Ngarinyin language

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Region Western Australia
Native speakers
56 Ungarinyin (2006 census)[1]
plus 2 Andajin (2009)[1]
  • Ngarinyin
  • Ungarinjin
  • Guwidj (Orla)
  • Waladja
  • Ngarnawu
  • Andadjin
  • Munumburru
  • Wolyamidi
  • Waladjangarri
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
ung – Ngarinyin
ajn – Andajin
Glottolog ngar1284[2]
AIATSIS[1] K18 Ungarinyin, K23 Andajin, K25 Munumburu, K26 Wolyamidi
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

The Ngarinyin language (Ungarinjin), or Eastern Worrorran, is a moribund Australian Aboriginal language of Western Australia.


Ngarinyin is one of the Worrorran languages. It is a dialect cluster, and may be considered more than a single language; Bowern (2011) lists Ngarinyin, Andajin, and Worla.[3]



Front Back
High i iː u uː
Mid e o
Low a aː


Peripheral Laminal Apical
Bilabial Velar Palatal Alveolar Retroflex
Stop p k c t ʈ
Nasal m ŋ ɲ n ɳ
Lateral ʎ l ɭ
Rhotic r ɻ
Semivowel w j


  1. ^ a b c Ungarinyin at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies  (see the info box for additional links)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Ngarinyin". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Bowern, Claire. 2011. "How Many Languages Were Spoken in Australia?", Anggarrgoon: Australian languages on the web, December 23, 2011 (corrected February 6, 2012)
  • Coate, H. H. J.; Elkin, A. P. (1974). Ngarinjin-English Dictionary. Sydney: Oceania Linguistic Monographs. 
  • Coate, H. H. J.; Oates, Lynette (1970). A Grammar of Ngarinjin. Canberra: Australian Institute of Aboriginal Studies. 
  • Dixon, R. M. W. (2002). Australian Languages: Their Nature and Development. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 
  • Rumsey, A. (1982). An intra-sentence grammar of Ungarinjin, north-western Australia. Canberra: Pacific Linguistics.