Nüpode Huitoto language

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Nüpode Huitoto
Native to Peru
Ethnicity Witoto people
Native speakers
(100 cited 1991)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 hux
Glottolog nupo1240[2]
Nüpode Huitoto
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Nüpode Huitoto or Nɨpode is an indigenous American language spoken in western South America. It has occasionally been referred to as Muinane Witoto, not to be confused with the related Muinane language.


Nüpode Huitoto belongs to the Witotoan language family. Along with Mɨnɨca and Murai, it is one of the three Witoto Proper languages.

Geographic distribution[edit]

Nüpode Huitito is spoken by just 100 people in Peru's northeastern Loreto province, where it has official standing. Speakers also use the other two Huitoto languages (Murui and Minica). It is written using the Roman alphabet and has had some Bible portions translated into it. In addition, a dictionary and grammar have been written.



  Bilabial Alveolar Postalveolar/
Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive p b t d k ɡ ʔ
Implosive ɓ ɗ
Fricative β h
Flap r


Muinane vowel phonemes
  Front Central Back
High i ɨ u
Low e a o


  1. ^ Nüpode Huitoto at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Nupode Huitoto". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.