ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31

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ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 Automatic identification and data capture techniques is a subcommittee of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) Joint Technical Committee (JTC) 1, and was established in 1996. SC 31 develops and facilitates international standards, technical reports, and technical specifications in the field of automatic identification and data capture techniques. The first Plenary established three working groups (WGs): Data Carriers, Data Content, and Conformance. Subsequent Plenaries established other working groups: RFID, RTLS, Mobile Item Identification and Management, Security and File Management, and Applications.

As of 2017, SC 31 has the following working groups:

· WG 1: Data carrier

· WG 2: Data and Structure

· WG 4: Radio communications

· WG 8: Application of AIDC standards

The international secretariat of ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 is the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) located in the United States

Scope[edit]

The scope of ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 is “Standardization of data formats, data syntax, data structures, data encoding, and technologies for the process of automatic identification and data capture and of associated devices utilized in inter-industry applications and international business interchanges and for mobile applications.”

Structure[edit]

ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 is made up of, and four active working groups (WGs), each of which carries out specific tasks in standards development within the field of automatic identification and data capture techniques. Working groups can be disbanded if the group’s working area is no longer applicable to standardization needs, or established if new working areas arise. The focus of each working group is described in the group’s terms of reference. Active working groups of ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 are:

Working Group Working Area Status
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 1 Data carrier Active
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 2 Data and structure Active
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 3 Conformance and performance Disbanded - moved into WG 1 and WG 4
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 4 Radio communications (RFID, RTLS, Security) Active
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 5 Real time location systems Disbanded - moved into WG 4
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 6 Mobile item identification and management Disbanded - moved into WG 2 and WG 4
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 7 Security and file management Disbanded - moved into WG 4
ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31/WG 8 Application of AIDC standards Active

Collaborations[edit]

ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 works in close collaboration with a number of other organizations or subcommittees, both internal and external to ISO or IEC, in order to avoid conflicting or duplicative work. Organizations internal to ISO or IEC that collaborate with or are in liaison to ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 include:[1][2][3]

Some organizations external to ISO or IEC that collaborate with or are in liaison to ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31, include:

Member countries[edit]

Countries pay a fee to ISO to be members of subcommittees.[4] The 31 "P" (participating) members of ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 are: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Kenya, Republic of Korea, Malaysia, Netherlands, Peru, Philippines, Russian Federation, Singapore, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, and United States.[5]

The 12 "O" (observer) members of ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 are: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Finland, Ghana, Hong Kong, Hungary, Indonesia, Islamic Republic of Iran, Italy, Kazakhstan, Luxembourg, New Zealand, Romania, Serbia, and Thailand.

Standards[edit]

ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 currently has 107 published standards within the field of automatic identification and data capture, including:[1][6][7][8][9]

