iOS 14

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iOS 14
A version of the iOS operating system
IOS 14 Logo.png
IOS 14 Homescreen.png
Screenshot of iOS 14 beta using a light-on-dark color scheme, featuring the redesigned widgets on the Home screen.
DeveloperApple Inc.
Source modelClosed, with open-source components
General
availability
September 16, 2020; 5 days ago (2020-09-16)[1]
Latest release14.0[2] (18A373)[3] (September 16, 2020; 5 days ago (2020-09-16)) [±]
Latest preview14.2 beta[4] (18B5052h)[5] (September 17, 2020; 4 days ago (2020-09-17)) [±]
Platforms
Kernel typeHybrid (XNU)
Default user interfaceCocoa Touch (multi-touch, GUI)
LicenseProprietary software with open-source components
Preceded byiOS 13
Official websitewww.apple.com/ios/ios-14/
Support status
Supported
Articles in the series
iPadOS 14 (iPadOS version derived from iOS 14)

iOS 14 is the fourteenth and current major release of the iOS mobile operating system developed by Apple Inc. for their iPhone and iPod Touch lines. Announced at the company's Worldwide Developers Conference on June 22, 2020 as the successor to iOS 13. iOS 14 was released on September 16, 2020.[6][7]

History[edit]

Updates[edit]

The first developer beta for iOS 14 was made available on June 22, 2020, and the first public beta was made available on July 9, 2020.[8] iOS 14 was released to the public on September 16, 2020.[6]

Version Build Release date Notes
14.0 18A373 September 16, 2020 Initial release
14.2 beta 18B5052h September 17, 2020 Introduces a Shazam toggle in Control Center, revamped media controls, and face detection in the Magnifier app. Unsupported on the iPhone XR and iPhone 11.[9]

Legend:   Past   Current   Beta

System features[edit]

App Clips[edit]

App Clips are a new feature expanding on the functionality of the App Store. Intended as a dynamic feature rather than a permanently installed app, App Clips are extremely pared-back with very few OS permissions. At the time of announcement, only the use of Apple Pay and Sign in with Apple were shown.

App Clips may be discovered in person via NFC tags or QR codes with App Clips branding. They may also be shared via Messages, or placed on websites or Maps.

CarPlay[edit]

CarPlay was updated to allow users to set a built-in wallpaper. Route management was extended with features alerting the user to available stops, such as parking and food ordering. Additionally, route planning for electric vehicles now considers the location of charging stations.[citation needed]

Car keys[edit]

Car keys allow an iPhone to act as a virtual car key using NFC technology with compatible cars. The first compatible car showcased by Apple at the WWDC 2020 was the 2021 BMW 5 Series. Keys are accessible from the Wallet app. Keys may be shared; sharing may be temporary or given restrictions. In the event the iPhone dies, car keys can still be accessed via the power reserve of the iPhone for about five hours.[10] Car keys require an iPhone released in 2018 or later.[11]

Home screen[edit]

Unlike previous versions, in which icons on the home screen were rearranged in order and corresponded directly to apps, users may add app icons and newly-introduced app widgets; pages may be added or deleted at will. This allows users to hide infrequently-used apps and avoid clutter.

Widgets[edit]

To the left of the first page, the Today View is replaced by a scrollable widget UI. Widgets may be placed on the home screen to sit amongst app icons[12]; they may be resized to two-by-two, horizontal two-by-four, or four-by-four icons. Widgets of the same size may be stacked over each other and swiped between for convenience; a Smart Stack may be placed which automatically shows the most relevant widget to the user based on the time of day.[13]

App Library[edit]

To the right of the last page, the App Library lists and categorizes apps installed on the device. Apps within each category are arranged based on the frequency of their usage. In addition to a category for suggested apps, a "recent" category lists apps recently installed alongside App Clips recently accessed. Users can search for the app they want or browse them in alphabetical order.[12]

Compact UI[edit]

A series of changes were made in iOS 14 to reduce the visual space taken by previously full-screen interfaces; such interfaces now appear and hover in front of an app, allowing for touch (and therefore multitasking) on the app behind. Voice calling interfaces, including Phone, or other third-party apps such as Skype, are made substantially thinner,[13] taking approximately as much space as a notification. Siri's interface is now also compact.

