Awadhi language

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Awadhi
अवधी
اودھی
Native to India, Nepal, Mauritius, Fiji (as Fijian Hindustani)[1]
Region India: Awadh and Lower Doab regions of Uttar Pradesh and adjacent areas of neighboring states
Native speakers
38 million (2001)[1]
Census results conflate most speakers with Hindi.[2]
Devanagari, Kaithi, Perso-Arabic
Official status
Official language in
No official status
Language codes
ISO 639-2 awa
ISO 639-3 awa
Glottolog awad1243[3]

Awadhi (Devanagari: अवधी) is an Indo-Aryan language spoken primarily in the Awadh region of Uttar Pradesh and Terai belt of Nepal.

Classification[edit]

Awadhi was classified as an Eastern Hindi by George Abraham Grierson, who commissioned the Linguistic Survey of India.[4]

Literature[edit]

Important works in Awadhi are the Candayan of Maulana Da’ud, the Padmavat of Malik Mohammad Jaisi (1540 A.D.), the Ramcharitmanas of Tulsidas (1575 A.D.), and Indravati by Nur Muhammad (1757 A.D.).[5]

Popular culture[edit]

Bollywood star Amitabh Bachhan has a noted propensity for switching to Awadhi in his many movies and songs like "Hori Khele Raghuvira Awadh Ma" from Baghban and "Ek Rahe Eer Ek Rahe Beer" from Bhootnath. Recently in the serial Yudh which aired on Sony Entertainment Television (India), Bachchan spoke parts of his dialogue in Awadhi which were received with critical acclaim. According to the Hindustan Times: "We simply loved Amitabh Bachchan speaking Awadhi on TV! Only an actor of his calibre could transform himself from a high-class English speaking businessman to rattle off the dialogues in Awadhi, his mother tongue. He has done it in the past for a few Bollywood and regional films, but not as regularly as one would have liked him, to show off grasp over the language. It was great to see him speak in fluent Awadhi in Wednesday's episode."[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Awadhi at Ethnologue (16th ed., 2009)
  2. ^ "Census of India: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues –2001". Censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2015-03-02. 
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Awadhi". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  4. ^ http://dsal.uchicago.edu/books/lsi/lsi.php?volume=6&pages=286#page/17/mode/1up
  5. ^ "Evolution of Awadhi (a Branch of Hindi). - Baburam Saksena - Google Books". Books.google.co.in. Retrieved 2015-03-02. 
  6. ^ "Yudh review: Amitabh Bachchan's show limps back to sluggish pace". Hindustantimes.com. 2014-07-18. Retrieved 2015-03-02. 

External links[edit]