ISO/IEC Standard Title Status Description WG
ISO/IEC 15420 Information technology – Automatic identification and data capture techniques – EAN/UPC bar code symbology specification Published (2009) Specifies the requirements for the bar code symbology known as EAN/UPC; for use by manufacturers of bar code equipment and users of bar code technology[10] 1
ISO/IEC 18004 Information technology – Automatic identification and data capture techniques – QR Code 2005 bar code symbology specification Published (2006) Defines the requirements for the QR Code 2005 symbology, by specifying its characteristics, data character encoding methods, symbol formats, dimensional characteristics, error correction rules, reference decoding algorithm, production quality requirements, and user-selectable application parameters, and by listing, in an informative annex, the features of QR Code Model 1 symbols, which differ from QR Code 2005[11] 1
ISO/IEC 24728 Information technology – Automatic identification and data capture techniques – MicroPDF417 bar code symbology specification Published (2006) Specifies the requirements for the bar code symbology known as MicroPDF417, and specifies its symbology characteristics, data character encodation, symbol formats, dimensions, error correction rules, decoding algorithm, and a number of application parameters[12] 1
ISO/IEC 24778 Information technology – Automatic identification and data capture techniques – Aztec Code bar code symbology specification Published (2008) Defines the requirements for the symbology of Aztec Code, a two-dimensional matrix symbology whose symbols are nominally squared, made up of square modules on a square grid, with a square bulls-eye pattern at its center[13] 1
ISO/IEC 15434 Example Published (2006) “Defines the manner in which data is transferred to high-capacity automatic data capture (ADC) media from a supplier’s information system and the manner in which data is transferred to the recipient’s information system.”[14] 2
ISO/IEC 15459 Information technology – Automatic identification and data capture techniques – Unique identification – Part 1 Individual transport units Published (2006) “Specifies a unique, non-significant string of characters for the identification of transport units. The character string is intended to be represented in a bar code label or other AIDC media attached to the item to meet item management needs. To address management needs, different classes of items are recognized in the various parts of ISO/IEC 15459, which allows different requirements to be met by the unique identifiers associated with each class. The rules for the unique identifier for transport units, to identify physical logistical transfers, with the identity relevant for the duration of one or more items in the load being held or transported as part of that load, are defined and supported by an example.”[15] 2
ISO/IEC 15418 Information technology – Automatic identification and data capture techniques – GS1 Application Identifiers and ASC MH10 Data Identifiers and maintenance Published (2009) Specifies sets of Data Identifiers and Application Identifiers for the purpose of identifying encoded data, and identifies the organizations responsible for their maintenance.[16] 2
ISO/IEC 20248 Automatic Identification and Data Capture Techniques – Data Structures – Digital Signature Meta Structure Published as SANS 1368, ISO/IEC draft under development Specifies a method whereby data stored within a barcode and/or RFID tag is structured and digitally signed. The purpose of the standard is to provide an open and interoperable method, between services and data carriers, to verify data originality and data integrity in an offline use case. 2
ISO/IEC 15961-1 Information technology – Radio-frequency identification (RFID) for item management: Data protocol – Part 1: Application interface Published (2013)
  • Provides guidelines on how data shall be presented as objects
  • Defines the structure of Object Identifiers
  • Specifies the commands that are supported for transferring data between an application and the RFID tag
  • Specifies the responses that are supported for transferring data between the RFID tag and the application[17]
4
ISO/IEC 15963 Information technology – Radio frequency identification for item management – Unique identification for RF tags Published (2009) Describes numbering systems that are available for the identification RF tags[18] 4
ISO/IEC 18000 Information technology – Radio frequency identification for item management – Published (2008) The various parts of ISO/IEC 18000 describe air interface communication at different frequencies in order to be able to utilize the different physical behaviors. The various parts of ISO/IEC 18000 are developed by ISO/IEC JTC1 SC31, "Automatic Data Capture Techniques".[19] 4
ISO/IEC 18046 Information technology – Radio frequency identification device performance test methods – Part 1: Test methods for system performance Published (2011) Defines test methods for the performance characteristics of RFID systems for item management; specifies the general requirements and test requirements for systems which are applicable to the selection of devices for an application[20] 4
ISO/IEC 24730-61 Information technology—Real time locating systems (RTLS) -- Part 61: Low rate pulse repetition frequency Ultra Wide Band (UWB) air interface Published (2013) Defines the physical layer (PHY) and tag management layer (TML) of an ultra wide band (UWB) air interface protocol that supports one directional simplex communication readers and tags of a real time locating system (RTLS). This protocol is best utilized for low-data-rate wireless connectivity with fixed, portable, and moving devices with very limited battery consumption requirements.[21]
ISO/IEC 24730-62 Information technology—Real time locating systems (RTLS) -- Part 62: High rate pulse repetition frequency Ultra Wide Band (UWB) air interface Published (2013) Defines the air-interface for real time locating systems (RTLS) using a physical layer Ultra Wide Band (UWB) signalling mechanism (based on IEEE 802.15.4a UWB). This modulation scheme employs high rate pulse repetition frequencies (PRF) 16 MHz or 64 MHz, and a combination of burst position modulation (BPM) and binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) giving an extremely high level of performance with a fully coherent receiver.[22]
ISO/IEC 29143 Information technology—Real time locating systems (RTLS) -- Part 62: High rate pulse repetition frequency Ultra Wide Band (UWB) air interface Published (2013) Defines the air-interface for real time locating systems (RTLS) using a physical layer Ultra Wide Band (UWB) signalling mechanism (based on IEEE 802.15.4a UWB). This modulation scheme employs high rate pulse repetition frequencies (PRF) 16 MHz or 64 MHz, and a combination of burst position modulation (BPM) and binary phase-shift keying (BPSK) giving an extremely high level of performance with a fully coherent receiver.[23]
ISO/IEC 29143 Information technology – Automatic identification and data capture techniques – Air interface specification for Mobile RFID interrogators Published (2011) Provides an air interface specification for Mobile RFID interrogators being part of a passive backscatter system[23] 6
ISO/IEC/IEEE 21451-1 Information technology – Smart transducer interface for sensors and actuators – Part 1: Network Capable Application Processor (NCAP) information model Published (2010) “Defines an object model with a network-neutral interface for connecting processors to communication networks, sensors, and actuators.”[24] 6
ISO/IEC 29167-1 Information technology – Automatic identification and data capture techniques – Part 1: Air interface for security services and file Published (2012) Defines the architecture for security and file management for the ISO/IEC 18000 air interface standards for RFID devices, and extends the air interface through the definition of architecture for:[25]
  • Untraceability
  • Security services
7

