iPhone (1st generation)

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iPhone
IPhone Logo 2016.svg
IPhone 1st Gen.svg
DeveloperApple Inc.
ManufacturerFoxconn (contract manufacturer)[1][verification needed]
Slogan"This is only the beginning."
"Apple reinvents the phone."
Generation1st
ModelA1203[2]
First releasedJune 29, 2007; 11 years ago (2007-06-29)
DiscontinuedJuly 15, 2008 (2008-07-15)
Units sold6.1 million
SuccessoriPhone 3G
RelatediPad, iPod Touch (comparison)
TypeSmartphone
Form factorSlate
Dimensions115 mm (4.5 in) H
61 mm (2.4 in) W
11.6 mm (0.46 in) D
Weight135 g (4.8 oz)
Operating systemOriginal: iPhone OS 1
Last: iPhone OS 3.1.3
Released February 2, 2010; 8 years ago (2010-02-02)
CPUSamsung 32-bit RISC ARM 1176JZ(F)-S v1.0[3] 620 MHz
Underclocked to 412 MHz[4]
GPUPowerVR MBX Lite 3D GPU[5]
Memory128 MB eDRAM[6]
Storage4, 8, or 16 GB flash memory
Battery3.7 V 1400 mAh Lithium-ion battery[7]
Data inputsMulti-touch touchscreen display
3-axis accelerometer
Proximity sensor
Ambient light sensor
Microphone
Headset controls
Display3.5-inch screen (diagonally)
320×480 pixel resolution at 163 ppi
2:3 aspect ratio
18-bit (262,144-color) LCD
Rear camera2.0 MP with geotagging (Not GPS-based)
SoundSingle loudspeaker
TRRS headphone jack, 20 Hz to 20 kHz frequency response (internal, headset)
Microphone
ConnectivityQuad-band GSM/GPRS/EDGE
(850, 900, 1800, 1900 MHz)
Wi-Fi (802.11 b/g)
Bluetooth 2.0
USB 2.0/Dock connector[8]
WebsiteApple - iPhone at the Wayback Machine (archived May 1, 2007)

The iPhone (known as the iPhone 2G after 2008) is the first smartphone model designed and marketed by Apple Inc. After years of rumors and speculation, it was officially announced on January 9, 2007,[9] and was later released in the United States on June 29, 2007. It featured quad-band GSM cellular connectivity with GPRS and EDGE support for data transfer.

Development of the iPhone dated back to 2005, when former Apple CEO Steve Jobs conceptualized the idea of a device that users could directly interface with the display. The design was expanded upon over the next 2 years in complete secrecy, before being announced in Q1 2007.

Although several aspects of the iPhone are considered obsolete by modern standards, the device is seen as an archetype of modern cell phones, ditching physical hardware buttons in favor of a touch-based user interface. Its successor, the iPhone 3G, was announced in June of 2008.

History[edit]

In 2005, Apple CEO Steve Jobs conceived an idea of using a multi-touch touchscreen to interact with a computer in a way in which he could directly type onto the display. He decided that it needed to have a triple layered touch screen, a very new and advanced technology at the time. This helped out with removing the physical keyboard and mouse, the same as a tablet computer. Jobs recruited a group of Apple engineers to investigate the idea as a side project.[10] When Jobs reviewed the prototype and its user interface, he conceived a second idea of implementing the technology onto a mobile phone.[11] The whole effort was called Project Purple 2 and began in 2005.[12]

Apple created the device during a secretive and unprecedented collaboration with AT&T, formerly Cingular Wireless. The development cost of the collaboration was estimated to have been $150 million[13] over a thirty-month period. Apple rejected the "design by committee" approach that had yielded the Motorola ROKR E1, a largely unsuccessful collaboration with Motorola. Instead, Cingular Wireless gave Apple the liberty to develop the iPhone's hardware and software in-house.[14][15]

