INS Sindhukirti (S61)

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Ae dq ins S62 1.jpg
A Sindhughosh class submarine underway
Career (India)
Name: INS Sindhukirti
Builder: Admiralty Shipyard and Sevmash
Commissioned: 4 January 1990 by Cdr. Kannan Ramdas
Status: sea trials; underwent refit from June 2006 - May 2015 at Hindustan Shipyard [1]
Badge: INS Sindhukirti badge
General characteristics
Class and type: Sindhughosh class submarine
Displacement: 2300 tons surfaced
3100 tons dived
Length: 72.6 m (238 ft)
Beam: 9.9 m (32 ft)
Draught: 6.6 m (22 ft)
Propulsion: 2 x 3650 hp diesel-electric motors
1 x 5900 hp motor
2 x 204 hp auxiliary motors
1 x 130 hp economic speed motor
Speed: Surfaced;10–12 knots (19–22 km/h)
Submerged;17–25 knots (31–46 km/h)
Range: Snorting:6,000 mi (9,700 km) at 7 kn (13 km/h)
Submerged:400 miles (640 km) at 3 knots (5.6 km/h)
Endurance: Up to 45 days
Test depth: Operational Depth;240 m (790 ft)
Maximum Depth;300 m (980 ft)
Complement: 68 (incl. 7 Officers)
Armament: 9M36 Strela-3 (SA-N-8) SAM launcher
Klub-S (3M-54E) ASCM
Type 53-65 passive wake homing torpedo
TEST 71/76 anti-submarine, active-passive homing torpedo
24 DM-1 mines in lieu of torpedo tube

INS Sindhukirti (S61) is the seventh Sindhughosh-class diesel-electric submarine of the Indian Navy. She was built at the Admiralty Shipyard and Sevmash in the Soviet Union.

Sindukirti was commissioned on January 4, 1990. She underwent a "medium refit" from June 2006 until May 2015 at the Hindustan Shipyard at Vishakapatnam. The midlife upgrade was projected to be completed in 3 years but numerous delays postponed the submarine's return.[2] Having spent one third of her lifetime in refits, she finally returned to service on 23 May 2015.[3]


The Sindhukiriti has a length of 72.6 m (238 ft) overall, a beam of 9.9 m (32 ft) and a draft of 6.5 m (21 ft). She displaces 2,300 t (2,264 long tons) surfaced, 3,100 t (3,051 long tons) submerged and has a maximum diving depth of 300 m (980 ft). The complement is about 68, including 7 officers and 61 sailors.[4][5]

The submarine has a shaft with one seven-blade propeller. It is powered by two diesel generators, each of which produce 1,000 kW (1,300 hp). It also has an electric motor with 5,500–6,800 hp (4,100–5,100 kW) of power. She can achieve a maximum speed of 10–12 knots (19–22 km/h) when on surface and 17–25 knots (31–46 km/h) when submerged.[4]

Operational service and refit[edit]

INS Sindhukirti was commissioned on 4 January 1990 by Cdr. Kannan Ramdas. She is the seventh of the ten Sindhughosh class submarines.[4]

Midlife Medium refit[edit]

Sindhukirti was docked at Hindustan Shipyard in June 2006 for a midlife refit which included installation of USHUS sonar and the Klub-S cruise missiles and other hull works. She was originally planned to be sent to Russia for the upgrade but it was later decided for an indigenous upgrade. Hindustan Yard with almost zero experience in the field was chosen due to political wrangling against the wishes of the navy staff.[6][7][8][9]

Described by IBNLive as the dry dock queen, the mid-life upgrade initially projected to be completed in 3 years has seen numerous delays and will now probably return only by March 2015.[8] The In 2009, Admiral Sureesh Mehta said "That kind of expertise did not exist in India before and this is for the first time that we are trying it out here. Instead of sending them to Russia all the way, this one is being offloaded to Hindustan Shipyards. There are some problems in their procurement procedures. It takes a little longer than is expected".[7]

However, it was earlier reported that the poor workmanship of the shipyard has rendered the boat unfixable.[4] By 2009, she had spent ten out of her thirty years of service life in refits.[7] Official sources at HSL said more than 90% of the work has been completed[10][11]

After nine years in refit, Sindhukirti returned to sea on 23 May 2015 and currently undergoing sea trials..[12][3]


  1. ^ "Submarine INS Sindhukirti sets sail for sea trials". Business Standard. 23 May 2015. Retrieved 24 May 2015. 
  2. ^ "Russia delayed sub refit to weaken shipyard?". Business Standard. 2 September 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Navy gets INS Sindhukirti back". Business Standard. 23 May 2015. Retrieved 24 May 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c d "S 55 Sindhu Ghosh Class". Global Security. Retrieved 22 April 2014. 
  5. ^ "Sindhughosh class". Indian Navy. Retrieved 22 April 2014. 
  6. ^ S. Anandan (15 August 2013). "Body blow to Navy’s submarine arm". The Hindu. Retrieved 22 April 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c Vishal Thapar (January 14, 2009). "Navy's submarine repair costs India losses". IBN Live. Retrieved 22 April 2014. 
  8. ^ a b "Submarine INS Sindhukirti stuck in refit for 8 years". The Times of India. March 7, 2014. Retrieved 22 April 2014. 
  9. ^
  10. ^ "Even Hudhud could not stop INS Sindhukirti refit at HSL". 5 Nov 2014. 
  11. ^ "Russia delayed sub refit to weaken shipyard?". Business Standard. 2 September 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014. 
  12. ^ "Navy gets INS Sindhukirti back". Business Standard. 23 May 2015. Retrieved 24 May 2015.