ISO-IR-197

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ISO-IR-197 (known by the ISO-IR registration number of its GR set) is an 8-bit, single-byte character encoding which was designed for the Sámi languages. It is a modification of ISO 8859-1, replacing certain punctuation and symbol characters with additional letters used in certain Sámi orthographies.

ISO-IR-197 was proposed for establishment as a part of ISO/IEC 8859 in 1996 (as part 14 and, later, part 15), but was not accepted for this.[1][2][3] However, ISO-IR-197 is referenced in an informative ISO/IEC 8859 annex, which lists it as an encoding which provides a more adequate coverage of the orthography of certain Sámi languages such as Skolt Sámi than ISO-8859-4 or ISO-8859-10, unless the latter is combined with ISO-IR-158.[4]

Code page layout[edit]

ISO-IR-197
_0 _1 _2 _3 _4 _5 _6 _7 _8 _9 _A _B _C _D _E _F
0_
0
1_
16
2_
32
SP
0020
!
0021
"
0022
#
0023
$
0024
%
0025
&
0026
'
0027
(
0028
)
0029
*
002A
+
002B
,
002C
-
002D
.
002E
/
002F
3_
48
0
0030
1
0031
2
0032
3
0033
4
0034
5
0035
6
0036
7
0037
8
0038
9
0039
:
003A
;
003B
<
003C
=
003D
>
003E
?
003F
4_
64
@
0040
A
0041
B
0042
C
0043
D
0044
E
0045
F
0046
G
0047
H
0048
I
0049
J
004A
K
004B
L
004C
M
004D
N
004E
O
004F
5_
80
P
0050
Q
0051
R
0052
S
0053
T
0054
U
0055
V
0056
W
0057
X
0058
Y
0059
Z
005A
[
005B
\
005C
]
005D
^
005E
_
005F
6_
96
`
0060
a
0061
b
0062
c
0063
d
0064
e
0065
f
0066
g
0067
h
0068
i
0069
j
006A
k
006B
l
006C
m
006D
n
006E
o
006F
7_
112
p
0070
q
0071
r
0072
s
0073
t
0074
u
0075
v
0076
w
0077
x
0078
y
0079
z
007A
{
007B
|
007C
}
007D
~
007E
8_
128
9_
144
A_
160
NBSP
00A0
Č
010C
č
010D
Đ
0110
đ
0111
Ǥ
01E4
ǥ
01E5
§
00A7
Ǧ
01E6
©
00A9
ǧ
01E7
«
00AB
Ǩ
01E8
SHY
00AD
ǩ
01E9
Ŋ
014A
B_
176
°
00B0
ŋ
014B
Š
0160
š
0161
´
00B4
Ŧ
0166

00B6
·
00B7
ŧ
0167
Ž
017D
ž
017E
»
00BB
Ʒ
01B7
ʒ
0292
Ǯ
01EE
ǯ
01EF
C_
192
À
00C0
Á
00C1
Â
00C2
Ã
00C3
Ä
00C4
Å
00C5
Æ
00C6
Ç
00C7
È
00C8
É
00C9
Ê
00CA
Ë
00CB
Ì
00CC
Í
00CD
Î
00CE
Ï
00CF
D_
208
Ð
00D0
Ñ
00D1
Ò
00D2
Ó
00D3
Ô
00D4
Õ
00D5
Ö
00D6
×
00D7
Ø
00D8
Ù
00D9
Ú
00DA
Û
00DB
Ü
00DC
Ý
00DD
Þ
00DE
ß
00DF
E_
224
à
00E0
á
00E1
â
00E2
ã
00E3
ä
00E4
å
00E5
æ
00E6
ç
00E7
è
00E8
é
00E9
ê
00EA
ë
00EB
ì
00EC
í
00ED
î
00EE
ï
00EF
F_
240
ð
00F0
ñ
00F1
ò
00F2
ó
00F3
ô
00F4
õ
00F5
ö
00F6
÷
00F7
ø
00F8
ù
00F9
ú
00FA
û
00FB
ü
00FC
ý
00FD
þ
00FE
ÿ
00FF

  Letter  Number  Punctuation  Symbol  Other  Undefined  Differences from ISO 8859-1

Windows extension[edit]

As documented by Evertype, some Windows implementations use a variant which adds graphical characters to the C1 area (0x80-9F), including some of the other characters from the Mac OS Sámi repertoire. This was intended to be analogous to the Windows version of Latin-1 (i.e. Windows-1252),[5] and follows its layout where possible.

ISO-IR-197 Windows (differences only)[5]
_0 _1 _2 _3 _4 _5 _6 _7 _8 _9 _A _B _C _D _E _F
8_
128

201A
ƒ
0192

201E

2026
¬
00AC

2260
£
00A3

2030
¿
00BF
Ȟ
021E
Œ
0152
9_
144

2018

2019

201C

201D

2022

2013

2014
®
00AE

2122
¡
00A1
ȟ
021F
œ
0153
Ÿ
0178

ISO-IR-209[edit]

ISO-IR-209 is an update that replaced the guillemets at 0xAB and 0xBB with the letter H with caron to add Finnish Romani support.[6]

ISO-IR-209 (differences only)
_0 _1 _2 _3 _4 _5 _6 _7 _8 _9 _A _B _C _D _E _F
A_
160
NBSP
00A0
Č
010C
č
010D
Đ
0110
đ
0111
Ǥ
01E4
ǥ
01E5
§
00A7
Ǧ
01E6
©
00A9
ǧ
01E7
Ȟ
021E
Ǩ
01E8
SHY
00AD
ǩ
01E9
Ŋ
014A
B_
176
°
00B0
ŋ
014B
Š
0160
š
0161
´
00B4
Ŧ
0166

00B6
·
00B7
ŧ
0167
Ž
017D
ž
017E
ȟ
021F
Ʒ
01B7
ʒ
0292
Ǯ
01EE
ǯ
01EF

References[edit]

  1. ^ Everson, Michael (1996-06-19). "Proposal for a new part of ISO/IEC 8859: Latin alphabet No. 9 (Sámi)". ISO/IEC JTC1/SC2/WG3 N362. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  2. ^ Everson, Michael. "Proposed ISO 8859-14 (later 15)". Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  3. ^ Swedish Institute for Standards (1997-01-24). ISO-IR-197: Sami supplementary Latin set (PDF). ITSCJ/IPSJ.
  4. ^ "Annex A: Coverage of languages by parts 1 to 10 of ISO/IEC 8859 (informative)" (PDF). Final Text of DIS 8859-1, 8-bit single-byte coded graphiccharacter sets — Part 1: Latin alphabet No.1. 1998-02-12. ISO/IEC FDIS 8859-1:1998 / JTC 1/SC 2 N2988 / WG3 N411.
  5. ^ a b Everson, Michael (2001-09-21). "ISO-IR 197 Sámi Standard". Evertype.
  6. ^ Finnish Standards Association (1999-12-07). ISO-IR-209: Sami supplementary Latin set no 2 (PDF). ITSCJ/IPSJ.