The original iPhone was introduced by Steve Jobs on January 9, 2007 in a keynote address at the Macworld Conference & Expo held in Moscone West in San Francisco, California.[16] In his address, Jobs said, "This is a day, that I have been looking forward to for two and a half years", and that "today, Apple is going to reinvent the phone."[17] Jobs introduced the iPhone as a combination of three devices: a "widescreen iPod with touch controls"; a "revolutionary mobile phone"; and a "breakthrough Internet communicator".[18]

Six weeks before the iPhone was to be released, the plastic screen was replaced with a glass one, after Jobs was upset that the screen of the prototype he was carrying in his pocket had been scratched by his keys. The quick switch led to a bidding process for a manufacturing contractor that was won by Foxconn, which had just opened up a new wing of its Shenzhen factory complex specifically for this bid.[19]

In February 2007, LG Electronics accused Apple of "copying" their LG Prada phone, which was introduced around the same time as iPhone.[20]

Release[edit]

The iPhone was released in the United States on June 29, 2007 at the price of $499 for the 4 GB model and $599 for the 8 GB model, both requiring a 2-year contract.[21] Thousands of people were reported to have waited outside Apple and AT&T retail stores days before the device's launch;[22] many stores reported stock shortages within an hour of availability. To avoid repeating the problems of the PlayStation 3 launch, which caused burglaries and even a shooting, off-duty police officers were hired to guard stores overnight.[23][24]

It was later made available in the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Portugal, the Republic of Ireland, and Austria in November 2007.[21]

Six out of ten Americans surveyed said they knew the iPhone was coming before its release.[24]

The iPhone's main competitors in both consumer and business markets were considered to be the LG Prada, LG Viewty, Samsung Ultra Smart F700, Nokia N95, Nokia E61i, Palm Treo 750, Palm Centro, HTC Touch, Sony Ericsson W960 and BlackBerry.[25][26][27][28]

Post-release[edit]

The iPod Touch, a touchscreen device with the media and internet abilities and interface of the iPhone but without the ability to connect to a cellular network for phone functions or internet access, was released on September 5, 2007. At the same time, Apple significantly dropped the price of the 8 GB model (from $599 to $399, still requiring a 2-year contract with AT&T) while discontinuing the 4 GB model.[29] Apple sold the one millionth iPhone five days later, or 74 days after the release.[30] After receiving "hundreds of emails...upset" about the price drop, Apple gave store credit to early adopters.[31]

A 16 GB model was released on February 5, 2008 for $499, the original launch price of the 4 GB model.[32] Apple released an SDK on March 6, 2008, allowing developers to create the apps that would be available starting in iPhone OS version 2.0, a free upgrade for iPhone users. On June 9, Apple announced the iPhone 3G, which began shipping July 11.[33] The original iPhone was discontinued 4 days later; total sales volume came to 6,124,000 units.

Software[edit]

During release, the iPhone was marketed as running "OS X". The name of the operating system was revealed as iPhone OS with the release of the iPhone SDK. The original iPhone supported three major versions of the operating system before it was discontinued: iPhone OS 1, 2, and 3. However, the full iPhone OS 3 feature set was not supported, and the last update the original iPhone received was iPhone OS 3.1.3

Software history[edit]

The original operating system for the original iPhone was iPhone OS 1, marketed as OS X, and included Visual Voicemail, multi-touch gestures, HTML email, Safari web browser, threaded text messaging, and YouTube. However, many features like MMS, apps, and copy and paste were not supported at release, leading hackers jailbreaking their phones to add these features. Official software updates slowly added these features.

iPhone OS 2 was released on July 11, 2008, around the same time as the release of the iPhone 3G, and introduced third-party applications, Microsoft Exchange support, push e-mail,[citation needed] and other enhancements.

iPhone OS 3 was released on June 17, 2009, and introduced copy and paste functionality, Spotlight search for the home screen, and new features for the YouTube app. iPhone OS 3 was available for the original iPhone as well as the iPhone 3G. However, not all features of iPhone OS 3 were supported on the original iPhone.

iPhone OS 3.1.3 was the last version of iPhone OS (now iOS) to be released for the original iPhone.

