ISO 45001

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

ISO 45001 is an ISO standard for management systems of occupational health and safety (OH&S), published in March 2018. The goal of ISO 45001 is the reduction of occupational injuries and diseases.[1]

The standard is based on OHSAS 18001, conventions and guidelines of the International Labour Organization including ILO OSH 2001, and national standards.[2][1] It includes elements that are additional to BS OHSAS 18001 (see below: ISO 45001 changes compared to OHSAS 18001:2007) which it is replacing over a three-year migration period from 2018 to 2021.[3]

ISO 45001 also follows the High Level Structure of other ISO standards like ISO 9001:2015 and ISO 14001:2015 which makes integration of these standards much easier.[4][5]

Development[edit]

ISO 45001 was proposed at the ISO in October 2013. The committee ISO/PC 283, created in 2013, had direct responsibility for the standardization process.[6] At least 70 countries contributed to the drafting process.[7] Preparation and committee work lasted until December 2015. From 2015 to 2017, a first draft failed to gain sufficient approval from ISO members and was revised in a second draft, which was approved and refined into a final draft.[6] In the final vote the standard garnered 62 votes in favour, nine abstentions and four votes against from France, India, Spain, and Turkey.[8] The standard was published on 12 March 2018.[6]

Certification[edit]

ISO 45001 is set to replace OHSAS 18001 over three years following its publication. It uses the management system standard structure guideline Annex SL to allow for simplified integration with other management system standards, such as ISO 9001 and ISO 14001.[9] The International Accreditation Forum has published requirements for migration from OHSAS 18001 to ISO 45001.[10]

ISO/IEC TS 17021-10:2018 is a technical specification setting out competence requirements for auditing and certification of ISO 45001.[11]

Adoption[edit]

ISO 45001 was adopted as a national standard by Albania, Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Malaysia, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Singapore, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom, and Uruguay.N-[1] Adoption as a national standard is under consideration in Australia.[12]

ISO 45001 changes compared to OHSAS 18001:2007[edit]

  • Context of the organization (Clause 4.1): The organization shall determine internal and external issues that are relevant to its purpose and that affect its ability to achieve the intended outcome(s) of its OH & S management system.
  • Understanding the needs and expectations of workers and other interested parties (clause 4.2): interested parties are workers, suppliers, subcontractors, clients, regulatory authorities.
  • Risk and opportunities (Clauses: 6.1.1, 6.1.2.3, 6.1.4): companies are to determine, consider and, where necessary, take action to address any risks or opportunities that may impact (either positively or negatively) the ability of the management system to deliver its intended results, including enhanced health and safety at the workplace.
  • Leadership and management commitment (Clauses: 5.1) has stronger emphasis on top management to actively engage and take accountability for the effectiveness of the management system.

Notes[edit]

