a naval and army counter-terrorism exercise, with Russia in the Sea of Japan. INS Ranvijay and INS Shakti were also part of India fleet accompanying her. Russia was represented by the destroyer Admiral Vinogradov and Peresvet in addition to several auxiliary vessels. The exercise was hosted at Vladivostok, Russia.[21]

On 24-30 July 2014, she participated in Malabar 2014 naval exercise off the southern coast of Japan, with the navies of Japan and United States. The exercise was hosted at Nagasaki, Japan.[22][23]

On 6-9 August 2014, she visited Hai Phong, Vietnam on a goodwill visit. She was commanded by Captain Puruvir Das.[24]

2015[edit]

On 12-19 September 2015, she participated in AUSINDEX 2015 at Visakhapatnam, the first bilateral maritime exercise between India and Australia. Royal Australian Navy deployed HMAS Sirius, HMAS Arunta, HMAS Sheean and an Australian Air Force P3C Orion. India provided INS Shivalik, INS Ranvijay, INS Shakti and an Indian Navy P8I maritime patrol aircraft.[25][26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Shivalik class". Indiannavy.nic.in. Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  2. ^ Cdr. A.K. Lambhate, "Stealth is Wealth", Sainik Samachar, Vol. 51, No. 14, 16–31 July 2004, Ministry of Defence (India).
  3. ^ a b Monica Chadha, India trials stealth frigate, BBC, 18 April 2003
  4. ^ "Riding the waves". Rediff.com. 10 May 2003. Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  5. ^ "Shivalik Class Frigates". Naval Technology. 15 June 2011. Retrieved 5 May 2013. 
  6. ^ "India, Japan to hold first naval exercise from today". IBN Live. 9 June 2012. Retrieved 14 January 2013. 
  7. ^ a b "First bilateral maritime exercise between India and Japan" (PDF). Indian Navy Press Release. 9 May 2012. Retrieved 17 January 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "How Indian Navy is expanding and modernising". NDTV. 25 June 2012. Retrieved 14 July 2012. 
  9. ^ "Japanese warships call at Kochi". The Hindu. 15 June 2012. Retrieved 17 January 2013. 
  10. ^ "Warm reception to Indian naval ships in China". Zee News. 13 June 2012. Retrieved 14 January 2013. 
  11. ^ "Indian warships to dock at Chinese port". Zee News. 12 June 2012. Retrieved 14 January 2013. 
  12. ^ Indian warships to dock at Chinese port after 6 yrs gap
  13. ^ "Indian warships wrap up China visit". NDTV. 19 June 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2012. 
  14. ^ "Chinese Navy calls for trust building with India". The Hindu. 15 June 2012. Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  15. ^ "Chinese Navy calls for trust building with India". The Week in Review. IDSA. Retrieved 3 January 2013. 
  16. ^ Mohan, C Raja. "Analysis: Japanese Navy". Observer Research Foundation. Retrieved 17 January 2013. 
  17. ^ "Indian warships on goodwill tour, dock in Malaysia". NDTV. 28 June 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2012. 
  18. ^ "Indian navy ships on 4-day visit". New Straits Times. 28 June 2012. Retrieved 29 July 2012. 
  19. ^ "The Indian Navy's 'China' dilemma | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses". www.idsa.in. Retrieved 2016-05-16. 
  20. ^ India, China agree to deepen naval ties after landmark exercise
  21. ^ "India and Russia begin Indra-2014 naval exercise in Sea of Japan". Naval Technology. Retrieved 2016-05-16. 
  22. ^ "India-Japan: Malabar 2014, a good beginning". Gateway House. 2014-07-29. Retrieved 2016-05-16. 
  23. ^ Det., This story was written by Mass Communication Specialist 1st Class Joshua Hammond, Navy Public Affairs Support Element Japan, Sasebo. "Malabar 2014 Kicks Off". www.navy.mil. Retrieved 2016-05-16. 
  24. ^ "Braving China, INS Shivalik Makes Port Call in Vietnam". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2016-05-16. 
  25. ^ "Australia, India Complete Maritime Exercises". The Maritime Executive. Retrieved 2016-05-16. 
  26. ^ "AUSINDEX-15: Bilateral maritime exercise between India and Australia begins - The Economic Times". The Economic Times. Retrieved 2016-05-16. 

External links[edit]