Kagwahiva language

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"Júma language" redirects here. For other uses, see Juma language (Carib).
Kagwahiva
Kawahib
Native to Brazil
Region Mato Grosso
Ethnicity (see varieties below)
Native speakers
870 (2000–2006)[1]
Tupian
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
pah – TenharimParintintín
urz – Uru-eu-wau-wau
kuq – Karipuná (confuses Kawahib with Jau-Navo)
jua – Júma
xmo – Morerebi
tkf – ? Tukumanféd (unattested)
wir – Wiraféd
paf – Paranawát
adw – Amondawa
api – Apiacá
Glottolog tupi1280[2]

Kagwahiva (Kawahíb, Kagwahibm) is a Tupi–Guarani dialect cluster of Brazil. The major variety is Tenharim (Tenharem, Tenharin).

The Tenharim, Parintintín, Amondawa, Uru-eu-wau-wau and Júma peoples, along with a recently-contacted group confusingly labeled "Karipuná" in the literature, all call themselves Kavahiva. Their speech is all very similar, and also similar with other languages now extinct. Apiaká (incl. Wiraféd) is very similar and may be a dialect.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ TenharimParintintín at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Uru-eu-wau-wau at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Karipuná (confuses Kawahib with Jau-Navo) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Júma at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Morerebi at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    (Additional references under 'Language codes' in the information box)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Tupi-Guarani Subgroup VI". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Hammarström (2015) Ethnologue 16/17/18th editions: a comprehensive review: online appendices

External links[edit]

  • Lev, Michael; Stark, Tammy; Chang, Will (2012). "Phonological inventory of Tenharim". The South American Phonological Inventory Database (version 1.1.3 ed.). Berkeley: University of California: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages Digital Resource. 
  • Lev, Michael; Stark, Tammy; Chang, Will (2012). "Phonological inventory of Júma". The South American Phonological Inventory Database (version 1.1.3 ed.). Berkeley: University of California: Survey of California and Other Indian Languages Digital Resource.