Picture-in-picture allows users to continue watching video playback (or take voice calls, such as with FaceTime) in a thumbnail-sized view after leaving the app. This view may be resized with pinch gestures, or moved off-screen temporarily and re-summoned for multitasking. Picture-in-picture is currently supported by Safari and FaceTime. This feature was not available in the YouTube app at launch; Google subsequently announced that picture-in-picture will be supported on YouTube in a forthcoming update, but only for subscribers to YouTube Premium.[14]

Search and Siri[edit]

Improvements to the Search feature on the home screen were made, including a refined UI, quick launcher for apps, more detailed web search, shortcuts to in-app search, and improved as-you-type search suggestions.[12]

While made compact so that content below is visible, Siri's interface does not allow for simultaneous multitasking, as designers felt it unclear how the interface would then be dismissed.[15] Siri can now answer a broader set of questions and translate more languages. Users can also share their ETA with contacts and ask for cycling directions.[16]

Privacy[edit]

Privacy information can now be seen on the App Store so users can understand what permissions an app requires before they download it. Users may change location permissions to inform the app of an approximate location, preserving privacy when exact location is unnecessary.[12]

A recording indicator appears at the top of the screen whenever an app uses the microphone or camera. Likewise, a notification appears when the clipboard is accessed by an app.[17]

During the iOS 14 announcement, Apple stated that with the launch of iOS 14, apps will not be able to exchange information by default. Apps will have to explicitly ask users for permission to track them across websites and apps.

Ad industry response and enforcement delay[edit]

Facebook announced that this transparency requirement will likely hurt the advertising targeting.[18] Furthermore, iOS 14 will require apps to ask users for access to "ID for Advertisers" (IDFA) before apps can access it. Facebook said that "despite [their] best efforts, [the changes] may render [their tracking] so ineffective on iOS 14 that it may not make sense to offer it on iOS 14" and Facebook apps on iOS 14, including Facebook, WhatsApp, Instagram, Messenger, and a host of others will no longer collect users' IDFA.[19][20] In early September, Apple announced that they would delay enforcement of the targeting changes until early 2021.[21]

Other features[edit]

  • The Emoji keyboard was updated with a search bar for quick access. iOS 14 adds 20 new hair and head wear styles to Memoji and Animoji, including face mask options for Memoji.
  • The user's email and browser apps – by default the stock Mail app and Safari – may now be changed.[22]
  • On iPhones released in 2017 and later (iPhone 8 and 8 Plus, iPhone X), a new accessibility feature allows users to perform common tasks by double-tapping the back of the device via the phone’s accelerometer (e.g. opening Control Center).
  • Users with devices that do not automatically read NFC tags may add a shortcut on the Control Center to do so.
  • In the Notes app, it is now easier to find notes using an improved "on-device intelligence."[12]
  • The Weather app now shows minute-by-minute forecasts for the next hour in the United States. Apple now uses data from their recently acquired service Dark Sky instead of only The Weather Channel.[25][26]
  • Apple Arcade now has direct Game Center integration.[27]
  • The scroll wheel time picker has been replaced with a number pad input, and a smaller scroll wheel. [29]
  • A new Accessibility feature, called Sound Recognition, allows iPhones to listen for predefined sounds and issue an alert whenever the specific audio is detected. This way an iPhone can detect fire, various sirens, animals, multiple household noises, and a baby that's crying or someone that's shouting. [30]

App features[edit]

Camera[edit]

The Camera app gained several new features. Features include:[12]

  • The ability to mirror photos taken from the front camera.
  • QR code reading enhancements.
  • Exposure compensation control.
  • Quick toggles in Video mode for all iPhones.
  • QuickTake video on the (iPhone XR and iPhone XS/XS Max).
  • Camera app gets redesigned on the iPhone XR and iPhone XS/XS Max.
  • The ability to capture burst photos and QuickTake video with volume buttons on supported devices.
  • An updated Night mode capture experience on the (iPhone 11 and iPhone 11 Pro/11 Pro Max).

