- /ᵐb, ⁿd, ᵑg/ are in free variation as unreleased [ᵐb̚, ⁿd̚, ᵑg̚] or unvoiced [p, t, k] word-finally or before a consonant
- /ᵑg/ is realized as a voiceless [k] among some speakers, especially young
- /p, pʷ, t/ are unreleased [p̚, p̚, t̚] word-finally or before a consonant (though /p/ has never been recorded before a consonant)
- /mʷ, pʷ, ᵐbʷ, βʷ/ lose their labialization word-finally when not followed by a vowel and before /o, u/
- /βʷ/ is [β] before voiced consonants
- /β, βʷ/ are [ɸ] before voiceless consonants and word-finally
- /β/ is in free variation with [ɸ] for some speakers
- /w, j/ are vocalic [u, i] when in nucleus following /e, a, o/
- /i/ is near-close [ɪ] between front consonants
- /ɛ/ is close-mid [e] word-finally
- /ə/ is [ɵ] after labiovelarized consonants or before /xu̥/
- /əj, əw/ are realised as single morphemes, [i, u]
- /u/ is realised as front [y] between front consonants, and near-close [ʊ] when proceeded or preceded by back consonants
- /o/ is front [ø] between front consonants
Possible syllable structures in Maskelynes: (C/S)V(S)(C)
The verbs of Maskelynes are agglutinative, mostly being modified by prefixes, though the stem of a verb can stand on its own. These prefixes encode for, in order of appearance in verb: 1. tense-aspect-modes; 2. subject, person and number; 3. various modes, including realis and irrealis; 4. two tense-modes; 5. reduplication. The object of a sentence is encoded by a suffix.
Examples of verbal agglutination:
Don't you drink it.
You who just now kept drinking it
- Resources in and about the Maskelynes language at OLAC
- Paradisec has a number of collections that include Maskelynes language materials
- Maskelynes (Kuliviu) at Omniglot
- Maskelynes at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Healey 2013, pp. 14-15.
- Healey 2013, p. 15.
- Healey 2013, p. 13.
- Healey 2013, p. 19.
- Healey 2013, p. 17.
- Healey 2013, pp. 18-19.
- Healey 2013, p. 20.
- Healey 2013, p. 21.
- Healey 2013, pp. 24-25.
- Healey 2013, p. 25.
- Healey 2013, Section 8.1: Verb morphology.
- Healey 2013, p. 181.
- Healey 2013, section 8.5: Reduplication.
- Healey, David S. (2013). A GRAMMAR OF MASKELYNES: THE LANGUAGE OF ULUVEU ISLAND, VANUATU (PDF) (PhD). University of the South Pacific. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2020-05-31. Retrieved 2020-05-31.