International Standard Musical Work Code
International Standard Musical Work Code (ISWC) is a unique identifier for musical works, similar to ISBN for books. It is adopted as international standard ISO 15707. The ISO subcommittee with responsibility for the standard is TC 46/SC 9.
Each code is composed of three parts:
- prefix element (1 character)
- work identifier (9 digits)
- check digit (1 digit)
Currently, the only prefix defined is "T", indicating Musical works. However, additional prefixes may be defined in the future to expand the available range of identifiers and/or expand the system to additional types of works.
ISWC identifiers are commonly written the form T-123.456.789-Z. The grouping is for ease of reading only; the numbers do not incorporate any information about the work's region, author, publisher, etc. Rather, they are simply issued in sequence.1 These separators are not required, and no other separators are allowed.3
To register an ISWC, the following minimal information must be supplied:
- names of all composers, arrangers and authors, with their role in the piece (identified by role code) and their CAE/IPI number
- work classification code (CIS)
- identification of other works it is a derivative of
Note: an ISWC identifies works, not recordings. ISRC can be used to identify recordings. Nor does it identify individual publications (e.g. issues of a recording on physical media, sheet music, broadcast at a particular frequency/modulation/time/location...)
Its primary purpose is in collecting society administration, and to clearly identify works in legal contracts. It would also be useful in library cataloguing.
Due to the fact that a musical work can have multiple authors, it is inevitable that, on rare occasions, a duplicate ISWC might exist and might not be detected immediately. Because of the existing business practices among collecting societies, it is not possible to simply declare an ISWC as obsolete. In such cases, as soon as they are identified, the system will deal with duplicate registrations by linking such registration records in the ISWC database and its related products.
- Willer, Mirna, ed. (2009). "International Standard Musical Work Code (ISWC)". UNIMARC Manual: Authorities Format. IFLA Series on Bibliographic Control. 38 (3rd ed.). München: K. G. Saur Verlag. p. 54. ISBN 978-3-598-24286-1.
The third element of the ISWC is the check digit. This is calculated using a MOD 10 algorithm.