Improvements were also made in shot-to-shot performance. Photos can be shot up to 90% faster, time to first shot is now up to 25% faster, and Portrait shot-to-shot is up to 15% faster.[31]

FaceTime[edit]

FaceTime now automatically adjusts the visual appearance of eyes to account for the camera being above where a caller's eyes are displayed, allowing for direct two-way eye contact, and 1080p FaceTime resolution.[12]

Home[edit]

The Home app received design changes to emphasize suggested accessories alongside those marked as favorite. In addition, a major set of automation capabilities were added for use with compatible HomeKit devices; this automation requires the presence of an iPad, HomePod or Apple TV to facilitate on-device processing.

Home security cameras may be instructed to only alert the user of activity if it occurs in a preselected activity zone. In addition, facial recognition performed in Photos app may be used to alert based on recognized people, with additional integration for use with smart doorbells.

Smart lighting products which support color temperatures may be instructed to match a preset color temperature setting. As the presence of blue light is a major zeitgeber – a factor which influences the perception of time with regards to circadian rhythm – this feature is designed to encourage activity in the day and calmness in the morning and evening.[16]

Messages[edit]

In the Messages app, users can now pin up to nine individual conversations above other message threads.

Group chats using iMessage may be given a custom image, a Memoji or an emoji. Users may now mention other users, and change notification settings to only be notified when explicitly mentioned.[12] Messages may be replied to with inline replies, allowing for simultaneous conversation threads and see the replies in the general conversation or as a separate thread.

Maps[edit]

Apple Maps will now give users access to cycling routes, providing information including elevation and stairs. It also provides users with multiple options, suggesting routes with less busy streets. Cycling directions will be available at launch in New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Shanghai, and Beijing.[32] Apple announced they will continue to roll out their enhanced maps detail to countries beyond the United States, including Canada, the United Kingdom and Ireland, and more in the future.

Apple also introduced EV routing, which allows users to take charging stations into account while planning their route and choose a route where they will be able to recharge when they need to. This feature requires integration with the car. Apple is currently working with Ford and BMW to implement this feature with their electric vehicles.[citation needed]

Curated guides for various places around the world have been added, which suggest where to eat, shop, and explore.

Safari[edit]

Safari, the default web browser in iOS, gained the ability to monitor passwords for data breaches and generate privacy reports for trackers on websites. Major improvements were made to JavaScript performance.[12]

A web page translation tool has been added to Safari in seven languages: English, Spanish, Simplified Chinese, French, German, Russian and Brazilian Portuguese. This feature is currently only available in the United States and Canada.

Translate[edit]

Introduced in iOS 14, the stock Translate app allows users to translate voice and text between 11 languages: English, Spanish, Mandarin Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Russian, German, French, Italian, Brazilian Portuguese, and Arabic. When rotated to landscape view, the app features an "attention mode," making it easier for someone to read a translation. It can be used during verbal conversations between speakers of different languages. The Translate app auto-detects what language is being spoken and converts it to your chosen default language.[citation needed]

Improvements made to translation are integrated with Siri, and pages may be translated inline in Safari.

Supported devices[edit]