Standards currently under development by ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 include standards for Optical Character Recognition (OCR) by ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC W31/WG 1, standards for bar code symbols on mobile phone displays, and reading and display of ORM by mobile devices.[9][26]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Biss, Chuck; Sharkey, Frank (2012-06-21). Business Plan for ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31 Automatic Identification and Data Capture Techniques for the Period Covered: June 2012 – December 2012 (Business Plan).
  2. ^ ISO. “Liaisons”. ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  3. ^ ISO/ IEC JTC 1/ SC 31. Liaisons. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  4. ^ ISO (2012-06). "III. What Help Can I Get from the ISO Central Secretariat?". ISO Membership Manual. ISO. Retrieved 2013-07-12.
  5. ^ ISO.ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 31. Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  6. ^ Biss, Chuck; Sharkey, Frank (2012-09-05).Business Plan for ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 13 Automatic Identification and Data Capture Techniques for the Period Covered: June 2011 – June 2012(Business Plan). Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  7. ^ ISO/IEC. "Freely Available Standards". Retrieved 2013-10-11.
  8. ^ GS1. "GS1 and ISO (International Standards Organisation)". Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  9. ^ a b Ackley, Sprague; Kimball, Dan (2011). Program of Work for Working Group on Data Carriers (SC 31/WG 1) (Programme of Work). Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  10. ^ ISO (2009-12-15). "ISO/IEC 15420:2009". Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  11. ^ ISO (2011-12-24). "ISO/IEC 18004:2006". Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  12. ^ ISO (2011-09-17). "ISO/IEC 24728:2006". Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  13. ^ ISO (2013-06-19). "ISO/IEC 24778:2008". Retrieved 2013-11-01
  14. ^ ISO (2012-03-17). "ISO/IEC 15434:2006". Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  15. ^ ISO (2011-12-15). "ISO/IEC 15459:2006”. Retrieved 2014-09-23
  16. ^ ISO (2009-11-09). "ISO/IEC 15418:2009". Retrieved 2013-11-01
  17. ^ ISO (2013-03-08). "ISO/IEC 15961-1:2013". Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  18. ^ ISO (2009-08-31)."ISO/IEC 15963:2009". Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  19. ^ ISO (2013-09-18). "ISO/IEC 18000:2008". Retrieved 2014-09-25.
  20. ^ ISO (2011-10-06. "ISO/IEC 18046:2011". Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  21. ^ ISO (2011-05-18). "ISO/IEC 24730-1:2006". Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  22. ^ ISO (2013-06-12). "ISO/IEC 24769-2:2013". Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  23. ^ a b ISO (2011-01-31). "ISO/IEC 29143:2011". Retrieved 2013-11-01
  24. ^ ISO (2013-05-31). "ISO/IEC/IEEE 21451-1:2010. Retrieved 2013-11-01."
  25. ^ ISO (2013-06-11). ). "ISO/IEC 29167-1:2012". Retrieved 2013-11-01.
  26. ^ Biss, Chuck; Sharkey, Frank (2012-10-15).SC 31 Chairman’s Presentation to the November 2012 JTC 1 Plenary Meeting in Jeju. Retrieved 2013-11-07.

External links[edit]