Ilgar language

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(Redirected from ISO 639:ilg)
Native toAustralia
RegionCobourg Peninsula, Northern Territory
EthnicityIlgar, Gaari
  • Ilgar
  • Garig
Language codes
ISO 639-3ilg
AIATSIS[1]N184 Ilgar, N188 Garig

Ilgar, also known as Garig-Ilgar after its two dialects, is an extinct Iwaidjan language spoken in the mainland of Cobourg Peninsula, around Port Essington, Northern Territory.


Consonant inventory[edit]

Peripheral Laminal Apical
Bilabial Velar Palatal Alveolar Retroflex
Plosive p k c t ʈ
Nasal m ŋ ɲ n ɳ
Approximant w ɣ j ɻ
Trill r
Flap ɽ
Lateral (ʎ) l ɭ
Lateral flap ɺ ⟨ld⟩ 𝼈 ⟨rld⟩


Unlike many Australian languages, Ilgar does not have lamino-alveolars.


Evans (1998) briefly discusses vowels in his paper noting that Iwaidjan languages including Ilgar have a three vowel (/a/, /i/, /u/) system typical of most Australian languages.

Front Back
High i u
Low a


  1. ^ N184 Ilgar at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies  (see the info box for additional links)
  2. ^ Evans, Nicholas (1998). "Iwaidja mutation and its origins". In Anna Siewierska & Jae Jung Song. Case, Typology and Grammar: In honor of Barry J. Blake. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company. pp. 115–149.

Further reading[edit]

  • Evans, N. (2007). Pseudo-argument affixes in Iwaidja and Ilgar: a case of deponent subject and object agreement. In M. Baerman, G. G. Corbett, D. Brown, & A. Hippisley (Eds.), Deponency and morphological mismatches (pp. 271–296). Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Evans,N. (1994). Ilgar Field Notes, Recorded from Charlie Wardaga.