Reception[edit]

Only four writers were given review models of the original iPhone:[34][35] David Pogue of The New York Times,[36] Walt Mossberg of The Wall Street Journal,[37] Steven Levy of Newsweek,[38] and Ed Baig of USA Today.[39] The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal published positive, but cautious, reviews of the iPhone, their primary criticisms being the relatively slow speed of the AT&T's 2.5G EDGE network and the phone's inability to connect using 3G services. The Wall Street Journal's technology columnist, Walt Mossberg, concluded that "despite some flaws and feature omissions, the iPhone is, on balance, a beautiful and breakthrough handheld computer."[40] Time magazine named it the Invention of the Year in 2007.[41]

Mobile Gazette reported that whilst the iPhone has many impressive points, it equally has many bad ones too, noting the lack of 3G, MMS, third-party applications, and its weak camera without autofocus and flash.[42]

Timeline of models[edit]

IPhone XRIPhone XSIPhone XSIPhone XIPhone 8IPhone 8IPhone 7IPhone 7IPhone 6SIPhone 6SIPhone 6IPhone 6IPhone SEIPhone 5CIPhone 5SIPhone 5IPhone 4SIPhone 4IPhone 3GSIPhone 3GIPhone (1st generation)
Sources: Apple Newsroom Archive[43]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dalrymple, Jim (June 8, 2018). "iPhone manufacturer to pay family of dead worker". CNET. Archived from the original on August 4, 2009. Retrieved April 6, 2010.
  2. ^ "Identify your iPhone model". Apple Inc. Archived from the original on September 24, 2011.
  3. ^ Patterson, Blake (July 7, 2008). "Under the Hood: The iPhone's Gaming Mettle". touchArcade. Archived from the original on March 7, 2009. Retrieved March 20, 2009.
  4. ^ Dilger, Daniel Eran (March 20, 2008). "iPhone 2.0 SDK: Video Games to Rival Nintendo DS, Sony PSP". RoughlyDrafted Magazine. Archived from the original on May 16, 2009. Retrieved May 12, 2009.
  5. ^ Clarke, Peter (July 6, 2007). "Update: UK graphics specialist confirms iPhone design win". EE Times. pp. 1–2. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved June 20, 2009.
  6. ^ "Apple (Samsung S5L8900) applications processor with eDRAM". SUBM TechInsights. Archived from the original on July 15, 2010. Retrieved May 12, 2009.
  7. ^ "iPod and iPhone Battery and Power Specifications". iPodBatteryFAQ.com. Archived from the original on February 7, 2009. Retrieved May 12, 2009.
  8. ^ "iPhone – Tech Specs". Apple; Wayback machine. July 14, 2007. Archived from the original on July 14, 2007. Retrieved January 19, 2009.
  9. ^ Dolan, Brian. "Timeline of Apple "iPhone" Rumors (1999–Present)". Archived from the original on April 15, 2008. Retrieved February 17, 2008.
  10. ^ Cohen, Peter (January 9, 2007). "Macworld Expo Keynote Live Update". Macworld. Archived from the original on January 27, 2007. Retrieved February 1, 2007.
  11. ^ Walter Mossberg; Kara Swisher (June 2, 2010). D8: Steve Jobs on the iPhone's Origin. All Things Digital. Event occurs at 0:20. Archived from the original on May 25, 2011. Retrieved June 20, 2010.
  12. ^ Murtazin, Eldar (June 20, 2010). "Apple's Phone: From 1980s' Sketches to iPhone. Part 3". Mobile-review. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011. Retrieved March 27, 2011.
  13. ^ Vogelstein, Fred (January 9, 2008). "The Untold Story: How the iPhone Blew Up the Wireless Industry". Wired News. Condé Nast Publications. pp. 3–4. Archived from the original on May 9, 2008. Retrieved January 10, 2008.
  14. ^ Lewis, Peter (January 12, 2007). "How Apple kept its iPhone secrets". CNNMoney.com. Archived from the original on December 10, 2008. Retrieved January 11, 2009.