All the devices that supported iOS 13 also support iOS 14.[12] The iPhone 6S, the iPhone 6S Plus and the first-generation iPhone SE are the oldest iPhone models with the ability to support iOS 14.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Porter, Jon (2020-09-16). "Apple developers are scrambling over accelerated iOS 14 release". The Verge. Retrieved 2020-09-16.
  2. ^ Juli Clover (September 16, 2020). "Apple Releases iOS 14 and iPadOS 14 With Home Screen Redesign, App Library, Compact UI, Translate App, Scribble Support, App Clips, and More". MacRumors. Retrieved September 16, 2020.
  3. ^ "iOS 14 (18A373) - Releases - Apple Developer". Apple Developer. Apple Inc. September 16, 2020. Retrieved September 16, 2020.
  4. ^ Clover, Juli (September 17, 2020). "Apple Seeds First Beta of tvOS 14.2 Update to Developers". MacRumors. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  5. ^ "iOS 14.2 beta (18B5052h) - News - Apple Developer". Apple Developer. Apple Inc. September 17, 2020. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  6. ^ a b "Apple Releases iOS 14 and iPadOS 14 With Home Screen Redesign, App Library, Compact UI, Translate App, Scribble Support, App Clips, and More". MacRumors. September 16, 2020. Retrieved September 16, 2020.
  7. ^ "iOS 14 and iPadOS 14 are starting to roll out". The Verge. September 16, 2020. Retrieved September 16, 2020.
  8. ^ Miller, Chance (July 9, 2020). "Apple releasing iOS 14 public beta today with redesigned home screen, widgets, more". 9to5Mac. Retrieved July 9, 2020.
  9. ^ https://developer.apple.com/documentation/ios-ipados-release-notes/ios-ipados-14_2-beta-release-notes
  10. ^ Peters, Jay; Statt, Nick (June 22, 2020). "Apple announces Car Key for wirelessly unlocking your car with an iPhone". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  11. ^ "Use your iPhone or Apple Watch as a car key". Apple Support. Retrieved 2020-07-16.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "iOS 14 Preview - Features". Apple. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  13. ^ a b Apple Special Event. June 22, 2020. Apple Inc. June 22, 2020. Retrieved June 22, 2020.
  14. ^ Espósito, Filipe (September 18, 2020). "4K YouTube videos still not compatible with tvOS 14, picture-in-picture removed from website". 9 to 5 Mac.
  15. ^ "Marques Brownlee in Conversation With Craig Federighi — Pixel Envy". pxlnv.com. Retrieved 2020-06-30.
  16. ^ a b "iOS 14: Release date, New features, compatible devices, etc". 9to5Mac. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  17. ^ Rossignol, Joe (23 June 2020). "iOS 14 Notifies Users When an App or Widget Reads Your Clipboard". MacRumors. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  18. ^ Rodriguez, Salvador (2020-07-30). "Facebook says Apple's iOS 14 changes could hurt its ad targeting". CNBC. Retrieved 2020-07-31.
  19. ^ Cox, Kate (2020-08-26). "iOS 14 privacy settings will tank ad targeting business, Facebook warns". Ars Technica. Retrieved 2020-08-27.
  20. ^ Wagner, Kurt (2020-08-26). "Facebook Says Apple's Changes to iOS Will Dramatically Hurt Ads". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2020-09-08.
  21. ^ Statt, Nick (3 September 2020). "Apple delays privacy feature that would let iPhone owners keep ad tracking at bay". The Verge. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  22. ^ Warren, Tom (June 22, 2020). "iOS 14 and iPadOS 14 will let you set default email and browser apps". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
  23. ^ Peterson, Mike (June 23, 2020). "iPhones, iPads can now stream 4K YouTube videos in iOS 14". AppleInsider. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
  24. ^ Bell, Killian (June 23, 2020). "iOS 14 lets you watch YouTube videos in 4K on iPhone and iPad". Cult Of Mac. Retrieved June 23, 2020.
  25. ^ Gartenberg, Chaim (June 23, 2020). "iOS 14 appears to show Dark Sky integration after Apple purchase". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  26. ^ "iOS 14 Tidbits and Hidden Features: Privacy Updates, Emoji Picker, New Dark Sky Weather Forecasts and More". MacRumors. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  27. ^ "iOS 14: Complete Guide to All the New Features". MacRumors. Retrieved June 25, 2020.
  28. ^ Christoffel, Ryan (25 June 2020). "Everything Changing in Apple Notes and Reminders in iOS and iPadOS 14". MacStories. Retrieved 16 September 2020.
  29. ^ "Apple just fixed something in iOS 14 that was driving me crazy". www.bgr.com.
  30. ^ "How To Use Sound Recognition Accessibility Feature". iPhone Tricks. Retrieved August 1, 2020.
  31. ^ Espósito, Filipe (June 24, 2020). "iOS 14 tidbits: Precise Location toggle, QuickTake and video resolution in the Camera app for more devices". 9to5Mac. Retrieved June 24, 2020.
  32. ^ O'Kane, Sean (June 22, 2020). "Apple adding cycling directions and EV routing to Maps in iOS 14". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved June 22, 2020.

External links[edit]