IRT Jerome Avenue Line
The IRT Jerome Avenue Line, also unofficially known as IRT Woodlawn Line, is an A Division New York City Subway line mostly along Jerome Avenue in the Bronx. The line was built as part of the Dual Contracts expansion program. The line was awarded to the Interborough Rapid Transit. It was opened on June 2, 1917 as a shuttle service between Kingsbridge Road and 149th Street. This was in advance of through service to the IRT Lexington Avenue Line, which began on July 17, 1918. The line was extended from Kingsbridge Road to Woodlawn on April 15, 1918.
In 1918, the Ninth Avenue elevated was extended from the Polo Grounds terminal, entering the Bronx via the Putnam Bridge, a now-demolished swing bridge immediately north of the Macombs Dam Bridge, to connect with the Jerome Avenue line between 161st Street and 167th Street. After the lower portion of the Ninth Avenue Line closed on June 12, 1940, a shuttle continued to operate to the Polo Grounds until after the New York Giants moved to San Francisco. The shuttle closed on August 31, 1958.
Extent and service
149 St – GC
|North of 138 St
North of 125 St
|5||All except nights||no service||local|
|Late nights||no service|
The Jerome Avenue Line is served locally by the 4 train at all times, except for the 138th Street – Grand Concourse station, which the 4 serves all times except rush hours in the peak direction, and the 5 at all times except late nights.
As part of a pilot program to evaluate express service on the line, from June 8, 2009 to June 26, 2009, the MTA operated four trains southbound on the express track between 7:15 AM and 8:00 AM. The trains stopped at Woodlawn, Mosholu Parkway, Burnside Avenue, and 149th Street – Grand Concourse, then continued down the normal route. From October 26, 2009, to December 11, 2009, another pilot program to run express service ran, this time adding Bedford Park Boulevard – Lehman College as an additional stop. A fifth train had also been added and trains now run every 20 minutes from 7:00am to 8:20am.
Though named for Jerome Avenue, the southernmost portion of the line runs underground beneath the Grand Concourse. North of the 149th Street station around the vicinity of Franz Sigel Park, the line curves to the northwest and emerges from a tunnel under Gerard Avenue north of East 153rd Street, and becomes an elevated line over River Avenue just south of the intersection with East 157th Street. Just north of Yankee Stadium station, the line encounters the skeletal remains of the IRT Ninth Avenue elevated line between Gate Number 8 and the east end of the 164th Street Parking Garage, between the intersections of 162nd and 164th Streets. Almost a block after 167th Street station, the line finally runs over the eponymous road when River Avenue ends at Jerome Avenue across from the intersection of West 169th Street.
The line remains over Jerome Avenue for most of the rest of its journey. The north end of the Mount Eden Avenue station can be seen from the Cross Bronx Expressway. After the northwest entrance of the historic Concourse Yard and then north of 198th Street, the road briefly moves east of the line. North of Bedford Park Boulevard station, Jerome Avenue returns under the line and between the intersections with East 205th Street and West 205th Street, a spur for the Jerome Yard branches off to the northwest as well. The IRT Jerome Avenue Line finally ends at Woodlawn station, while Jerome Avenue itself continues north towards the Major Deegan Expressway.
|Station service legend|
|Stops all times|
|Stops all times except late nights|
|Stops all times except rush hours in the peak direction|
|Stops rush hours only|
|Stops rush hours in the peak direction only|
|Time period details|
|Station||Tracks||Services||Opened||Transfers and notes|
|Norwood||Woodlawn||4||April 15, 1918||Terminal|
|Center Express track begins (No Regular Service to 149th Street–Grand Concourse)|
|Mosholu Parkway||local||4||April 15, 1918|
|connecting tracks to Jerome Yard|
|Bedford Park||Bedford Park Boulevard–Lehman College||local||4||April 15, 1918|
|connecting track to Concourse Yard|
|Kingsbridge Heights||Kingsbridge Road||local||4||June 2, 1917|
|University Heights||Fordham Road||local||4||June 2, 1917||Bx12 Select Bus Service|
|183rd Street||local||4||June 2, 1917|
|Morris Heights||Burnside Avenue||all||4||June 2, 1917|
|176th Street||local||4||June 2, 1917|
|Highbridge||Mount Eden Avenue||local||4||June 2, 1917|
|170th Street||local||4||June 2, 1917|
|167th Street||local||4||June 2, 1917|
|161st Street–Yankee Stadium||local||4||June 2, 1917||B D (IND Concourse Line)
Connection to Metro-North Railroad's Hudson Line at Yankees–East 153rd Street
|4 service switches to/from center express track|
|Mott Haven||149th Street–Grand Concourse||all||4||June 2, 1917||2 5 (IRT White Plains Road Line)|
|Branch from IRT White Plains Road Line joins (5 )|
|138th Street–Grand Concourse||local||4 5||July 17, 1918||Originally named Mott Haven Avenue|
|Center Express track ends|
|Continues as IRT Lexington Avenue Line (4 5 )|
- MTA. "Average weekday subway ridership". Retrieved 21 August 2011.
- "Jerome Av. Line Ordered Opened.". query.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2016-06-05.
- "MTA New York City Transit Pilots Bronx Express Service Along the Jerome Ave. Line" (Press release). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2009-06-04. Retrieved 2009-06-08.
- "Second Pilot Program of Bronx Express Service Along the Jerome Ave. 4 Line Set to Begin" (Press release). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2009-10-22. Retrieved 2009-11-11.
- "Three New Links of the Dual Subway System Opened" (PDF). The New York Times. 3 June 1917. p. 11. Retrieved 13 February 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to IRT Jerome Avenue Line.|
- nycsubway.org: IRT Woodlawn/Jerome Avenue Line