  15. ^ Vogelstein, Fred (January 9, 2008). "The Untold Story: How the iPhone Blew Up the Wireless Industry". Wired News. Condé Nast Publications. pp. 1–4. Archived from the original on May 9, 2008. Retrieved January 10, 2008.
  16. ^ Cohen, Peter (March 13, 2007). "Macworld Expo Keynote Live Update". Macworld. Archived from the original on July 24, 2010. Retrieved July 21, 2010.
  17. ^ Farber, Dan (January 9, 2007). "Jobs: Today Apple is going to reinvent the phone". ZDNet "Between the Lines" blog. Archived from the original on July 19, 2010. Retrieved June 20, 2010.
  18. ^ Jobs, Steve (January 19, 2007). Macworld San Francisco 2007 Keynote Address. San Francisco: Apple, Inc. Archived from the original on December 22, 2010.
  19. ^ Duhigg, Charles; Bradsher, Keith (January 21, 2012). "Apple, America and a Squeezed Middle Class". New York Times. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
  20. ^ https://gizmodo.com/235933/lg-says-apple-copied-the-prada-phone-also-apples-mother-is-obese
  21. ^ a b Cohen, Peter (January 9, 2007). "Macworld Expo Keynote Live Update". Macworld. Archived from the original on January 27, 2007. Retrieved February 1, 2007.
  22. ^ "Apple Inc. Q3 2007 Unaudited Summary Data" (PDF). Apple Inc. July 25, 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 29, 2008. Retrieved June 6, 2008.
  23. ^ Hart, Kim; Valle, Sabrina (June 30, 2007). "Hype Meets Reality At iPhone's Debut". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 3, 2018.
  24. ^ a b Johnson, Bobbie (June 30, 2007). "iPhone causes big Apple swarm in Big Apple storms". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on August 31, 2013. Retrieved February 1, 2007.
  25. ^ http://www.newlaunches.com/archives/top_5_competitors_to_the_iphone.php
  26. ^ https://www.yugatech.com/mobile/iphone-vs-blackjack-vs-n95-vs-treo-750-vs-bc-8300/
  27. ^ "Apple iPhone faces serious rivals". June 29, 2007 – via news.bbc.co.uk.
  28. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/technology/7081636.stm
  29. ^ "Apple Sets iPhone Price at $399 for this Holiday Season". Apple. Archived from the original on August 4, 2010. Retrieved June 21, 2010.
  30. ^ "Apple Sells One Millionth iPhone". Apple. Archived from the original on September 13, 2007. Retrieved July 8, 2017.
  31. ^ Jobs, Steve. "To all iPhone customers:". Apple. Archived from the original on September 8, 2007.
  32. ^ "Apple Adds New iPhone & iPod touch Models". Apple. Archived from the original on September 17, 2010. Retrieved June 21, 2010.
  33. ^ "Apple Introduces the New iPhone 3G". Apple. Archived from the original on May 1, 2011. Retrieved June 21, 2010.
  34. ^ Slivka, Eric. "Original iPhone's First Four Reviewers Reminisce About Getting Their Hands on It for the First Time". www.macrumors.com.
  35. ^ June 25, CBS News; 2017; Am, 9:08. "It had us at "Hello": The iPhone turns 10". www.cbsnews.com.
  36. ^ David Pogue (June 27, 2007). "The iPhone Matches Most of Its Hype". The New York Times.
  37. ^ Walt Mossberg (June 27, 2007). "Testing Out the iPhone". The Wall Street Journal.
  38. ^ Steven Levy (June 26, 2007). "First Look: Test Driving the iPhone". Newsweek.
  39. ^ Ed Baig (June 26, 2007). "iPhone Review". USA Today.
  40. ^ "iPhone rush despite mixed reviews". The Australian. July 3, 2007. Retrieved February 1, 2007.
  41. ^ Grossman, Lev (October 31, 2007). "Invention Of the Year: The iPhone". Time. Archived from the original on June 15, 2008. Retrieved June 6, 2008.
  42. ^ https://www.mobilegazette.com/2007-review-07x12x12.htm
  43. ^ Apple Inc. (2007-2018). iPhone News - Newsroom Archive. Retrieved September 28, 2018.

External links[edit]

New creation iPhone
1st generation
Succeeded by
iPhone 3G