|Mission duration||10 years|
|Manufacturer||ISRO Satellite Centre
Space Applications Centre
|Launch mass||1,425 kilograms (3,142 lb)|
|Dry mass||614 kilograms (1,354 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||1 July 2013, 18:11 UTC|
|Launch site||Satish Dhawan FLP|
|Perigee||35,706.1 km (22,186.7 mi)|
|Apogee||35,882.7 km (22,296.5 mi)|
|Epoch||22 January 2015, 16:27:41 UTC|
IRNSS-1A is the first navigational satellite in the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS) series of satellites been placed in geosynchronous orbit.
The satellite has been developed at a cost of ₹1.25 billion (US$19 million), and was launched on 1 July 2013. It will provide IRNSS services to the Indian public, which would be a system similar to Global Positioning System (GPS) but only for India and the region around it.
Each IRNSS satellite has two payloads: a navigation payload and CDMA ranging payload in addition with a laser retro-reflector. The payload generates navigation signals at L5 and S-band. The design of the payload makes the IRNSS system inter-operable and compatible with GPS and Galileo. The satellite is powered by two solar arrays, which generate power up to 1,660 watts, and has a life-time of ten years.
The satellite was launched from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) on 1 July 2013 at 11:41 PM (IST). The launch was postponed from its initial launch date of 26 June 2013 due to a technical snag in the 2nd stage of the PSLV-C22 launch rocket. ISRO then replaced the faulty component in the rocket and rescheduled the launch to 1 July 2013 at 11:43 p.m.
Scientists from the German Aerospace Centre (DLR)'s Institute of Communications and Navigation in Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany, have received signals from IRNSS-1A. On 23 July 2013, the German Aerospace Center scientists pointed their 30-meter dish antenna at Weilheim towards the satellite and found that it was already transmitting a signal in the L5 frequency band.
Three Rubidium atomic clocks on board IRNSS-1A failed with first failure occurring in July 2016 followed by failure of two other clocks. This made the satellite redundant thus making a need for replacement. Although the satellite performs other functions the data will be coarse, thus cant be used for accurate measurement. ISRO plans to replace it with IRNSS-1H in second half of 2017.
- Communication-Centric Intelligence Satellite (CCI-Sat)
- GPS-aided geo-augmented navigation (GAGAN)
- Satellite navigation
- "IRNSS-1A Satellite details 2013-034A NORAD 39199". N2YO. 22 January 2015. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
- "IRNSS". space.skyrocket.de. Retrieved 8 April 2012.
- "India's first ever dedicated navigation satellite launched". DNA India. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
- "India's first dedicated navigation satellite placed in orbit". NDTV. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
- "Planned Satellite Launches in 2013". satlaunch.net. 19 March 2013. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- "IRNSS". space.skyrocket.de. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- "India launches its first navigation satellite". The Times of India. Retrieved 1 July 2013.
- "Technical snag puts off satellite launch: ISRO". SGP. Retrieved 2 June 2013.
- "PSLV-C22/IRNSS-1A Mission Status". ISRO. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
- S Giri Prasad (14 June 2013). "Indian equivalent of the GPS satellite". The Hindu. Chennai, India. Retrieved 14 June 2013.
- "Indian Regional Navigation Satellite Starts Signal Transmissions". GPS World. 25 July 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2013.
- D.S., Madhumathi. "Atomic clocks on indigenous navigation satellite develop snag". The Hindu. Retrieved 2017-01-31.
- "Questions: Loksabha- Q.No. 1112 Answered on: 08.02.2017".