n-[1] a [13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31][32][33][34][35][36][37][38][39][40][41]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "ISO 45001 Occupational health and safety". www.iso.org. Retrieved 2018-03-13.
  2. ^ "ILO OSH 2001". www.ilo.org. ILO. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  3. ^ "ISO 45001". www.iso.org. ISO official website. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  4. ^ International Standards Organisation, ISO. Information brochure - ISO 45001 (1 ed.). Geneva: ISO. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  5. ^ "ISO high level structure explained". www.auditortraining.pwc.com.au. PWC (Price waterhouse coopers). Retrieved 25 September 2018.
  6. ^ a b c "ISO 45001:2018 - Occupational health and safety management systems -- Requirements with guidance for use". www.iso.org. Retrieved 2018-03-13.
  7. ^ "ISO 45001 is now published". ISO. Retrieved 2018-03-13.
  8. ^ "La norme ISO 45001 publiée prochainement" (in French). Organisme Professionnel de Prévention du Bâtiment et Travaux Publics. 2018-02-26. Retrieved 2018-05-09.
  9. ^ "Let the migration begin". ISO. Retrieved 2018-03-13.
  10. ^ "IAF Publications: Mandatory Documents". www.iaf.nu. 2018-02-01. Retrieved 2018-03-13.
  11. ^ "ISO/IEC TS 17021-10:2018". ISO. Retrieved 2018-05-09.
  12. ^ McGrath, Scott (2018-03-12). "ISO 45001 Occupational health and safety management systems – Requirements with guidance for use". Standards Australia. Retrieved 2018-03-19.
  13. ^ "Sistemet e menaxhimit të shëndetit dhe sigurisë në punë- Kërkesat me udhëzime për përdorim". Drejtoria e Përgjithshme e Standardizimit. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  14. ^ "Sistemas de gestión de la seguridad y salud en el trabajo. Requisitos con orientación para su uso". Instituto Argentino de Normalización y Certificación. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
  15. ^ "ISO 45001 - der neue weltweite Standard für Gesundheit und Sicherheit am Arbeitsplatz". 2018-07-03. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  16. ^ "Veiligheid en gezondheidsmanagementsystemen - Eisen met richtlijnen voor gebruik". Bureau voor Normalisatie. Retrieved 2018-03-19.
  17. ^ "Sistemas de gestão de saúde e segurança ocupacional - Requisitos com orientação para uso". Associação Brasileira de Normas Técnicas. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  18. ^ "Системи за управление на здравето и безопасността при работа. Изисквания с указания за прилагане". Instituto Argentino de Normalización y Certificación. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
  19. ^ "Sistemas de gestión de la seguridad y salud en el trabajo - Requisitos con orientación para su uso". Instituto Nacional de Normalización. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  20. ^ "Sistemas de gestión de la seguridad y salud en el trabajo - Requisitos con orientación para su uso". Instituto de Normas Técnicas de Costa Rica. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  21. ^ "Sustavi upravljanja zaštitom zdravlja i sigurnosti pri radu -- Zahtjevi s uputama za uporabu". Hrvatski zavod za norme. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  22. ^ "Arbejdsmiljøledelsessystemer – Krav og vejledning om brug". Fonden Dansk Standard. Retrieved 2018-03-19.
  23. ^ "Töötervishoiu ja tööohutuse juhtimissüsteemid. Nõuded koos kasutusjuhistega". Eesti Standardikeskus. Retrieved 2018-05-11.
  24. ^ "Työterveys- ja työturvallisuusjärjestelmät. Vaatimukset ja niiden soveltamisohjeita". Suomen Standardisoimisliitto SFS ry. Retrieved 2018-05-01.
  25. ^ "Managementsysteme für Sicherheit und Gesundheit bei der Arbeit - Anforderungen mit Anleitung zur Anwendung". Beuth Verlag. Retrieved 2018-05-05.
  26. ^ "Συστήματα διαχείρισης για την υγεία και ασφάλεια στην εργασία - Απαιτήσεις και οδηγίες εφαρμογής". Hellenic Organization for Standardization. Retrieved 2018-07-18.
  27. ^ "A munkahelyi egészségvédelem és biztonság irányítási rendszere. Követelmények alkalmazási útmutatóval". MSZT. Retrieved 2018-06-10.
  28. ^ saiglobal.com. "I.S. ISO 45001:2018 | Occupational health and safety managem... | NSAI". shop.standards.ie. Retrieved 2018-03-26.
  29. ^ "Sistemi di gestione per la salute e sicurezza sul lavoro". UNI. Retrieved 2018-03-19.
  30. ^ "Managementsystemen voor gezond en veilig werken - Eisen met richtlijnen voor gebruik". NEN. Retrieved 2018-03-19.
  31. ^ "Ledelsessystemer for arbeidsmiljø - Krav og veiledning om bruk". Standard Norge. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  32. ^ "Systemy zarządzania bezpieczeństwem i higieną pracy -- Wymagania i wytyczne stosowania". Polski Komitet Normalizacyjny. Retrieved 2018-07-18.
  33. ^ "Sisteme de management al sănătăţii şi securităţii în muncă. Cerinţe şi îndrumări pentru utilizare". ASRO. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  34. ^ "Sistemi menadžmenta bezbednošću i zdravljem na radu - Zahtevi sa uputstvom za korišćenje". Институт за стандардизацију Србије. Retrieved 2018-05-21.
  35. ^ "Occupational health and safety management systems — Requirements with guidance for use". Toppan Leefung Pte. Ltd. Retrieved 2018-05-21.
  36. ^ "Sistem vodenja varnosti in zdravja pri delu - Zahteve z napotki za uporabo". Slovenski inštitut za standardizacijo. Retrieved 2018-05-13.
  37. ^ "Ledningssystem för arbetsmiljö - Krav och vägledning". SIS. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
  38. ^ "Occupational health and safety management systems - Requirements with guidance for use". Schweizerische Normen-Vereinigung. Retrieved 2018-05-06.
  39. ^ "İş sağlığı ve güvenliği yönetim sistemleri - Kullanım için rehberlik gereksinimleri". Türk Standardlari Enstitüsü. Retrieved 2018-06-10.
  40. ^ "Occupational health and safety management systems". British Standards Institution. Retrieved 2018-03-19.
  41. ^ "Sistemas de gestión de la seguridad y salud en el trabajo — Requisitos con orientación para su uso". Instituto Uruguayo de Normas Técnicas. Retrieved 2018-05-13.

External links[edit]